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O Show Me! Given: Kite WORD with diagonals WR and OD W R Prove: WR is perpendicular bisector of OD Proof: D 1. 2. 3. 4. Statements Kite WORD ̅̅̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅̅ ; ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅̅̅ = ̅̅̅̅̅ = ̅̅̅̅̅ ; ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅̅ ⊥ Reasons 1. 2. 3. 4. Given Definition of a kite Definition of congruent segments If a line contains two points each of which is equidistant from the endpoints of a segment, then the line is the perpendicular bisector of the segment. E Show Me! Given: Kite ROPE 1 Prove: Area of a kite ROPE = 2 ()() P R W Proof: O Statements 1. Kite ROPE Reasons 1. Given 2. The diagonals of a kite are perpendicular to each other. ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅ ⊥ 2. 3. Area of kite ROPE = Area of △ + Area of △ 1 4. Area of △ = 2 ()() 1 Area of △ = 2 ()() 5. Area of kite ROPE 1 1 ()() + ()() 2 2 6. Area of kite ROPE 1 ()( + ) 2 3. Area Addition Postulate 4. Area Formula for Triangles 5. Substitution 6. Associative Property 7. PW + WR = PR 1 8. Area of kite ROPE = 2 ()() 7. Segment Addition Postulate 8. Substitution L Activity 17: Play a Kite Given: Quadrilateral PLAY is a kite. 1. Given: PA = 12 cm; LY = 6 cm Questions: What is the area of kite PLAY? o 39 cm2 A P Y How did you solve for its area? o By multiplying the lengths of the two diagonals and dividing it by two. What theorem justifies your answer? o The area of a kite is half the product of the lengths of its diagonals. 2. Given: Area of kite PLAY = 135 cm; LY = 9 cm Questions: How long is PA? o 30 cm How did you solve for PA? o By multiplying the area of kite PLAY and dividing it by the segment ̅̅̅̅ . What theorem justifies your answer? o The area of a kite is half the product of the lengths. QUIZ 3 ̅ A. Refer to trapezoid EFGH with H 1. If IJ = x, HG = 8 and EF = 12, what is the value of x? I x = 10 2. If IJ = y +3, HG = 14, EF = 18, What is the value of y? What is IJ? E y = 13 IJ = 16 3. If HG = x, IJ = 16 and EF = 22, what is the value of x? x = 10 4. If HG = y – 2, IJ = 20 and EF = 31, what is the value of y? What is HG? y = 11 HG = 9 5. If HI = 10 and IE = x-4, what is the value of x? What is IE? x = 14 IE = 10 B. Given isosceles trapezoid ABCD 1. Name the legs. ̅̅̅̅ , ̅̅̅̅ 2. Name the bases. ̅̅̅̅ , ̅̅̅̅ 3. Name the base angles. ∠, ∠ 4. If m∠ = 70, what is m∠? m∠ = 70 5. If m∠ = 105, what is m∠? A m∠ = 105 6. If m∠ = 2x-6 and m∠ = 82, what is x? x = 44 7. If m∠ = 2(y+4) and m∠ = 116, what is y? y = 54 8. If AC = 56 cm, what is DB? DB = 56 9. If AC = 2x+10 and DB = 4x-6, what is AC? AC = 26 10. If DB = 3y+7 and AC = 6y-8, what is DB? DB = 22 D G J F C B C. Consider kite KLMN on the right. 1. Name the pairs of congruent and adjacent sides. ̅̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅̅ and ̅̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅ 2. If LM = 6, what is MN? MN = 6 3. If KN = 10.5, what is KL? KL = 10.5 4. If LN = 7 cm and KM = 13 cm, what is the area? 45.5 cm2 5. If the area is 96 cm2 and LN = 8 cm, what is KM? KM = 24 6. If m∠2 = 63, what is m∠3? m∠ = 27 7. If m∠3 = 31, what is m∠? m∠ = 62 8. If m∠5 = 22, what is m∠4? m∠ = 68 9. If m∠ = 39, what is m∠? m∠ = 19.5 10. If m∠4 = 70, what is m∠? m∠ = 70 M N L K