# Atomic Structure Worksheet (1) ```Atomic Structure Worksheet
Name: shayle newkirk
Period: 2
1. Name the three particles of the atom and their respective charges are:
a. protron
positive
b. electrons
negative
c. neutrons
neutral, none
2. The number of protons in one atom of an element determines the atom’s
identity
.
3. The atomic number tells you the number of
protrons
in one atom of an element. It also tells you the number of
electrons
in a neutral atom of that element. The atomic number gives the “identity “of an
element as well as its location on the Periodic Table. No two different elements will
have the
4. The
same
atomic number.
atomic mass
of an element is the average mass of an
element’s naturally occurring atoms, or isotopes,.
5. The
atomic mass
of an element is the total number of
protons and neutrons in the
nucleus
of the atom.
6. The mass number is used to calculate the number of
neutrons
in one atom of an element. In order to calculate the number of neutrons you must
subtract the
atomic number
from the
.
7. Give the symbol and number of protons in one atom of:
Lithium
li 3
Bromine
br 35
Iron
fe 26
Copper
cu 29
Oxygen
o8
Mercury
hg 80
Arsenic
as 33
Helium
he 2
atomic mass
8. Give the symbol and number of electrons in a neutral atom of:
Uranium
u 92
Chlorine
cl 17
Boron
b5
Antimony
sb 51
Iodine
I 53
Argon
xe 54
9. If you know ONLY the following information can you always determine what the
element is? (Yes/No).
number of protons yes
number of neutrons no
number of electrons in a neutral atom
yes
number of electrons no
10. On the Inside: Label the parts of this atom (nucleus, protons, electrons, neutrons)
nucleus
neutrons
electrons
protons
```