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activity-based-costing

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CPA REVIEW SCHOOL OF THE PHILIPPINES
Manila
MANAGEMENT ADVISORY SERVICES
ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING
THEORY
1. An accounting system that collects financial and operating data on the basis of the underlying
nature and extent of the cost drivers is
a. Direct costing.
c. Cycle-time costing.
b. Activity-based costing.
d. Variable costing.
2. The resource utilized by a given product divided by the total amount of the resource available
is called the
a. Activity driver.
c. Cost object.
b. Consumption ratio.
d. Sustaining activity.
3. Which of the following statements is true?
a. The traditional approach to costing uses many different cost drivers.
b. Costs that are indirect to products are by definition traceable directly to products.
c. Costs that are indirect to products are traceable to some activity.
d. All of the above statements are true.
4. Mass customization can be achieved through the use of
a. Activity-based costing.
c. Flexible manufacturing systems.
b. just-in-time inventory.
d. all of the above.
5. Process value analysis is a key component of activity-based management that links product
costing and
a. Reduction of the number of cost pools.
b. Continuous improvement.
c. Accumulation of heterogeneous cost pools.
d. Overhead rates based on broad averages.
6. An approach to developing new ways to perform existing activities is called
a. Process value analysis.
c. Caveat analysis.
b. Re-engineering.
d. Benchmarking.
7. A(n) _______________ method first traces costs to a department and then to products.
a. direct costing
c. traditional costing
b. absorption costing
d. activity-based costing
8. A(n)_______________ method first traces costs to activities and then to products.
a. direct costing
c. traditional costing
b. absorption costing
d activity-based costing
9. Uniformly assigning the costs of resources to cost objects when those resources are actually
used in a nonuniform way is called
a. overcosting.
c. peanut-butter costing.
b. undercosting.
d. department costing.
10. An objective of activity-based management is to
a. eliminate the majority of centralized activities in an organization.
b. reduce or eliminate non-value-added activities incurred to make a product or provide a
service.
c. institute responsibility accounting systems in decentralized organizations.
d. all of the above
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11. Symptoms of an outdated cost system include all of the following EXCEPT
a. product costs change because of changes in financial reporting.
b. products that are difficult to produce show little profit.
c. competitors’ prices appear unrealistically low.
d. the company has a highly profitable niche all to itself.
12. Traditional overhead allocations result in which of the following situations?
a. Overhead costs are assigned as period costs to manufacturing operations.
b. High-volume products are assigned too much overhead, and low-volume products are
assigned too little overhead.
c. Low-volume products are assigned too much, and high-volume products are assigned too
little overhead.
d. The resulting allocations cannot be used for financial reports.
13. Traditionally, managers have focused cost reduction efforts on
a. activities.
b. processes.
c. departments.
d. costs.
14. Which of the following is NOT a trait of a traditional cost management system?
a. unit-based drivers
c. allocation intensive
b. focus on managing activities
d. narrow and rigid product costing
15. Unit-level cost drivers are most appropriate as an overhead assignment base when
a. several complex products are manufactured.
b. only one product is manufactured.
c. direct labor costs are low.
d. factories produce a varied mix of products.
16. Which of the following is NOT a sign of poor cost data?
a. Competitors’ prices for high-volume products appear much too high.
b. The company seems to have a highly profitably niche all to itself.
c. Customers don’t balk at price increases for low-volume products.
d. Competitors’ prices for low-volume products appear much too high.
17. In Activity-based Costing, which of the following would be considered a value-added
activity?
a. Repair of machines.
c. Bookkeeping.
b. Engineering designs.
d. Storage of inventory.
18. In the pharmaceutical or food industries, quality control inspections would most likely be
viewed as
a. non-value-added activities.
c. value-added-activities.
b. business-value-added activities.
d. process-efficiency activities.
19. A basic assumption of activity-based costing (ABC) is that
a. All manufacturing costs vary directly with units of production.
b. Products or services require the performance of activities, and activities consume
resources.
c. Only costs that respond to unit-level drivers are product costs.
d. Only variable costs are included in activity-cost pools.
20. Activity-based costing and generally accepted accounting principles differ in that ABC
a. does not define product costs in the same manner as GAAP.
b. cannot be used to compute an income statement, but GAAP can.
c. is concerned only with costs generated from automated processes, but GAAP is
concerned with costs generated from both manual and automated processes.
d. information is useful only to managers, while GAAP information is useful to all
organizational stakeholders.
