Maps Grade 6 Ms.Situ Lesson Objectives Students will: 1. Learn the two main types of maps: – Political and Physical Maps 2. Recognize that a map contains elements such as title, scale, symbols, legends, grids, and cardinal and intermediate directions. The World Political Political maps show how people have divided places on the Earth into countries, states, cities and other units for the purpose of governing them. The World Physical Physical maps show what the surface of the Earth looks like. Oceans of the World The world has four major oceans. Atlantic Arctic ocean Pacific Arctic Indian Pacific ocean Atlantic ocean Indian ocean Global Climates Students generally associate Arctic and Antarctic with cold weather, so students could make the observation that the climate at the poles is cold. This map shows the general climate regions of the world. World Religions Religious beliefs help define a people’s culture, so to understand a people, it is important to consider what religions influence that group. Map Review What is the purpose of a Political map? To show borders of countries, states, cities Map Review What is the purpose of a Physical map? Physical maps show what the surface of the world looks like Map Review What are the four major oceans of the world? Atlantic Pacific Arctic Indian Map Review Why is it important to understand a peoples religion? because religion helps shape their culture Mapping It Out Social Studies Online What’s on a map? Maps have a lot of information, but you need to know how to read them. There are several parts to a map which explain details and help you really see where you are and where you're going. Legend/Map Key Maps often have symbols to represent such features as highways, small roads, campgrounds, and rest areas. These symbols are listed in the legend. Compass Rose A Compass Rose: a design on a map that shows directions. It shows north, south, east, west, northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest. Index The index tells you where to find a specific place on a map. Depending on the size and type of map you're using, the index can help you locate a city, town, or street. Scale Scale: shows what distance on the earth is represented by a certain distance on the map. – Tells you how space on a map equals distance on the earth Longitude Longitude is lines that run north and south. Longitude measures east or west Prime Meridian The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through Greenwich, England. Latitude Lines of Latitude: imaginary lines that run east to west. Latitude measures north or south. Equator The equator is 0 degree latitude. The equator is the imaginary line that separates the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphere.