Artificial Intelligence and Space Exploration Systems AYYAN ALI What is Artificial Intelligence? Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. Some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are designed for include: Speech recognition Learning Planning Problem solving Space Exploration Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. It was the development of large liquidfueled rocket engines during the early 20th century that allowed space exploration to become a practical possibility. Common rationales for exploring space include: advancing scientific research, uniting different nations and ensuring the future survival of humanity. Artificial Intelligence and Space Exploration Applications of this AI – i.e., technological devices, which consciously and autonomously interact with their environment – already play a vital role in contemporary space exploration. In the future, the complexity of missions will continue to increase, and with it the demands placed on artificially intelligence space probes, maintenance systems, and mobile reconnaissance units. Applications of AI in Space Exploration Systems Mobile reconnaissance units such as the Mars Explorer are a textbook example of the application of artificial intelligence in space. Space probes are at least partially dependent on artificial intelligence when investigating such distant targets. Their missions are not just limited to navigation and the proper use of the various measuring instruments.