# states of matter worksheet

```STATES OF MATTER WORK SHEET
NAME ___________________________ PERIOD___
STATES OF MATTER are natural conditions that materials exist in, and for which we use to identify them. We
know that all matter has mass and takes up space. But all matter does this in four different ways. The four
ways are called “states”. The four states; solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
SOLIDS are materials which have a definite shape and volume. Under normal conditions they will not change
their own shape. They will not grow or shrink in size.
LIQUIDS are materials that have no definite shape but do have a definite volume. Under normal conditions
they can change their shape depending on their container. Like solids they also will not grow or
shrink in size.
GASSES are materials that have no definite shape or definite volume. Under normal conditions gasses are
always changing their shape and volume.
PLASMA is a gas that has the properties of every other gas, However it has very special abilities. When it
is heated or charged with electricity, it may glow in different colors. It may form “strings” of light.
FLUID is not a state of matter. Because gasses, liquids, and plasma are always changing their shape, they
are called “fluid”.
Spelling counts. Use complete sentences when you see this sign…..@
1. Name the four states of matter. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
2. Define solids. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
3. Define liquids. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
4. Define gas. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
5. Define plasma. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Define fluid. @
______________________________________________________________________________________
7. All matter has _____________________________ and takes up _________________________________.
8. Liquids take up a ______________________________ amount of space.
9. Solids have a ____________________________ shape.
10. Gasses and plasma are called _________________ because their shape is always changing.
12. Solids have a ______________________ volume.
13. Liquids have a ______________________ volume.
14. Why are solids, liquids, plasma and gas considered matter? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
15. Is water the only liquid? If not, name 5 more. @
_____________________________________________________________________________________
16. Is a rock the only solid? If not, name 5 more. @
_____________________________________________________________________________________
17. Is air the only gas? If not, name 5 more. @
_____________________________________________________________________________________
18. What does &quot;definite&quot; mean? @
_____________________________________________________________________________________
19. What is the most important liquid to living things? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
20. What is the most important solid to living things? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
21. What is the most important gas to living things? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
22. A __________________ and _________________ takes the shape of their containers.
23. A ____________________ will not take the shape of its container.
24. A ____________________ will fill the entire container.
25. A ____________________ will flow only sideways and down.
26. A ____________________ is usually flat on top.
27. A ____________________ changes its volume constantly.
28. A ____________________ never changes its volume or shape.
29. _________________, _________________ , ___________________ all have mass. (It rhymes!)
30. A ____________________ can flow upward.
Extreme thinking questions
31. Can two (or more) types of matter occupy the same space at the same time? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
32. What is hardest state of matter? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
33. What is the softest state of matter? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
34. What is the state of matter that is most fun? (To you) Why? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
35. What are odor, color, weight, shape, sound and hardness? @
______________________________________________________________________________________
Put the following materials and objects into the column of their natural state of matter.
Rock
Pepsi
Carbon Dioxide
Lightning
Blood
Smell of popcorn
Fire Flames
Air
SOLID
Nitrogen
Water
Alcohol
Rope
Electric sparks
Tomato juice
Football
Vacuum cleaner
Milk
LIQUID
Hydrogen
Steam
Chicken
Sand
Spit
Rain
Crayola
Spoon
Sun’s corona
GAS
Beer
Brick
Laser light
Wire
Sweat
Oxygen
Smoke
Car exhaust
Aurora Borealis
PLASMA
STATES OF MATTER WORK SHEET ANSWERS
NAME ___________________________ PERIOD___
STATES OF MATTER are natural conditions that materials exist in, and for which we use to identify them. We
know that all matter has mass and takes up space. But all matter does this in four different ways. The four
ways are called “states”. The four states; solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
SOLIDS are materials which have a definite shape and volume. Under normal conditions they will not change
their own shape. They will not grow or shrink in size.
LIQUIDS are materials that have no definite shape but do have a definite volume. Under normal conditions
they can change their shape depending on their container. Like solids they also will not grow or
shrink in size.
GASSES are materials that have no definite shape or definite volume. Under normal conditions gasses are
always changing their shape and volume.
