Cell Organelles

Cell-ebrate Mastery! Mastery of Cell Organelles and Structures Quiz
Directions: Read the questions carefully and select the best answer. Write your choice in CAPITAL letters in the blanks.
____ 1. Which cell structure contains the cell’s genetic material and controls many of the cell’s activities?
A. organelle
C. cell envelope
B. nucleus
D. cytoplasm
____ 2. Which organelle breaks down compounds into small particles that the cell can use?
A. Golgi apparatus
C. endoplasmic reticulum
B. lysosome
D. mitochondrion
____ 3. Which organelle makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus?
A. Golgi apparatus
C. vacuole
B. mitochondrion
D. ribosome
____ 4. Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for
the cell to use?
A. chloroplast
C. endoplasmic reticulum
B. Golgi apparatus
D. mitochondrion
____ 5. Which of the following is a function of the cell membrane?
A. breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins from foods
B. stores water, salt, proteins, and carbohydrates
C. keeps the cell wall in place
D. regulates which materials enter and leave the cell
____ 6. Which of the following is a function of the nucleus?
A. stores DNA
B. controls most of the cell’s processes
C. contains the information needed to make proteins
D. all of the above
____ 7. Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells?
A. mitochondrion
C. chloroplast
B. ribosome
D. smooth endoplasmic reticulum
____ 8. Which of the following is a function of the cytoskeleton?
A. helps a cell keep its shape
C. surrounds the cell
B. contains DNA
D. helps make proteins
____ 9. The main function of the cell wall is to
A. support and protect the cell.
C. direct the activities of the cell.
B. store DNA.
D. help the cell move.
____ 10. You will NOT find a cell wall in which of these kinds of organisms?
A. plants
C. fungi
B. animals
D. all of the above
**Find the following structures in the cell and write the
letter as your answer.**
_____11. Mitochondria
_____12. Nucleus
_____13. Rough ER
_____14. Nucleolus
_____15. Ribosome
_____16. Centrioles
_____17. Golgi body
18. _______________________ are made in the nucleolus.
DNA and RNA C.
Golgi bodies
19. Which of the following statements explains why the nucleus is important to cells?
The nucleus contains coded instructions for making proteins.
Only prokaryotes have nuclei.
The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear envelope.
Only eukaryotes have nuclei.
____ 20. What is the function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum?
A. to break down organelles that are no longer functioning
C. to modify and shape proteins before they go to the
Golgi body
B. to produce usable energy for the cell from sugars
D. to make lipids for the cell membrane
What does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum produce?
lipids that are used in the cell membrane
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