2019 cell test best

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Name: _____________________________
Section: ______
Date: ____________________
Cells End of Unit Exam
 Covered in End of Unit Assessment:
o Recognize that all organisms are composed of cells, and that many organisms are singlecelled (unicellular).
o Cells are the smallest unit of life, or the smallest living thing.
o All cells come from pre-existing cells.
o Differentiate between pro- and eukaryotic cells.
o Compare and contrast plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane,
cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, mitochondria, vacuoles).
o Explain the structure and function of cells and their organelles.
o Explain the levels of organization within a body from cell to organism.
o Communicate the cell theory.
Your performance…
Question
Number:
Standard
1, 2
Cell Theory
2
3, 4, 12, 16, 23
Types of Cells
5
10, 15
Structure of
Organelles
2
5, 7, 8, 9, 11,
13, 14, 17, 18,
19, 20, 21, 22
Function of
Organelles
13
6
Organization of
Life
1
1-12 or 1-13
Drawing Structure
12
1-12 or 1-13
Written Function
12
Points Earned, Points Possible, and Your Grade:
Charbonneau 2019
Points Earned
Points Possible
Percentage
Mastery
%
Cells Unit Exam
(Please read all of the answers before putting your mark on the Scantron sheet. Good luck!)
1. What is the basic structural unit of living organisms, or the smallest piece of life?
a. Cell
b. Nucleus
c. Atom
d. Tissue
2. Which statement is NOT a part of cell theory?
a. Cells are the basic unit of life.
b. All living things are made of cells.
c. Cells come from other cells.
d. Cells parts such as chloroplasts are self-replicating (copy themselves).
3. The old and the new models of a cell are …..
a. eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
b. animal and plant
c. bacteria and human
d. archea bacteria and bacteria
Loose DNA
4. A single prokaryotic cell can divide several times per hour. Eukaryotic cells cannot
divide as quickly. Which of the following best explains the difference?
a. Eukaryotes are smaller than prokaryotes.
b. Eukaryotes have cell walls.
c. Eukaryotes have more complex structures than prokaryotes.
d. Prokaryotes have more DNA than eukaryotes.
5. You can see most cells without a microscope:
a. True
b. False
6. Choose the correct order if going from smallest to largest….
a. Organ, cell, organ system, tissue
b. Organ, cell, tissue, organ system
c. Cell, organ, organ system, tissue
d. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system
Charbonneau 2019
7. Which organelle would your muscles be using the most if you were running a sprint?
a. mitochondria
b. nucleus
c. ribosome
d. vacuole
8. The water molecules in a plant are stored in what organelle?
a. soil
b. nucleus
c. ribosome
d. vacuole
9. Many animals have skeletons that provide support. Which part of plant cells plays a
similar role?
a. cell membrane
b. cell wall
c. chloroplast
d. cytoplasm
10. If you saw this under a microscope you would be looking at
a. an animal cell
b. a plant cell
c. a mitochondria
d. a cheek cell
11. Which organelle is correctly paired with its function?
a. nucleus – makes proteins
b. chloroplast – site of cellular respiration
c. lysosome – break things down and recycles them
d. nucleolus – site of photosynthesis
12. Bacteria, plant, and animal cells all have which parts?
a. cell wall and mitochondria
b. nucleus and cell membrane
c. chloroplasts and ribosomes
d. cell membrane and ribosomes
Charbonneau 2019
13. A cell has a defect (mutation) that results in the loss of its ability regulate the
passage of water, food, and wastes into and out of the cell. In which of the following
cell structures is this defect most likely to be located?
a. Ribosomes
b. Chloroplasts
c. Cell membrane
d. Endoplasmic reticulum
14. Some cells, such as human nerve and muscle cells contain more mitochondria than
some other cells, such as skin cells. Why do some cells have more mitochondria than
others?
a. They use more energy.
b. The cells break up more proteins
c. The cells divide more frequently.
d. The cells store more nutrients.
15. This diagram best represents a
a. nucleus
b. cell membrane
c. cytoplasm
d. golgi body
16. A student sees a small cell that has a strand of DNA but it does not have a nucleus.
What type of cell is it?
a. prokaryote
b. eukaryote
c. animal
d. plant
17. If we could add these organelles to our cells we would not have to breathe or eat.
a. Chloroplast
b. Ribosomes
c. Cytoplasm
d. Chromosomes
Charbonneau 2019
18. Chloroplasts use sunlight to make
a. Protein
b. Carbon dioxide
c. Cytoplasm.
d. Glucose (sugar)
19. This organelle is like jelly that holds all of the other organelles
a. chromosome
b. cytoplasm
c. endoplasmic reticulum
d. chloroplasts
20. Which organelle makes the protein used to build our body?
a. DNA
b. ribosomes
c. mitochondria
d. golgi body
21. Which organelle transports molecules within the cell?
a. cytoplasm
b. golgi body
c. endoplasmic reticulum
d. cell membrane
22. Which organelle “tags” molecules and prepares them to be moved out the cell?
a. cytoplasm
b. golgi body
c. endoplasmic reticulum
d. cell membrane
23. What cell structures do plant and animal cells have in common?
a. Cell nucleus
b. Cell membrane
c. Vacuoles
d. All of the above
e.
Charbonneau 2019
Name __________________________ Per ________________
PLANT CELL
2.
8.
1
.
9.
3.
.
10.
4.
11.
5.
6.
12.
7. .
Name of
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Chloroplasts
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Golgi Body
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Vacuole
Charbonneau 2019
Number
on
Drawing
Function of Organelle
Name __________________________ Per ________________
Name of
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Chloroplasts
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Golgi Body
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Vacuole
Charbonneau 2019
Number
on
Drawing
Function of Organelle
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