Uploaded by MONYA THOMPSON

Review Worksheet19-20

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Review Worksheet
Unit 1: Biochemistry
Name ________________
Class Period ___________
This is NOT a complete review. This is just to jar your memory. This test will cover both
Chapter 2, so prepare thoroughly by reviewing all your notes and the chapter in your
text!
1. What are enzymes? What do they do?
2. Name 5 functions of proteins.
3. Name a function of carbohydrates.
4. Name 4 functions of lipids.
5. What is the function of nucleic acids? Give 2 examples.
6. What element do all organic compounds contain?
7. How are ionic bonds formed?
8. How are covalent bonds formed?
Matching. Answers may be used more than once.
9. building blocks of protein
a. carbohydrates
10. forms cell membranes
b. protein
11. contains hereditary information
c. nucleic acids
12. contains only one type of atom
d lipids
13. stores energy for short-term use
e. enzymes
14. stores energy for long-term use
f. amino acids
15. fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids
g. element
16. sugars, starches
h. activation energy
17. nucleotides
i. monosaccharide
18. energy required to start a reaction
19. speed up metabolic reactions
20. monomer of carbohydrate
21. Carbon forms __________ covalent bonds.
22. Which organic compound contains C, H, O, and N?
23. What is a monomer? What is the monomer for carbohydrates?
acid?
Proteins?
Nucleic
24. Which organic compounds contain C, H, and O only?
25. Properties of water:
a. cohesion:
b. adhesion:
Matching.
26. amount of energy required to start a reaction
27. irreversibly changing the shape of an enzyme
28. enzymes are not destroyed in a reaction
29. ending for all enzymes
30. the substance that enzyme works on and changes
31. one enzyme; one substrate
32. area that substrate attaches to enzyme
33. substance that competes with substrate for active site
34. substance that changes the rate of a reaction
35. substance that changes the shape of an enzyme
a. enzyme
b. active site
c. denature
d. activation energy
e. substrate
f. reusability
g. specificity
h. competitive inhibitor
i. noncompetitive inhibitor:
j. -ase
MACROMOLECULES
Made up
of:
Made up of:
Made up of:
Made up of:
Uses
Uses
Fatty Acids
and
Glycerol
Uses
Uses
Fight disease
Control rate of
reactions
Regulate cell processes
Form bone/muscles
Found
in:
Found
in:
Pastas, Breads, Rice,
…
Found
in:
Type
s:
DNA and
RNA
Type
s:
Oils, Waxes, Steroids,
Cholesterol