Question 1: What is the business opportunity that this project addresses?
Outline the business opportunity and what the project team needs to do to successfully address it within the preferred timeframe and cost.
32kg/capita. Nigeria currently produces 4.8 million tonnes per annum and imports over
2.4 million tonnes per year. Currently demand significantly outweighs supply and the government has created incentives to increase rice production so that the country will be self sufficient.
Crop disease is a threat to food security. According to the consultancy by Dr. Otto
Muck for CARI Program (2015) 34% of yield is lost due to crop diseases, pests and weeds. This amounts to an estimate of $200 billion lost annually. Factors that affect this calculation include but are not limited to:
Incidence of and damage caused by a given pest organism at a given time
Simultaneous incidence of and damage by other pest organisms
Availability and price of agricultural inputs
Value of the crop at the time of sale.
According to the report the most common crop diseases in Nigeria are Rice Blast, Rice yield loss of between 35%-50%. RYMV was reported to cause a yield loss of between
10% and 100% depending on the time of infection and variety. Bacterial Blight was reported to cause a yield loss of 2.7% to 41% and found in 70% -85% of farmers fields. drones. This area of farming currently lacks solutions due to existing practices.
According to the article, Farmers are unaware they have a crop disease problem.
crop disease problem, and create a solution for them that is affordable, improves yield, reduces the number of hours worked, and provides health benefits within a year.
Another reason why these disease management systems are essential is because local farmers are ignorant of the effects crop diseases have on their yield. According to the report, information provided by participating farmers and field agents stated that “crop diseases do not play an important role in rice production and that good agricultural practices are not usually practiced”.
Whilst there are other factors that contribute to low productivity on the fields including inadequate irrigation, and high cost of inputs, centering technology around our
hese challenges by mitigating against pests, crop diseases and nutrient deficiency, ensuring that credit, in the form of agro inputs are put to good use and at the right time. As we scale field operations to 250Ha for our nucleus farm and 20Ha for our outgrower irrigation, agro inputs, disease management and extension services. the cumulative benefits of using drone software for monitoring crops which in turn will lead to high yields and an increase in overall efficiency.
Describe the nature of the international development challenge or issues facing you these challenges and issues?
According to CARI, 47% of rice yield is lost due to weeds, diseases and pests worldwide.
20% of these are lost due to crop diseases. In developing and developed countries, farmers have embraced technology by purchasing and cultivating hybrid rice seeds which are resistant to crop diseases. Due to the higher cost of the seeds, availability, cultural habits and ignorance, Nigerian farmers tend to stick to old practices they are familiar with. Also due to the fact that farmers rarely buy the hybrid rice seeds, retailers rarely have them in stock.
Educating the farmers is a big part of making the project a success. As we stated above, local farmers are unaware of the effects crop diseases have on their production. We will use the disease management practices provided by the drone technology to provide evidence of the problem to farmers, and train them how to use best practices to mitigate the effects and get the best yield.
Poverty in Nigeria is estimated to be around 50% despite high economic growth rates.
The poor quality of life is even more pronounced in rural areas as the income inequality gap is wider when compared to urban areas. As the vast majority of crop cultivation occurs in rural areas, this alarming earnings disparity points to the inefficiency of current farming practices. This is even more evident in the fact that agriculture contributes about 21.2% to Nigeria’s GDP compared to 1.4% in OECD states.
improve productivity, attain high yields, and be guaranteed of an offtake agreement life. As our outgrower scheme expands, we will be able to engage more youth in our program, providing them with a sustainable source of income and thereby mitigating against the security risks associated with youth unemployment.
Question 2: What is the size of the market opportunity that this project might open up?
Describe the size of the market opportunities that this project might open up, including details of: the current nature of the specific market or markets the project is targeting, including dominated by a single leading firm
the dynamics of the market, including measuring its current size, and actual and predicted growth rates
Nigeria's favourite meal is incontestably rice. As our appetite for rice as a staple has grown over the years, so has its demand. The share of rice in Nigerians’ diet increased from 1% in 1960 to 7% in 1980 and 15% in 2000¹. In 2018, local consumption was recorded to be 7.2 million tonnes² or 32kg/capita and it is expected to rise to 36million tonnes by 2050 . Despite producing an impressive 4.8 million tonnes per annum and being the second largest producer in Africa behind Egypt, Nigeria still imports about 2.4
million tonnes of rice to supplement demand. It is also estimated that about 2 million tonnes is smuggled in through porous land borders. Recently the federal government closed borders which caused a spike in the price of rice. The output of this project will
have a direct impact on the Nigerian economy by increasing local production on rice which in turn will reduce the cost of rice for the average Nigerian.
the projected market share for the project outcome, with justification in the light of any potential competitors
the potential to add value to the economy of the developing country organisation and any secondary benefits to the UK or European Economic Area (EEA) helping Nations like Nigeria reduce poverty, ending hunger, improving economic growth, and creating partnerships which are 4 of the SDG.
