More Kenyans getting into the bribe game P. 4&5 Survey by anti-corruption agency shows that Kenyans are forced to pay bribes for nearly every service, including getting a death certiﬁcate, winning tenders, and getting medical care Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Greed, politics slowly killing Mau Forest AVERAGE BRIBE, BY SERVICE Sh3,668 Obtain a death certiﬁcate Sh2,737 Report a crime or write a statement KSh60/00 (TSh1,700/00 : USh2,700/00 : RFr900/00) Sh1,472 Seek a police abstract No. 19450 Sh961.82 Seek medical attention /dailynation P. 10 Invasions of key water tower in the 1980s were sanctioned by political class www.nation.co.ke ∫∫∫∫∫∫ Murder probe > Detectives say journalist faces murder and illegal possession of ﬁrearm charges Inside crafty plot to steal exam papers Page 8 Head teachers from 30 schools fundraised from parents for a bribery kitty targeting national examination invigilators Monica’s murder: The plot thickens A car caught at the wrong place at the wrong time, a mound of partly burnt clothes, a gun and bullets in a ceiling, conﬂicting stories of a celebrity couple, and a neighbour who is willing to spill the beans. 35 key facts so far INSIDE>>Pgs 26 & 27 MPs to Ruto: Keep off Raila in your rallies News P. 2-12, Back Detectives have placed the celebrity television news anchor at the centre of an attempt to cover up the murder of a woman two weeks ago. They say their probe has not only established that she and her boyfriend Joseph Irungu were together on the day of the murder, but also that key exhibits were found in her house. Gun for hire? Jacque Maribe’s neighbour Brian Kassaine (below) said he frequently loans his illegal pistol to the TV anchor’s boyfriend. PAGES 2&3 Page 6 ODM legislators rally to the defence of their party leader after Deputy President called Odinga a dishonest politician INDEX The case against Jacque Maribe JEFF ANGOTE | NATION Television journalist Jacque Maribe (left) and her neighbour Brian Kassaine (right) at the Kiambu Law Courts yesterday. Opinion P. 14-15,18 Letters P. 16 County News P. 19-22 International P. 23-25 Business P. 28-32 Sport P. 46-51 2 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION 35 key facts> Monica Kimani had just arrived home from South Sudan two weeks ago when she was killed inside Chronology of a murder investigation WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 6.21pm- Monica Kimani, 28, a businesswoman, calls her brother to announce her arrival in Nairobi from Juba, tells him she will leave for Dubai the next day. 7.30pm — Ms Kimani is dropped off by a taxi at her Lamuria Gardens Apartment in Kilimani, Off Dennis Pritt Road. 8.00pm — Ms Kimani leaves her third ﬂoor ﬂat to collect a delivery from the gate. 8.30pm- A neighbour, Owen, arrives at Ms Kimani's house to deliver a South Sudanese car number plate she had given him earlier and requested it be insulated. 8.30pm- Another neighbour, a Lebanese, having realised that Ms Kimani was at home, joins the two neighbours at her A8 apartment. 8.45pm — Another man, dressed in a pair of jeans, a grey hoodie, a cap and a white robe, popularly known as a kanzu, arrives, hugs Monica and goes straight to the kitchen then returns with a glass of wine. At the gate, he registered himself as "Dominic Kamau". 9.00pm — The neighbours leave Ms Kimani and the man in the white robe in the ﬂat. break into Ms Kimani’s ﬂat and ﬁnd her dead in the bathtub, her neck slit from ear to ear. Her mouth is taped shut, her hands tied at the back. Her feet were also bound. The killer left the water running. 3.30pm- Police, having analysed the scene of crime, take Ms Kimani’s body to Chiromo Mortuary. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20 3.35am — The man in the white robe calling himself Dominic Kamau leaves the apartment, driving a Silver Toyota Allion, KCA 031E. Later, street cameras capture him in the car with an unidentiﬁed man. 4.00am — Joseph Irungu Kuria arrives at his girlfriend’s house dressed in a hoodie, a cap and a jacket. 11.30am — Ms Kimani’s brother, George Kimani, having failed to reach his sister the whole night decides to visit her apartment together with his girlfriend, to ascertain her safety. 12.00pm — George Kimani with the help of neighbours and a friend, 9.00pm- Jacque Wangui Maribe, a news anchor at Citizen Television reads the news, with the death of Ms Kimani being one of the items, before heading home. The Serious Crimes Unit of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations, DCI Headquarter’s Homicide Section, takes over the investigations into the killing and open a ﬁle; CR141/335/2018. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 21 1.00am — Jacque Maribe and her ﬁancé Joseph Irungu get into an argument at her Royal Park Apartment house number 626, where Mr Irungu is suspected to have grabbed a pistol and shot himself on the right side of the chest. The bullet exits from the back and hits the wall, leaving a hole. 1.02am — Mr Irungu runs out of the house into house number 620, belonging to a friend and former collegemate. He tells the owner, Mr Brian Kassaine Spira, that he had shot himself and asks him to go and secure the gun at Ms Maribe's house. 1.05am — Ms Kassaine gets into Ms Maribe's house and ﬁnds the gun, a Ceska Serial Number B467102 with 28 rounds of 9mm ammunition and one spent cartridge on the ﬂoor at the entrance to the walk-in closet adjacent to the bedroom. 1.30am- Ms Maribe, Mr Kassaine and Mr Kassaine's wife, Ms Catherine Piyon, rush Mr Irungu to hospital but the wound is only dressed — the hospitals demands a police OB number. 8.00am- Ms Maribe goes to work, leaving her ﬁancé in the house nursing the gunshot wound. She later returns home. Prosecution: News anchor could face The reporter at Citizen TV may also be charged with handling of an illegal ﬁrearm BY ERIC WAINAINA @EWainaina [email protected] C elebrated television news anchor and reporter Jacque Maribe faces a murder charge for being an accessory in the killing of businesswoman Monica Nyawira Kimani, whose body was found in her house in Kilimani, Nairobi, two weeks ago. Director of Public Prosecutions Noordin Haji, through his assistant Jacinta Nyamosi, yesterday said Ms Maribe could also face charges related to illegal handling of a ﬁrearm after a nine-millim- eter live bullet was recovered in her bedroom. Ms Nyamosi said the TV star could face a charge of murder or being an accessory to murder, subject to the completion of investigations. The news anchor and reporter at Royal Media Services’ Citizen TV could also have crucial information that might help in solving the puzzle of Ms Kimani’s murder, said Ms Nyamosi. Ms Maribe and her fiancé Joseph Irungu, alias Jowie, who is being held at Muthaiga Police Station, have been described as prime suspects in the gruesome murder of Ms Kimani. Mr Irungu was last week presented before Kiambu Senior Principal Magistrate Stella Atambo, who allowed police to continue holding him at Gigiri Police Station for 10 days as investigations continue. Mr Brian Kassaine, a mutual friend and neighbour of Mr Irungu and Ms Maribe at Royal Park Estate in Lang’ata, Nairobi, has also been arrested on suspicion that he could be an accomplice after it emerged that Mr Irungu may have used his gun in an alleged attempted suicide. He was among those who took Mr Irungu to hospital after he shot himself in the chest inside Ms Maribe’s house last Thursday. It is not clear whether Mr Irungu wanted to commit suicide or lay a false trail when he turned the gun on himself, but detectives suspect a strong link between Ms Kimani’s macabre killing and the gunshot wound on Mr Irungu’s chest, both hours apart. Yesterday, Kiambu Principal Magistrate Justus Kituku allowed police to detain Ms Maribe and Mr Kassaine for 11 days to facilitate investigations, which include having some of the items recovered in the journalist’s house taken for forensic and ballistic examination. Ms Nyamosi said the results will guide the investigating team on what charges to prefer against DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 National News | 3 her apartment in Nairobi. Here, a blow-by-blow account of how the probe into her horror murder has evolved 7.05pm- Mr Kassaine, Ms Maribe and Mr Irungu go to Lang'ata Police Station, some 200 metres from their estate, and report under OB/79/21/9/2018 that Mr Irungu had been shot very early that morning by three thugs as he entered the house. 8.00pm — Lang'ata OCPD Mutisi visits the alleged scene of shooting, and interrogates watchmen who deny hearing any gunshots or having information about the shooting. 10.30pm — The OCPD receives a signal from Kilimani, asking for assistance in tracing Mr Irungu and the Toyota Allion car seen at the scene of Ms Kimani's murder in Kilimani. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 23 Police interrogate Mr Kassaine, Ms Maribe and Mr Irungu about Ms Kimani's death and the alleged shooting. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24 Mr Irungu is arrested at Ms Maribe's house and taken to the Lang'ata police station. Ms Maribe goes missing, but later reveals that she panicked and went to her parent's house after her ﬁancé was arrested in connection with the killing she had reported on TV. Police recover a live bullet under Ms Maribe's bed and take it for ballistic tests. Police also ﬁnd a bullet hole on the wall, covered with wheat ﬂour dough. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25 Police seize Ms Maribe's car, the Toyota Allion KCA 031E, from her home and take it to the Kilimani Police Station. It is dusted and cans of beer, a wig and some clothes found inside are taken by police. Forensic investigators also camp at Ms Kimani’s ﬂat, combing the area for samples to be taken for DNA analysis. Mr Irungu reveals that the bullet found by detectives at Ms Maribe's house may have dropped from the gun of a friend, Mr Kassaine, which he claims, he usually services. Police discover he had had the gun since September 9. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28 THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27 Ms Maribe records a statement at the Kilimani Police Station and is later taken to the Directorate of Criminal Ms Kimani is buried at her home in Gilgil, her family says they have forgiven her killers but are keen to ensure that justice is done. Investigations headquarters. Police recover a partially burnt white robe, T-shirt, cap and other clothing in Ms Maribe's compound, collect them for forensic exam. Police arrest Mr Kassaine at his house at Royal Park Estate, officers led by Mr Maxwell Otieno recover a Ceska Pistol, Model CZP-07, Serial Number 467102, a spent cartridge and 62 rounds of 9mm ammunition hidden in the ceiling. They also conﬁscate a ﬁrearms certiﬁcate for veriﬁcation by the Central Firearms Bureau. Mr Brian Kassaine at the Kiambu Law Courts yesterday, where a magistrate ordered his detention at Lang’ata Police Station for 11 more days. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29 Ms Maribe is arrested at her house at the Royal Park Estate and detained at Gigiri Police Station. MONDAY, OCTOBER 1 Ms Maribe and Ms Kassaine are produced at Kiambu Law Courts on separate schedules, court grants investigating officers 10 days to detain each. Days will not include the October 10 public holiday. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26 Police produce Mr Irungu at the Kiambu Law Courts, court grants Investigating Officer Maxwell Otieno 10 days to detain him to allow for more investigations. murder or accessory to murder charges Mr Joseph Irungu alias Jowie when he appeared before Kiambu Senior Principal Magistrate Stella Atambo on September 26. He is the main suspect in the killing of businesswoman Monica Nyawira Kimani, whose body was found in her house in Kilimani, Nairobi, two weeks ago. JEFF ANGOTE | NATION the TV anchor, who interestingly was the one who broke the news about Ms Kimani’s murder after her body was recovered. Detectives have placed Ms Maribe, who was arrested on Saturday night, at the centre of an attempt to cover up the murder of Ms Kimani. According to them, their investigations have not only established that she and Mr Irungu were together on the day of the murder, but also that some of the key exhibits in the incident were found in her house. Concealing evidence The items, according to chief lead investigator in the murder Maxwell Otieno, include a robe and a jacket worn by Mr Irungu on the day Ms Kimani was slaughtered inside her apartment shortly after arriving into the country from Juba, South Sudan, and which were partly burnt at Ms Maribe’s residence. Police believe Ms Maribe knew about the attempt to conceal evidence by burning the garments. It is not clear yet whether she was in the house when the incineration occurred. Further, her mobile phone, an iPhone 7+ loaded with a Safaricom Sim card, will be subjected to a forensic examination, with the police saying its report could contain crucial material in relation to the murder investigation. The TV star was ferried to the Kiambu court precincts at around 8:30am yesterday in a Subaru Outback by four detectives. Her case, in which she was represented by lawyer Katwa Kigen, was the ﬁrst to be heard, shortly after 9am. Throughout the session, and in spite of the gravity of charges fac- ing her, she appeared unmoved, staring blankly into the forest of cameras in front of her and every now and then attempting a faint smile. Her family, led by her father Mwangi Maribe, was in court. Mr Maribe also sat through the court proceedings in the case against his daughter’s co-accused, Mr Kassaine, a few hours later. Within the period during which Ms Maribe will be incarcerated at Gigiri Police Station, police will also extract DNA samples from her and compare them with samples collected at Ms Kimani’s residence as well as the journalist’s Lang’ata house. The new developments came as it emerged that both Mr Irungu and Ms Maribe, whom police believe were living together at the latter’s residence, may have lied about how the former suffered a wound on the left side of his chest. On Wednesday last week, while seeking permission to hold Mr Irungu for two weeks to facilitate further investigations, Mr Otieno told Senior Principal Magistrate Stella Atambo that detectives suspected Mr Irungu faked or stage-managed the gunshot wound on his left shoulder to conceal the truth. Mr Irungu, who was arrested last week after preliminary investigations linked him to the murder, claimed that he was attacked by gunmen as he dropped his ﬁancée, Ms Maribe, at her house. He told police that he was exiting Ms Maribe’s Lang’ata estate when he encountered three men who shot him and sped off using a motorbike. He was taken to several hos- pitals by Ms Maribe, he added. But in Mr Otieno’s sworn affidavit, Ms Maribe is said to have told the police that her ﬁancé attempted to commit suicide by shooting himself after a disagreement between the two of them at 1am on September 21. Police said investigations show that the gun used in the “shooting” belonged to Mr Kassaine, and that he had a habit of giving his ﬁrearm to Mr Irungu, who has previously worked as a security guard in the Middle East. In her statement, Ms Maribe, who was questioned by detectives at Kilimani Divisional Headquarters and the Directorate of Criminal Investigations on 62 The number of bullets found in Mr Brian Kassaine’s house. He has been arrested on suspicion that he could be an accomplice. Detectives have placed Ms Maribe at the centre of an attempt to cover up the murder. Investigations have established that some of the key exhibits in the incident were found in her house. Kiambu Road thrice, said that after the incident, Mr Irungu rushed to Mr Kassaine’s house, which is within the same compound, and asked Mr Kassaine to go take his gun. Spent cartridge This was corroborated by Mr Kassaine in his statement to the police. He told the police that Mr Irungu woke him up and informed him to go and secure the gun at Ms Maribe’s house. At the journalist’s house, Mr Kassaine found the gun, 28 bullets, and one spent cartridge, which lay on the floor at the entrance to the walk-in closet in Ms Maribe’s master bedroom. Mr Kassaine, incarcerated yesterday at Lang’ata Police Station on the court’s orders, said that he, together with his wife Ms Catherine Piyon and Ms Maribe, rushed Mr Irungu to hospital before reporting the matter at Lang’ata Police Station. This is contrary to what Mr Irungu had earlier claimed — that he was attacked by gunmen after he dropped the TV anchor home. When police raided the house of Mr Kassaine, they found a Ceska pistol model CZP-70, some 62 bullets, and one spent cartridge hidden in the ceiling. The items, particularly the gun, are being examined by experts to ascertain their source and whether they have been used to commit other criminal offences in the country. Police are also seeking to establish whether a person reported to have been in the company of Mr Irungu near the scene of crime when the murder occurred was Mr Kassaine. 