IELSE speaking

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Instruction: Self study & test(自学和自测)
• Please preview the vocabularies and sentence structures before the
class and make sure you understand their meanings.(请同学课前预习词汇
和句型,确保清楚每个词汇,搭配和句型的意思)
• Finish the exercise before the class and check the answers by
yourself, it will help you understand the usage of the words and
collocations. (请同学自学完词汇和句型之后完成练习并自行校对答案,这对你理
解它们的用法很有帮助哦!)
• Use the vocabularies and sentence structure as many as possible in
your answer when practicing the topic questions in the class so that
the teacher will help you check if you use them in a proper way or
not. (在课堂上进行话题练习的时候,尽可能多的使用这些单词,短语,搭配和句型,
老师会帮助你正确使用。)
VOCABULARY
CLIMATE & WEATHER
1. rainfall 降雨量
9. heatwaves 热浪
2. rainy season 雨季
10. freezing cold 刺骨的寒冷
3. torrential rain 暴雨
11. mild days 温和的天气
4. monsoon 季风
12. unpredictable 变幻莫测的
5. thunder 雷
13. changeable 多变的
6. lightening 闪电
14. climate change 气候变化
7. arid 干旱的
15. fossil fuels 化石燃料
8. scorching hot 灼热/炙热 16. flooding 洪水/洪灾
Exercise 1
rainy season
unpredictable
fossil fuels
scorching hot
heatwave
climate change
arid
torrential
monsoon
lightning
1.
The weather in China is very ______________ during the summer months. It can be raining one day and scorching hot
the next.
2.
These weather changes are probably the results of ______________.
3.
Electric cars are great because they reduce the need for ______________, which damage the environment.
4.
If you are inside then you are usually quite safe when there is thunder and ______________.
5.
It doesn’t rain that often in my town, but when it does, it’s often ______________ and causes flooding.
6.
I love strolling in parks in the afternoons but the _________ weather in summer makes me choose to stay at home.
7.
The _________ caused flood in the entire city.
8.
The _________ that lasted for 2 weeks dried out the pond in our garden
9.
Before planning to visit to another country, it’s better to check first if it’s ________ in there. I’m sure you don’t want your
dream vacation to be spoilt by the rains.
10.
Deserts are so ______ so only a few plants survive.
USEFUL
COLLOCATIONS
COLLOCATION
MEANING
To be below freezing
To be below zero degrees Celsius
To be bitterly cold
To be extremely cold and unpleasant
A tropical storm
A storm that you get in tropical (热带的) countries
Not a cloud in the sky
When the sky is blue and there are no clouds
Sunny spells
Short periods of sun
To be rained off
To not be able to do something because of the rain
An idiom that you probably know is this one…
This expression does not
impress IELTS examiners.
Native speakers of English
rarely (很少地) use it.
Try to use something more
complex and natural…
heavy rain
倾盆大雨
idiom
It’s chucking it down =
It’s raining very heavily
idiom
It’s pouring down =
It’s raining very heavily
小雨
暴雨
idiom
RAIN
idiom
light rain
torrential rain
It’s drizzling =
It’s raining lightly
It’s spitting =
When it starts raining and
it’s raining lightly
intermittent
rain
间歇降雨
Exercise 2
pours down
drizzles
bitterly cold
rained off
not a cloud in the sky
sunny spells
chucks it down
When I first came to Emei Shan, I couldn’t stand the wet weather
because I came from a city where there’s _______on most days. In my
hometown, I can go out without being worried that my plans will be
_______, but not here in Sichuan province because it ______most of
the time. Actually, I can’t even remember a time when it gets sunny for
a whole week. It often _____ in the afternoons, so I get home
drenched after work. Thankfully, it only _______on some days and
there are _______ that perk me up. If there’s something that I don’t
complain about, it’s the _______ temperature in winter because it feels
the same in my city in that season.
SENTENCE STRUCTURE
CLIMATE & WEATHER
1. What can
we do to stop
the greenhouse
effect?
SENTENC
ESTARTER
I strongly
believe
that…
EXTRA
INFORMATIO
N
YOUR
MAIN
IDEA
…the main thing
we could do is to
reduce our
dependence on
fossil fuels.
For example, we
could use
electric or
hybrid cars
rather than
petrol or diesel
cars.
