Name Date_ Investments: Where should you invest your money? Learn how much to invest in different options. You are a young entrepreneur and have started your own Internet website design business. You have earned a profit that you would like to invest. Investing money can make your money work for you by earning interest. You have $7,000 to invest. You wish to earn a total annual interest of $476 which will give you the extra money for a down payment on a car. Your bank offered you the following investment options: 1 year certificate of deposit (CD) that pays 5% simple interest A loan through ABC Mortgage Company that pays 8% simple interest for 1 year. Question of the day: Based on this information, how much should you invest in the CD and the loan? Solution: You will need to use the following formula when dealing with this type of money problem: i prt i = simple interest p = principal (The principal is the amount of money you invest.) r = interest rate (Remember to convert this percentage to a decimal before calculation!) t = time measure in years First, write down the “Givens” in the problem to help determine the values for the variables in the formula i prt Copyright 2007 Money Instructor Name Date_ “Givens”: $7,000 is the amount you have to invest. Therefore, p = $7,000 $476 is the TOTAL interest you want to earn from both investments. i = $476. However, we have TWO investment options so we will need to set up a table to determine “i” for each investment option. (Since there were two investments we can’t simply plug values into i prt . Construct the following table to organize your information and help you solve this problem. Place the givens for each account. (Note: The givens are in black.) The goal of the problem is to find out how much you invest in each option. This means we need to know the principal amount you invest in each option. Let “X” represent the amount invested in the CD. The amount you invest in the loan would be the amount of money left over after you invest in the CD. Therefore, the principal invested in the loan would be 7,000 - X The interest then needs to be calculated for the CD and Loan. Multiply across each row to obtain this information. Account Principal Rate * Time = Interest * CD X 5% = 0.05 1 year X(0.05)(1) = 0.05X Loan 7,000 - X 8% = 0.08 1 year (7000 – X)(0.08)(1) = 560 – 0.08X Next you must create an equation that involves the Total Interest. We know: Interest from CD + Interest from Loan = Total Interest The Total Interest you want to earn was given in the problem as $476. Therefore, use the interest we found for the CD, Loan, and the given Total Interest. 0.05X 560 0.08X 476 Solve the equation for X to find the amount invested in the CD. You can then find the amount invested in the Loan. 0.05X 560 0.08X 476 0.03X 560 476 0.03X 84 X 2800 Copyright 2007 Money Instructor Name Date_ Note: 7000 x 7000 2800 4200 for the Loan. Therefore, you need to invest $2,800 in the 5% CD and $4,200 in the 8% Loan to earn a Total Interest of $476. Another Example: Penelope has $12,000 and would like to invest her money. The two investment options she is considering include: A savings account that earns 8% simple interest. A savings account that earns 7.25% simple interest. How much should Penelope invest in each option if she wants to earn $900 in interest for the year? The following table and equation demonstrate how to set up and solve this problem. Account Principal Rate * Time = Interest X 8% = 0.08 1 year X(0.08)(1) = 0.08X 12,000 - X 7.25% = 0.0725 1 year (12,000 – X)(0.0725)(1) = 870 – 0.0725X * Savings #1 Savings #2 Equation: 0.08X 870 0.0725X 900 Solve the equation for X: 0.08X 870 0.0725X 900 0.0075X 870 900 0.0075X 30 X 4000 Therefore, Penelope should invest $4,000 at 8% and $8,000 at 7.25% to earn a Total Interest of $900. Copyright 2007 Money Instructor Name Date_ INVESTMENT OPTIONS WORKSHEET 1.) Jack has earned a bonus of $20,000 at work. He invested this $20,000 into one investment that pays 4% simple annual interest and another investment that pays 6% simple annual interest. Jack earned $960 in interest after 1 year. How much did Jack invest in each option? (Round to the nearest dollar.) 2.) Jane decided to invest a portion of her family inheritance. She invested $10,000 last year. She invested in an option that paid 4.2% and an option that paid 5.75%. After one year Jane earned $485.62. How much did Jane invest in each option? (Round to the nearest dollar.) Challenge Question: 3.) Ryan is going to invest $4,000 into two investment options. One option pays 3% simple interest and the other option pays 3.5% percent simple interest. How much did Ryan invest in each option if the interest earned in the option paying 3.5% simple interest is $94.50 more than the interest earned in the 3% option? Copyright 2007 Money Instructor Name Date_ INVESTMENT OPTIONS WORKSHEET (ANSWER KEY) 1.) Jack has earned a bonus of $20,000 at work. He invested this $20,000 into one investment that pays 4% simple annual interest and another investment that pays 6% simple annual interest. Jack earned $960 in interest after 1 year. How much did Jack invest in each option? (Round to the nearest dollar.) Equation: 0.04 X 1200 0.06 X 960 X 12, 000 Therefore, Jack invested $12,000 at 4% and $8,000 at 6%. 2.) Jane decided to invest a portion of her family inheritance. She invested $10,000 last year. She invested in an option that paid 4.2% and an option that paid 5.75%. After one year Jane earned $485.62. How much did Jane invest in each option? (Round to the nearest dollar.) Equation: 0.042 X 575 0.0575X 485.62 X 5, 766 Therefore, Jane invested $5,766 at 4.2% and $4,234 @ 5.75%. Challenge Question: 3.) Ryan is going to invest $4,000 into two investment options. One option pays 3% simple interest and the other option pays 3.5% percent simple interest. How much did Ryan invest in each option if the interest earned in the option paying 3.5% simple interest is $94.50 more than the interest earned in the 3% option? Equation: 0.03X 94.50 0.035(4000 X ) X 700 Therefore, Ryan should invest $700 at 3% and $3,300 at 3.5%. Copyright 2007 Money Instructor