4 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Graft survey > Getting government tenders will set you back by at least Sh100,000. Survey shows number of people who paid bribes to get services has risen While the average bribes Kenyans gave dropped by almost Sh2,000 from 2016, those who paid bribes rose to 62.2 per cent in 2017, from 46 per cent in 2016. BY PATRICK LANG’AT @PatoSuge [email protected] E ach time you walk into a government office to seek services, be sure to have at least Sh5,000 in your pocket because that is the average that will be demanded of you in bribes. And if you are seeking a government tender, your starting ﬁgure will be in the region of Sh100,000, a survey by the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC) has shown. In the survey released yesterday, which was done between September 18 and October 24, the EACC sampled 5,977 households in Kenya's 47 counties. A staggering two-thirds of Kenyans interviewed revealed they did not receive government services after failing to pay a bribe. Those seeking employment, the survey showed, parted with an average of Sh28,606 — slightly over a quarter of what Kenyans were willing to lose to get a government tender, a lucrative business going by the various reports on plunder and exaggeration of projects costs. When Kenyans went to collect a building or construction certiﬁcate, they parted with Sh17,611, almost Sh2,000 more than the Sh15,240 they gave as bribes to seek a transfer from their government work stations. To register a group, pass a driving test, and follow up on pension, Kenyans had to part with an average of Sh10,500, Sh8,649, and Sh7,241 respectively. Half of those who paid bribes said it was the only way to access the services, with two in 10 saying they EVANS HABIL | nation Students from Moi Girls High School, Nairobi, recite a poem during the launch of the Ethics and Anti-Corruption paid them to hasten the delivery of the service. At least 13 per cent told EACC in the month-long survey that they paid the bribe “to avoid problems with authorities.” And while the national average of the bribes Kenyans gave dropped by almost Sh2,000 from 2016, the survey showed that those who paid bribes to obtain services from public offices shot up to 62.2 per cent in 2017, from 46 per cent the previous year. Three in 10 Kenyans said that given the opportunity, they would happily engage in corruption. Two in 10 said they had done so in the past. And while the payment of bribes to access services is a problem, what could be more concerning is that Kenyans are paying for government services. In the 2017 survey, Kenyans paid Sh6,080 for land rates, Sh2,737 to report a crime or write a statement, Sh3,688 to obtain a death certiﬁcate and Sh2,065 to seek relief food or water. Kenyans had to pay Sh7,241 to follow up on their pension, Sh4,400 to register and collect land title deeds and Sh6,052 to get agricultural extension services. At the bottom of the services that Kenyans pay for is a Sh200 bribe to apply for the National Social Security Fund card, a PIN number from the Kenya Revenue Authority, with a Sh460 bribe required to get a National Hospital Insurance Fund card. Eight out of 10 Kenyans who said they had paid a bribe received the service they wanted, with an alarming 93 per cent saying they never reported the vice to the authorities. The huge number of Kenyans not reporting corruption may be due to the fact that of those that reported, six out of 10 of them said no action was taken, with a discouraging 12 per cent saying those responsible were warned by their superiors, and an even more disappointing ﬁve per cent were ﬁred from their jobs. A ﬁrst degree-holder, the survey said, was four times more likely to bribe as compared to a Kenyan with no formal education, with an average of Sh11,222 being dished out by the former, and Sh3,954 by the latter. Those with Master’s degree and above were only willing to part with Average bribe by services Services Obtaining a Tender Seeking Employment Collection of Building or Construction Certiﬁcate Seeking Transfer Registering a Group Undergoing Driving Test Following Up On Pension Paying Land Rates Seeking Agricultural Extension Services Solving Land Conﬂict Registration and Collection of Land Title Deeds Bailing of Arrested Individuals Obtaining a Death Certiﬁcate Following Up On A Case Seeking Driving License Registration of Business Reporting a Crime or Writing A Statement Filing Tax Returns Application for Bursary Power Connection and Bill payment Educational Services and Administration Changing of ID Particulars Seeking Police Security and Protection Application For A Passport Seeking Relief Food or Water Release of Impounded Goods Obtaining a reference Letter Seeking A Police Abstract Seeking of CDF Funds Application and Collection of Birth Certiﬁcate Seeking Business Permit Registration, Collection and Renewal of ID Seeking Police Certiﬁcate of Good Conduct Seeking P3 Forms Seeking Medical Attention Seeking of Government Funds- Uwezo, Youth, Women or Elderly Application For College Admission Registration or Transfer of Vehicle Educational HELB Loan Seeking Health Clearance Certiﬁcate Seeking School Documents or certiﬁcates Application for NHIF Card Application for KRA Pin Number Application for NSSF Card Total Average Bribe in Kshs. 102,921.75 28,606.99 17,661.11 15,240.33 10,500.00 8,649.92 7,241.0525 6,080.10 6,052.13 5,924.08 4,389.37 3,973.72 3,688.62 3,090.95 2,924.83 2,806.53 2,737.22 2,591.52 2,534.79 2,500.00 2,361.61 2,232.47 2,231.88 2,145.17 2,065.86 1,727.90 1,662.01 1,472.52 1,287.17 1,285.84 1,234.08 1,130.81 1,067.30 999.67 961.82 917.29 820.77 745.29 615.37 500.00 500.00 464.80 200.00 200.00 5,058.75 Sh3,694, the third lowest average after those with informal education (Sh2,430) and Sh2,636 that a primary school education holder was willing to part with. Women, the study showed, are more likely to bribe more, with an average of Sh5,579 against the Sh4,718 average that men were willing to give. Mater Misericordiae Hospital will hold a FREE breast examination camp on Saturday 6th October 2018 from 8:00am - 2:00pm within the hospital grounds. Take this opportunity to have your breasts examined and learn more about: • Breast cancer • How to do Breast Self -Examination(BSE) • Mammography • Breast Ultrasound • Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) • Treatment and side effects • Recovery and Renewal Our Mammogram, Breast Ultrasound and Pap Smear charges will be drastically reduced throughout the month of October. Additionally all our Medical Centres will do free breast examination throughout the month of October 2018 as follows: Embakasi: Wednesday, Friday & Saturday- 9:00am-11:00am Kasarani : Wednesday 8:00am-9:30am Westlands : Wednesday & Friday 9:00am-2:00pm Buruburu: Monday 8.00am-10:00am Development: Tuesday & Thursday 9:00am-2:00 pm Thika: Monday – Friday 8:00am-10:30am Please share this information with your colleagues, friends and relatives. Women aged 30 years and above are at a higher risk of breast cancer and are encouraged to attend. The Mater Misericordiae Breast Clinic runs every Wednesday between 8:00am-11.00am. Please call 0732-163132, 0719-073132, 020-6903132 to book an appointment National News | 5 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Study: Interior ministry is most corrupt Corruption > Kericho has the lowest average at Sh508 against Sh5,058 nationally Sh35,000: Average bribe in Mandera BY PATRICK LANG'AT @PatoSuge [email protected] BY PATRICK LANG’AT K 9 in bad sugar claim charged afresh after Haji merges cases BY BRIAN OCHARO Nine people have been charged afresh for releasing 10,000 bags of contaminated brown Egyptian sugar into the Kenyan market. This is after Director of Public Prosecutions Noordin Haji consolidated their cases where they were accused separately of releasing bad sugar. The six Kenya Revenue Authority and Kenya Bureau of Standards officials as well as three directors of Air Menzies International and Flora Bakers Ltd companies, yesterday appeared before Mombasa resident magistrate Christine Ogweno and denied the charges. KRA custom head veriﬁcation officer Vivian Moraa Rioba, verification officers Monica Waceke and Stephen Ochieng, Kebs inspection manager Samuel Onjolo and inspection officer Daniel Samuel Musta and Peter Mwadziwe (Kilindini Port health officer) were charged with releasing bad sugar. Mr Ali Abdi Mohamed (director Air Menzies), and directors of Flora Bakers Hassan Abdi Mohamed and Abdulahi Abdi Mohamed were also charged with a similar offence. Ms Moraa, Ms Waceke, Mr Ochieng, Mr Onjolo, Mr Musta and Mr Mwadziwe were further charged with wilful disobedience of statutory duty, abuse of office and breach of trust. DPP Noordin Haji They are accused of wilfully causing to be released to the public 10,000 bags of 50kg bags of sugar that failed to comply with the requirements of Kenya standards, that ought to have been destroyed. They are additionally charged with abuse of office, where they are accused of unlawfully authorising the release of the substandard brown sugar with moisture content and water insoluble matter to Flora Bakers Ltd, both exceeding the Kenya standard which was prejudicial to the public health and safety. The three are further charged with breach of trust, where as custom officers, unlawfully authorised the release of the contraband sugar to the Flora Bakers Ltd in breach of trust, affecting the standard of health of the public. Mr Onjolo and Mr Musta are further accused of entering into an agreement permitting release of contaminated goods into the Kenyan market. The court heard the suspects entered into agreement with Air Menzies to permit the release of the cargo, which failed to comply with Kenyan standards. Mr Mwadziwe is further charged that as a health officer, he wilfully disobeyed statutory duty by failing to ensure full compliance of Section 30 (11) of the Food, Drugs and Chemical Substances Act by releasing the goods before obtaining a certiﬁcate of the results of the analysis of the samples taken from the said bags of sugar from the government chemist. Flora Bakers limited is said to have imported the contaminated sugar while Air Menzies cleared the sugar when it arrived from Egypt before being stored at Boss Freight Container Station at the Mombasa port. The offences were allegedly committed between June 29 and July 11, at Boss Freight Container station, Kilindini port. The suspects are out on bond. The case is scheduled for hearing on November 28 and 29. they witnessed. In the counties, the departments of ﬁnance and planning were rated as the most prone to corruption at 18 per cent. Other departments are health facilities, roads, lands survey and housing, the public Wajir 77.2% Bungoma 77.6% Nyandarua 80.0% Makueni 80.0% Busia 80.9% Kirinyaga 81.3% Kajiado 81.5% Trans Nzoia 83.3% Top 10 counties by proportion of those who paid bribes Meru 88.5% enyans living in Mandera County part with bribes 70 times more than those in Kericho to access government services, a survey by the anti-corruption agency has shown. While those in Mandera pay an average Sh35,440 as bribe, Kenyans in Kericho pay Sh508.86. This is against a national average of Sh5,058, down from Sh7,081 in 2016, shows a survey carried out by the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC), released yesterday. In the survey, done between September 18 and October 24, 76 per cent of Kenyans revealed that they did not receive government services if they failed to pay a bribe. Those in Kisumu parted with bribes averaging Sh26,762, with Kenyans in Busia, Nyamira, Murang’a and Nairobi parting with Sh18,866, Sh10,967, Sh9,297 and Sh8,916 respectively, to close the list of the six counties where Kenyans parted with the highest amount in bribes in 2017. Half of those polled said they paid a bribe because it was the only way to get government services, with 17 per cent saying it was the only way to hasten service delivery. Of those who were denied services, 93 per cent said they did not report the acts of corruption Wajir 90.0% Two in three Kenyans rank the Interior ministry as the most corrupt, with three in 10 saying they had paid bribes in the chief’s office and police stations while seeking government services, a survey has shown. Other Ministry of Interior departments where Kenyans said they had paid bribes are Registrar of Persons, county commissioner’s office, as well as immigration and civil registration departments, all coming in the top 10 institutions where Kenyans paid bribes. At 64.7 per cent in 2017, the Interior ministry jumped from 45.7 per cent in 2016 in the study where 93 per cent said they did not report acts of corruption witnessed, the survey by the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission has shown. In the survey done between September 18 and October 24, 2017, and which sampled 5,977 households in the 47 counties, the Interior ministry is followed by Health with three out of 10 Kenyans ranking it as corrupt, compared to 24 per cent who passed the same judgment on Lands ministry. Transport, Education, Defence, Finance, and Water are the other ministries with more than ﬁve per cent perception of those prone to corruption. The ministry Kenyans see as least prone to graft is Tourism, followed by Mining, Information and Environment, all carrying a below 0.5 per cent ranking. In counties, Finance and Planning dockets were the most prone to graft. service boards, as well as licensing. Rift Valley counties of Kericho, Bomet and Elgeyo-Marakwet took the top three spots in the list of counties where Kenyans are likely to give the lowest bribes. Machakos is the only other county EVANS HABIL | NATION EACC Chairperson Eliud Wabukala and Assets Recovery Agency director Muthoni Kimani at KICC in Nairobi, yesterday during the launch of a report on corruption. where Kenyans part with less than Sh1,000 on average as bribe. But while residents in Turkana paid an average of Sh6,791, the eighth highest nationally, a Kenyan was ﬁve times more likely to receive a demand for a bribe in the vast county, compared to Nyeri, which has the lowest number of times a bribe is demanded. At an alarming 90 per cent, Wajir County recorded the highest proportion of service seekers who paid bribes. 