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mass and energy loops 13

Application for Registration as a Scientist for the 5th Anniversary World
Scientific Congress
1. Surname: Blake First Names: Charles Arthur
2. Date of Birth: 04-1-1952 Sex: Male
3. Country and Nationality: Australia
4. Institution, Company: BLUE OCEAN SENTRA SEJAHTERA
LTD, Hong Kong. Specialty: Philosophical underpinnings for
directions and outcomes in Environmental Engineering
5. Academic Degrees: Ph.D.
6. Place of Employment: Address: 22A Wing Sing Commercial Centre 12-16 Wing Lok
Street, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong
7. Position: Chief Operating Officer
8. Experience: Environmental Engineering
9. Specialty: Sustainable Economic Structuring of Environmental Management Technology
Assessment and Futurist.
10. Home Address: 46 Chisholm RD, Carrara, Queensland, Australia 4211 Home telephone
+61755784530 Mobile Telephone: +61(0)408011216
11. E-mail: cblake@onthenet.com.au
12. Suggested Report/Programs: In Absentia: The scientific methodology behind
sustainable economic and environmental empowerment.
Date: October 25, 2013
The Fifth World Scientific Congress
Science - for Humans and Humanity
5th International Congress
Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
November, 27-29, 2013
"The scientific methodology behind sustainable
economic and environmental empowerment”
Dr Charles Arthur Blake
“There is no such thing as waste, only misplaced resources”
Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983)
5th Elite Scientists Conference 2013
Full Name:
Dr Charles Arthur Blake
Chief Operating Officer
Report Subject:
"The scientific methodology behind sustainable
economic and environmental empowerment"
Type of participation in the conference
(Report "in absentia")
"The scientific methodology behind sustainable
economic and environmental empowerment"
"There is no such thing as an environmental crisis. There is an infrastructure crisis and the
infrastructure crisis is caused by an ethical crisis" Charles Blake
It is appropriate that the above quote be given some explanation such as to give some understanding as to the
gravity of its meaning. This can best be achieved by providing background on what could be described as the
Law of Ethical Ends. The Law of Ethical Ends was brought to my attention by Professor Robert Pope, director
of the Science Art Research Centre in Australia. Prof. Pope authored a book in the 1980s called "Two Bob's
Worth " and having graciously presented me with a copy, he went on to explain the concept of the Law of
Ethical Ends. He put it to me in simple terms:
The Law of Ethical Ends is an immutable natural law, which was first set down by the Greeks in the third
century. The law speaks to the mutual responsibility to accept a "Duty of Care" in respect to life and the Earth
and the Cosmos. He went on to say that human beings develop their systems of governance based on their
understanding of science. If a community's understanding of science did not include the Law of ethical ends,
then the governance resulting would be death producing not life producing. To the extent that a community
adheres to the Law of Ethical Ends, the community generates the underpinnings of abundance, civilisation and
As a result of further studies conducted by Prof. Pope and the Science Art Foundation, a “SCIENCE-ART
DUTY OF CARE OF LIFE PROCLAMATION” (23rd April 2013) was issued. Part of this document explains
that the University Library of Cambridge contains the unpublished scientific papers of Isaac Newton
(pub.1962). These documents were studied by the Emeritus Professor of Neuropsychology, Richard Gregory
and in his paper, Alchemy of Matter and of Mind, (Nature, Vol. 342, 30 Nov, p.473) in which he proclaimed
“...Newton's conviction that mechanical science had to be completed by a more profound natural
philosophy...”. Prof. Pope points out that Newton's physics principles for balancing the mechanical world view
were the same ones that upheld the atomistic Platonic Science for Ethical Ends, referred to by Sir C P Snow as
the Arts."
In a document titled "Human Survival Timeline to the 21st Century Renaissance" Pope refers to the book called
Interference by Dr Merrick of Texas University. The document goes on to say that scientists proposed that the
electromagnetic motor driving the sperm to the ovum is morphed by the female electromagnetic field into a
centriol which in turn energises the first bone created in the embryo with the same life forces discovered in the
morphogenesis of sea shells as discovered previously by the Science Art Foundation in the 1980's. This
resonating electromagnetic Platonic "Music of the Spheres" contains the ethical purpose of the universe and is
transmitted to the cerebral and emotional mechanisms within the human metabolism.
