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ARES

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SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
Transformative VTOL
John W. Piasecki, President & CEO
Piasecki Aircraft Corp.
5th Annual AHS Transformative Vertical Flight Workshop
18 January 2018
Capabilities & Values
Culture of Innovation
Requirements & Concept Development
Agile R&D Program Management
CMCM-UAV CONOPS
Autonomous transit from medical unit, to pick-up point, and back using GPS and Nav beacon
Autonomous terrain avoidance
Input GPS
destination, and
Command GO
Autonomous
landing
National Medal of Technology
Boeing Performance Excellence Award
Autonomous
collision avoidance
Load LSTAT/patient
and Command
GO HOME
Load LSTAT/patient
and Command
GO TO SHIP
ISO9001 & AS9100 Certified Company
Autonomous homing on shipboard Nav
Beacon
Land on deck
Affordable Experimental Flight Test
CONOPS, Design and Trade Studies
Multi-Disciplined Engineering
Proven Flight Test Methods & Processes
Dedication & Teamwork
Cost Effective Testing
& Validation Methods
Propulsion, Structures, Aero, and Controls Testing
Rapid Prototyping
& Fabrication
Air Vehicle Integrated
Design, Analysis &
Simulation
Composites, Precision Machining, Sheet Metal, Welding, and Assembly
75 years of Innovation, Discipline, Agility, and Perseverance
Strategic Trends
SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
• Need for Advanced VTOL Performance
• Software enabled systems allow novel concepts
• Exponential growth in UAV use and acceptance
• DoD Third Offset Strategy: More with Less
• Innovative engagement of non-traditional aerospace
companies (Google, Amazon, Uber)
DoD Rotorcraft & UAS Challenges
SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
Safety & Survivability
Inadequate Operational Reach & Reaction
Vertical Maneuver To
Operational Depths
Rotorcraft: A Leading Loss of Life in OEF/OIF
Oct’01 – Dec’13:
625 Americans / 419 Rotorcraft / >$6Billion
6K/95F
FVL
Mishap Rate 4-10X’s Higher than SecDef Goal
Requirement
Lengthy Development Timelines
V-22 Osprey
22 Years to IOC
RAH-66 Comanche
25 Years to Cancellation
Concurrent Modernization
FY14 FY17
Future Vertical Lift
FY34+20yrs
Production
EMD
JMR TD PoR?Tech Dev
Declining Funding
FVL
FVL-M
AoA
IOC
S&T
Demos
Future VTOL UAS
Current
Fleet
Existing Fleet
Sustained
Thru 2070
DoD Operating Environment
SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
Expeditionary & Distributed Ops
Ship To Objective Maneuver
Complex Terrain
Mega-Cities
> 110 nm
Sea
Level
6K’/95F
Asymmetric Threats
Mountains
Logistics Footprint & Operating Cost
Operational Energy
Declining Funding
Autonomous advanced VTOL can address many of these challenges
Emerging VTOL Opportunities
SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
VTOL UAS
Urban Operations
Autonomous Logistics
On Demand Mobility
On Demand Future Air Transportation
Aerial Reconfigurable Embedded System
(ARES)
Modular Multi-Mission VTOL
SECOND STREET WEST  ESSINGTON, PA 19029  (610) 521-5700
On Demand Future Air Transportation
Aerial Reconfigurable Embedded System (ARES)
Wingborne Flight Performance
Ducts’ Small Footprint
Increases Access and Safety
Speed
Range
VTOL & Shipboard
Compatible
UH-60 LZs ARES LZs
(96% more)
(100 ft)
Ceiling
Endurance
NoProvince,
GoUH-60
ARES LZ
Khost
Afghanistan
VTOL
Multi-Mission Modularity
Small
Deck
LZ
Common
Flight Module
107’ landing
zone UH-60
Autonomous or
Optionally Piloted
Tactical
Transport
Cargo
CASEVAC
SOF
Infill / Exfill
ISR/ RECON/
Fire Support
50’/39’ landing
zone ARES
Right Sized for
Small Unit Support
Payload
Modular Teaming
Address Peak Demands w/o Increasing Fleet Unit Cost
Max Delivery Load to Small Unit
H-60
Autonomous Aerial Cargo Utility System
Copyright 2018 Piasecki Aircraft Corp – All rights reserved
COPYRIGHT 2015 LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION – ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
ARES
8
ARES Demonstrator Development and Test
Structural Proof Load Test Complete, May ‘15
Subsystem Installs, Oct ’16
Propulsion Testing Complete, Oct ‘16
Final Assembly, April ‘17
Graduation
Flight Demo
System Check-Outs
Hardware-in-theLoop (HITL) with GCS
Handling qualities
evaluation
Cruise fuel burn
measurement
Flight module
Performance
Vertical
take-off
Vertical
landing
JMIC delivery
Artist’s concept
Ground Test & Low Speed
Envelope Expansion
Modal vibration &
9
structural coupling
ARES Ground Test – January 2018
ARES Ground Test – January 2018
ADAPT™ Flight Controls Research
Advanced VTOL Aircraft with
Redundant Effectors
OSD Rotorcraft Safety & Survivability Study (‘09)
Casual Factors
RW Losses
•
•
•
•
19% Hostile Action
41% Combat Non-Hostile
40% Non-Combat
Mishap Rate 4-10X’s Higher
Sec Def / Congressional Goal
RW Fatalities
• 73% in Combat Theatre
• 68% Human Factor Cruise Flt
• 5x’s Higher Mechanical Mishap
Fatalities in Combat Theatre vs
Non-Combat
• CFIT, DVE > Situational
Awareness , Pilot Workload &
Operating Environment
• MANPADS, RPGs > Situation
Awareness , CM, Vulnerability,
and Crashworthiness
Damage Tolerant
Controls Identified
as a Top Priority
S&T Focus
Targeted Benefits
ADAPT Flight Control Features
• Damage Tolerant Control (DTC)
•
Reconfigurable Control Allocation
• Autonomous Emergency Response
•
• Flight To Optimal (FTO)
•
Trim & Maneuver Optimization
•
Load Limiting Feedback Control
•
Redundancy Management
•
PENNSTATE
1855
•
Safety & Survivability
• Reduce Pilot Workload
• Reduced Susceptibility & Vulnerability
• Automated response
Performance
• Expanded Speed/GW Flight Envelope
• Increased Efficiency
• Improved Maneuverability
Reduced Cost
• Increased Productivity
• Fuel Savings
• Reduced Maintenance
eVTOL Design Study
Design Mission:
High Value / Time Certain Distribution
Configuration Trade Studies
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key Risks
•
•
•
•
•
•
25 configurations down-selected to 5 then to 1
Must close mission within given GW limit
Safety & Certifiability
Simplicity & Reliability
Development Time, Cost & Risk
Design flexibility, future growth
Cost Effective
Low Cost
Rapid Prototyping
Weight & L/D
Margin and Configuration
Battery Power Density
Modular Hybrid
Autonomous Ops in NAS
Optionally Piloted
Safety
Inherent to Design & Redundancy
Reliability
Simplicity & Design Criteria
Certification
Baseline & Spiral Insertion
PIASECKI AIRCRAFT PROPRIETARY COMPETITION SENSITIVE INFORMATION
Safety
time
tocontained
certification
areto the
significant
Use or &
disclosure
of data
on this sheet is subject
restriction on the titlediscriminators
page of Briefing 890-X-1-4.
“There's a lot more to do... and
you out there who are doing it...
The future is bright... It's your
future... Be there!!”
Frank Nicholas Piasecki (1919-2008)
March 9, 2005
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
Lifetime Achievement Award Ceremony
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