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21. ABC should be used in which of the following situations?
a. single-product firms with multiple steps
b. multiple-product firms with only a single process
c. multiple-product firms with multiple processing steps
d. in all manufacturing firms
22. All of the following are examples of non-value-added activities except:
A. reworking
B. handling
C. assembling
D. expediting
23. Products make diverse demands on resources because of differences in all of the following
EXCEPT
a. volume.
b. selling price.
c. batch size.
d. complexity.
24. The UNIQUE feature of an ABC system is the emphasis on
a. costing individual jobs.
c. multiple-cost pools.
b. department indirect-cost rates.
d. individual activities.
25. Design of an ABC system requires
a. that the job bid process be redesigned.
b. that a cause-and-effect relationship exists between resource costs and individual
activities.
c. an adjustment to product mix.
d. both (b) and (c).
26. ABC systems create
a. one large cost pool.
b. homogenous activity-related cost pools.
c. activity-cost pools with a broad focus.
d. activity-cost pools containing many direct costs.
27. Which of the following statements about activity-based costing is not true?
a. Activity-based costing is useful for allocating marketing and distribution costs.
b. Activity-based costing is more likely to result in major differences from traditional
costing systems if the firm manufactures only one product rather than multiple products.
c. In activity-based costing, cost drivers are what cause costs to be incurred.
d. Activity-based costing differs from traditional costing systems in that products are not
cross-subsidized.
28. If activity-based costing is implemented in an organization without any other changes being
effected, total overhead costs will
a. be reduced because of the elimination of non-value-added activities.
b. be reduced because organizational costs will not be assigned to products or services.
c. be increased because of the need for additional people to gather information on cost
drivers and cost pools.
d. remain constant and simply be spread over products differently.
29. The use of activity-based costing normally results in
a. Substantially greater unit costs for low-volume products than is reported by traditional
product costing.
b. Substantially lower unit costs for low-volume products than is reported by traditional
product costing.
c. Decreased setup costs being charged to low-volume products.
d. Equalizing setup costs for all product lines.
30. _____ are those performed each time a unit is produced or sold.
a. Batch-level activities.
c. Sustaining activities.
b. Facility-sustaining activities.
d. Unit-level activities.
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31. What is the normal effect on the numbers of cost pools and allocation bases when an activitybased cost (ABC) system replaces a traditional cost system?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cost Pools
No effect
Increase
No effect
Increase
Allocation Bases
No effect
No effect
Increase
Increase
32. Book Co. uses the activity-based costing approach for cost allocation and product costing
purposes. Printing, cutting, and binding functions make up the manufacturing process.
Machinery and equipment are arranged in operating cells that produce a complete product
starting with raw materials. Which of the following are characteristic of Boo’s activity-based
costing approach?
I. Cost drivers are used as a basis for cost allocation.
II. Costs are accumulated by department or function for purposes of product costing.
III. Activities that do not add value to the product are identified and reduced to the extent
possible.
a. I only.
b. I and II.
c. I and III.
d. II and III.
33. The ideal standard quantity for nonvalue-added activities is
a. the cost of resources acquired in advance of usage
b. practical capacity
c. the currently attainable quantity standard
d. zero
34. Examples of activities at the unit level of costs include:
A. cutting, painting, and packaging
C. designing, changing, and advertising
B. scheduling, setting up, and moving
D. heating, lighting, and security
35. _____ are those that a company performs when it makes a group of units .
a. Batch-level activities.
c. Sustaining activities.
b. Facility-sustaining activities.
d. Unit-level activities.
36. Examples of activities at the batch level of costs include:
A. cutting, painting, and packaging
C. designing, changing, and advertising
B. scheduling, setting up, and moving
D. heating, lighting, and security
37. If JIT manufacturing is used, maintenance of the production equipment would be classified
as a
a. unit-level activity
c. cell-level activity
b. product-level activity
d. facility-level activity
38. Which of the following is not a type of sustaining activity?
a. Capacity-sustaining.
c. Distribution-channel sustaining.
b. Customer-sustaining.
d. Unit-sustaining.
39. Testing a prototype of a new product is an example of a
a. Unit-level activity.
c. Product-level activity.
b. Batch-level activity.
d. Organization-sustaining activity.