We see here a direct transference of the immutable laws taking a direct effect on physical manifestation of the
body and applying directly to human behaviour. This implies a direct link between the physical and the
metaphysical. It is beautifully described by Randy Powell of Marko Rodin's Vortex Based Mathematics that he
refers to as "The Finger Print of God". Randy Powell writes, "The number nine lines up in the centre of the
Infinity symbol and it is from this centre that the linear emanations we call spirit emanate from the centre of the
mass outputs. Spirit is the only thing in the universe that moves in a straight line. Spirit is the inertia aether that
Einstein postulated. The perfect number patterns are actually created by this Spirit energy. Without spirit the
universe would become destitute and void. Spirit flow is the source of all movement as well is the source of all
non-decaying spin on the electron."
Many other scientists describe the phenomena which are clearly an interaction between physical and
metaphysical that demonstrate unequivocally that reality is balanced between the autopoietic forces of selforganising criticality or neg-entropy and the dissipative dynamics as defined in Nicholas Carnot's (1796-1832)
Second Law of Thermodynamics. Nature and common sense demand balance but "Science" appears to favour
the realms of dissipation and sciences oriented toward life forces are virtually shunned.
Other great researchers and scientists have suffered for engaging in research in the realms of life force. One
such researcher is Viktor Shauberger (1885-1958) who spoke of the life creating emanations he referred to as
"qualigens'. Viktor Shauberger was vocal in his condemnation of the pathway of western science saying that it
derived its energy from the dissipative, combustive, explosive dynamics of dissipation as opposed to the
creative life giving energy concentrative forces of implosion which he vigorously espoused. He warned the
world that to continue this path would result in self annihilation. This warning has been to no avail.
Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957) also identified and measured a life creating force created in part by the process of
orgasm which he referred to as Orgone Energy. Reich wrote and taught about Orgone, its importance in
dissipating fascist inclinations in the domestic, social and political context and even how it could be applied to
make it rain. However he was thwarted and harassed in his endeavours with his books being publicly burned in
the USA. Wilhelm Reich warned too of the deadly effect atomic radiation could have on Orgone Energy, giving
it life destroying characteristics. Again to no avail.
Physician, surgeon, scientist and writer, Dr. Charles W. Littlefield is best known for his book, "Man, Minerals,
and Masters", in which he gives account for an extraordinary yet apparently true report of a saline solution, "
with salt as the basis, saturated with oleo-resin, and exposed for several hours to an atmosphere of free
ammonia..." and reduced to a powder, that could resurrect the dead. Numerous accounts are made relating to
drowned dogs, cats and monkeys successfully resurrected after having been dead for hours. This occurred in the
1918 and yet nearly one hundred years later his work remains un-replicated or even properly investigated. What
could be vital now when Planet Earth is undergoing possibly its biggest extinction event ever.
An extraordinary husband and wife team who divined knowledge from "The One" source of life is Dr. Walter
and Lao Russell. Dr Russell wrote over a period of seven years a book called "The Universal One" published in
1927 in which he describes a cosmology with significantly greater understanding than the so called "Standard
Model". He warned the world about the predicament that we now face in Fukushima in his book "Atomic
Suicide" published in 1956 when he wrote "the purpose of this book is to dynamically explain in convincing
language, and undebatable postulates, that the price man will pay for the use of atomic energy is his own
inevitable extinction."
To this day the educational and scientific communities show scant regard for his magnificent work largely
because of its divine origins and the fact that they speak to life giving application of knowledge and warn
specifically against the use of atomic energy.
After twenty four years engaging with heavy industry, as well as federal, state and local government, it is very
clear to me that Isaac Newton and all those above mentioned were correct and that the approach being taken in
both corporate and public governance is clearly operating without any concept of the Law Of Ethical Ends
which recognises that matter and spirit are inseparable.