The practical implementation of this project, which is heavily reliant on big data, has the potential to be replicated at scale for rice and other crops, for wider adoption in similar environments across Nigeria and Africa as a whole. It opens up access to information on crops under cultivation that is important in stimulating opportunities for subsequent collaborations in underserved areas of research and food sustainability. Furthermore, this program could foster educational relationships and cooperation with local institutions through scholarships and exchange programs. This exchange of knowledge challenges facing partners in developing countries. These productive partnerships will partners and ultimately deliver sustainable social and economic benefits via the creation of jobs and trading opportunities between the developing country and the Uk
Describe and clearly quantify the return on investment that the project could achieve.
Provide relevant source data references?
Software application: Data for scale
On the field
Where possible provide evidence for your statements about the target market for project outcomes. Outline your strategy for developing market share?
Question 3: How will the results of the project be exploited and disseminated?
List or describe the potential exploitable outputs of the project such as:
Products or services
Crop Disease Management
Using Drones technology to identify crop diseases early and apply fast and safer control actions.
Our crop disease management solution can be provided to other large scale farmers, and smallholder farmers across the country to improve yield and mitigate loss due to crop diseases
Then describe how these outputs will be exploited including, where applicable: the route to market, protection of intellectual property rights, reconfiguration of the exploitation and protection, how they will deliver international development impact
The technology as well as the process and application with outgrower scheme replicate to achieve desired results.
Question 4: Why is the project eligible for Official Development Assistance (ODA) funding?
You must explain how your project’s main objective will be to promote the economic partners must be secondary.
Our outgrower scheme is created to specifically educate and improve the welfare of local farmers initially in Adamawa state of Nigeria then nationwide.
The scheme educates, trains and develops these farmers to be able to take advantage of our systems to produce more yields for their crops, which in turn provides them with more income. From our calculations, we believe the yields will triple which will lead to farmers income tripling. This has a positive socio economic effect on their quality of life which trickles down to their families and community. The program will actively look to attract otherwise idle male and female youth into farming which will in turn provide them a source of income and make them contribute positively to the society. We plan to do this by going through the NYSC and other organizations to gain access to youths and educate them about our outgrower farming scheme and how our disease management through technology will help them achieve the best results.
Our goal is to have at least 30% of independent unmarried women in our outgrower scheme in the first year, and increase that to 50% by the third. This goal will help us tackle inequality, exclusion and improve diversity. Our outgrower scheme specifically targets SDG 1,2, and 8 by reducing poverty, reducing hunger, and providing decent work and economic growth. Success in the scheme would be measured by the crop yield, farmers income, farmers education and training, and % of women farmers.
the developing country, particularly people in poverty and underserved groups). Make a clear distinction between the two. Be clear about what stakeholder groups in the developing country you expect to benefit from this project. Avoid making generic statements.
Our project partners are the software developers for the drones and Smallholder
Stakeholder groups expected to benefit are:
Other outgrower schemes
Describe any expected socio-economic impacts, either positive or negative on, for example:
quality of life social inclusion or exclusion jobs, such as safeguarding, creating, changing or displacing them education public empowerment health and safety regulations diversity
You must explain how the project will, or has the potential to, deliver outcomes and impact in agriculture and food systems in Africa. Particularly, how will it help the poorest members of society, including women, girls and other disadvantaged groups? Explain
what those benefits are and who will benefit. Be clear about how you will make sure there is a clear route to impact after the project has ended.
You must show you are eligible for ODA by providing further information in the to 2 pages long and no larger than 10MB. The font must be legible at 100% zoom.
Male and Female
UK Innovation Grant
Increase in quality of life
Provide Farm land and agro inputs to farmers
Recruit young people into outgrower scheme
Provide education on effects of crop disease
Provide education on disease management technique
Provide education on health risks due to chemical spray
Collect and analyze data.
Spray diseases, pests and weeds with drone chemical spray
30% of famers in outgrower scheme are young independent or widowed women
Achieve crop yield of 6 MT/Ha
Recruit 50 farmers in outgrower scheme
Proof of crop disease problem
Crop disease management system/process.
Health and Safety
Only applications that meet the eligibility, scope and ODA requirements of the competition will be sent for assessment. You will be notified if your application is not sent for assessment with an explanation as to why.
Question 8: What are the risks (technical, commercial and environmental) to project success? What is the project’s risk management strategy?
Innovate UK recognises that projects of this type are inherently risky, but we look for assurance that the projects we fund have adequate arrangements for managing this risk. In your answer, focus on the arrangements for managing and mitigating risk by:
Damage to drones
Unable to Operate drones
Identifying the main risks and uncertainties of the project and providing a detailed risk analysis for the project content and approach. Include the technical, commercial, managerial and environmental risks as well as other uncertainties (for example ethical issues) associated with the project. The main risks should then be rated as high, medium or low (H/M/L).
Stating how the project would avoid these main risks. You should tackle all significant and relevant risks and their mitigation.
Identifying vital project management tools and mechanisms that will be used to help minimise operational risk and promote a successful project outcome. This should include arrangements for managing the project team and its partners.
http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/step-by-step-production/growth/pests-and-disease s https://www.cari-project.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CARI-Rice-IPM-Nigeria-Draf t-Study.pdf