6 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Dispute > DP tells ODM leader not to politicise war on graft, saying he should leave it to State agencies Keep Raila out of your politics, MPs urge Ruto ODM legislators accuse DP of trying to block the war on graft and warn him against attacking their boss BY NATION TEAM [email protected] O pposition MPs have hit back at the Deputy President William Ruto, warning him against dragging the name of their leader Raila Odinga into his own political problems. Mr Anthony Oluoch (Mathare), Samuel Atandi (Alego Usonga), Godfrey Osotsi (nominated) and Kwale Woman Representative Zulekha Hassan also accused Mr Ruto of trying to frustrate the ﬁght against corruption, lifestyle audit and plans for constitutional reforms. “All these things you are hearing from Mr Ruto are desperate attempts to frustrate the ongoing war against corruption,” Mr Osotsi said on behalf of the four who addressed journalists at parliament Buildings yesterday. But speaking in Taita Taveta yesterday, the Deputy President criticised the Nasa leader for claiming that the unity deal between him and President Uhuru Kenyatta would end corruption. Mr Ruto said his opponents should leave the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission, the Judiciary and other government independent institutions to ﬁght the vice. “The independent institutions are mandated to deal with corrupt government officials,” the DP told a fundraiser at Mwambeta Pefa Church in Voi Constituency, adding that the war on graft should not be “Don’t pretend you are the one spearheading the ﬁght against corruption, the constitution is very clear. Our duty as politicians is to plan for development,” he added. But Mr Atandi spoke out in defence of his party leader who he said deserved respect. “Mr Ruto has told us that he used to sell chicken in Eldoret but the Ruto I saw yesterday (Sunday) is like a chicken that has been rained on. Mr Odinga is not in his league and should he continue to disrespect Mr Odinga, we shall take a decision that he will not like.” Mr Osotsi said the war on corruption has engendered fear among politicians used to receiving money illegally from parastatals. More info SH120M HOSPITAL EQUIPMENT LAUNCHED Deputy President commissioned CT Scan Imaging Centre at the Moi Voi County Referral Hospital. He said the Sh120 million equipment will help injury patients referred to hospitals outside the county for specialised scans. “There will be no need for patients to travel to Nairobi or Mombasa to seek medical care. All services will be provided at the county referral hospital,” he said. Mr Ruto said the national government will partner with the county government in coming up with an Intensive Care Unit to bring healthcare closer to people. DENNIS KAVISU | NATION Nasa leaders Raila Odinga (right) and Kalonzo Musyoka in a jig during the opening of a hospital in Mlolongo, Mavoko Constituency yesterday. “Mr Ruto's sole strength as a politician has been his capacity to distribute money whose sources are not clear. We call on the President and Mr Odinga not to be distracted. The idea of leaders turning parastatals into cash cows and positioning themselves as generous contributors at fundraisers must end,” the nominated MP said. Mr Ruto however said accused Mr Odinga of pretending to be sincere about the Building Bridges Initiative as he undermined efforts to unite the country. “If their goal is to unite Kenyans why are they bitter when I unite with coastal leaders for development for the Coast and Kenya at large?” he posed and said he will continue discharging his duties as the Deputy President despite criticism by his opponents. Mr Ruto said criticism would not bring development to poor Kenyans who are yearning for development that will change their lives. “I will not stop working on serious issues affecting Kenyans. Let them dwell on propaganda that will not take them anywhere. I will work with leaders who were elected by Kenyans. Kenyans made a choice last year and all of us have agreed to work together for development,” he said as he ended his ﬁve-day tour of Coast. He said he will work closely with President Uhuru Kenyatta on the Big Four Agenda. “Our politics is development focused. Our main agenda is to empower all Ken- yans economically. We are not like those other greedy politicians who waste their time to talk about others,” he said at Voi town while addressing residents during the launch of the town's Modern Market. He said as he endeavoured to boost living standards, his competitors were discussing people. He was accompanied by Taita Taveta Governor Granton Samboja, Suleiman Dori (Msambweni MP), Ali wario (Bura), Hashaka Wario (Garsen), Owen Baya (Kiliﬁ North), Senator Juma Wario (Tana River), Said Haribae (Galole), Senator Anuar Loitiptip (Lamu), Badi Twalib (Jomvu), Stanley Muthama (Lamu West) and Danson Mwashako (Wundanyi). Others were Benjamin Tayari (Kinango) nominated Senator Christine Zawadi, Khatib Mwashetani (Lunga Lunga), Shariff Ali (Lamu East) Aisha Jumwa (Malindi), Lydia Haika (Taita Taveta), Michel Kingi (Magarini) and Gertrude Mbeyu (Kiliﬁ). Police quiz Narok senator over Mau Forest violence BY GEORGE SAYAGIE AND VITALIS KIMUTAI Narok Senator Ledama ole Kina was grilled yesterday over alleged incitement even as a section of Rift Valley leaders mounted pressure on Inspector General of Police Joseph Boinnet to order his arrest. Mr Ledama appeared before Narok security committee chairman George Natembeya, County Police Commander Thomas Ngeiwua and his Criminal Investigation counterpart Zachary Kariuki. He was interrogated for two hours over his recent public comments, which are said to have caused a rift between members of the Maasai and Kipsigis communities. The ﬁrst-time senator denied the incitement accusations levelled against him, saying they are a distraction from State's main agenda of evicting people from Mau. He said the clip that went viral on social media and led to his summoning was fabricated to suit a certain propaganda narrative. “The video clip was completely distorted to serve certain political interests of some people who are against the Mau Forest evictions,” said Mr Ole Kina. The summons came after two Kericho MPs petitioned the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC) Narok senator Ledama ole Kina to investigate Mr Kina over the escalating clashes around the Mau forest complex in Nakuru and Narok counties. On Thursday, the NCIC warned Mr Kina against incitement. In a statement issued in Nakuru town, the commission said the senator’s utterances were aimed at inciting communities in the clash-torn region. However, Mr Kina took issue with the NCIC for summoning him through mainstream and social media, and threatened to take the agency to court. After the grilling, the senator took to the streets in Narok with his supporters and insisted that people must move out of Mau. He said politicians from outside Narok have politicised the Mau matter at the expense of environmental conservation. But Mr Natembeya said he had summoned the senator to warn him and other politicians against politicising the ongoing evictions, saying this could lead to ethnic tensions. And in Bomet County, area Senator Christopher Langat, Woman Rep Joyce Korir, MPs Beatrice Kones (Bomet East), Ronald Tonui (Bomet Central), Hillary Koskei (Kipkelion West), Gideon Koskei (Chepalungu) and Mr Nelson Koech (Belgut) called for his arrest and prosecution. Dr Langat said it is the responsibility of leaders to unite people, but not to incite them to violence. “Leaders should not be allowed to incite communities to violence and be left to go scotfree. There is clearly enough evidence to charge the senator in court over hate speech and incitement,” Mr Tonui said. Mr Koech said: “The government should not engage in a public relation stunt as witnessed this morning in a sensitive matter where people have lost lives, hundreds displaced, houses torched and property destroyed.” Mr Korir said hundreds of children, women and the elderly have been subjected to untold suffering having spent nights in the cold after houses were torched. DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 7 8 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Spotlight> Affected institutions will be closely monitored by government agencies during exam time How 30 schools hatched exam cheating plan Head teachers collected money from parents to buy exam materials or ‘facilitate’ invigilators No action will be taken against the principals at this time. We do not want to create panic in schools during exam time.” BY OUMA WANZALA Knec chair George Magoha [email protected] D etails on how principals in 30 secondary schools across the country — with the support of parents — have been planning to cheat in national examinations can now be revealed. Kenya National Examinations Council (Knec) yesterday explained how the scheme — which started last term — was hatched, with principals collecting money from parents and clearly indicating to them that the money is to help buy examination materials or ‘facilitate’ those who will administer the examinations. This was revealed during a closeddoor meeting presided over by Education Principal Secretary Belio Kipsang and attended by Knec officials led by chairman George Magoha, acting chief executive officer Mercy Karogo, officials of secondary and primary school heads associations and regional co-ordinators of education. The meeting held at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) was called to deliberate on measures to stamp out cheating in the 2018 national examinations. The cheating plan was unearthed after the government managed to have its security officers and Education ministry officials attend prayer day meetings MARTIN MUKANGU | NATION Education Principal Secretary Belio Kipsang (centre) and Knec chairman Prof George Magoha (right) during the press briefing at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development offices in Nairobi yesterday. in schools where they pretended to be parents or guardians. They managed to record all proceedings without the knowledge of the school managements. And despite the ban on prayer days in schools in third term by Education Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed, many institutions still organised the events without the approval of the ministry and which saw parents interact with students. It also emerged that some principals were on record (audio and video) thanking parents for ‘co-operating’ with them and assuring them that all will be well in the national examinations. It also emerged in the meeting that principals are aware that the only way candidates can manage to cheat in the exams is through early exposure — it means that examination materials are opened before time in order to have candidates know which questions they will be tackling. Sources at the meeting also indicated that some schools have plans to provide accommodation to supervisors and invigilators in order to effectively run the plan to cheat in the exams effectively. This is because some principals have asked teachers to vacate staff quarters in order to create room for supervisors. Some are also relying on photocopying of examination materials for those who are allegedly shortsighted in order to facilitate cheating. Some principals also registered ghost candidates. It emerged that the government will dispatch officers to visit the affected schools with a clear message that it will not be business as usual. Addressing journalists after the meeting, Prof Magoha said action will not be taken against the principals who are involved in the deals at this time but they will be closely monitored by government agencies. “We do not want to create panic in schools during examination time,” he said. Some 26 teachers, among them principals, were interdicted for last year’s examination irregularities. Prof Magoha disclosed that three schools that are involved in plans to cheat are in Garissa, four schools in Kisii and ﬁve schools in Meru, among others. Other hotspot counties are Kiambu, West Pokot, Wajir and some parts of Nyanza. “We are closely monitoring those schools and we want to ask them to stop such plans immediately,” said Prof Magoha. He said he had visited schools in Migori, Homabay, Nyamira and Kisiii while Knec acting chief executive officer Mercy Karogo had visited Central region in an examination pre-monitoring exercise. Dr Kipsang will today visit Nyeri and Isiolo counties while other Knec officers will visit other regions. Dr Kipsang asked school heads not to be tempted into cheating, saying the penalties will be severe. “We are determined to deliver credible examination the way we have done in the last two years,” said Dr Kipsang. The PS said the government will not tolerate blackmail from candidates such as demand to have mobile phones in schools. “Some students are causing destruction so that they can do the examinations as day scholars but we won’t allow that to happen,” said Dr Kipsang. Prof Magoha said the exam cheating plan involves a cartel of 20 people across the country. Kenya Secondary Schools Heads Association chairman Kahi Indimuli assured the country that they will support the move to maintain high integrity of examinations. “We had results of 10 schools cancelled last year and we are determined to have zero cases this year,” Mr Indimuli said. The national exams will start on October 22 with Kenya Certiﬁcate Secondary Education (KCSE) examination papers for orals, aural and practicals while the written examination will start on November 5. The number of candidates sitting Kenya Certiﬁcate of Primary Education exam this year is 1,060,759 in 27,161 centres while KCSE exam candidates are 664,586 in 10,078 centres. Sh15bn sent Teacher transfers top to schools for agenda in TSC talks free learning BY MACHARIA MWANGI KWALE COUNTY GOVERNMENT PUBLIC PARTICIPATION The Kwale County Government through the County Department of Finance and Economic Planning wishes to invite the general public for this year’s public participation on the County’s Finance bill, Physical Planning Bill, Rating Bill, Cess Bill,ø3FWFOVF"ENJOJTUSBUJPO#JMM & Revenue Authority Bill 2018 pursuant to section 125(2) of the Public Finance Management Act 2012. The planned schedule is as presented hereunder DATE October 9th, Tuesday,2018 TIME SUB-COUNTY 10:00am Kinango 10:00am Lunga-Lunga October 10th,Wednesday ,2018 10:00am Msambweni 10:00am Matuga VENUE Maendeleo ya Wanawake Hall 4VC$PVOUZ0GmDFT Lungalunga Red Cross, Mvindeni Kwale Cultural Centre, Kwale Participation will be in oral but for written memoranda, can be presented EVSJOHUIFNFFUJOHPSDBOCFTFOUUPUIF$IJFG0GmDFS'JOBODF&DPOPNJD