The governance prevailing from the United Nations all the way down through to banks, corporations, national
governments and councils, is structured with an outcome that is clearly death producing, not life producing. The
processes of centralisation and corporatisation appear to be the methods of contraction of diversity and
concentration of power.
What is clear, is that entities operating outside of Newton's "more profound natural philosophy" have scant
regard for the actual business and well-being of life itself in the face of the need to make a profit and maintain
control. Centralisation and corporatisation reduces the possibility of innovation. By restraining the options that
corporations and communities can exercise, it inherently limits innovation. Additionally, a heavy toll is paid in
terms of the loss of individual, community and national sovereignty. Moreover the toll on the environment is
increasingly devastating.
In surrendering our power to centralised money, governance, energy, food production, medicine, water
management, waste management, communication and the press, education, transportation technology etc, the
people no longer have any ability to provide feedback, influence production, generate their own energy or
determine how it is that they live.
It is not hard to see the evidence of our current death producing systems of commerce and governance:
Consider also the extraordinary and ever increasing assault on our oceans through overfishing, noise,
uncontrolled loss of containment of plastics, pharmaceuticals, soluble and insoluble petroleum products
and certainly not last or least, the huge impact on the marine environment occasioned by loss of
containment of nuclear waste.
On top of this is the damage to the air and water, agricultural soils are diminishing in volume and
nutrition levels, desertification is increasing and there is an unprecedented and never before seen
assault by Corporation on the genetic integrity of many foods species in agriculture. It is widely
reported that the population of bees has fallen by more than 90%. In addition we have the impact of all
manner of electromagnetic radiation, wireless frequencies, Wi-Fi devices and smart meters.
If that is not enough, poisons are put in our food in the form of pesticides fungicides herbicides,
antibiotics, preservatives, colorants, emulsifiers, and sugar not to mention fluoride and chlorine. These
find their way into our bodies, and through our bodies into the earth, the waterways, then into the
oceans and even into the air from spraying operations.
If we continue with the constractionist unbalanced approach typicalised by Newtonian physics without its
complimentary "More Profound Natural Philosophy" then death awaits most life forms on this planet.
Perhaps if the power to generate energy, fuels, commodities and create communication transportation and
education system vested with those with most at stake for the promulgation of life i.e. Mothers and Fathers in
community, then significantly different outcomes could be expected. Decisions made on the ethical basis of the
support and promulgation of life at its most fundamental form being the birth and parenting of children could
provide sufficiently congruent ethical motivations to most closely adhere knowingly or unknowingly to the Law
of Ethical Ends.
A possible Mitigating Factor
By what means could it be possible that people in communities might by some means regain their power to self
determine? This could be, at the local level, to regain control of the two principal means of their
disenfranchisement, namely; through the access to energy and the power to issue money.
Our relationship to rubbish, is frankly “rubbish”. Twenty five years engaged in the waste management industry,
technology evaluation and alternative energy, has given rise within me to the cognisance of the requirement to
identify and select technologies that enable the closing of the material and energy loops at a molecular level. My
ultimate vision is to close all the material and energy loops that are initiated by the entry of materials into
our industrial and domestic cycles and have the value derived vest with the communities who consumed
the commodities. Our current consciousness around the subject of waste disposal is constrained by the view
that waste is simply “waste” and not misplaced resources as suggested by Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983). Our
waste management processes are centred squarely on saving money. Not upon regarding waste as a resource and
implementing the construction of appropriate infrastructure to recover and refine all the elements received by
which they can derive the value from it.
In the process of conducting mass and energy balances of waste management protocols related to technology
assessment, I have found the subject of mass and energy balance to have been instructive on a grand scale. Not
only for understanding waste and energy management, but also as a means of understanding the natural
processes and cycles of life. Getting back to the question of waste, there are many available technologies that
are capable of being applied to waste in order to provide a source of revenue and usable commodities. Such
infrastructure must however vest with human beings to deliver the required effects which is to realise energy as
electricity, heat and liquid fuels and refined elements in a usable form to recover the value from the
commodities purchased by any given community.
