The Bard of Avon What words come to your mind when you think of William Shakespeare? What do you know of him? What do you think of his works? Have you read any? Do you like them? Do you find them extremely boring or extremely hard to read? Write a few sentences about what comes to mind when you think of Shakespeare. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXhbBl4kzbI Life: April 23, 1564-April 23, 1616 Born in Stratford-Upon-Avon Worked in London as actor, playwright, shareholder Wrote 38 plays and 150 Sonnets More literary criticism written about Shakespeare than any other author Coined over 1700 words in the English language, including: eyeball, generous, critic, exposure, hint, pedant, moonbeam, tranquil, gnarled, lackluster, impede, circumstantial, addiction, bandit, bet… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMkuUADWW2 A Contribution to language: figures of speech It’s Greek to me Vanished into thin air I won’t budge an inch Playing fast and loose Tongue-tied Hoodwinked In a pickle Slept not one wink The long and short of it I suspect foul play It’s all one to me The works themselves Shakespeare’s plays are still commonly performed and filmed to this day, over 400 years after he wrote them. Speak to the human experience: comedy, tragedy, love, family, contemplation, art, theater, suffering, war, nature, revenge Even the stories have stayed with us; modern adaptations 10 Things I Hate About You- The Taming of the Shrew The Lion King- Hamlet West Side Story- Romeo and Juliet She’s the Man- Twelfth Night Shakespeare, perhaps more than any other author, has influenced western culture in the areas of literature, language, and story. It’s difficult language; give it a chance. It’s not Old English or Middle English: It’s old MODERN English. It’s easier to understand when you hear it- try reading it out loud. "He was not of an age, but for all time!” --Ben Jonson Often uses inverted word order Normally: I ate the sandwich (Subject, verb, object) I (subject) ate (verb) the sandwich (object) Shakespeare often inverts it. I (subject) the sandwich (object) ate (verb). Uses some words that mean something different now; some unknown words. Look at handout. What would this look like in common English? “In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree” Kubla Khan decreed a stately pleasure dome in Xanadu. Try this one on your own: “When he the ambitious Norway combated.” When he combated the ambitious Norway. Hamlet, thou hast thy father much offended.” Hamlet, thou hast offended thy father. Or Hamlet, you have offended your father. Write three sentences: One sentence should use one Shakespearean word One sentence should use two Shakespearean words One sentence should use three Shakespearean words Write one more sentence: Using at least one Shakespearean word and inverted word order. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3PIhGgtWTs In the beautiful city of Verona, where our story takes place, a long-standing hatred between two families erupts into new violence, and citizens stain their hands with the blood of their fellow citizens. Two unlucky children of these enemy families become lovers and commit suicide. Their unfortunate deaths put an end to their parents' feud. For the next two hours, we will watch the story of their doomed love and their parents' anger, which nothing but the children’s deaths could stop. If you listen to us patiently, we’ll make up for everything we’ve left out in this prologue onstage. A research paper over a Greek god or goddess Three sources What websites are acceptable/unacceptable? What is plagiarism? How do you avoid it? .com- Commercial. Most unreliable. Try not to use these. If you do, make sure it’s credible. .org: Organization. Often more credible than .com, but the information could be biased. .net: Similar to .com. .gov- Government. Usually credible. .edu- An educational site. Usually credible. Let’s compare these two sites about Queen Elizabeth: Site one Site two Typed, double-spaced 12 point font; Times New Roman. Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides (default in Google Docs) Indent the first line of each paragraph. Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner. Title page Last Name, First Name. “Title of Work.” Title of Website. Page numbers (if available). Medium of publication (e.g. “Web.”). Date you accessed the material. Alphabetical by author last names Use easybib.com to cite your sources. Use owl.english.purdue.edu for MLA formatting Reichardt, Mary R. Exploring Catholic Literature: A Companion and Resource Guide. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. Print.