Planning, vide email address DIJFGPGmDFSmOBODF!HNBJMDPN on or before October 19th, 2018. Bakari H. Sebe CEC MEMBER, FINANCE & ECONOMIC PLANNING BY OUMA WANZALA The government has ﬁnally released Sh15.4 billion for free day secondary and primary education after a one month delay. Education Principal Secretary Bellio Kipsang yesterday announced that Sh12.6 billion will go to secondary schools while Sh2.8 billion is for primary schools. “We have this morning (Monday) released funds to schools to enable them to run their activities effectively,” said Dr Kipsang. He made the remarks during a meeting at Kenya Institute of curriculum development on measures to stamp out cheating in the national examinations. Kenya Secondary School Heads Association Chairman Kahi Indimuli welcomed the development. Kenya Primary School Heads Association national treasurer Joseph Otiende lauded the government for releasing the funds. Primary, special needs and secondary school heads had complained of difficulties in providing essential services to learners due to the delay. Schools re-opened for third term late last month and are expected to close on October 26 to allow 1.7 million candidates to sit the national examinations. Last month, Kessha asked Parliament to help address the issue. “Delays lead to failure to provide services and payment of salaries to non-teaching staff and board of management teachers,” said Mr Indimuli. Deliberations between the Teachers Service Commission and the Kenya National Union of Teachers (Knut) on promotions, performance appraisals among other issues began yesterday at Sawela Lodge in Naivasha. The two parties, which are also expected to look into the transfer of teachers outside their home counties, held a closed-door meeting. Sources said the meeting started smoothly and in a cordial atmosphere. Journalists were not allowed in the meeting that brought together TSC top brass and Knut leadership led by Secretary-General Wilson Sossion (below). But officials promised to give a press brieﬁng on the deliberations. An insider told Nation the make-or-break meeting went on smoothly with the four key agendas on the table for discussion. The commission and the union have exuded conﬁdence that they will resolve their differences during the meeting. “I believe after the ﬁve days of talks, both parties will forge a common front. So far the meeting has started well and there is hope,” said the source. The meeting was organised after teachers threatened to go on strike, and it is expected to iron out the contentious issues. Mr Sossion has maintained that the union wants the employer to meet their demands to enable them to have a conducive environment in the education sector. Some of the demands put forward by Knuts include clear guidelines on career progression, delocalisation, promotions, performance tools and career guidelines. The meeting will decide whether the more than 300,000 teachers will continue to sign the controversial performance appraisal tools, and the fate of automatic promotion for teachers. In August, President Uhuru Kenyatta said the teachers' delocalisation policy will be reviewed to ensure it does not break up families. 10 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Genesis > The problems can be also traced to the politics of the defunct Narok County Council since the 1970s The inﬂux of Kalenjin settlers in the 1980s was a result of collusion between the political elite and corrupt Lands ministry officials BY GATUA MBARIA A section of the vast Maasai Mau Forest in Narok County showing the destruction of indigenous trees. The defunct Narok County Council did not pass a resolution declaring parts of Maasai Mau an adjudication area — a loophole that is now being used to evict the settlers. Special Correspondent T he destruction of the Mara was bound to happen after it was turned into a playground as political and commercial interests converged inside the Maasai Mau Forest. The original goal was the control of then Narok County Council, which held the Maasai Mau Forest as trust land for the community. It was the arrival of members of the Kalenjin community as new settlers in the Maasai Mau that appears to have changed the matrix in the 1980s. Starting from 1998, the Nation was told, there was collusion between officials from the Ministry of Lands (most of who were from the Kalenjin community) and politicians such as Mr Anthony Kimetto, who was the MP for Chepalungu. “He used to go to Narok each week to supervise the printing of title deeds on an industrial scale. But unknown to Mr Kimetto and the people who bought the land, the Narok County Council and the Lands ministry had not gazetted the relevant areas as adjudication areas,” says Mr Parselelo Kantai, a journalist who watched and documented the destruction as it started. Mr Kantai says the defunct Narok County Council did not pass a resolution declaring parts of Maasai Mau an adjudication area — a loophole that is now being used to evict the settlers. “Until an area is declared an adjudication zone, any title cannot be legally recognised,” says Mr Kantai, a position supported by Narok County Commissioner George Natembeya. “The titles are mere pieces of paper,” says Mr Natembeya. “If the titles held by the people there are legal, can the owners go to the banks to seek loans?” asks Mr Natembeya. To understand where we are today, Mr Kantai says, one must know the legal status of Maasai Mau Forest and look at the very politics of Narok County since the 1970s when the late William ole Ntimama was the chairman of Narok County Council. Records show that Maasai Mau is not a government forest; it used to be trust land and ideally, it is still under the Narok County government. “The fundamental problem is that every attempt to demarcate the forest was never concluded.” Mr Kantai says the ﬁrst attempt was made in 1999 after Chief Lerionka ole Ntutu (now deceased) was commissioned by former President Daniel Moi to do so. This was not concluded, neither was a similar attempt 10 years later. As a result, what the government is doing today (evicting those who have invaded the forest) is based on legal quicksand and can be easily challenged in a court of law, especially when one looks at how the issues have unfolded over the last four decades. “The encroachment of the Maasai Mau was a deliberate political move that was executed commercially.” According to Mr Kantai, the Ogiek owned the ﬁve group ranches located at the southern end of the forest. As an ethnic minority in Narok, who traditionally engaged in less ‘offensive’ forest uses such as beekeeping and hunting of small mammals, the Ogiek have always been painted as a community that lives-and-letsforests-live. But some prominent members of the community adopted the land and timber-selling culture that gripped Kenya, especially during Mr Moi’s time. The Kipsigis saw an opportu- FILE | NATION Deadly mix of politics, greed to blame for Mau Forest ruin 46,000 The size in hectares of the Maasai Mau indigenous forest from where nine of the rivers that feed Lake Victoria with water rise. The encroachment of the Maasai Mau was a deliberate political move that was executed commercially.” Mr Parselelo Kantai nity. All along, the community had had a long-running border dispute with the Maasai that goes back to the late 1920s. They, therefore, strategised and became members of the ﬁve Ogiek’s group ranches. “Soon, the ranches started expanding very fast and having an avalanche of members.” Mr Kantai adds that one group ranch, Reyia, had an initial area of 36 hectares but was expanded to 3,600 hectares between 1988 and 2003. The group ranch officials behind this relied on Kalenjin politicians for support and sought the services of surveyors who helped them to encroach into the forest as they “stuffed in new members from Kericho, Bomet and other areas.” But the entry of non-Maasai members into the Maasai Mau and outlying areas created a new environmental challenge that has resulted in the situation the Mara River is in today. For one, the Ogiek went on, to a certain extent, to change their lifestyle. The forest cover was dwindling and with it the resources they had earlier relied upon for survival (wild animals and honey). Some started engaging in cultivation and as Mr Kantai found out, there were ﬁve-acre pieces of cultivated land inside the forest. At the same time, the Maasai mode of resource use (pastoralism), that is credited with forest preservation, was now not the dominant resource-use model there. The Kipsigis were more interested in farming and were determined to remain so. After all, they had not broken any law. “These are people who used their life-savings to buy the farms and were doing well,” says Mr Kantai, adding that some of the people who invested there were ex-soldiers involved in the UN peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone. It was also apparent from the ﬁeld excursions the Nation undertook that blame cannot entirely be levelled against any one ethnic group. “A majority of the Kalenjin people support conservation,” says Mr Natembeya. He warns against generalising, saying the blame should be laid on politicians, and especially those who incite one group against another. Indeed, prominent members of the Maasai community are not entirely blameless. “The late William ole Ntimama pushed the Narok County Council to sell its land in Olenguruoni side of the forest to himself and to Moi,” says Mr Kantai, who adds that this is how Mr Moi acquired the Kiptagich Tea Farm. Interestingly, Mr Ntimama’s claim that selling the land to himself and Mr Moi would contribute to the protection of the forest appears to have worked to some extent because the former President’s tea farm created some kind of a barrier that has prevented the invasion of the forest in the section. Other elite from the Maasai community, including members of the Ole Ntutu family are said to have made a killing by selling off part of the land to residents of Bomet, Kericho and Nakuru. “There are very few elites who were not involved,” says Mr Kantai. Official records show that Maasai Mau Forest is still trust land — the reason why the government seems determined to kick out the invaders, most of whom are Kalenjins. Mr Natembeya told the Nation that the government has already evicted some 8,000 people during phase one and is set to kick out between 18,000 and 20,000 people in phase two. Mr Natembeya seems alive to the fact that the entire issue has many layers of complications. He says that the scam surrounding the Mau invasion involved “big people who colluded with group ranch officials, surveyors and lands officers”, adding that the “convergence of interests has now made it a very hot issue although it is supposed to be a straight forward matter.” But the matter is hardly a straight forward one. According to Mr Kantai, one cannot comprehensively understand why the Mara River has lost water without taking into consideration the many sensitive dimensions that have culminated in what has become of the Maasai Mau Forest today. Considered part of the Mau Forest Complex, Maasai Mau is a very important forest from where nine of the rivers that feed Lake Victoria with water rise. “This is 46,000 hectares of sensitive indigenous forest,” Mr Kantai says. From its upper catchment area emanates the Ewaso Ngiro River that ﬂows to Lake Natron in Tanzania, which is the main ﬂamingo breeding ground. On its part, the Mara River comes from the western part of the forest. The political goal, it is now clear, was to control Narok County politically. This has somewhat succeeded because any gubernatorial candidate in Narok cannot win without securing support from members of the Kipsigis community, which also creates tension. Any eviction is always seen by members of the Kalenjin community as a political attack on them. The last time a major eviction was undertaken in the Mau Complex was in 2005. This was three years after Kanu government lost power. Before then, the Kalenjin — who were believed to have dominated the Kenya Defence Forces, parastatals and other governmental institutions — were angered by the fact that the Narc government started laying them off and replacing them with members of other communities. The Kalenjin felt aggrieved and their leaders started inciting them stay put in the forest. Forest can recover but what about Narok? The government says that kicking the people out of the forest is a major move aimed at enabling it to recover by itself, which will, in turn, return water to the Mara. This view is shared by ecologists who also say that recovery of the forest will nevertheless take longer where all the trees have been cut down. But the recovery of the Maasai Mau Forest and survival of the Mara River partly depends on whether the Narok County government is willing to go the extra mile to manage the Mara ecosystem in a more efficient manner. Currently, the county government is accused of doing a shoddy job, if a report compiled by lecturers from the Maasai Mara University and their overseas counterparts is anything to go by. Dubbed ‘Building a Sustainable Management System for Maasai Mara National Reserve’, the 76-page report paints a gloomy picture of how the county is managing this globally-important resource. The county’s Environment executive refused to talk with us even after promising to do so. The Nation wanted the county government to address claims that it has neither come up with its own management plan for the Maasai Mara nor does it seem keen to implement the one formulated through a process funded by the Wild Wide Fund (WWF) NGO that covered the 2012-2022 period. This plan not only provides for an ecological management plan, but calls for zoning off critically important areas of the Mara into high and low use areas and the Mara River corridor. The dons say that licensing new lodges and airstrips in the Mara ecosystem is inconsistent with recommendations of the environmental impact assessments conducted to protect the ecological balance of the reserve and that unregulated growth in and very near the reserve is beginning to affect the ecosystem by interfering with animal habitats, creating environmental pollution and destroying the watershed that feeds the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 National News | 11 Case > Tarus and 18 other suspects facing charges Auditor testiﬁes as KP graft trial begins OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR (ACADEMIC AND STUDENT AFFAIRS) Court told some companies listed to render services belonged to staff NOTICE FOR 3rd GRADUATION CEREMONY & INSTALLATION OF VICE-CHANCELLOR Machakos University hereby announces the 3rd Graduation Ceremony and installation of the F<=> &3-/\2+8-/669< >9 ,/ 2/6. 98 Friday 30th November, 2018. The ceremony is scheduled to take place at the Graduation Square, Main Campus, Machakos starting at 8.00 a.m. All -+8.3.+>/[email protected]/;?+63F/.09<>2/-980/<7/8>[email protected]+<39?=/1<//=+8.+A+<.903:697++8. /<>3F-+>/=+</[email protected]>/.