While technology is important, what is more important to humanity is that a vision is created with adherence to
natural laws. It is the vision of how we want to manage our industrial lives that informs the selection and
arrangement of technologies. Indeed, there are many pathways that can be used to arrive at the destiny selected
by the vision. If we get the vision right, the appropriate technologies can be sourced or developed to meet the
The advent of a number of technologies hold the possibility of achieving this by:
 converting the energy embodied in waste into liquid and gaseous carbon based fuels and polymers
 converting the solids into high purity commodities: silica, calcium, etc as well as ubiquitous metals
such as aluminium, iron and precious metals such as silver, gold, platinum and rare earths in the form
of high purity commodities
 converting high purity material commodities into sophisticated consumer products thus closing
the loop. The continued evolution of 3D printing is an enabling technology to engage in
manufacturing at cottage industry scale with a sophistication previously exclusive to multinational
Currently the closure of material and energy cycles is scant, inadequate and ill informed. Ironically, the
technologies currently exist to do otherwise.
Mass and Energy
In order to qualify that this change is possible, it is important to clarify what is meant by mass and energy
balances. In the context of this document, which is specific to the evaluation of technologies for the conversion
of waste into commodities, let us agree that the definition of mass is:
 All materials that we gather from mining, extractive industry including coal oil and gas uranium and
thorium, agriculture, forestry and fisheries for the purpose of consumption manufacturing and/or
supplying the needs of human commerce and sustenance
and that the definition of energy is:
 Imbedded energy within the mass (which is a positive), minus the energy required to transform and
refine waste into molecularly pure raw materials or other useful commodities (which is a negative)
In the same way that we consider the energy involved in the "food miles", we could evaluate the energy
involved in the provision of materials to the market and energy embodied in the mass and expended on the
production, refinement, manufacture, packaging and transportation to market.
In the context of waste management, we do not consider the above because generally we will receive waste at
the gate of our waste management facilities. That is unless we operate a collection service. Under those
circumstances, the collection service would operate as an independent entity to provide waste to the gate of the
facility. As such we will consider the embedded energy in the waste feedstock and the energy that it takes to
process the waste into the various outputs both mass and energy that we seek to achieve. By that means we can
compare the efficacy of different waste management protocols on equal terms.
Below is a typical example of a mass balance with figures expressed in percentages for three categories of
municipal solid waste production. You will notice that there is provision for carbon by itself. This is because the
technology incorporated into the system has the capacity to catalytically crack carbon dioxide into its
constituent components of oxygen gas (which is conveyed to the power generation cycle) and elemental nano
particulate carbon. The carbon is a valuable commodity for the manufacture of advanced carbon materials such
as carbon nano tubes, graphene and other high purity carbon products.
Carbon dioxide may be derived from the gasification process. Another source is through the combustion of
non-condensable gasses as collected from the exhaust from internal combustion power generation equipment.
Generally speaking, energy requirements to maintain operation do not exceed 10% of the calorific value of the
feedstock depending on the nature of the waste being processed. The implication of the technologies ability to
catalyse carbon dioxide are that atmospheric emissions are extremely minimal if any, and that oxygen produced
enables further clean production of carbon dioxide through its reaction with the non-condensable gases in the
combustion chambers of power generation equipment.
Municipal Solid
Waste (MSW)
Organic household
midsized community,
some sorting
Large City, sorted
midsized community,
Catalyst Water Liquid Gas
Synthetic oil (%)
5% 10.8%
5% 9.6%
5% 32.5%
Below is a Mass Diagram of a particular source of Municipal Solid Waste from a township in Europe. The
"crack oil" 38% and gas proportions 16.5% of production can be applied to the synthesis of diesel fuel and
A great diversity of waste streams can be processed using existing equipment. For instance, straw can be
regarded as a waste material, if it is sufficiently contaminated with weed species rendering the straw unsuitable
for the intended purpose as animal feed. Under those circumstances, the straw can be used for the making of
liquid "drop-in" fuels such as diesel and petrol to assist a rural community to remain functional in the event of a
fuel supply disruption event while continuing to use existing diesel and petrol driven farming equipment.