40. Examples of activities at the product level of costs include:
A. cutting, painting, and packaging
C. designing, changing, and advertising
B. scheduling, setting up, and moving
D. heating, lighting, and security
41. In allocating variable costs to products,
a. a volume-based cost driver should be used.
b. direct labor hours should always be used as the allocation base.
c. a company should use the same allocation base that it uses for fixed costs.
d. a company should never use more than one cost driver.
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42. The following items are used in tracing costs in an ABC system. In which order are they
used?
(1) cost object
(2) cost driver
(3) activity driver
(4) cost pool
a. 1, 2, 3, 4
b. 2, 3, 4, 1
c. 2, 4, 3, 1
d. 4, 3, 1, 2
43. _____ relate to an entire plant as a whole.
a. Batch-level activities.
b. Facility-sustaining activities.
c. Sustaining activities.
d. Unit-level activities.
44. Examples of activities at the plant level of costs include:
A. cutting, painting, and packaging
C. designing, changing, and advertising
B. scheduling, setting up, and moving
D. heating, lighting, and security
45. An item or event that has a cause-effect relationship with the incurrence of a variable cost is
called a
a. mixed cost.
b. predictor.
c. direct cost.
d. cost driver.
46. Which of the following is typically regarded as a cost driver in traditional accounting
practices?
a. number of purchase orders processed
c. number of transactions processed
b. number of customers served
d. number of direct labor hours worked
47. A cost pool is
a. All of the costs of a particular department.
b. All costs in a group such as variable costs or discretionary fixed costs.
c. All costs related to a product or product line.
d. All costs that have the same driver.
48. The activities that drive resource requirements are called the
a. Activity drivers.
c. Resource drivers.
b. Cost objects.
d. Sustaining activities.
49. __________________ are causal factors that explain the consumption of overhead.
a. Activity drivers
b. Cost pools
d. Cost catchers
c. Cost objectives
50. All of the following are unit-based activity drivers EXCEPT
a. machine hours
b. number of setups c. number of units
d. direct labor hours
51. All of the following are nonunit-based activity drivers EXCEPT
a. number of setups
c. number of inspections
b. number of direct labor hours
d. number of material moves
52. In an activity-based costing system, what should be used to assign a department’s
manufacturing overhead cost to products produced in varying lot sizes?
a. A single cause and effect relationship.
c. Relative net sales values of the products.
b. Multiple cause and effect relationships.
d. A product’s ability to bear cost allocations.
53. In activity-based costing, preliminary cost allocations assign costs to
a. departments.
b. processes.
c. products.
d. activities.
54. In activity-based costing, final cost allocations assign costs to
a. departments.
b. processes.
c. products.
d. activities.
PROBLEMS
1. A time-and-motion study revealed that it should take 1 hour to produce a product that
currently takes 3 hours to produce. Labor is $8 per hour. Nonvalue-added costs are
a. $8
b. $16
c. $24
d. $0
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2. Setup time for a product is six hours. A firm that uses JIT and produces the same product has
reduced setup time to 30 minutes. Setup labor is $24 per hour. Value-added costs are
a. $144
b. $132
c. $24
d. $12
3. Each unit of product requires 8 gallons of raw material. Due to scrap and rework, each unit
has been averaging 9 gallons of raw material. The raw material costs $4 per gallon. Valueadded costs are
a. $2
b. $4
c. $32
d. $36
4. A company keeps 20 days of raw materials inventory on hand to avoid shutdowns due to raw
materials shortages. Carrying costs average $2,000 per day. A competitor keeps 10 days of
inventory on hand the competitor’s carrying costs average $1,000 per day. Value-added costs
are
a. $40,000
b. $20,000
c. $10,000
d. $0
5. New Rage Cosmetics has used a traditional cost accounting system to apply quality control
costs uniformly to all products at a rate of 14.5% of direct labor cost. Monthly direct labor
cost for Satin Sheen makeup is $27,500. In an attempt to distribute quality control costs
more equitably, New Rage is considering activity-based costing. The monthly data shown in
the chart below have been gathered for Satin Sheen.
Quantity for
Activity
Cost Driver
Cost Rates
Satin Sheen
Incoming material inspection Type of material $11.50 per type
12 types
In-process inspection
Number of units $0.14 per unit
17,500 units
Product certification
Per order
$77per order
25 orders
The monthly quality control cost assigned to Satin Sheen makeup using activity-based
costing is
a. $88.64 per order.
b. $525.50 lower than the cost using the traditional system.
c. $8,500.50
d. $525.50 higher than the cost using the traditional system.