>9+>>/8.M BY RICHARD MUNGUTI @Richard munguti [email protected] T he trial of former Kenya Power (KP) Managing Director Ken Tarus and 18 other suspects facing corruption charges began yesterday, with revelations that 39 companies pre-qualified to offer services were not registered at the Attorney General chambers. Dr Tarus and the 18 suspects have been charged with granting tenders to unqualiﬁed companies occasioning loss of millions of shillings to the company. Testifying yesterday against Dr Tarus and the others, Mr Charles Kipng’eno, an internal auditor, said he established that companies which were listed to offer services were not pre-qualiﬁed. “Out of the 525 companies listed to render services to KP, which I checked at the registrar of companies, 136 were not authenticated and therefore did not meet the criteria set to offer services to the sole power distributor,” he told Anti-Graft Court Magistrate Lawrence Mugambi. Mr Kipng’eno further said 262 companies pre-qualiﬁed by KP did not have the National Constructions Authority certiﬁcates mandating them to offer services. The auditor, who was instructed to carry out an in-depth audit on the acquisition of faulty transformers that caused KP a huge loss, said he established that due diligence was not followed. He said alterations on specifications were done after the opening of the tender documents. Mr Kipng’eno established that EXAMINATION RESULTS & GRADUATION LIST The Examination results for 2017/2018 Academic )/+< +</ [email protected]+36+,6/ 0<97 >2/ 9I-/= 90 the respective Deans of Schools. All students who completed their Programmes in 2017/2018 Academic Year are advised to check their names on the website www.machakosuniversity.ac.ke +8.-98F<7A3>2>2/3<</=:/->[email protected]/#-2996=A3>2/H/->0<97<3.+CN28th September, 2018. APPLICATION FOR GRADUATION & CONFIRMATION OF NAMES Suspects accused of corruption involving Kenya Power at Milimani Law Courts in July. FILE I NATION there was conﬂict of interest as some of the companies listed to render services belonged to KP employees. The auditor said he found that the valuation committee and the accounting officer did not discharge their duties. He said he recommended administrative action be taken against Beatrice Meso, the company secretary, Joshua Mutua, general manager commercial services, Abubakar Swaleh, general manager human resource and administration, Samuel Ndiirangu, the general manager 408m The amount of loss that Kenya Power incurred after substandard transformers were procured. MPs probe scholarship awards to Kibaki relatives BY DAVID MWERE The name of retired President Mwai Kibaki was mentioned yesterday during the proceedings of a parliamentary committee after it emerged that he used his position to push the awarding of scholarships to his relatives. Former head of public service and secretary to the Cabinet Ambassador Francis Muthaura told the Public Accounts Committee that Mr Kibaki directed him to ensure two children of his nephew Philip Githinji, got government sponsorship to study in Australia. The sponsorship of Mr Ian Githinji and Ms Sandra Githinji has seen the government pay about Sh25 million for their education at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. Mr Githinji was enrolled for MACHAKOS UNIVERSITY a master’s degree in analytics his sister went for a bachelor’s degree in interior design even as committee members questioned why the two could not pursue the courses locally. Although their programmes were to last four years from 2011, six years down the line, they are Former President Mwai Kibaki ICT, Stanley Mutwiri, general manager infrastructure development, Benson Muriithi, general manager network management, Peter Mwicigi, general manager regional co-ordination and John Ombui, the head of supply chain. The managers have been charged with procuring substandard transformers that caused Kenya Power a Sh408 million loss. They are accused of conspiring to commit an economic crime on diverse dates between August 3, 2013 and June 12, 2018, when they procured transformers worth Sh408, 533, 221 from Muwa Trading Company. Muwa’s director James Njenga was also in court. The other suspects are nine were members of the tender committee. The accused have denied the charges and are out on bond. The hearing continues. Graduands are required to apply for the 2018 Graduation. Application forms are available at >2/%[email protected]/<=3>CA/,=3>/09<<+.?+8.=>9.9A869+.NF66+8.=?,73>>9"/13=><+<V#W,/09</2nd November 2018. Each graduand should ensure the correctness of their name as it should +::/+< 98 >2/ -/<>3F-+>/ 38 >/<7= 90 9<./< +8. =:/66381M 9 8/A 8+7/= =29?6. ,/ 38><9.?-/. which were not originally presented during admission. CLEARING OF FEES BALANCES Graduands are expected to have cleared any outstanding fee balances by Friday, 2nd November, 2018. Those who will not have cleared fees by the stated date will be excluded from the Graduation list. GRADUATION FEES, ACADEMIC DRESS & ALUMNI FEE A mandatory non-refundable fee as stated below must be paid not later than Friday, 23rd November, 2018. S/NO 1. 2. 3 AWARD Masters/Postgraduate diploma Bachelors Degree 3:697+m/<>3F-+>/ Total Payable Kes. 6,000 Kes.4,500 Kes.4,500 Payments should be made to the University Bank accounts at any branches of the banks listed below:- S/NO 1. 2. 3 Bank Name Kenya Commercial Bank National Bank of Kenya Standard Chartered Bank Account Nmae Machakos University Machakos University Machakos University Account No. 1137145064 01020078499400 0152016845602 COLLECTION AND RETURN OF GOWNS He made an appeal to the president to be assisted through the government scholarship programme.” Gowns are available for collection upon presentation of the Original National Identity card and clearance receipt from Students Finance. Gowns will be collected from respective schools in the Main campus starting from Monday 26th November, 2018 to Wednesday 28rd November, 2018. The gowns should be returned by 14th December, 2018. Failure to return the gown by the stated date will attract a penalty of Ksh.500 per day. Amb Francis Muthaura All Graduands are expected to attend the rehearsal on Thursday, 29th November, 2019 at 10.00 a.m at the Main Campus in full academic attire. yet to complete their studies. According to Mr Muthaura, the former president directed him to liaise with former Higher Education PS Chrispus Kiamba to have the students assisted after their father lost his job at Oil Libya. “He made an appeal to the president to be assisted through the government scholarship programme. The president considered the request and directed me to present the case to the Ministry of Education,” he told the watchdog committee chaired by Ugunja MP Opiyo Wandayi. REHEARSAL INVITATION Upon payment of graduation fee, each Graduand will be given three Invitation Cards & one car sticker for their guests. Persons without Graduation Cards will not be allowed into the Graduation Square. PUNCTUALITY Graduands and their guests are required to be seated by 8.00 a.m. Those who will be late will not be allowed into the Graduation Square. 9<0?<>2/<3809<7+>398:6/+=/-98>+->>2/"/13=><+<V-+./73-+8.#>?./8>H+3<=W98O\ Telephone: 0714206730 or E-mail: [email protected] "/13=><+<V-+./73-+8.#>?./8>H+3<=W 12 | National News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Counties asked to join war on fake pharmacists BY GITONGA MARETE The Pharmacy and Poisons Board (PPB) wants county governments to issue operating licences to pharmacists working in hospitals within their jurisdiction to curb proliferation of quacks in the health sector. The board said those working in the hospitals will not be allowed to use their licences to open private chemists. Nairobi region PPB Senior Inspector of Drugs Julius Kaluai said the practitioners open chemists and employ untrained personnel with no medical background. “This practice is frustrating efforts in the fight against quacks because medical personnel working in government health facilities have registered pharmacies where they employ unqualiﬁed people to dispense drugs,” Mr Kaluai said yesterday in a telephone interview. “We are working with counties so that those operating in government hospitals can be issued with their licences, which Medical personnel have registered pharmacies where they employ unqualiﬁed people to dispense drugs” Julius Kaluai, PBB official will only be used to practice but not to open pharmacies. Counties that are already issu- ing licences to pharmacists are Tharaka Nithi, Trans Nzoia and Uasin Gishu. We urge others to follow suit and help us rid the industry of these quacks,” he added. He said the board is investigating how a college in Meru purporting to train students on pharmacy to certiﬁcate level was registered. “There is no certificate in pharmacy and our officers have done preliminary investigations, where we discovered that the students have been coached on how to respond to anybody inquiring whether they are undertaking the course." The officer said the students lie to investigators that they are undertaking a course in medical laboratory technician but when they read their notes, the indication is that they are learning pharmacy. Last week, the board shut down 83 illegal chemists and arrested owners. At least 23 outlets in Lower Eastern and another 23 in Upper Eastern a23 were closed. In Central Kenya, 37 pharmacies were closed and their owners arrested. Scam > Four people have been charged Businessman loses Sh89m in tender fraud Mr Buro was awarded three fake tenders amounting to Sh230m for laptops and lubricant BY NYABOGA KIAGE [email protected] A city businessman has lost nearly Sh89 million in a scheme involving fake tender deals. Mr Idris Ahmed Buro parted with millions of shillings after a cartel that allegedly operates within government offices, used fake letters and Local Purchase Order to award him tenders. According to documents seen by the Nation, Mr Buro was awarded three tenders that amount to Sh230 million. In one tender, he was required to supply Panolin Hydraulic Lubricant to the government printer at a cost of Sh74.5 million. In two other tenders, that were to be delivered to the ICT ministry, he was asked to supply 797 laptops at Sh125.9 million and software at Sh28.7 million. Four suspects have been charged in relation to the fraud and their case will be mentioned on Monday next week at the Kiambu Law Courts. Mr George Ochieng’ Onyango, Ms Mercy Wahiga Wanjiku, Mr Jackson Kiharo Mwondi and Mr David Mapili are said to have obtained Sh88.8 million from Mr Buro. On his affidavit, Mr Buro said one of the suspects introduced himself as the acting head of procurement at the ICT ministry. “I would even meet him at the ministry’s offices on either the 9th or 10th ﬂoor,” he said. Through his company, Naliye Agency, the businessman said he ordered computers from China which he delivered to the ministry, but was asked to take them to a store in Hurlingham. Mr Douglas Chikanda, the Director of Criminal Investigations at the Kasarani police station, said they have also impounded vehicles that might have been acquired using the money received from Mr Buro. The cars include a Ford Ranger double cabin and a V8 Land Cruiser which he described as “brand new”. Mr Mapili also faces similar cases and last year he was charged at the Kibere Law Courts with conning a businessman 200 iPhones worth Sh30 million. Mr Mapili allegedly tricked the businessman that the phones were to be supplied to delegates during the Tokyo International Conference on African Development summit. What’s alleged SUSPECTS FACE CHARGES On his affidavit, Mr Buro said one of the suspects introduced himself as the acting head of procurement at the ICT ministry. One of the suspects also faces similar cases and last year he was charged at the Kibere Law Courts with conning a businessman 200 iPhones worth Sh30 million. Developer on the spot over sewer BY COLLINS OMULO A section of Nairobi West residents have accused a private developer of grabbing a public parcel of land where a sewer line is built in order to expand his parking lot. They claimed Mr Joseph Claudio has blocked the last manhole of the sewer line with concrete and stones interfering with the ﬂow of sewage. The residents said the encroachment exposed them to health risks. The land is located opposite T-Mall on Lang’ata Road. Mr Harun Nyamboki, a resident, accused the private developer of demolishing the sewer line several times even after intervention by Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company. “This sewer line was approved by Nairobi Water in 1998,” said Mr Nyamboki. But Mr Claudio maintained that the land is his and the Environment Court ruled in his favour after Mr Nyamboki sued him. "Whoever is telling you this is not giving you proper information,” said Mr Claudio on Thursday. Court okays meeting for landowners BY MAUREEN KAKAH Members of the Mohotetu Farm, the company which owns majority shares in the expansive Kedong’ Ranch in Naivasha, have been allowed to conduct an annual general meeting. High Court judge Roselyne Aburili ruled that the landowners are free to do so as long as they follow procedures set out in the law. Despite the reprieve, Justice Aburili faulted them for failing to disclose that a similar suit had been ﬁled in Nakuru hence dismissed their case, saying that orders requested for in the case had been framed for a speciﬁed period which had already lapsed. She consequently declined to compel the Registrar of Companies to convene an AGM of the farm’s shareholders. “The applicants have every opportunity to follow the procedures set out in the Companies Act to call for an AGM as the earlier requisition has been overtaken by events,” said Justice Aburili. The Muhotetu Farm mainly comprises Mau Mau descendants. A row started between landowners and directors with the news that the Standard Gauge Railway and the Naivasha dry port are to be constructed on part of their land. Some 40.66 shares in the 75,000acre Kodeng ranch are to be sold for the SGR project. But the farmers are against the plans by their directors to sell their shares at a paltry Sh2.1 billion to a third party for the Naivasha dry port project which would see them sidelined from getting compensation from the government. BRIEFLY PHOTO | PSCU Uhuru meets Qatari minister President Uhuru Kenyatta welcomes Qatari Minister for Transport and Communication Jassim Bin Saif Al Sulati to State House yesterday where the two held a meeting. Mr Al Sulati led a delegation of senior Qatari state officials. Detectives seize tonnes of sandalwood at Mombasa port BY MOHAMED AHMED Detectives yesterday seized 16.9 tonnes of the endangered sandalwood in a container at the port of Mombasa. The consignment in the 20-foot container, according to security sources, was exported from Uganda and destined for Saudi Arabia. Trade in sandalwood, whose scientiﬁc name is Osyris lanceolata and which is exported for use in the pharmaceutical and perfume industries, has been banned. The sandalwood harvesting ban was imposed by President Kibaki on April 4, 2007, under the protected tree species law. Cartels involved, including politicians, administration and security officials, have made it almost impossible to bring the illegal trade under control, making extinction of the endangered plant a near certainty. Mombasa Port OCDP Patrick Lo- bole yesterday said the plant worth millions of shillings had been grinded and packed in sacks. “We are working to have the container taken to the yard for further veriﬁcation before we know the worth. We have managed to know the weight as per now,” said Mr Lobole. He said a manhunt had been launched for the owner of the container and the clearing