The illustration below represents a Mass Balance relating to an input material of Straw or biomass and the next
diagram depicts the Energy Balance associated with the same material.
Mass Balance
Energy Balance
Illustrations of the Mass and Energy Balances are curtsey of Agency for Green Technology (AGT)
The origin of all this mass and energy arises from the processes of primary industry and below we examine the
source of the waste streams that can be processed by available technologies.
Current Fate of Waste
When the mass and energy in the product or commodity has expired or has been consumed as a product or
"form factor", the question of disposal or containment arises. This is where things currently go very wrong. Vast
volumes of waste is dumped into engineered land fill sites at best with other volumes of waste simply being
discarded into the environment or dumped into the sea. To this day, many ocean outfall exist that disgorge huge
volumes of "treated" sewage containing a nightmare cocktail of pharmaceuticals unaffected by the treatment
regime into the acquiesce environment. For many decades the city of New York would send sewage sludge to
sea in giant barges were it was simply dumped overboard. See below.
"In the most detailed study ever conducted related to the impacts of ocean dumping, NURP-funded scientists
documented the impact of 42 million tons of wet sewage sludge dumped 2,500 m (8,000 ft) off the Mid-Atlantic
coast between 1986 and 1992. One of the most significant environmental impacts detected at the 106-mile
Dumpsite, so named because it lies 106 nautical miles southeast of New York Harbour, was the restructuring of
a deep-sea community." Reported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), US
Department of Commerce.
In the last few decades some attempt has been made to become more responsible in the question of waste
management with the introduction of recycling and reuse and various flirtations with incineration and waste to
energy projects. The results of our waste management efforts still leave an awful lot to be desired. What is
required is the closure of the mass and energy loops that are flowing through industry and domestic
consumption cycles, as completely as possible.
Space however, prohibits a detailed discourse on the characterisation of waste in this paper. Below is a diagram
that depicts the current fate of mass and energy. Current practice is seen above the yellow line. Below the
yellow line the waste streams are managed according to the vision discussed and applicable technologies are
applied in such a manner as to yield liquid fuels and polymers and solid materials are rendered up as pure
elemental commodities.
Below are typical products of distillation from a waste to liquid fuels system.
Solar -Wind Tide- Photo
Voltaic- Solar
Thermal Electromagnetic
Fossil Fissile (nuclear)
Waste Mgt &
Resource Recovery
Waste Collection
Mass & Energy
Minerals &
Limited Segregation
Mass &
Waste to Mass
Limited Recycling
Landfill & other
Fuel Autonomy
Green & Wood Waste
Forestry Thinning's
Weed Control
Agricultural Waste
Waste Oil, All Plastics, Tyres, Sewage
Economic Resilience
Transport &
Local employment
Waste to Diesel
Municipal Solid Waste & Refuse Derived Fuel
Local Manufacturing
Food Security
Metals & Resources
A new approach
Technologies have been available since the 1850s for converting carbonaceous material such as collected and
separated waste (referred to as refuse derived fuel or RDF) into gas. Many forms of gasification have evolved
since then including updraught and downdraught entertained flow gasification, partial oxidation, externally
heated pyrolysis, plasma arc gasification and steam reforming.
Of recent times, more advanced processes have evolved that are not so constrained by economies of scale or the
need for a minimum size which have enabled the development of technologies including super critical water
gasification, catalytic depolymerisation, thermo-catalytic conversion and bio-catalytic fermentation. So long as
this infrastructure is owned by communities or cooperatives of human beings, these technologies can provide
local energy and material resilience.
The advantages of the above technologies are that they are much more amenable to the reduced size of operation
and volume throughput which are
typically encountered in the
corporate and municipal waste
management scale. Indeed
technology exists to convert
municipal solid waste and/or
green waste into diesel fuel at
rates as low as 6 tons per day or
250kg/hr of input material. An
illustration of this technology can
be seen to the left.
