The last two living northern white rhino's in existence happen to both be female as the last male died in March of 2018. Sudan, the 45-year old male was under armed guard at Kenya's Ol Pejeta Conservancy when he passed away from old age and an infection. The two females are also unable to give birth, making the likelihood of introducing a new generation of the species highly unlikely. Scientists are working on using harvested sex cells and IVF to bring forth a lab-created northern white rhino. Cause of Extinction: poaching has decimated this population and loss of habitat also helped drive the rhino to the brink of extinction. Thought to be extinct in the wild, the Spix Macaw currently exists in captivity with their numbers in the dismally low 60-80 range. The bird is also referred to as Little Blue Macaw because they're known for their vibrant blue feathers. Cause of Extinction: the Spix Macaw went extinct in the wild due to habitat destruction, illegal trapping and trade. The Thylacine, a carnivore also referred to as the Tasmanian tiger and Tasmanian wolf, was a (mostly) nocturnal marsupial that preyed on rodents and kangaroos. Although Thylacine's looked fierce, they were actually quite timid and, according to Live Science, "could be captured without a fight.“ Reports of Thylacine sightings have been so frequent in the past century that it sparked an investigation as to the status of their existence. Cause of Extinction: it is believed that Dingo populations threatened the Thylacine into extinction in addition to over-hunting from humans. The golden toad is not the only species to disappear in the past 40 years, but it just might be the brightest. The small toad was last seen in 1989 in a Costa Rican rainforest before being declared extinct in 1994. It is believed that Chytridiomycosis, a fatal skin disease, decimated this toad population that was already vulnerable thanks to what Science is calling a “limited habitat and small population.” Cause of Extinction: pollution, global warming, and chytrid skin infections led to the extinction of this species. The majestic West African black rhino was declared extinct in 2006, after conservationists failed to find any in their last remaining habitat in Cameroon. The West African black rhino was one of four subspecies of rhinoceros Cause of Extinction: poachers hunted the rhino for its horn, which is believed by some in Yemen and China to possess aphrodisiacal powers, leading to their extinction. Similar in appearance to the Sumatran tiger, the Javan tiger was native to the Indonesian island of Java. In the 1800s they were so common they were considered pests by island natives, but as the island was developed their population dwindled. By the 1950s, only 20 tigers remained. Cause of Extinction: loss of habitat and agricultural development led to severe population decline. Conservation efforts in the 1940s and '50s were unsuccessful due to a lack of adequate land and planning.