Activity 18: You Complete Me! 1 P A R A L L E L O G R 9 A N M 2 R E C T H O 4 M T R B U 6 S D E 3 Q U A A 5P E Z O I D A R R I I A G O N A L L A L T 7 8 S Q U A R E K E L I R G L E T A 10 V E R T E X L DOWN: 1 – Quadrilateral ABCD where ̅̅̅̅ ∥ ̅̅̅̅, ̅̅̅̅ ∥ ̅̅̅̅ ̅ ≅ 2 – Parallelogram FILM where ̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅̅ 3 – A polygon with two diagonals 5 – a condition where two coplanar lines never meet ̅̅̅̅ ⊥ 8 – quadrilateral PARK where ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅ , ≠ A N G L ACROSS: 2 – Quadrilateral HEAT where ∠ ≅ ∠ ≅ ∠ ≅ ∠ 4 – Quadrilateral KING where ̅̅̅ ∥ ̅̅̅̅ and ̅̅̅̅ is not parallel to ̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅ in quadrilateral TOUR 6 - 7 – parallelogram ONLY were ∠ ≅ ∠ ≅ ̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅ ∠ ≅ ∠ and ̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅̅̅̅ ≅ ̅ 9 – formed by two consecutive sides of a polygon 10 – U in quadrilateral MUSE Activity 19: It’s Showtime! B A F S N O KM J C DE R T Q P H L I Quadrilateral ABCD EFGH IJKL MNOP QRST Specific Kind Rhombus Trapezoid Square Diamond Rectangle Questions: 1. Which quadrilateral is a rectangle? Why? Quadrilateral QRST. Because both pairs of opposite sides have equal slopes and four pairs of consecutive sides have slopes whose product is –1. 2. Which quadrilateral is a trapezoid? Why? ̅̅̅̅ and ̅̅̅̅̅ Quadrilateral EFGH. Because one pair of opposite sides ( ) have equal slopes. 3. Which quadrilateral is a kite? Why? G Quadrilateral MNOP. Because both pairs of opposite sides do not have equal ̅̅̅̅̅ and ̅̅̅̅̅) produce a product of -1. slopes and diagonals ( 4. Which quadrilateral is a rhombus? Why? Quadrilateral ABCD. Because both pairs of opposite sides have equal slopes and four pairs of consecutive sides do not produce a product of -1 5. Which quadrilateral is a square? Why? Quadrilateral IJKL. Because both pairs of opposite sides are have equal slopes. Four pairs of consecutive sides produce a product of -1. And diagonals also produce a product of -1. Activity 20: Show More What We Got! 1. Given: Quadrilateral WISH is a parallelogram. a. If m ∠W = x + 15 and m ∠S = 2x + 5, what is m ∠W? m ∠W = 25 b. If WI = 3y + 3 and HS = y + 13, how long is HS? HS = 18 the other side. What are its dimensions and how large is its area? 11 cm by 17 cm = 187 cm2 d. What is the perimeter and the area of the largest square that can be formed from rectangle WISH in 1.c.? Perimeter = 56 cm Area = 196 cm2 2. Given: Quadrilateral POST is an isosceles trapezoid with OS || PT. ER is its median. a. If OS = 3x – 2, PT = 2x + 10 and ER = 14, how long is each base? PT = 18 units OS = 10 units b. If m ∠P = 2x + 5 and m ∠O = 3x – 10, what is m ∠T? ∠T = 79 degrees c. One base is twice the other and ER is 6 cm long. If its perimeter is 27 cm, how long is each leg? 7.5 cm d. ER is 8.5 in long and one leg measures 9 in. What is its perimeter if one of the bases is 3 in more than the other? 35 in 3. Given: Quadrilateral LIKE is a kite with LI ≅ IK and LE ≅ KE. a. LE is twice LI. If its perimeter is 21 cm, how long is LE? LE = 7 cm b. What is its area if one of the diagonals is 4 more than the other and IE + LK = 16 in? 30 in2 c. IE = (x – 1) ft and LK = (x + 2) ft. If its area is 44 ft2, how long are IE and LK? IE = 8 ft LK = 11 ft