Chapter 5 ANCIENT Mesopotamia TEST

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Name: ____________________________________ Thursday, January 24 2019

Chapter 5 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA TEST

Label in the map above the following places: (0.5p each) Rivers: Nile River Jordan River* Tigris River Euphrates River Seas: Mediterranean sea Persian Gulf Territories: Mountain: Mesopotamia Mount Sinai Red Sea Canaan/Israel

Multiple choice questions (0.5 each question)

1. Civilization in Mesopotamia developed between which two rivers?

a) The Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean b) The Tigris and the Persian Gulf c) The Persian Gulf and the Euphrates d) The Euphrates and the Tigris

2. The word "Mesopotamia" means…

a) middle of the fertile crescent b) land in the middle of the desert c) land between the rivers d) land north of the sea

3. Why was writing first invented?

a) For texting b) To write stories c) For fun d) To keep records

4. What was the purpose of irrigation?

a) Keep crops dry b) To provide water to crops c) Provide indoor plumbing d) Give people drinking water

5. Where is Mesopotamia

a) In Europe on the Rhine River b) In Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers c) In Africa on the Nile River d) In South America on the Amazon River

6. What did the Tigris and Euphrates provide for Mesopotamia?

a) Water, food, traveling and fertile soil b) Houses to live in c) Entertainment to play d) Water falls

7. What is irrigation?

a) Irrigation is movement from one place to another for the purpose of settlement. b) Irrigation is a system of canals leading from the rivers to the fields c) Irrigation is the study of early settlement patterns. d) Irrigation is a minor annoyance. 8. Which of these was NOT a responsibility of the King of one of the Empires

in Mesopotamia?

a) Lead the army. b) Enforce the laws. c) Have temples built. d) Dig out the canals.

9. The ziggurat is most closely related to which characteristic of Sumerian society?

a) Religion b) Music c) Government d) Stable food supply

10. Sumerians were able to use chariots because they invented...

a) the arch b) the plow c) the wheel d) irrigation canals

11. A wedge-shaped stylus was used to produce what kind of system of writing?

a) Cuneiform b) Hieroglyphics c) The alphabet d) Petroglyphs

12. Cuneiform was recorded on what kind of material?

a) Ancient paper b) Papyrus c) Clay tablets d) Tree bark

13. Babylonian leader who created the first written code of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

a) Gilgamesh b) Sargon c) Hammurabi d) Sumer

14. What is Hammurabi's Code?

a) A story of Babylon's creation b) It is the language of Ancient Sumer c) It was the first collection of written laws and rules d) It is the holy book of the Sumerians

15. Which is NOT true about Hammurabi's Code?

a) 500 total Laws b) Written in cuneiform c) 1st set of written law d) Eye for an eye philosophy

16. City of the Sumerian empire

a) Ur b) El Cairo c) Jerusalem d) Memphis

17. What is the name of the tool Mesopotamian people used for writing?

a) Pen b) Stylus c) Pencil d) Marker

18. People from Mesopotamia used their system of writing to record a lot of things. Find one thing that they DID NOT record.

a) To record the number of people living b) To record their laws c) To record about their crops d) To record about the radio shows

19. Who was able to learn how to use the Cuneiform system of writing?

a) Everybody who wanted b) Only the rich boys and some lucky rich girls c) Only the priests and nobles d) Only the king

20. The name of the two important Empires in Mesopotamia...

a) ...Sumer and Babylon. b) ...Egypt and Syria. c) ...Israel and Jordan. d) ...Tigris and Euphrates.

21 What is the Torah?

a) The holy book of the Christians. b) The name of the laws created by Hammurabi. c) The holy book of the Jews. d) The famous story about Ramses the Pharaoh.

22. Where was Moses originally from?

a) He was Egyptian b) He was Israelite c) He was Sumerian d) He was Indian

23. What happens when Ramses disagrees to freeing the slaves?

a) Moses accepts defeat. b) God sends plagues. c) Moses attempts to kill Ramses. d) The slaves start attacking the soldiers

24. How did Moses and the Israelites finally escape from the Egyptians?

a) They cross the sea after Moses and God parted the Red Sea. b) They hide in a mountain from the Egyptian soldiers c) They run away as fast as they can d) They kill the Egyptian soldiers.

25. Name 5 out of the 10 plagues that God sent to the Egyptians. (1 point)

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26. Write word from the box to the term that matches each definition. (0.5p each)

10 Commandments Code of Laws Torah Judaism Plagues Ziggurat Cuneiform Polytheism Monotheism

A.___________________________ Holy book for the Hebrews B.__________________________ System of writing invented in Sumer C._____________________________ Belief in only one god D.___________________________ Written set of laws that apply to everyone under a government E.___________________________ Large building with a temple on its peak. F._________________________ Belief in many gods and goddesses. G._________________________ Laws given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai H._________________________ Religion of the Jewish people I._________________________ God sent 10 of this to convince the pharaoh to free the Israelites.

27. Make a drawing of a Ziggurat, as a way to show your knowledge and understanding of this important building in Mesopotamia. 2 points 28. After watching and reading about Moses write down 2 negative things that Moses did and 2 positive things: (1.5 points)

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29. Ancient Mesopotamians invented several things that we still use nowadays. Read and write down according to the following instructions:

Name the most important invention/contribution.

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Write down 2 different uses for that invention, Name at least 3 objects that we use thanks to that invention. (2points)

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*EXTRA POINT: How was Egyptian culture similar to the culture of Mesopotamia? Write down some similarities about this two cultures:

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