FIRE PREVENTION

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FIRE PREVENTION
RESCUE & FIRE FIGHTING SCHOOL
CATI, HYDERABAD
2
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
FIRE PREVENTION
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MEANING OF FIRE PREVENTION :
Fire prevention is what it states. By the observance of
certain principles, risk of fire occurring can be lessened
in strict proportion to the thoroughness with which those
principles are designed and the manner in which they are
respected. Prevention is better than cure, is an old
saying and it holds as good for firemen in their profession
as for medical practitioners in theirs. Fire protection is an
allied term relating to the provision of means whereby
once a fire has started it can readily be extinguished, or
its effect minimized. The act of placing a hand fire
appliance at a point where fire may occur is an act of fire
protection, placing a no-smoking sign is one of fire
prevention.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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Fire prevention for the fireman entails a sound
knowledge of commercial or industrial processes being
carried on and the fire hazards involved. Arrangements
are then made to ensure that the work is carried out in a
safe manner. Quite often this will require merely simple
observances such as the provision of an earthing wire
but on other occasions much more elaborate precautions
may be necessary such as a specially designed
compartment to house cellulose spraying operations.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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BASIC CAUSES OF FIRE OUTBREAKS:
Experience clearly shows that fires generally start from one of the two
following causes:CARELESSNESS
IGNORANCE
It follows therefore that the aim of fire prevention is to eliminate by
anticipation or to minimize by careful planning the effect of any one or
combination of these two factors. However good arrangements to
prevent fire occurring may be; accident cannot be ruled out, and this
then as a cause of fire must be added to the factors quoted above.
Untidiness, un-cleanliness of premises where industrial operations are
in progress, lack of understanding on the part of operations that are in
progress, lack of understanding on the part of operators of powered
equipment and the non-observance of such straight forward rules as
no-smoking are to be found high on the list of, sadly, every day causes
of fire in industrial premises.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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STANDARDS OF HOUSEKEEPING
The term ‘housekeeping’ is used in many of the
various aspects of industrial fire prevention, and it
describes the general state of “tidiness” and orderliness
of premises from the dispersal of aircraft to the disposal
of waste and rubbish, it concerns a variety of operations.
The standard of housekeeping prior to an outbreak of
fire has a large bearing on the spread of flame, the ease
with which initial fire fighting operations start, the
chances of a speedy extinguishment and thereafter the
possibilities of salvage.
Good housekeeping therefore must mean to an
important degree, good fire prevention, and is a part of
the practice of fire prevention in which employers,
workers and fire service personnel are all equally
involved.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM
The essence of fire prevention is to
become wise before the event. The whole of the
fireman’s training and experience must be
directed to recognizing the chain of events which
MIGHT lead to a fire, for it is nearly always the
unexpected and rarely the obvious which results
in the disastrous fire.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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It cannot be guaranteed that a fire will inevitably result
unless a certain practice is discontinued (the chances
are that the practice has been going on for a long time)
but the fireman must try to educate operators so that
they do not learn the hard way but benefit from other
persons experience. The fireman must remember that
his approach to the subject will be from a different angle
to that of the man performing the task, who, however
skilled he may be in his own line, has not had the
fireman’s training and will often find it quite difficult to
realize that any possibility of fire exists.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
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Finally, the fireman must remember that whilst
the responsibility for fore prevention is vested in
the Officer in Charge, the Service as a whole will
be failing in its duty unless every man regards the
problem of fire prevention as a personal one, and
if constantly on the look out for instances of bad
practice. Any such failings should at once be
reported to the Office in Charge of the Station.
NAME OF THE PRESENTING OFFICE
THANKS
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