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test 1

Anatomy and Physiology Test
Chapter 1
Name: _______________________
Date: _________
Number the levels of organization from smallest (1) to largest (6) (1pt/each):
1. Organ
2. Cells
3. Organism
4. Organ System
5. Atoms
6. Tissues
Match the body system with its description/function and with its organs (1 number and 1 letter
with each blank) (2pts/each):
A. Breastbone, skull
1) Breaks down foodstuffs into small
particles that can be absorbed
B. Brain, spinal cord _________ 8. Skeletal
2) Controls the body with chemicals
called hormones
C. Blood vessels,
_________ 9. Muscular
3) Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the
body tissues
D. Esophagus, large
_________ 10. Nervous
4) Is damaged when you cut your finger
or get a severe sunburn
E. Kidneys, bladder, _________ 11. Endocrine
5) Moves the limbs, allows facial
F. Lungs
_________ 12. Digestive
6) Provides support and levers on which
the muscular system can act
G. Pancreas, adrenal _________ 13. Respiratory
7) Provides for conception and child
H. Quadriceps,
_________ 14. Cardiovascular 8) Protects the body; destroys bacteria
biceps, tendons
and tumor cells
I. Skin, hair, nails
_________ 15. Lymphatic
9) Removes carbon dioxide from the
J. Spleen, lymph
_________ 16. Urinary
10) Receives, interprets, and responds to
impulses from the sensory parts
K. Testis, urethra
_________ 17. Reproductive
11) Rids the body of nitrogen-containing
Match the survival need that corresponds to the description (1pt/each):
A. Atmospheric
B. Appropriate Body
C. Nutrients
D. Water
E. Oxygen
Organ System
7. Integumentary
18. Includes Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and minerals
19. Essential for normal operation of the respiratory system
and breathing
20. Single substance accounting for over 60% of body weight
21. Required for the release of energy from foodstuffs
22. When too high or too low, physiological activities cease,
primarily because molecules are destroyed or become
Anatomy and Physiology Test
Chapter 1
Label the Body Planes (Sagittal, Transverse, Frontal)(1pt/each) :
23. _____________________
24. _____________________
25. _____________________
Circle the anatomical term that correctly identifies the position of the body parts(1pt/each):
26. The wrist is distal/proximal on the arm.
27. The skin is deep/superficial to the muscles.
28. The head is the most superior/inferior part of the body.
29. The inside of the knee is considered the lateral/medial part of the knee.
30. The spine is on the anterior/posterior part of the body.
31. The elbow is more distal/proximal than the wrist.
32. The pelvis is more superior/inferior to the rib cage.
33. The nose is on the anterior/posterior side of the body.
34. Most ankle sprains occur to the outside of the ankle. Therfore, the most common type of
ankle sprain is a lateral/medial ankle sprain.
Anatomy and Physiology Test
Chapter 1
Label the Directional Terms (2pts/each):
35. _________________________________________
40. _________________________________________
36. _________________________________________
41. _________________________________________
37. _________________________________________
42. _________________________________________
38. _________________________________________
43. _________________________________________
39. _________________________________________
44. _________________________________________
Anatomy and Physiology Test
Chapter 1
Match the body cavities to their description:
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Dorsal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Ventral Cavity
F. Thoracic Cavity
Contains the brain
Contains the spinal cord
Contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, and ovaries
Contains the lungs and heart
Combination of the thoracic and abdominopelvic
50. Combination of the spinal and cranial cavities
Label the four body quadrants and list one organ for each (1point/each):
Short Answer- PICK TWO (5pts/each)- 5 point extra credit for a correct answer on all 3
A. Explain the difference between anatomy and physiology and describe the relationship between
the two.
B. Explain the importance of homeostasis and describe what happens to the body if it cannot
maintain homeostasis. Give an example of one injury/illness caused from the lack of proper
homeostatic balance.
C. Describe anatomical position(facing, hands, feet, etc.) and
explain why we use anatomical position as an initial reference
Bonus (+3pts): What does MC
Think her hiccups really are?