Illustration above Curtsey of the Agency for Green Technology
The output of liquid fuel is a
function of the calorific value of
the input material which could
vary between 30% for green
waste and up to 80% for waste
oils and plastic.
Catalytic depolymerisation is particularly suitable for solid waste streams such as municipal solid waste, refuse
derived fuel, green waste, agricultural waste and plastics.
Super Critical Water Gasification or Oxidation is of particular value in the treatment of wet wastes such as
sewage sludge. This is because the process does not require the influent to be dried saving considerable energy
lost to the latent heat involved in phase change. The process occurs at high pressures and temperatures that illicit
extremely aggressive characteristics from water which has the effect of destroying all organic compounds and
microbiological agencies including prions (mad cow disease) and enabling the ash, to be recovered either as a
suspended solids or a soluble solid including metals in the form of dry powder. The resulting water is immensely
pure and completely suitable for recycling. An additional advantage of the process is that input material can be
up to 30% solids which occasions the possibility of using vacuum toilet systems that collect faecal matter
undiluted with water, in other words waterless toilets as can be found in aircraft.
If the process is oriented to oxidation, the result will be heat and steam which enable power generation. If the
process is oriented to gasification, then the output occurs as synthesis gas, which can be used either as fuel for
power generation or as a means to generate liquid fuels either through catalytic depolymerisation, microchannel
Fischer Tropsch process or bio fermentation of gas into liquid fuel commodities.
An input to output ratio of waste to fuel of 3:1 to 4:1 is a viable output. Economic viability is affected by the
calorific value of the input, disposal fee payable at the gate and the local price of diesel fuel and or whatever
other products the operator may chooses to produce. Examples of return on investment can be seen in the table
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
Input (t/h) Energy Output (MW)
ROI (year)
The technologies above can be applied to all carbon-based waste streams including sewage sludge, waste tyres,
medical waste, off spec pharmaceuticals, pesticides and other organics, green waste, agricultural waste, textiles,
petroleum sludges and coke, manure, abattoir waste and so on.
Generally speaking, the moisture contents of feedstock for processes other than Supercritical Water
oxidation/gasification should be in the order of 20% or less. This may require some drying, de-sizing in prepreparation of feedstock. It is important to be very clear with the technology and equipment provider to specify
accurately the waste feedstocks intended for processing. Under specifying such equipment can represent a
significant risk to the continuity of operation of these sorts of plant. Inert residue should not exceed 5% of input.
The principal role of the equipment is to convert carbon hydrogen and oxygen into various liquid and gaseous
feedstocks which give rise to liquid fuels and/or other industrial commodities such as the precursors of plastic
polymers and carbon-based chemicals as well as nanotubes.
Once the waste has been gasified and synthesis gas produced, an option exists to use Bio-Catalytic Fermentation
using selected bacteria and other microorganisms to metabolise the gases and bio-synthesise gas into very
specific desirable molecules to create homogenous single product feedstocks. This process only requires the
presence of Carbon Monoxide (CO) to make pure ethanol or Carbon Dioxide (CO2) to produce the precursor
chemical for the synthesis of polypropylene.
A number of viable pathways exist for the volatilisation of carbon and hydrogen in waste streams and the
conversion of those gases into the desirable commodities such as diesel fuel and synthetic polymers. The residue
of this process is the non-volatile inorganic elemental residue we collectively refer to as ash.
Ash Management
While it may not be immediately evident, the ash component that is the residue of the removal of all volatile
materials contain significantly valuable materials. Generally speaking the largest proportion of the composition
of ash is alumina silicate. However the contents of the ash will be a direct reflection of the contents of the waste
that entered the process at the front end. That is to say, that if there were precious metals in the waste going in,
then it's likely that those precious metals will be present in the ash coming out. The question of how to access
and separate these various constituents now arises.
