G10 Geography Unit 3: Sharing is Caring – KEY TERMS Soil Horizon Layers of soil. Water Scarcity When access to water is limited. Climate Change Long-term change of the average global climate. Greenhouse gases The gases that are released through human activities – carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and CFCs/HFCs. Biodiversity The variety of plant and animal life in a particular area or in the world. Global Warming Increasing average global temperatures. Biome A naturally occurring organic community of plants and animals. Water cycle The continuous movement of water in the atmosphere. Conservation Using resources or caring for animals in an efficient way. Soil Degradation This is a change in soil fertility in an area resulting in a reduced level of plant growth. Deforestation The removal of forest land (trees) and replacing it with something else. Ecosystem A complex combination of plant, animal & micro-organisms which interact as one unit. Enhanced Greenhouse Effect Heat from the sun AND gases from human activities warm the earth’s surface. Greenhouse Effect Heat from the sun naturally warms the earth’s surface. Desertification When fertile land becomes desert because of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture. Atmosphere Layers of gas that surround the earth. Sustainability Meeting the needs of the present without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.