agent who he said vanished after the seizure. The Mombasa port has been used as a channel for importation and exportation of illegal cargo especially in East Africa. The leading port in the region has in the recent past been on the spot for the smuggling of contraband goods putting security agents on high alert leading to major arrests. The latest arrests involved top ofﬁcials of Kenya Revenue Authority, Kenya Port Authority and the Kenya Bureau of Standards. LAMU Residents beneﬁt from free medical camp At least 100 residents of Hulugho village on the border of Lamu and Garissa counties have received treatment from the Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) soldiers. Residents usually face difficulties accessing medical care due to the insecurity and infrastructural challenges in the area. Linda Boni Operation director Joseph Kanyiri said: “KDF personnel offered treatment for diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, intestinal worms, chest coughs and vaccinated children under ﬁves years.” — Kalume Kazungu NAKURU Ruling on Thursday in MP Gikaria wife's case The fate of the wife of Nakuru Town East MP David Gikaria, who is facing a civil jail term for failing to compensate an accident victim, will be known on Thursday. Ms Violet Nzisa Katua, who was arrested on Friday after a warrant of arrest was issued against, yesterday appeared before Resident Magistrate Wilson Kitur for directions on the contempt case. She failed to pay Sh738,739 to Ms Martha Ongaga, a police officer she allegedly hit with her vehicle two years ago. — Joseph Openda DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 13 14 | Opinion Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Let us not change the Constitution so soon W hat started as isolated calls for a referendum to change the Constitution are steadily gaining momentum and, although the default reaction would be to ignore them, doing so may be imprudent. We acknowledge from the outset that no Constitution is perfect. Ours has very positive reviews and is characterised as robust and progressive. Even so, it has deﬁciencies, some of which were identiﬁed before its passage in 2010. But the framers of the Constitution were alive to the fact that a Constitution should not be subjected to whimsical changes and provided, ﬁrst, a long implementation period and, second, stipulated a high threshold should the necessity for revision arise. But the mounting calls are not inspired by altruism. On the contrary, they are triggered by selﬁsh interests, driven by politicians either for self-preservation or to create opportunities for personal gain. First, a narrative is being peddled that the Constitution is too expensive, that it is the reason for increasing taxes, hence the need for a review to chop excess fat. That is not an honest discussion. A critical review of the Budget shows that we suffer due to poor planning, poorly thought-out political decisions, an irresistible appetite for borrowing, inefficiency, pilferage and outright theft. Kenyans had a reason for creating many institutions of governance. Precisely, the objective was to disperse power from the centre. This was informed by the experience of the Independence Constitution that, because of colonial heritage, inherited institutions that essentially lorded over citizens and which, with time, became too oppressive and suffocating. Democracy cannot be cheap. At any rate, the alternative is catastrophic. Secondly, and quite ominously, the push is driven by succession politics. Those seeking to ascend to power or rooting for self-preservation are pulling everyone else into the noise, which is unnecessary. It is not lost on us that even as the calls grow louder, the Constitution has not been fully implemented. Several provisions, like the gender equity law, have not come to pass. In other words, it is premature to contemplate constitutional changes. Thirdly, the timing and circumstances are not right. A referendum is very explosive, more so when laced with succession politics. The country is still reeling from rancorous elections last year that created deep divisions that are yet to heal. It is injudicious to contemplate a referendum so soon. Not only will it raise temperatures, but also entrench divisions and create new fault lines. We cannot afford that. This is the time for economic recovery, political reconciliation and forging social stability. Calls for referendum are premature as they only serve to divert attention from what matters to the citizens. Curb road project losses R oad construction is an area in which the government has lately won accolades all around. Good roads ease transportation of goods and passengers and cut costs, boosting business. The good roads that have sprang up across the country are also a reﬂection of development and prosperity. However, when roads are shoddily done, the beneﬁts end up being short-lived. A key indicator of the premium attached to good roads is the high number of national and local agencies involved in the construction and maintenance of roads. The major ones are the Kenya National Highways Authority, the Kenya Urban Roads Authority and the Kenya Rural Roads Authority. And, of course, every county has its own roads department to manage the colossal local and national resources channelled into these projects. These agencies are not just custodians of the standards in construction and maintenance; they also have the expertise, personnel and accumulated experience to monitor and ensure that contractors do what is expected of them. It is, therefore, disappointing to note that some road construction ﬁrms are ﬂeecing the country of billions of shillings under the very nose of these professional organisations. We have cases where some contractors start with a ﬂourish only to later abandon projects or just do shoddy work. This boils down to lack of proper supervision. It’s inconceivable that, with all the scrutiny and approvals, a contractor would just, soon after beginning work on a project, abandon it, alleging ﬁnancial difficulties. Of course, such projects end up being awarded again at an extra cost. This wastefulness is unforgivable. The Auditor-General’s report on Kerra for last year details how billions of shillings allocated for building rural roads have gone to waste. The supervision of road projects must be enhanced so that the public gets value for money from these undertakings. A PUBLICATION OF THE NATION MEDIA GROUP STEPHEN GITAGAMA: Chief Executive Officer TOM MSHINDI: Editor-in-Chief MUTUMA MATHIU: Executive Editor, Daily Editions Published at Nation Centre, Kimathi Street, and printed at Mombasa Road, Nairobi, by Nation Media Group Limited POB 49010, Nairobi 00100 [email protected] Registered at the GPO as a newspaper POLITICS Raila’s referendum call before national dialogue premature I was surprised recently to hear former official opposition leader Raila Odinga tell Kenyans to start getting ready for a referendum. Referendum on what? Referendum for what? Referendum for who? Frankly, I think the man is losing it. Mr Odinga should know as well as anyone that a plebiscite unleashed before voters have had the chance to openly discuss the questions and reach broad consensus is bound for abject failure. Kenyans are not mindless robots. The era when they followed like sheep the dictates of tribal chieftains is coming to an end. Mr Odinga may be suffering the delusion that any referendum question pushed jointly with his ‘handshake’ partner, President Uhuru Kenyatta, is bound for adoption because of the powerful political formations they respectively head. He will be in for a rude shock. His Nasa ‘opposition’ grouping exists in name only. The pallbearers are at the ready and the grave diggers have swung into action. There is little left for Mr Odinga to command. President Kenyatta is in a similar situation with his ‘ruling’ Jubilee Party. With all key players turning their attention to their place in the post — Kenyatta era, the President is being reduced to irrelevance. Even when the issue is condensed to the baser elements of ethnic chieftainship, neither of the two holds the awesome sway they once held in their respective blocs. Mr Odinga’s ‘Luo Nation’ in his ODM vehicle will no longer board, disembark, stop, turn left, turn right or reverse at his command. They will want to know why, the destination and the route map. He succeeded his father, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, as the unchallenged champion of the community political aspirations but the allure is fading as prospects of reaching the ‘Promised Land’ diminish. President Kenyatta’s hold on his own ‘Kikuyu Nation’ within the TNA wing of Jubilee is even more tenuous. He rode to power on the back of a mind-numbing personality cult built around his emergence as the son of his father, President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta, defender of his peoples’ political, economic and security interests. The allure is fading, too, as he serves out a ﬁnal term and constituents cast their eyes over his head. Involve the people If Mr Odinga and President Kenyatta have determined that their ‘Building Bridges’ initiative will need constitutional amendments of a magnitude that requires a referendum, they must ﬁrst involve the people in genuine national dialogue. Many applauded the famous handshake on the steps of Harambee House, Nairobi, when the President and his principal foe declared that they had put aside postelection rancour. Support for the handshake was built MACHARIA GAITHO Before we can even talk about a referendum, Building Bridges must go beyond a Raila-Uhuru deal.” around the hope that it was not just about a temporary political accommodation or a cessation of the OdingaKenyatta dynastic feud. We all hoped it was the beginning of an honest national conversation towards resolving the intractable ethnic, political, economic and social schisms that pollute the land and every so often wreak death and destruction on a genocidal scale. Some of the issues were identiﬁed, a secretariat established and elders named to drive the dialogue. Nearly seven months later, other than a call for submissions and periodic updates supplied to President Kenyatta and Mr Odinga, there has been no progress towards the convention of a ‘Kenya We Want’ dialogue. Before any meaningful discussion has taken place, we are suddenly confronted with that stuck record of the demand for a referendum. A referendum cannot be an end in itself. It cannot be a simple mechanism to give Mr Odinga a place at the feeding trough or confer on Mr Kenyatta some relevance after expiry of his presidential term. Neither can it be called for the purpose of settling Jubilee rifts as Deputy President William Ruto abandons the party purpose and focuses all his efforts on the race to replace President Kenyatta in 2022. Before we can even talk about a referendum, ‘Building Bridges’ must go beyond a Raila-Uhuru deal. Only allinclusive dialogue can identify our most pressing problems and recommend solutions that can then be presented for consideration by all Kenyans. The two principals may have accurately identiﬁed our problems and come up with fairly solid prescriptions. Kenya, however, is bigger than the duo. National healing, reconciliation and renewal must extend beyond two individuals and secure the participation, trust and ownership of all in Kenya. Without that, anything brought for a referendum is destined for crushing defeat. Within Jubilee it will be fought, openly or covertly, by Mr Ruto and his 2022 hordes. In Nasa, it will be fought by all those who think Mr Odinga has sold the opposition down the river. [email protected] Twitter: @MachariaGaitho Opinion | 15 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 TOURISM THE CUTTING EDGE Kenya’s hospitality industry on the rise despite past challenges BY THE WATCHMAN T he country’s hospitality industry is on an upward growth trajectory, having been resilient and surmounting numerous challenges over the years to secure a place for itself among the top in Africa. The travel and hospitality sector has immensely contributed to the economy by driving tourism earnings, providing foreign exchange and creating employment for many Kenyans. Last year, the sector overcame election uncertainties and travel advisories to post increased earnings — Sh119.9 billion, 20.3 per cent higher than the Sh99.7 billion recorded in 2016. The rise was achieved on the back of an 8.1 per cent increase in international visitor arrival numbers. Arrivals stood at 1.45 million, up from 1.33 million in 2016. This was the highest number of visitors Kenya had received in four years. According to ‘African Insights Hotel Outlook 20172021’ report by audit ﬁrm PricewaterhouseCoopers, in the next ﬁve years, Kenya is expected to open 13 new hotels, which will add 2,400 guest rooms, increasing the country’s hotel capacity by 13 per cent. The country has the secondhighest number of branded hotels in sub-Saharan Africa, ahead of Nigeria, Ethiopia and Tanzania. According to the report, Kenya’s hospitality sector is expected to grow by more than eight per cent this year, with the expansion being linked to increased investment in the hotel segment. The PwC report projects that, by 2022, the growth in the occupancy rate will be 58.1 per cent, up from 47.3 per cent in 2017. By the end of last year, the country had an estimated 19,100 rooms with an occupancy of 47.3 per cent. Kenya has witnessed an upsurge in the number of property owners queuing up for a piece of the market share. A 2018 report by leading real estate consultancy Knight Frank predicts growth of hotels to be mostly in the large cities of subSaharan Africa. It is against the backdrop of this positive outlook for Kenya’s hospitality that the country will host more than 500 delegates and 30 exhibitors at the 2018 Africa Hotel Investment Forum (AHIF) taking place from today until Thursday. Grow market share The three-day forum at Radisson Blu Hotel in Nairobi is a showcase of high-growth destinations and emerging opportunities across Africa. The event will further enable the continent to grow its market share of the global tourism industry through increased investments in tourism and hospitality. The conference, which is being hosted in Nairobi for the third time, is a one-of-a-kind NAJIB BALALA Kenya’s hospitality sector is expected to grow by more than eight per cent this year, with the expansion being linked to increased investment activity in the hotel segment.” annual event bringing together investors, developers, owners and operators within the continent’s tourism sector. The forum also attracts ﬁnanciers and intermediaries such as architects, transaction advisers and senior policy makers in government from the global tourism sector. Kenya is honoured to have such high-calibre international hotel investors at the conference, which will connect business leaders from both the international and local markets in the hotel industry. It is through such meetings that the country will drive investment in tourism projects, infrastructure and hotel development. Kenya will also beneﬁt from deals to develop highend hotels, alongside capital injection to the economy. This will, therefore, be an opportune moment for the country, which has always emerged as a favourite destination for investments in luxury hotels