There are two technological processors known to the author that will effectively enable the separation and
recovery of all of the constituents materials in the ash as independent elements of high purity. Both of these
processes proprietary at this time and both have the capacity to convert ash into a collection of all the materials
contained in that ash as separate, molecularly pure industrial resources and at a very low cost. For instance,
according to the technology developer, aluminium metal can be made for about one tenth of the cost (with no
electricity required) of making aluminium from bauxite by the current electricity intensive methods. The
implications of this are very significant particularly when interfaced with the emerging technology of 3D
The Implications of Closing Mass and Energy Loops
The path to having a major impact in reducing damage to the environment is by closing the material and energy
loops as this path inherently has the capacity to generate wealth at the local level. Our evaluations of these
technologies indicate payback periods of between three and six years and are easily achievable. We would point
out that these financial results do not include the value of the metals and other materials such as high purity
silicon not to mention precious metals that are likely to be found in the ash phase at least in some proportion.
I would invite the reader to consider the following points:
 The volume of resources currently engaged in the industrial and domestic consumption cycle are indeed
very significant.
 Waste will be regarded as it should be and that is, to be regarded and valued as a resource worthy of
collection, concentration transport processing and value adding.
 Ownership of these (waste) resources vests with the purchaser of the commodity who generally dispose of
the items when they cease to be of value for the purpose which they were purchased. People have been
conditioned to then dispose of the articles that they purchase as useless when in fact the materials of
which they are made generally have significant mass and or energy resource value which must be
appropriately recovered and engenders a return of wealth to the community if the community collectively
owns the appropriate infrastructure to enable such value recovery.
 The volume of resources that reside in tip sites and disposal facilities is the result of a large percentage of
industrial activity that has continued for something in the order of 100 years in developed countries.
 Access to the energy in this material and the recoverable elements embodied in the waste would rival the
mining industry but ownership could vest with communities who own the waste.
 If communities and/or cooperatives owned the appropriate infrastructure to recover the energy and the
materials with a high level of purity and efficiency, it is conceivable that such communities could become
energy and material self-sufficient. This would significantly reduce the risk of international centralised
disruptive influences such as a fuel shock, financial crisis, rapid increases in interest rates, efforts to
constrain supply of strategic commodities and or other maladies associated with centralised control.
 The value accrued in the communities or cooperatives would enable the communities to fund their own
infrastructure and ultimately create their own negotiable instruments secured by the energy they generate
and the accrued industrial resources and precious metals they recover. This could then be applied to
renewal of old infrastructure with more energy efficient technologies and the investment into education
learning facilities, health and recreation facilities and other amenities.
 Applying the evolving Three Dimensional Printing technology to the pure materials coming out of the
waste resource recovery system could combine to make the manufacture of industrial commodities
possible at virtually cottage industry scale further decreasing centralisation.
Engaging in waste management in the manner described in this paper as well as recovering materials already
disposed of in landfills will provide a huge material and energy buffer and contribute significantly to the
resilience of any community that adopts this approach.
The duplication of this system throughout a country would improve the resiliency of the country against external
disruptive influences such as military or fiscal attack immeasurably compared to a country wedded to centralised
The promulgation of this approach would ascribe value to waste so that it would be in the financial interest of a
community to collect and manage all waste streams and have a measurable reduction on the loss of containment
of materials into the environment. Power generation could occur with little or no atmospheric emissions.
Ultimately the only thing that really matters is that these technologies will be of benefit to human beings and the
environment in which we live. To be completely clear, all the other things we regard with such gravity such as
governments, empires, legal structures and systems, corporate structures and even money itself, is merely a legal
fiction based on manufactured general consensus and nothing else. This is a game of artificial scarcity, invented
by men, making a grave breach of the Natural Law of Ethical Ends and in contravention of the workings of life
and the environment on planet earth. These legal fictions are only given credence by the collective consensus of
the people; the very people who are currently being destroyed by centralisation in the very many forms as
described at the beginning of this paper.
It is urgently time to give serious thought to what really matters to live on this planet effectively before it is too
late. The words of sagely souls, men wisdom and of ethics, have given clear warning and have made it crystal
clear that we must adopt a "more profound natural philosophy" or destroy the life support systems on planet
Earth It is simply critical to love and nurture the planet back into health and full life expression in its