Intro to Agriculture Worksheet

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Name___________________
Period________________
Intro to Agriculture Unit Worksheet
Matching - Match the name, title or commodity with its description by placing the correct letter on
the line provided.
1
Eli Whitney
A) Top U.S. agricultural commodity
2
Cyrus McCormick
B) Established in 1862
3
John Deere
C) Invented the steel plow
4
Cattle & Calves
D) Top imported commodity to the U.S.
5
Milk and Cream
E) Established in 1855
6
Coffee/Cocoa/Spices F) Invented the mechanical reaper
7
Michigan State Univ G) Invented the cotton gin
8
US Department of Ag H) Top agricultural commodity in California
Multiple Choice- Answer the following by placing the correct letter on the line provided.
10
What percentage of the population farmed 200 years ago?
A) 90%
B) 25%
C) 2%
D) 75%
11
How much food and fiber does each farmer produce today?
A) enough for 20 people
B) enough for 4 people
C) enough for 155 people
D) less than each farmer did 200 years ago
12
What was the name of the railroad system that was created in 1869 and greatly
benefited the transportation of agricultural products?
A)
B)
C)
D)
Intercontinental
Transcontinental
Interstate
AmTrak
13
What country does the U.S. export the most argicultural goods to?
A) Brazil
B) Mexico
C) Japan
D) Canada
14
What is the top agricultural commodity that is exported from the U.S.?
A) Soybeans
B) Cattle & Calves
C) Oranges
D) Milk
15
What percentage of the American household income is spent on food at home?
A) 44%
B) 25%
C) 10%
D) 7%
Fill in the blank- Answer the following questions by using the word bank below to fill in the blanks
provided in each sentence.
hunters
six (6)
climate
supplies
vegetables
scroungers
eight (8)
sunshine
gatherers
environment
animals
ten (10)
plants
grain
conditions
materials
nine (9)
fruit
goods
scavengers
16
Before agricultural practices were used, humans were _______________ and
_______________ and traveled from place to place following their food supply.
17
Agriculture is the cultivation and breeding of ___________ and ____________ for food,
fiber and other products to sustain and enhance human life.
18
Agricultural commodities are ___________ and _____________ that come from the raising
of crops and/or animals.
19
For every $1 produced by agriculture, $____ to $____ is generated in the surrounding
communities.
20
California is the number one producing state in the United States due to its unique yearround __________ that allows many crops to be grown throughout the state.
Short answers - Use complete sentences to answer the following questions.
21 What is the difference between an import commodity and an export commodity?
22 Why do we export agricultural commodities?
23 Why do we import agricultural commodities?
List your answer by the number provided.
24 List the top 5 producing states in the United States?
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
25 List the 8 agriculture production regions in California
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
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