Questions 6 thru 8 are based on the following information.
Dierich Company uses an activity-based costing system with three activity cost pools. The
company has provided the following data concerning its costs and its activity based costing
system:
Costs:
Manufacturing overhead
$600,000
Selling and admin. expenses
$220,000
Total
$820,000
Distribution of resource consumption:
Activity Cost Pools
Order Size Customer Support
Other
Total
Manufacturing overhead
15%
75%
10%
100%
Selling and admin. Expenses
60%
20%
20%
100%
The "Other" activity cost pool consists of the costs of idle capacity and organization-sustaining
costs. You have been asked to complete the first-stage allocation of costs to the activity cost
pools.
6. How much cost, in total, would be allocated in the first-stage allocation to the Order Size
activity cost pool?
a. $222,000
b. $307,500
c. $123,000
d. $492,000
7. How much cost, in total, should NOT be allocated to orders and products in the second stage
of the allocation process if the activity-based costing system is used for internal decisionmaking?
a. $82,000.
b. $104,000.
c. $0.
d. $164,000.
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8. How much cost, in total, would be allocated in the first-stage allocation to the Customer
Support activity cost pool?
a. $389,500
b. $615,000
c. $164,000
d. $494,000
9. ALF Co. is an assisted-living facility that provides services in the form of residential space,
meals, and other occupant assistance (OOA) to its occupants. ALF currently uses a
traditional cost account system that defines the service provided as assisted living, with
service output measured in terms of occupant days. Each occupant is charged a daily rate
equal to ALF’s annual cost of providing residential space, meals and OOA divided by total
occupant days. However, an activity-based costing (ABC) analysis has revealed that
occupant’s use of OOA varies substantially. This analysis determined that occupants could
be grouped into three categories (low, moderate, and high usage of OOA) and that the
activity driver of OOA is nursing hours. The driver of the other activities is occupant days.
The following quantitative information was also provided:
Occupant category
Annual Occupant Days
Annual Nursing Hours
Low Usage
36,000
90,000
Medium Usage
18,000
90,000
High Usage
6,000
120,000
60,000
300,000
The total annual cost of OOA was $7.5 million, and the total annual cost of providing
residential space and meals was $7.2 million. Accordingly, the ABC analysis indicates that
the daily costing rate should be
a. $182.50 for occupants in the low-usage category.
b. $145.00 for occupants in the medium-usage category.
c. $245.00 for occupants in the high-usage category.
d. $620.00 for all occupants.
Questions 10 through 13 are based on the following information.
Zebra Corporation has the following activities: creating bills of materials (BOM), studying
manufacturing capabilities, improving manufacturing processes, training employees, and
designing tooling. The general ledger accounts reveal the following expenditures for
manufacturing engineering:
Salaries
$150,000
Equipment
80,000
Supplies
20,000
Total
$250,000
The equipment is used for two activities: improving processes and designing tooling. Thirty-five
percent of the equipment’s time is used for improving processes and sixty-five percent is used
for designing tools. The salaries are for two engineers. One is paid $100,000, while the other
earns $50,000. The $100,000 engineer spends 40% of his time training employees in new
processes and 60% of his time on improving processes. The remaining engineer spends equal
time on all activities. Supplies are consumed in the following proportions:
Creating BOMs
25%
Studying capabilities
10%
Improving processes
20%
Training employees
25%
Designing tooling
20%
10. What is the cost assigned to the creating BOMs activity?
a. $62,500
b. $15,000
c. $87,500
d. $250,000
11. What is the cost assigned to the improving processes activity?
a. $250,000
b. $50,000
c. $87,500
d. $102,000
12. What is the cost assigned to the training employees activity?
a. $55,000
b. $250,000
c. $62,500
d. $162,500
13. What is the cost assigned to the designing tooling activity?
a. $162,500
b. $66,000
c. $50,000
d. $250,000
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Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following information.
A company has identified the following overhead costs and cost drivers for the coming year.
Overhead Item
Cost Driver
Budgeted Cost Budgeted Activity Level
Machine setup
No. of setups
$ 20,000
200
Inspection
No. of inspections
$130,000
6,500
Material handling No. of material moves
$ 80,000
8,000
Engineering
Engineering hours
$ 50,000
1,000
$280,000
The following information was collected on three jobs that were completed during the year:
Job 101
Job 102
Job 103
Direct materials
$5,000
$12,000
$8,000
Direct labor
$2,000
$ 2,000
$4,000
Units completed
100
50
200
Number of setups
1
2
4
Number of inspections
20
10
30
Number of material moves
30
10
50
Engineering hours
10
50
10
Budgeted direct labor cost was $100,000, and budgeted direct material cost was $280,000.
