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Cell Theory, Structure, and Organelle Function

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Introduction to Cells: Theory, Structure, and Function
Part I.
Essential Questions:
1. What are the principles of the cell theory?
2. What are the differences between a prokaryotic and a eukaryotic cell?
*Background Information: Textbook Chapter 7, Section 1 (pages 183; 185-186)
Cell Theory
1.
2.
3.
Important Scientists:
1. Anton van Leeuwenhoek
2. Robert Hooke
3. Theodore Schwann
4. Rudolph Virchow
Prokaryotes include:
1.
2.
Eukaryotes include:
1.
3.
2.
4.
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Part II.
Essential Questions:
1. What are the structures of a typical eukaryotic cell, and what are their functions?
2. What are the similarities and differences between plant and animal cells?
*Textbook Chapter 7, Section 3 (pages 191-200)
Organelle
Structure
Function
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
Semipermeable
Homeostasis
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Ribosomes
Not membrane bound
Eukaryotes Only
Nucleus
Smooth (SER)
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochandria
Chloroplasts
Vacuole
Central Vacuole
Cell Wall
Lysosomes
Vesicles
Centrioles
Flagellum/Cilia
Rough (RER)
Specialized Cells
Plants:
1. Epidermal cells
2. Trichome cells
3. Mesophyll
a. Palisade
b. Spongy
Animals:
1. Red blood cells
2. White blood cells
3. Muscle cells
4. Cardiac cells
5. Neurons
Plant
Animal