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UNIT-I-1.-The-Nature-of-Communication

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UNIT I
COMMUNICATION:
ITS NATURE, TYPES AND
LEVELS; ELEMENTS OF
COMMUNICATION
OVERVIEW
This unit deals with Communication, particularly its
nature, types and levels. It also covers the various elements
of communication. As you proceed with the lessons, you
will also be apprised of the so-called communication
barriers. Along the way, you will get information on what
listening is and its kinds. Importantly, at the same time,
you will be made to understand communication as a
process as well as the different principles and ethical
standards of communication.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
At the end of the unit, I am able to:
01
Define and explain
the nature of
communication;
02
identify and discuss
the different elements
of communication;
03
identify the various
communication
barriers;
04
define what effective
listening is;
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
At the end of the unit, I am able to:
05
differentiate hearing
and listening;
06
discuss the different
levels of listening;
07
cite some tips on how
to become a good
listener;
08
familiarize themselves
with the communication
process;
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
At the end of the unit, I am able to:
09
10
explain the steps involved
in the communication
process;
define ethics in relation
to communication;
11
12
elucidate the various
ethical standards of
communication; and
cite specific examples
as to how these ethical
standards of
communication can be
applied in real life
situations.
SETTING UP
Imagine a world without communication? Do you think this is possible?
What would most likely happen if there is no communication among
humans? You will most certainly say this is not possible at all. The
truth is, human beings are gifted with speech, making them capable
of speaking and expressing their thoughts and feelings.
Assuming that you were taken back in time during the past, what would
you ask or say to the following persons/personalities:
1. Jesus Christ-- during His time on earth with His disciples.
2. Dr. Jose Rizal – before he was executed at Bagumbayan on
December 30, 1896.
LESSON PROPER
The Nature of Communication
As we all know, human communication is vital for
survival and it is one thing in life that we cannot avoid
doing.
Communication comes from two (2) Latin words:
1. ‘communis’, which means ‘common’, meaning “to
come together” or “to commune”; and
2. ‘communicare’, which means “to share something”.
Now, let’s take a look at some of the definitions of “communication”.





Communication is the process of exchanging ideas, thoughts, feelings
and emotions from one person to another with the use of symbols which
may be verbal and/or non-verbal and aims for understanding.
Communication involves imparting ideas, concepts, and data to a group
of listeners.
Leagans define communication as a process by which two or more
people exchange ideas, facts, feelings or impression in such ways that
each gains a common understanding of the meaning and use of messages.
Communication is about two people talking such as with a sibling, a
parent, a teacher, or a face-to-face conversation in real life or even via the
Internet.
Communication is the sharing of ideas among a bunch of individuals. It
is imparting concepts to an audience. It is sharing of experiences publicly
for the common good.
THE TYPES OF COMMUNICATION
1. VERBAL COMMUNICATION
2. ORAL COMMUNICATION
3. WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
4. NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION
THE LEVELS OF COMMUNICATION
1. INTRAPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
2. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
3. SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION
4. ONE-TO-GROUP COMMUNICATION
5. MASS COMMUNICATION
6. COMPUTER-MEDIATED
COMMUNICATION
This level of communication
basically and principally makes
use of computer connected to the
internet and various websites.
THE ELEMENTS OF HUMAN
COMMUNICATION
1. Sender - is the one who initiates or starts the communication.
2. Receiver - the individual whom the message is directed. The
receiver also provides the sender with feedback which may
prompt the sender to clarify the message.
3. Message – is the central idea of the communication process. It is
made up of the ideas and feelings that a sender-receiver wants to
share with others. The message is may be sent either through
verbal symbols – expressed through words or non-verbal symbols
– expressed through gestures, inflection, tone, etc.
4. Channel - the means through which we transmit the message in
either vocal or non-vocal messages. Vocal messages are verbal
and spoken. Non-vocal messages could also be expressed in
words or non-verbal symbols.
5. Feedback - the response of the sender-receiver to each other.
6. Noise – any unwanted sound that interferes or bars the message
from being understood or interpreted. Noise is an impediment to
clear communication. Noise can be external or internal.
 External noise comes from the physical environment.
 Internal noise comes from the psychological and sociological
nature of individuals when thoughts and feelings are engrossed
on something other than the communication at hand.
7. Context - refers to the surrounding or environment that helps shape
the interaction between individuals.
Physical context is the physical environment where the communication
takes place.
Social context refers to the relationship the participants hold for each
other.
Psychological context has to do with the mood and emotions of the
communicators at the moment of communication.
References
Adler, Ronald B. and Rodman G. (2009) Understanding human communication,
New York:Oxford University Press
McCroskey and Wheeless, L.R. Introduction to Human Communication,
Boston: Allyn & Bacon
https://www.google.com/search?q=levels+of+communication+ppt&oq=Levels+of
+&aqs=chrome.0.69i59j69i57.12434j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
ASSESSING LEARNING
Directions: Answer the following questions:
1.
Explain briefly each of the definitions of communication as mentioned in the first part of this Unit.
a.
Definition No. 1
_____________________________________________________________________________________
a.
Definition No. 2
____________________________________________________________________________________
a.
Definition No. 3
_____________________________________________________________________________________
a.
Definition No. 4
_____________________________________________________________________________________
a.
Definition No. 5
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Cite at least 2 examples of each type of communication.
_______________________________________________________________________________.
Activity 2
Directions: Make your mind work by expressing your answer to the given questions below:
1. Which do you think is more effective: Verbal Communication or Non-Verbal
Communication? Defend your answer.
________________________________________________________________________
2. Argue: There are more advantages and only a few disadvantages of the computer-mediated
communication.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. Agree or Disagree: With the technology we have now, personal or face-to-face
communication among members of the family is no longer as close, common, or as intimate as
it should be.
________________________________________________________________________
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