owing to its friendly policies, tax incentives, political stability and an abundance of trained personnel. Additionally, Kenya has diversiﬁed tourism products with Nairobi being the region’s business hub. The conference will, therefore, make a compelling case for investing in Kenya’s hospitality sector. The last time Kenya hosted the AHIF was in 2013. As the hospitality sector leaps forward, the future is bright. With the ‘National Tourism Blueprint 2030’, which is intended to bridge the gap between supply of tourism products, facilities and services as well as demand for international, regional and domestic tourism, we can only hope for the best. Indeed, this is Kenya’s best moment to shine, and shine it will. Mr Balala is the Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife. [email protected] ROAD RESERVE. Looking at the stretch from the site of the recently demolished Airgate Centre (ex-Taj Mall), Avenue Park Estate and Tumaini, all the way to the NCPB silos at Donholm in Nairobi's Eastlands, Prof Maina Muchara says, it is clear that part of the Kenya Pipeline Company staff housing is on the Outering Road reserve. Citing the demolition of a part of the staff quarters at Central Police Station, he adds: “It will be unfortunate to leave the confusion created by redesigning the road, ending up with dead-end service lanes.” His contact is [email protected] FUEL TAX. There is hypocrisy in the public criticism of the way the government pushed through Parliament the Finance Bill to levy an eight per cent value added tax on fuel. “It’s true that many Kenyans are angry about what transpired in Parliament that day. They must now shut up and just pay taxes. Many of you say the motion was rigged and are mad just because it touches your own pockets! How come you never express similar anger whenever national elections are stolen? What happened in Parliament is quite normal in Kenya.” His contact is [email protected] PARLIAMENTARY HYPOCRISY. Most of the MPs who opposed the fuel levy during the acrimonious debate in the House were just playing to the public gallery and not necessarily keen to alleviate the suffering of fellow Kenyans, claims Chris Kiriba, describing it as hypocrisy at its best. If they were, he adds, they would have supported an earlier proposal to reduce by 1.5 per cent all the salaries above Sh100,000. The loud ugly show in the debating chamber of the National Assembly was a “sideshow meant to dupe innocent Kenyans”. His contact is [email protected] LONG WAIT. Kitale resident Laura Kamuren applied for a passport at the Immigration Department headquarters in Nyayo House, Nairobi, in early August and was assured that it would be ready in 15 working days. But on returning to collect it, she was told it was being processed and would be ready in two weeks. The four trips between Kitale to Nairobi have cost her Sh4,800. “I think we are drifting back to the days when one could not get a passport without paying a bribe,” says Laura, who intends to travel in mid-October. Her contact is [email protected] ENTREPRENEURSHIP Support to youth business plus for economy F ive years ago, the Presidential Task Force on Parastatal Reforms submitted its report to President Uhuru Kenyatta. Its most notable proposal was scrapping or merging parastatals as part of austerity measures. That included the amalgamation of the Youth Enterprise Development Fund, Uwezo Fund, Women Enterprise Development Fund, and Micro and Small Enterprise Authority. Critics and analysts gave the report a thumbs-up, saying the recommendations would align state corporations to the Constitution as they contribute to national development goals while reducing over-dependence on the Exchequer. Despite the President’s immediate directive to implement the reforms, there has been little progress. For instance, it was not until May that regulations to guide the operationalisation of Biashara Kenya Fund were approved. Nonetheless, in a recent interview, the Public Service Cabinet Secretary, Prof Margaret Kobia, gave AJOWI LORNA JUMA The fund is a huge policy achievement that could help to curb the twin challenges of youth unemployment and poverty.” the clearest signal yet on the execution schedule, saying the fund would be actualised within six months. Over the years, taxpayers have asked the government to implement the recommendations to avoid duplication and overlaps in state agencies. The government’s focus on creating an enabling environment for youth, women and people with disabilities to do business by providing credit and capacity building is laudable. Access to credit has been difficult since the introduction of interest rate caps on bank loans in 2018. A number of beneﬁciaries have established businesses, joining the much-needed pool of micro, small- and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). High failure rate However, statistics paint a grim picture as most MSMES don’t live to celebrate their third birthday with a high failure rate among them. Most have a very low survival rate within the ﬁrst three years. This is not sustainable, especially for entrepreneurs who borrow to establish business entities. Biashara Kenya Fund gives us a perfect opportunity to invest in business development support for the start-ups to ensure their sustainability. With the amalgamation of these Send your opinion article to: [email protected] funds, the government can pool resources to adequately provide that support. The President allocated Sh2 billion annually to the fund to lend at a concessionary six per cent rate. With long-term business development support, businesses would access funding only when they commit to receiving these services. To upscale the training countrywide, Huduma Centres can provide a hub for the business development services. The fund is a huge policy achievement that could help to curb the twin challenges of youth unemployment and poverty. Additionally, it could facilitate the development of a database, research and reports on MSMEs’ performance. Considering the huge public debt, supporting the MSMEs would ensure they are sustainable and, therefore, raise their contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP), a sure win for youth and our country. Ms Juma is a co-founder of Six Degrees Consultancy. [email protected] Some of the MPs who opposed the fuel VAT protest. POOR SERVICE. Public Service CS Margaret Kobia, Moses Mwenda notes, was spot on in her criticism of the inefficiency in the civil service. Besides adopting online solutions and establishing Huduma Centres to ease delivery of public services, the steering committee appointed to look into the various challenges should “recommend more stringent measures and implement a system to monitor and ensure efficiency”. Kenyans, Moses laments, “are just known for good paperwork on proposals that are simply never implemented”. His contact is [email protected] REVERSE GEAR. Agreeing with Taabu Tele that lowering the minimum entry grade to teacher training colleges is like engaging the reverse gear, Irene Njenga says she is also baffled that the Teachers Service Commission is turning away jobseekers with higher qualiﬁcations. Holders of postgraduate diplomas in education have applied to teach in secondary schools but rejected. Is this a way of restricting teaching to Bachelor of Education graduates? I thought the more qualiﬁed the better!” Her contact is [email protected] Have the best day, won't you! E-mail: [email protected] or write to: Watchman, POB 49010, Nairobi 00100. Fax 2213946 16 | Letters Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION To the editor Let ministry assure us of integrity of exams As the examination season nears, there is fear that all might not be well in the preparations. Rumours are rife of parents being conned to pay for leaked test papers and school’s principals being alerted to get ready with some amount for “assistance” during exams. The Education Cabinet Secretary and Knec officials should issue a stern warning on those planning to facilitate or engage in exam cheating. PAUL KIPROTICH RONO, Bomet. Speaker did well to stop MPs’ volleyball junket national Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi's decision to deny MPs permission to go to Japan for the Women’s World Championship was just. It is an extreme shame that the legislators wish to have the taxpayer to fund for the trip, especially when Kenyans are shouldering heavy taxation and increased debt. That would have been a total misuse of public money. The leaders aren’t after the interests of the common wananchi. CHRISTINE WAIRIMU, Mombasa. Train workforce for direct ﬂights to USA Kenya is set to have direct ﬂights to and from the US after intense lobbying and tightening of security at the JKIA. The tourism sector will the major beneﬁciary of this move. Industry players have classiﬁed the American tourists as high spenders. This makes them the most soughtafter travellers. Local players should invest in quality training to tap into the lucrative market. The ﬂights present a perfect chance to impress US tourists. BENARD AMAYA, Nairobi. Deal with unwholesome clauses in Constitution President Uhuru Kenyatta has been telling us that there is no point of changing the Constitution. Yet when his predecessor President Mwai Kibaki asked us to vote ‘Yes’ despite 20 per cent of the clauses not being good, and which he said would be removed, we voted as he and Mr Raila Odinga asked us to. That was in 2010. Eight years later, the unwholesome bit still sits in the Constitution. When will it be extirpated? GITHUKU MUNGAI, Nairobi. The Editor welcomes brief letters on topical issues. Write on e-mail to: [email protected] You can also mail to : The Editor, Daily Nation, P.O. Box 49010, Nairobi 00100 Ogiek are not evicting anyone from Mau, they are also victims T he story, Many factors to blame for violence, conﬂict in Mau region (DN, September 19), made several misrepresentations of fact and glaring omissions, creating the false impression that the Ogiek are the aggressors in the recent violence in Mau Forest. The article only presents one side of the story. We agree that there are many factors contributing to violence in the Mau region. But the writer evidently spoke to many sources among non-Ogiek people and not to the Ogiek. The writer completely fails to mention that there is an ongoing legal eviction of irregular settlers from Mau Forest, carried out by government agencies and targeting anyone, regardless of ethnicity, who does not have a right to settle there. However, politicians have portrayed these legal evictions as ethnic discrimination. The article plays right into the hands of these politicians as it merely reiterates the ethnic rhetoric being propagated in the Mau region and makes no attempt to investigate the root of the crisis. The writer says, “It is said that the Ogiek were the original settlers in the eastern periphery of Mau Forest.” If he had done even basic research, he would know that the Ogiek are, indeed, the original inhabitants of not just the eastern periphery but of the Mau Forest as a whole. It is also misleading to claim that the Ogiek sold their land when it is well documented FILE | NATION A house that was razed in eastern Mau, Nakuru County, on September 13. that non-Ogiek were settled on degazetted land excised from Mau Forest and irregularly allocated by the then-government while the Ogiek were supposed to be the beneﬁciaries, rendering them landless. And if residents of Nessuit claim that they do not have title deeds, how is that the responsibility of the Ogiek? The claims that the Ogiek have formed armed gangs operating from the forest is hearsay. Some of the reported statements from residents are essentially incitement and hate speech. The article also conﬂates language and culture. Speaking the same language does not make all the speakers to have the same culture. The Ogiek are a distinct ethnic group with their own culture and customs. Attempts to subsume them within the Kalenjin are nothing new, and we have always opposed them. Also, we object in the strongest terms possible to the use of the term “Ndorobo” to describe the Ogiek. The outdated and derogatory label has been placed on the Ogiek by other peoples. The Ogiek refer to ourselves as “Ogiek” and we expect everyone else to do the same. The Daily Nation has a good record of covering issues in the Mau. A case in point is, Mau settlers given notice to vacate the water tower (DN, June 1), which comprehensively addressed the issues and noted that illegal settlers, including Ogiek, were to be evicted by the government. OGIEK COUNCIL OF ELDERS, Nakuru. Apartments must implement new security measures to curb crime Due to most murders occurring in apartments and hotels, Interior Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i ought to further increase safety and identiﬁcation measures there. Most criminals have shifted their activities to apartments, even murdering their victims during the day. A good example is when more than ﬁve young men booked a room and called their peer by phone. On entering the room, they killed him. The culprits were clearly identiﬁed on CCTV cameras and I hope they are in jail. Most apartment owners take their tenants’ security for granted. A poorly paid security guard only opens huge gates for vehicles and people, records the particulars of those entering and exiting, patrols the compound and even takes visitors to rooms. Since there are no washrooms nearby, the guard leaves the gate unattended to go to the toilet. Apartment owners must employ at the bare minimum three guards. All visitors must be registered with their national identity cards or passports as some visitors use fake names and turn out to be criminals. All vehicles entering apartments must roll down all windows. They must be searched and occupants escorted to their supposed hosts’ rooms. The tenant must escort them out to ensure they are alive. Any police officer must be free to identify all visitors. Lastly, all apartments must have good quality CCTV surveillance cameras at all times. ROBERT MUSAMALI, Nairobi. Do you believe ODM’s claim that Ruto is behind its rebel MPs? dent, so they blame Ruto. BENARD WARUI: No. They are just worried by Ruto’s invasion in opposition zones, especially Coast and Western. SUMUNI BEN: Certainly not. Raila threw ODM into a ditch EMAILS FROM CORRESPONDENTS DROPPED GUARD: Police officers, given the nature of their work, are supposed to be ever alert and mentally present. But I often see them on duty at banks and other sensitive security locations, casually ﬁdgeting or scrolling on their mobile phones or even deeply engaged in conversations, completely oblivious of their surroundings. The worst of it is seeing them eating mandazi and tea as they ‘guard’ the premises! What if they got drugged by robbers? ROBINSON NGANO, Nairobi. SKILLED LABOUR: The government should have a strategy for development. Borrowing money and hiring Chinese won’t cure our debt crisis. The State should start training youths on road and railway construction. Also, the society should not underrate trained, educated Kenyan workers as having our own skilled manpower will promote growth and better lives for us. Borrowing for recurrent expenditure will be disastrous for economic growth and development. FIDELIS WANGARI KIMANI, Kiambu. TEACHER TRAINING: The story on