14. If the company uses activity-based costing, how much overhead cost should be allocable to
Job 101?
a. $1,300
b. $2,000
c. $5,000
d. $5,600
15. If the company uses activity-based costing, compute the cost of each unit of Job 102.
a. $340
b. $392
c. $440
d. $520
16. The company prices its products at 140% of cost. If the company uses activity-based
costing, the price of each unit of Job 103 would be
a. $98
b. $100
c. $116
d. $140
Questions 17 thru 22 are based on the following information
Special Products recently installed an activity-based relational data base. Using the information
contained in the activity relational table, the following pool rates were computed:
$200 per purchase order
$12 per machine hour, process A
$15 per machine hour, process B
$40 per engineering hour
Two products are produced by Special Products: A and B. Each product has an area in the plant
that is dedicated to its production. The plant has two manufacturing processes, process A and
process B. Other processes include engineering, product handling and procurement. The product
relational table for Special is as follows:
Activity Usage
Activity Driver #
Name
Product A
Product B
1
Units
200,000
25,000
2
Purchase orders
250
125
3
Machine hours
80,000
10,000
4
Engineering hours
1,250
1,500
17. How much overhead cost will be assigned to product A using the number of purchase orders?
a. $50,000
b. $25,000
c. $40,000,000
d. $66,750
18. How much overhead cost will be assigned to product B using engineering hours?
a. $50,000
b. $60,000
c. $1,000,000
d. $400,500
19. How much overhead cost will be assigned to product A using process A?
a. $1,200,000
b. $2,400,000
c. $960,000
d. $120,000
20. How much overhead cost will be assigned to product B using process B?
a. $1,200,000
b. $960,000
c. $120,000
d. $150,000
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21. What is the unit cost of Product A?
a. $4.71
b. $3.76
c. $252.00
d. $5.30
22. What is the unit cost of Product B?
a. $9.40
b. $6.00
c. $252.00
d. $6.41
Questions 23 thru 26 are based on the following information.
Acton Company has two products: A and B. The annual production and sales of Product A is
800 units and of Product B is 500 units. The company has traditionally used direct labor-hours as
the basis for applying all manufacturing overhead to products. Product A requires 0.3 direct labor
hours per unit and Product B requires 0.2 direct labor hours per unit. The total estimated
overhead for next period is $92,023.
The company is considering switching to an activity-based costing system for the purpose of
computing unit product costs for external reports. The new activity-based costing system would
have three overhead activity cost pools--Activity 1, Activity 2, and General Factory--with
estimated overhead costs and expected activity as follows:
Estimated
Expected Activity
Activity Cost Pool
Overhead Costs
Product A
Product B
Total
Activity 1
$14,487
500
600
1,100
Activity 2
$64,800
2,500
500
3,000
General Factory
$12,736
240
100
340
Total
$92,023
(Note: The General Factory activity cost pool's costs are allocated on the basis of direct labor
hours.)
23. The predetermined overhead rate under the traditional costing system is closest to:
a. $37.46.
b. $21.60.
c. $13.17.
d. $270.66.
24. The overhead cost per unit of Product B under the traditional costing system is closest to:
a. $54.13.
b. $7.49.
c. $4.32.
d. $2.63.
25. .The predetermined overhead rate (i.e., activity rate) for Activity 1 under the activity-based
costing system is closest to:
a. $28.97.
b. $13.17.
c. $83.66.
d. $24.15.
26.The overhead cost per unit of Product A under the activity-based costing system is closest to:
a. $86.97.
b. $70.79.
c. $81.20.
d. $11.24.
Question 27 through 30 are based on the following information.
This information was presented as part of Question 3 on Part 3 of the June 1992 CMA
examination, which covered activity-based costing.
Alaire Corporation manufactures several different types of printed circuit boards: however, two
of the boards account for the majority of the company’s sales. The first of these boards, a
television (TV) circuit board, has been a standard in the industry for several years. The market
for this type of board is competitive and therefore price-sensitive. Alaire plans to sell 65,000 of
the TV boards in 1993 at a price of $150 per unit. The second high-volume product, a persona
computer (PC) circuit board, is a recent addition to Alaire’s product line. Because the PC board
incorporates the latest technology, it can be sold at a premium price, plans include the sale of
40,000 PC boards at $300 per unit.
