Anatomy and Physiology Test Chapter 1 Name: _______________________ Date: _________ Number the levels of organization from smallest (1) to largest (6) (1pt/each): _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 1. Organ 2. Cells 3. Organism 4. Organ System 5. Atoms 6. Tissues Match the body system with its description/function and with its organs (1 number and 1 letter with each blank) (2pts/each): Organs A. Breastbone, skull Function 1) Breaks down foodstuffs into small particles that can be absorbed B. Brain, spinal cord _________ 8. Skeletal 2) Controls the body with chemicals called hormones C. Blood vessels, _________ 9. Muscular 3) Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the heart body tissues D. Esophagus, large _________ 10. Nervous 4) Is damaged when you cut your finger intestine or get a severe sunburn E. Kidneys, bladder, _________ 11. Endocrine 5) Moves the limbs, allows facial ureters expression F. Lungs _________ 12. Digestive 6) Provides support and levers on which the muscular system can act G. Pancreas, adrenal _________ 13. Respiratory 7) Provides for conception and child glands bearing H. Quadriceps, _________ 14. Cardiovascular 8) Protects the body; destroys bacteria biceps, tendons and tumor cells I. Skin, hair, nails _________ 15. Lymphatic 9) Removes carbon dioxide from the blood J. Spleen, lymph _________ 16. Urinary 10) Receives, interprets, and responds to nodes impulses from the sensory parts K. Testis, urethra _________ 17. Reproductive 11) Rids the body of nitrogen-containing wastes Match the survival need that corresponds to the description (1pt/each): A. Atmospheric Pressure B. Appropriate Body Temperature C. Nutrients D. Water E. Oxygen _________ Organ System 7. Integumentary _________ 18. Includes Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and minerals _________ 19. Essential for normal operation of the respiratory system and breathing 20. Single substance accounting for over 60% of body weight 21. Required for the release of energy from foodstuffs 22. When too high or too low, physiological activities cease, primarily because molecules are destroyed or become nonfunctional _________ _________ _________ Anatomy and Physiology Test Chapter 1 Label the Body Planes (Sagittal, Transverse, Frontal)(1pt/each) : 23. _____________________ 24. _____________________ 25. _____________________ Circle the anatomical term that correctly identifies the position of the body parts(1pt/each): 26. The wrist is distal/proximal on the arm. 27. The skin is deep/superficial to the muscles. 28. The head is the most superior/inferior part of the body. 29. The inside of the knee is considered the lateral/medial part of the knee. 30. The spine is on the anterior/posterior part of the body. 31. The elbow is more distal/proximal than the wrist. 32. The pelvis is more superior/inferior to the rib cage. 33. The nose is on the anterior/posterior side of the body. 34. Most ankle sprains occur to the outside of the ankle. Therfore, the most common type of ankle sprain is a lateral/medial ankle sprain. Anatomy and Physiology Test Chapter 1 Label the Directional Terms (2pts/each): 35. _________________________________________ 40. _________________________________________ 36. _________________________________________ 41. _________________________________________ 37. _________________________________________ 42. _________________________________________ 38. _________________________________________ 43. _________________________________________ 39. _________________________________________ 44. _________________________________________ Anatomy and Physiology Test Chapter 1 Match the body cavities to their description: A. B. C. D. E. Abdominopelvic Cavity Dorsal Cavity Cranial Cavity Spinal Cavity Ventral Cavity F. Thoracic Cavity _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. Contains the brain Contains the spinal cord Contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, and ovaries Contains the lungs and heart Combination of the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities 50. Combination of the spinal and cranial cavities Label the four body quadrants and list one organ for each (1point/each): Short Answer- PICK TWO (5pts/each)- 5 point extra credit for a correct answer on all 3 A. Explain the difference between anatomy and physiology and describe the relationship between the two. B. Explain the importance of homeostasis and describe what happens to the body if it cannot maintain homeostasis. Give an example of one injury/illness caused from the lack of proper homeostatic balance. C. Describe anatomical position(facing, hands, feet, etc.) and explain why we use anatomical position as an initial reference point? Bonus (+3pts): What does MC Think her hiccups really are?