PLASMA is a gas that has the properties of every other gas, However it has very special abilities. When it
is heated or charged with electricity, it may glow in different colors. It may form “strings” of light.
FLUID is not a state of matter. Because gasses, liquids, and plasma are always changing their shape, they
are called “fluid”.
Spelling counts. Use complete sentences when you see this sign…..@
1. Name the four states of matter. @
Four states of matter are solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
2. Define solids. @
Solids have definite shape and definite volume.
3. Define liquids. @
Liquids have no definite shape but have definite volume
4. Define gas. @
Gas has no definite shape or definite volume.
5. Define plasma. @
Plasma is gas that glows due to heating or electric charge.
6. Define fluid. @
Fluids are materials that are always changing their shape, like liquid and gas.
7. All matter has _________mass_______ and takes up _________space____________.
8. Liquids take up a ___________definite__________ amount of space.
9. Solids have a ________definite___________ shape.
10. Gasses and plasma are called _____fluids____ because their shape is always changing.
12. Solids have a _______definite_______ volume.
13. Liquids have a _____definite________ volume.
14. Why are solids, liquids, plasma and gas considered matter? @
They all have mass and take up space (volume).
15. Is water the only liquid? If not, name 5 more. @
Water is not the only liquid. Others are milk, gasoline, alcohol, oil, Pepsi, tea, blood, spit, and many more.
16. Is a rock the only solid? If not, name 5 more. @
Rock is not the only solid. Others are brick, plastic, wood, glass, metals, and many more.
17. Is air the only gas? If not, name 5 more. @
Air is not the only gas. Others are hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, helium, carbon dioxide, and many more.
18. What does &quot;definite&quot; mean? @
Definite means something does not change.
19. What is the most important liquid to living things? @
The most important liquid to living things is water.
20. What is the most important solid to living things? @
This answer is the students’ choice.
21. What is the most important gas to living things? @
Oxygen is the most important gas to animals and carbon dioxide is the most important to plants.
22. A ___liquid ___ and _____gas_____ takes the shape of their containers.
23. A ______solid_______ will not take the shape of its container.
24. A ______gas_______ will fill the entire container.
25. A _______liquid______ will flow only sideways and down.
26. A _______liquid_______ is usually flat on top.
27. A ______gas_______ changes its volume constantly.
28. A ______solid_______ never changes its volume or shape.
29. _____solid_____, ______liquid_____ , ______gas_______ all have mass. (It rhymes!)
30. A _______gas______ can flow upward.
Extreme thinking questions
31. Can two (or more) types of matter occupy the same space at the same time? @
_____________Two or more types of matter cannot occupy the same space at the same time.______________
32. What is hardest state of matter? @
_________________Solid is the hardest state of matter.________________________________________
33. What is the softest state of matter? @
_________________Gas is the softest state of matter.__________________________________________
34. What is the state of matter that is most fun? (To you) Why? @
______________This is student choice._______________________________________________________
35. What are odor, color, weight, shape, sound and hardness? @
____________________They are properties of matter.__________________________________________
Put the following materials and objects into the column of their natural state of matter.
Rock
Pepsi
Carbon Dioxide
Lightning
Blood
Smell of popcorn
Fire Flames
Air
Nitrogen
Water
Alcohol
Rope
Electric sparks
Tomato juice
Football
Vacuum cleaner
Milk
SOLID
Hydrogen
Steam
Chicken
Sand
Spit
Rain
Crayola
Spoon
Sun’s corona
LIQUID
Beer
Brick
Laser light
Wire
Sweat
Oxygen
Smoke
Car exhaust
Aurora Borealis
GAS
PLASMA
rock
Pepsi
Carbon dioxide
lightning
rope
blood
Fire flames
football
water
Smell of popcorn
Electric sparks
Vacuum cleaner
alcohol
air
Sun’s corona
chicken
Tomato juice
nitrogen
Laser light
sand
milk
hydrogen
Aurora borealis
crayola
spit
steam
free
spoon
rain
oxygen
free
brick
beer
smoke
free
wire
sweat
Car exhaust
free
```