Alaire’s management group is meeting to discuss strategies for 1993, and the current topic of
conversation is how to spend the sales and promotion dollars for next year. The sales manager
believe that the market share for the TV board could be expanded by concentrating Alaire’s
promotional efforts in this area. In response to this suggestion, the production manager said,
“Why don’t you go after a bigger market for the PV board? The cost sheets that I get show a
premium price for the PC board, selling it should help overall profitability.”
Alaire uses a standard cost system, and the following data apply to the TV and PC boards.
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TV Board
PC Board
Direct materials
$80
$140
Direct labor
1.5 hours
4.0 hours
Machine time
0.5 hours
1.5 hours
Variable factory overhead is applied on the basis of direct labor hours. For 1993, variable
factory is budgeted at $1,120,000, and direct labor hours are estimated at 280,000. The hourly
rates for machine time and direct labor are $10 and $14, respectively. Alaire applies a material
handling charge at 10% of materials cost, thus materials handling charge is not included in
variable factory overhead. Total 1993 expenditures for materials are budgeted at $10,600,000.
Ed Watch, Alaire’s controller, believes that, the management group proceeds with the discussion
about allocating sales and promotional dollars to individual products, they should consider the
activities involved in the production. As Welch explained to the group, “Activity-based costing
integrates the cost of all activities, known as cost drivers, into individual product costs rather
than including these costs in overhead pools.” Welch has prepared the schedule shown below to
help the management group understand this concept.
“Using this information,” Welch explained, “we can calculate an activity-based cost for each TV
board and each PC board and then compare it to the standard cost we have bee using. The only
cost that remains the same for both cost methods is the cost of direct materials. The cost drivers
will replace the direct labor, machine time, and overhead costs in the standard cost.”
Annual Activity
Budgeted Cost
Cost Driver
for Cost Driver
Materials overhead:
Procurement
$400,000 No. of parts
4,000,000 parts
Production scheduling
220,000 No. of boards
110,000 boards
Packaging & shipping
440,000 No. of boards
110,000 boards
$1,060,000
Variable overhead:
Machine setup
$446,000 No. of setups
278,750 setups
Hazardous waste disposal
48,000 Lbs. of waste
16,000 lbs.
Quality control
560,000 No. of inspections
160,000 inspect’ns
General supplies
66,000 No. of boards
110,000 boards
$1,120,000
Manufacturing:
Machine insertion
$1,200,000 No. of parts
3,000,000 parts
Manual insertion
4,000,000 No. of parts
1,000,000 parts
Wave soldering
132,000 No. of boards
110,000 boards
$5,332,000
Required per unit
TV Board
PC Boards
Parts
25
55
Machine insertions
24
35
Manual insertions
1
20
Machine setups
2
3
Hazardous waste
0.02 lbs.
0.35 lbs.
Inspections
1
2
27. On the basis of standard costs, the total contribution budgeted for the TV board is
a. $1,950,000
b. $2,275,000
c. $2,340,000
d. $2,470,000
28. On the basis of activity-based costs (ABC), the total contribution budgeted for the TV board
is
a. $1,594,000
b. $1,950,000
c. $2,037,100
d. $2,557,100
29. On the basis of standard costs, the total contribution budgeted for the PC board is
a. $3,000,000
b. $2,960,000
c. $2,920,000
d. $2,360,000
30. On the basis of activity-based costs, the total contribution budgeted for the PC board is
a. P1,594,000
b. $1,950,000
c. $2,360,000
d. $2,557,100
MSQ-12
Page 10
Answer Key
Theory
1. B
2. B
3. C
4. C
5. B
6. B
7. C
8. D
9. C
10. B
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
B
B
D
B
B
A
B
C
B
A
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
C
C
B
D
B
B
B
D
A
D
Problems
1. B
2. D
3. C
4. D
5. D
6. A
7. B
8. D
9. A
10. B
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
D
A
B
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
D
A
D
A
B
A
A
D
D
A
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
D
C
D
A
A
B
C
D
C
C
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
A
C
B
D
D
D
D
C
A
B
51.
52.
53.
54.
B
B
D
C
MSQ-12
Page 11