The Roaring Twenties Test Short Answer Questions 1. Nickname for woman in the 1920’s? 2. What did the 18th Amendment achieve? 3. What is Al Capone’s Nickname? 4. Why did the KKK reemerge in the 1920’s? 5. What event happen that led to the decline of Al Capone? 6. Was Prohibition successful? Why/Why not 7. What was the name of the bars the people went to drink in the 1920’s? 8. Define nativism? 9. What did the quota system enforce? 10. What caused the Red Scare in America? Multiple Choice 11.. Which characteristic of the 1920s is illustrated by the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti? (1) hostility toward woman’s suffrage (2) support for segregation (3) opposition to separation of church and state (4) intolerance toward immigrants 12. The national policy of Prohibition ended when the states (1) strengthened food and drug laws (2) legalized alcohol for medical purposes (3) ratified the 21st amendment (4) banned interstate shipment of alcoholic beverages 13. What was a main result of national Prohibition? during the 1920s? (1) Respect for the law decreased. (2) Woman’s suffrage was restricted. (3) Racial prejudice increased. (4) Religious tolerance grew. 14 . How did the U.S. Constitution change as a result of the ratification of the 19th Amendment? A. The right of suffrage was extended to women. B. Freedom of assembly was restricted. C. The power of government decreased. D. Freedom of the press was strengthened. 15. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many immigrants who came to the United States did not speak English as their native language. One way this resulted in the exchange of cultural practices was that A. most people were able to speak several languages fluently. B. people from other countries tended to remain culturally isolated. C. people without knowledge of English were not allowed to immigrate. D. words from other languages entered into the mainstream vocabulary. 16. In the early 20th century, many African-Americans moved from the South to cities in the North. This “Great Migration” helped stimulate a flowering of artistic talent by African-Americans in New York known as the Harlem Renaissance. One way in which the Harlem Renaissance was significant was that it A. reduced racial tensions in the northern cities. B. led to a decline in activity by the Ku Klux Klan. C. led to a relaxation of restrictions on African-Americans in the South. D. contributed to the recognition of African-American culture. 17. One goal of many Harlem Renaissance writers was to (1) increase pride in African American culture (2) support existing racial barriers (3) cut off connections with mainstream American values (4) encourage African Americans to create their own political party ESSAY (2 Points) 14. In the late 1800s, a population shift among African Americans began in the United States. Known as the “Great Migration,” this pattern of shifting population accelerated as a result of World War I and continued throughout the 1920s. • Describe the population shift involved in the “Great Migration.” • Explain how this migration produced an important change in the domestic affairs of the United States during the first three decades of the twentieth century.