HERE ARE SOME MORE YOU COULD USE…
SENTENCE
STARTER
YOUR
MAIN
IDEA
Basically I feel that…
…the key issue here is…
I guess you could say
that…
…one of the major reasons
for this is…
In my view…
…this is due to…
It would seem to me
that…
…this is essentially
because…
EXTRA
INFORMATION
One example that
springs to mind is…
A good example of this
would be…
Probably the best
example I can think of
regarding this is…
Exercise 3
Complete the answers below by adding sentence starters/discourse
markers/phrases from the previous page.
1. Aside from green house effect, what could be the other cause of climate change?
____________ it’s the humans’ activities. ____________ is deforestation which is the
cutting down or burning of all trees in an area. Generally, humans do this because they
need space to build housing structures or an area of land where they can grow plants.
2. Why does climate change still get worse despite the efforts that have been made to
stop it?
It would seem to me that _____________ the lack of people’s awareness of the issue. It’s
undeniable that many of us are still clueless about this very important matter because it’s
not a common topic on tv. Therefore, all people on earth don’t work together to slow
down green house effect. __________ there’s a big bunch of city dwellers who walk or
use share bikes instead of driving their cars; however, most people in the rural areas often
burn coals for heat.
USEFUL SENTENCES/SENTENCE STARTERS FOR THIS TOPIC
I’m not a
massive fan of
sunbathing so I
tend to stay out
of the sun.
I once got
sunstroke and it
was awful so I
stay in the shade
now.
I’m not keen on
gloomy days when
the sky is full of
clouds.
When the sky is
full of black
clouds, I feel
quite depressed.
I absolutely love
stormy weather
when the sky is
full of big black
clouds.
When lightning
strikes, it can
be quite scary.
I remember a
storm when I was
young, when it
thundered really
loudly.
I know it sounds
weird, but I love
thunderstorms
with thunder and
lightning.
To be honest, I’m
a sun worshipper
(太阳崇拜者) so
summer is my
favourite season.
I hate summer
because I get
all hot and
bothered.
Most of the time,
it is quite
overcast in my
hometown.
Most people get
frightened when
there’s a
thunderstorm, but
I love them.
Homework
answers
Exercise 1
rainy season
unpredictable
fossil fuels
scorching hot
heatwave
climate change
arid
torrential
monsoon
lightning
1.
The weather in China is very unpredictable during the summer months. It can be raining one day and scorching hot the
next.
2.
These weather changes are probably results of climate change.
3.
Electric cars are great because they reduce the need for fossil fuels, which damage the environment.
4.
If you are inside then you are usually quite safe when there is thunder and lightning.
5.
It doesn’t rain that often in my town, but when it does, it’s often torrential and causes flooding.
6.
I love strolling in parks in the afternoons, but the scorching hot weather in summer makes me choose to stay at home.
7.
The monsoon caused flood in the entire city.
8.
The heatwave that lasted for 2 weeks dried out the pond in our garden
9.
Before planning a trip to another country, it’s better to check first if it’s rainy season in there . I’m sure you don’t want your
dream vacation to be spoilt by the rains.
10.
Deserts are so arid so only a few plants survive.
Exercise 2
pours down
drizzles
bitterly cold
not a cloud in the sky
rained off
sunny spells
chucks it down
When I first came to Emei Shan, I couldn’t stand the wet weather because I came
from a city where there’s not a cloud in the sky on most days. In my hometown, I can
go out without being worried that my plans will be rained off, but not here in Sichuan
province because it chucks it down/pours down most of the time. Actually, I can’t
even remember a time when it gets sunny for a whole week. It pours down/chucks it
down in the afternoons, so I often to get home drenched after work. Thankfully, it only
drizzles on some days and there are sunny spells that perk me up. If there’s
something that I don’t complain about, it’s the bitterly cold temperature in winter
because it feels the same in my city in that season.
Exercise 3
Complete the answers below by adding sentence starters/discourse
markers/phrases from the previous page.
1. Aside from green house effect, what could be the other cause of climate change?
Basically, I feel that it’s the humans’ activities. One example that springs to mind is deforestation,
which is the cutting down or burning of all trees in an area. Generally, humans do this because
they need space to build housing structures or an area of land where they can grow plants.
2. Why does climate change still get worse despite the efforts that have been made to stop it?
It would seem to me that this is due to the lack of people’s awareness of the issue. It’s undeniable
that many of us are still clueless about this very important matter because it’s not a common topic
on TV. Therefore, all people on earth don’t work together to slow down green house effect.
Probably the best example I can think of regarding this is there’s a big bunch of city dwellers who
walk or use share bikes instead of driving their cars; however, most people in the rural areas often
burn coals for heat.
English Partner
Hope you get a good score in the IELTS exam!
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