The HL GPC Presentation: Outline How successful has the UN been in intervening in war-torn countries? Case Study #1: The Consolidation of Peace in Congo The UN has made a separate committee for the help of Congo, the United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) to target larger issues like peace in Congo, what the UN does is that it sends out peacekeeping troops in Congo that is for the protection of the civilians of Congo. Perspective 1: IO - United Nations (UN) The United Nations is still hoping for the “wind of change”, they are bringing quite a lot of change to consolidate positive developments in the Congo. They have implemented upon this by the regional political efforts have been initiated, a coalition government has been set up with an aggressive plan of action aimed at stabilising the region, strengthening the stability of the nation and enhancing the degree of economic growth of the DRC. Perspective 2: The Guardians opinions on the government of DRC The editorial mentions that “their government does not care”, they say that it is one of the worst humanitarian crisis in the world and that the Congolese government is taking advantage of it (statistics will be added later). Several tensions have erupted through 10 provinces; their origins are complicated, but President Joseph Kabila’s decision to leave office has exacerbated them, innocents are trapped in the violence of insurgent groups and militant forces. This shows the theory of Case Study #2: Peacekeeping in Kashmir This is one of the separate committees that the UN has made, one of the 13 current peacekeeping missions, the mandate of United Nations Military Observers Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), which was established to supervise the ceasefire between Pakistan and India. Perspective 1: IO- United Nations (UN) The UN has formed the UNMOGIP that is at the lookout for any “wrong/illegal” deeds happening in the area. After the creation of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP), the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 47 on 21 April 1948. Security Council announced that "the existence of Pakistani forces" within Kashmir constituted a "fundamental change" in the case. Perspective 2: The Pakistani Government Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan has requested the community to wake up to the Kashmir crisis, as if it does not, there is a possibility of a nuclear war between India and Pakistan. Unlike previous Pakistani prime ministers, he tried to portray Pakistan as a leader of the Kashmiri issue. From the 2001 assault on the Congress in New Delhi to the 2008 Mumbai bombing, to the recent violence in Pathankot and Pulwama, such intimidation tactics have secured India's view of Kashmiri through the lenses of its longstanding conflict with Pakistan. Pakistan has also not been very keen to give political rights to the Kashmiri people and has threatened pro-independence parties such as the Jammu Kashmir Liberal Front (JKLF). Perspective 3: The Indian Government: The dispute over Kashmir, caused by the declaration of the Indian constitution to foist direct rule from Delhi, has global significance. Narendra Modi, India's prime minister, and the governing conservative of BJP is charged of acting against appropriate legal jurisdiction by arbitrarily removing Article 370 of the Constitution, which ensures Kashmir's special status. Delhi's unilateral bifurcation of the nation into two Union territories. Modi also violated UN conventions on the internationally renowned conflict with Pakistan over the sovereignty of the Kashmir.