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IBHOA - Policies Test

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Policies Test - IBHOA
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1.
2.
KelloggBriand Pact
Neutrality
Act of 1935
Causes/Situations leading to it:
The US didn't join LoN or ratify ToV
What it was:
Btwn diplomat US to diplomat France
Attempting to prevent future war by outlawing
war
Called for a limitation of arms
Prohibited the use of war as an "instrument of
national policy"
Renounced the aggressive use of force to
achieve national ends
Effects:
Lasted around 3 years
Japan invades Manchuria (aggression grows)
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Germany begins rearming
Italy invades Ethiopia in 1925 to "restore the
glory of Rome"
What it was:
"will not sell arms to belligerent nations"
which leads to hostility
Effects:
Kept US neutral for a limited amount of time
3.
Neutrality
Act of 1936
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Hitler continues to violate ToV, and invades
the Rhineland
Axis Powers is formed between Germany and
Italy
What it was:
"will not loan money to belligerent nations
Effects:
Kept US neutral for a limited amount of time
4.
Neutrality
Act of 1937
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Spanish Civil War
"dress rehearsal for WWII"
Fascist government in Spain for Hitler to try
weapons
Japan invades China
What it was:
Prelude to war
Prohibits the shipping of arms to different
sides of the Spanish Civil War
Effects:
Kept US neutral for a limited amount of time
5.
Neutrality
Act of
1939
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Annex of Austria, Czechslovakia
Non-aggression pact "appeasement" to allow
Hitler to invade
WWII began with invasion of Poland
What it was:
Cash and Carry: actively supplying Allies,
selling arms to nations as long as they pay in
cash and transport theselves
Effects:
US was no longer neutral even if they were
saying so
6.
Selective
Service
Act 1940
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Fall of France
Battle of Britain begun
Japan continued to invade surrounding areas
imperialistic aggression
What it was:
1st peacetime military draft
Effects:
Draft
7.
LandLease Act
Causes/Situations leading to it:
"democracy!!!1111"
North African campaign began
Battle for Britain
Germany invaded USSR
What it was:
Lend arms to Allies on credit and shipped to
them
Complete reversal of Cash and Carry
Effects:
Run into problems in Atlantic -- German U Boats
Undeclared naval war w/Germany
8.
Destroyers
for Bases
Causes/Situations leading to it:
France fell
Battle for Britain
Japan imperialistic nature
What it was:
US gave GB 50 older destroyers in exchange for
99 year leases on military bases in Caribbean
Effects:
Base of operations and a sense of security
against German U Boats
Staged point for the North African campaigns
9.
Ogdensburg
Agreement
Causes/Situations leading to it:
France fell
Battle for Britain
Japan imperialistic nature
12.
Lima
Conference,
1938
What it was:
Pass "Declaration of American principles"
Bans use of aggressive force policy
Respect for all treaties
Economic orporation/international
corporation
Peaceful settlement of international diffs.
What it was:
Creates permanent join effect Board of
Defense past WWII
Mutually discuss any military members
between Canada and US
Effects:
Creates lasting environment/relationship
Canadians view King as puppet of FDR
10.
11.
Hyde Park
Declaration
Good Neighbor
Policy, 1933
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Battle for Britain
Germany invaded Soviet Union
Land-Lease Act extension
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Rising German, Italian, and Japanese
aggression
Effects:
Does what Good Neighbor policy failed -> restore ties w/LA
13.
Declaration of
Panama
Causes/Situations leading to it:
WWII
Concern for W Hemisphere
What it was:
US agree to buy defense purchases b/c
of dollar shortage
Canadians also buy US goods, ship to
GB
What it was:
Declared 300 mile safety zone in W
Hemisphere
Keep Americas neutral (until Pearl Harbor)
during European conflict w/Nazis
Effects:
Aids in reciprocal trade agreements
Ended Canadian dollar shortage
Favorable balance of trade between
hemispheres
Effects:
Keeps Hitler form capturing Latin America
14.
Act of Havana
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Looking for allies
Restoring ties with LA
Platt Amendment cancelled
Hitler comes to power
What it was:
Extend Monroe Doctrine to all collective
security in W. Hemisphere
Take control of France and Dutch colonies
"temporary protectorship"
"attack on one=attack on all"
What it was:
Restore ties w/ LA
Trying to give $, to stop interventions
Effects:
Failure!!
"Too little to late"
but pave for future legislation
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Fall of European nations
Effects:
Pulled LA on side of US
Pearl Harbor brings al Americas to WWII
15.
Reciprocal
Trade
Agreement
Causes/Situations leading to it:
Hitler becomes chancellor (1934)
WWII begins (1939)
What it was:
Reduce tariffs btwn Americas to revive and
stregthen trade within these regions
Effects:
Fundamental shift if US trade policies
Pace way for NAFTA