the TSC boss’s rejection of the proposal to allow D+ students to join teacher training colleges (DN, Sept. 28) refers. With 290,000 registered teachers not yet absorbed by the TSC, that would be a mockery to them as they were recruited to colleges with a minimum of C plain. Teaching will be deemed as a last resort and the career will be shunned. The government should instead integrate the training of ECDE with P1 teachers. OLIVER JUMBA HYUGA, Kakamega. SOUR GRAPES: President Cyril Ramaphosa took advantage of the UN General Assembly to outline his government’s policy on land reforms in South Africa amid opposition from former president Thabo Mbeki. The land reforms aim at fostering inclusiveness and transformation in an economy. Mbeki is attacking this policy and trying to bring in a racial angle yet he, Zuma and Motlanthe failed to address this issue since Apartheid ended in 1994 DAVID M. KIGO, Nairobi. WOMEN MURDERS: Following the increasing number of young women (mostly university students) dating older men in the name of 'sponsors' just to get the lavish lifestyle they see their friends leading, it’s high time somebody took the blame. These girls fall to peer pressure and end up breaking people's marriages. Parents need to impart good morals in their children. Take time to talk to and discipline your child and stop delegating your role to the society and social media. RACHEL BITTAH, Mombasa. DEBATE QUESTION YESTERDAY’S QUESTION MERCY CHEPNGETICH: No. Deputy President William Ruto has only been launching projects and getting supporters. Maybe ODM MPs fear that their party might die or are afraid to say Mr Raila Odinga was wrong to join the Presi- SHORT TAKES in broad daylight the moment he entered into an amorphous arrangement with Uhuru. FRANKLIN MUKEMBU: It is not easy to validate the claim because what we have in Jubilee is just but blame game and ﬁnger pointing. BELINDA ACHIENG: Ruto is an attention seeker. He just wants to be in the headlines. COWBOY OMBAIRE: Where there is smoke, there is ﬁre. MMASI EVANS: This is all political intrigues. The DP has a big reason to be worried! KAMAU JOHN: No. That is just propaganda to tarnish Mr Ruto’s name. That is politics. ANN GAKII: Yes. Politics is about amassing supporters. Do you believe DP Ruto’s claim that Raila plots to split Jubilee Party? Send your comments to: [email protected] 17 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 MOTOR VEHICLES FOR SALE We are inviting offers from interested parties for the purchase of motor vehicles as listed hereunder: REPUBLIC OF KENYA No. DESCRIPTION COUNTY GOVERNMENT OF MOMBASA INVITATION TO TENDER The County Government of Mombasa invites sealed tenders from =?3>+,6C;?+63F/.-98><+->9<=\?36.381'9<5=38-98=9<>3+ / Joint Venture with the prescribed subcontractors and design consulting team,the contractors MUST be able to demonstrate /B:/<3/8-/N >/-283-+6 +8. F8+8-3+6 -+:+,363>C to bid or the proposed development of MombasaCounty Stadium S/NO 1. Tender Number CGM/PRO/T/ 5/2018-2019 Description TENDER FOR PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF MOMBASA COUNTY STADIUM Eligibility OPEN Interested eligible candidates may obtain further information from and inspect the tender documents from the CountyGovernment of Mombasa website; www.mombasa.go.ke. A complete set of tender documents may be obtained FREE OF CHARGE from the website given above. Completed tender documents are to be enclosed in plain sealed envelopes marked with tender reference number and be deposited in the Tender Box at $2/ 9?8>C $</+=?<C I-/N P.O. Box 90290, Mombasa or be addressed to The County Secretary , P.O. Box 90290, Mombasa So as to be received on or before Monday 16th October 2018 at 10:00 am . Tender must submit tender security in the amount of Ksh. 5,000,000 (Five Million in the form of a Bank or Insurance ?+<+8>//3==?/.,CF<7=+::<[email protected]/.,C>2/ ?,63- <9-?</7/8> regulatory in the format provided Prices quoted should be net inclusive of all taxes and delivery must be in Kenya Shillings and shall remain valid for (120) days from the closing date of the tender. $/8./<=A366,/9:/8/.377/.3+>/6C>2/</+L/<38>2/:</=/8-/90 the Candidates or their representatives who choose to attend at 9?8>[email protected]/<87/8>9097,+=+$</+=?<CI-/M REG. NO. Y.O.M 1 Bell Telelogger KHMA 958L 2008 RESERVE PRICE (KES) 1,830,000.00 Flamingo Auction Centre - Nakuru STORAGE YARD YARD CONTACT 2 Faw CA3320 KCE 195K 2015 1,360,000.00 Legacy Connections - Nakuru 722740612 3 Faw P380 KBW 169H 2013 1,740,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 722519586 4 Faw Tipper CA3250 KBX 958E 2013 1,710,000.00 Muwasa Motors- Kisii 726669945 5 Ford Ranger Double/Cab KCP 193R 2016 6 Ford Ranger T6 KBZ 113X 2013 4,570,000.00 Carmax Karen 710,000.00 Bungoma Storage-Bungoma 777111044 720553774 7 Isuzu FRR KCG 320F 2015 2,895,000.00 Legacy Connections - Nakuru 8 Isuzu FRR KCJ 199A 2016 3,140,000.00 Leakeys Storage - Mombasa Road 708207055 722740612 708207055 9 Isuzu FVZ 23 KBQ 773J 2010 1,670,000.00 Leakeys Storage-Kitui Road 10 Isuzu FVZ 23S KBG 322E 2008 1,625,000.00 Central Farmers-Kitale 721244128 11 Isuzu FVZ Truck KBW 845J 2010 3,230,000.00 Integra Yard - Kitengela 722738962 725077948 12 Isuzu NKR Truck KCN 016G 2017 2,270,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 13 Isuzu NPR KCM 288A 2017 3,140,000.00 Joyland yard - Eldoret 722276287 14 Isuzu NPR KBY 100A 2013 1,410,000.00 Leakeys Storage-Kitui Road 708207055 15 Isuzu NPR KCJ 215A 2015 2,290,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 722519586 16 Isuzu NPR KCK 039C 2016 2,980,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 725077948 708207055 17 Isuzu NPR KCG 470W 2015 2,920,000.00 Leakeys Storage-Kitui Road 18 Isuzu NQR 33 Seater KCK 972L 2016 4,580,000.00 Thika motor Dealers-Ruaka 721726654 19 Isuzu TFR 86 Single Cab KCH 579Z 2016 1,460,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 722519586 7,890,000.00 Muwasa Motors- Kisii 726669945 20 JCB JS205LC Excavator KHMA 909J 2016 21 Kehar 3 Axle Trailer ZE 3041 2013 910,000.00 Matriz Moves- Mombasa 22 Man TGA P/Mover KBP 350F 2005 1,310,000.00 Matriz Moves- Mombasa 23 Mazda DBA S.Wagon KCE 326R 2008 719336185 719336185 550,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 725077948 685,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 725077948 24 Mazda Premacy KCL 652Y 2010 25 Mercedes Benz Actros KCQ 044A 2012 4,550,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 26 Mercedes Benz Axor 2540 KCC 870S 2009 2,590,000.00 Dan Park Yard-Mtwapa 722410316 27 Mercedes Benz Axor 2540 KCC 871S 2009 2,620,000.00 Dan Park Yard-Mtwapa 722410316 28 Mercedes B170 KCH 631V 2009 29 Mitsubishi FH 215 KCD 364C 2014 30 Nissan Wingroad KBY 038Y 2007 31 SDLG Wheel Loader LG956L KHMA 125J 2015 32 Skeleton Trailer ZF 5826 2016 33 Suzuki Omni Maruti KBZ 285B 2014 34 Tata LPK Tipper KBY 475V 2012 780,000.00 Carmax Karen 2,730,000.00 Joyland yard - Eldoret 510,000.00 Flamingo Auction Centre - Nakuru 3,600,000.00 Capitol Diamond-Ruiru 1,370,000.00 Leakeys Storage - Mombasa Road 260,000.00 Central Farmers-Kitale 1,210,000.00 Leakeys Storage-Kitui Road 722519586 777111044 722276287 721862680 721391678 708207055 721244128 708207055 35 Toyota Allion KCG 238Q 2009 860,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 36 Toyota Axio KCK 113B 2009 820,000.00 Legacy Connections - Nakuru 722740612 37 Toyota Axio KCG 167X 2009 760,000.00 Pambo Storage - kisumu 721544702 38 Toyota Corolla KCA 455L 2014 1,295,000.00 Leakeys storage - Lunga Lunga road 39 Toyota Fielder KCN 834N 2010 1,050,000.00 Bamburi Storage Yard - Mombasa 701092182 40 Toyota Fielder KCN 014J 2010 910,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 725077948 725077948 725077948 708207055 41 Toyota Harrier KCE 680Z 2008 1,390,000.00 Purple Royal Yard-Kiambu Road 42 Toyota Harrier KCC 563W 2008 1,340,000.00 Flamingo Auction Centre - Nakuru 721862680 43 Toyota Hillux KCJ 054K 2010 2,160,000.00 Leakeys storage - Lunga Lunga road 708207055 44 Toyota Hilux Single Cab KBQ 329U 2011 720,000.00 Leakeys storage - Lunga Lunga road 708207055 45 Toyota Landcruiser KCH 262Y 2009 3,150,000.00 Carmax Karen 46 Toyota Noah KCL 285V 2010 1,190,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 47 Toyota Passo Settee KCK 523J 2009 410,000.00 Matriz Moves- Mombasa 48 Toyota Ractis KCK 819X 2010 610,000.00 Leakeys Storage-Kitui Road 777111044 722519586 719336185 708207055 49 Toyota voxy KCK 532K 2009 940,000.00 Nyaluoyo Storage Yard-Kisumu 722329463 50 Toyota Wish KCK 534K 2009 840,000.00 Leakeys storage - Lunga Lunga road 708207055 51 Volkswagen Touareg KAZ 685V 2007 1,685,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 722519586 52 Volkswagen Touran KCH 951D 2009 670,000.00 Auckland Yard-Ruaka 722519586 53 XGMA Wheel Loader KHMA 178J 2015 4,880,000.00 Integra Yard - Kitengela 722738962 Vehicles are sold on “AS IS WHERE IS” basis. Bids with full contacts details should be submitted through email on: [email protected] or placed in a sealed envelope marked “ Tender for Motor Vehicle” addressed to;Recovered Assets Sale Committee, P.O Box 44599-00100, Nairobi. To reach the Committee not later than 09th October 2018 For further details, contact us on Tel : 0711041111; 0711 041497; 0702005627; 0711041463; 0718686069 County Secretary COUNTY GOVERNMENT OF MOMBASA 721862680 You can also check out for more vehicles on sale from our website address below: http://www.nic-bank.com/ke/borrow-from-us/asset-finance/vehicles-on-auction/ Finance can be arranged subject to credit appraisal. 18 | Opinion Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION GENDER SYSTEMS Support women to deliver in leadership Best way to end graft is to prevent it T he wheels of change in the women’s empowerment movement turn rather slowly. In Kenya, 55 years after Independence, there are fewer women than men in leadership despite nearparity in population and education. Elective and appointed positions in most sectors are male-dominated. And this is not from want of women leaders trying. Pioneer women’s leader Phoebe Asiyo chronicles in her recently launched memoirs, It’s Possible, how ambitious women leaders approached President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta with a proposal for a 50-50 gender leadership appointment at independence. But until the 1980s, no woman had occupied a Cabinet position. Things are much better now and Kenya boasts six female Cabinet Secretaries. Sadly, history is fraught with cases of women who rose to senior positions but suffered harassment and intimidation in an effort to wrest power from them. Recently, Nairobi County Assembly Speaker Beatrice Elachi suffered an impeachment scare, seemingly for her reluctance to authorise foreign trips for her tormentors. Only the courts saved her. Egerton University Council sent Vice-Chancellor Rose Awuor Mwonya on compulsory leave for allegations of “skewed” awards of scholarships and authorisation of projects. Prof Mwonya’s removal was executed before investigations by Inspector-General of State Corporations, as required. This is a familiar script. Would these women leaders have been treated the same way had they been men? Why should Kenyan women face such an arduous time in leadership positions, suffer social ignominy and be easy targets for removal? MARGARET KOBIA Women must be protected from undue social and cultural biases and prejudices and be judged on their ability to deliver.” Equated to children The reason is our socially and culturally validated attitude towards female leaders: It is male hegemony. Our cultures have idealised the man as the natural leader and the woman as the natural subservient follower. In some cultures, women are equated to children and treated in the same manner as those they bore. Sadly, this notion has been so culturally dominant that some women leaders are blind to the paradox of their participation in it. That is a card that many male leaders play in patriarchal societies to intimidate and depict women leaders as weak. In the United States, 2016 Republican presidential candidate and eventual winner Donald Trump repeatedly described his female rival, Hillary Clinton, as a weakling who could not handle the threat of terrorism and other challenges, despite her impeccable record as the Secretary of State. In her memoir on the campaign, What Happened, Ms Clinton describes how the male candidate stalked her on stage to intimidate and pressure her to blow up so as to prove her incapable of taking political pressure. Women leaders in Kenya have faced such and worse gendered abuse with physical violence the choice tactic to scare them away. Male hegemony is pervasive, even with a fullﬂedged United Nations programme, UN Women, to advance women’s rights. There is also a host of global and continental conventions to ensure fair and equal treatment of women. Our Constitution provides for women’s protection through the Bill of Rights. The National Gender and Equality Act 2011 and the National Gender and Equality Commission (NGEC) have done a lot to enhance women’s rights. Only in the Judiciary do we have near-parity in gender job distribution — at 47 per cent, going by the 2016 NGEC survey. UN Women’s ‘World Survey on the Role of Women in Development (WSRWiD 2014)’, calls for embracing women’s equal participation as leaders and decision makers in society. The endeavour by conscientious leaders in Kenya to actualise the onethird gender rule in public appointments will go a long way in giving women the opportunity to serve and prove their worth. The transformative community projects that many Woman Representatives have established with the limited funds from the National Government Affirmative Action Fund (NGAAF) have demonstrated their abilities. Just last month, President Uhuru Kenyatta feted 29 women leaders with State honours for their exemplary service to the country. Women must be protected from undue social and cultural biases and prejudices and be judged on their ability to deliver. Due process must be followed in the evaluation of their performances. Gender must not be an overriding criterion. Prof Kobia is the Cabinet Secretary, Public Service, Youth and Gender Affairs. [email protected] go.ke The is a need to prioritise deterrence to punishment in order to permanently win the ongoing war against corruption. Every day, the people are talking about it. Thy are demanding more openness, more accountability and more and faster convictions for perpetrators of graft. Going by that very basic medical axiom that prevention is better than cure, perhaps the reason our anti-corruption war records rather limited success is that we favour punishment over deterrence. There is a need to simplify the nation’s bureaucracy and administrative procedures because it is in the complexity and red tape that the corrupt proﬁt. We must build systems that make it a lot more difficult to carry out corrupt acts or ﬁnd a safe haven for proceeds of graft within and without our borders. We must strengthen accountability, signiﬁcantly limit discretion in public spending and promote greater openness. It is imperative for governments to demonstrate that they are not in office for the pursuit of private gain, but to make the people happier by helping them to meet their legitimate aspirations and achieve a higher quality of life. Kenyans have not accepted corruption as normal; we recognise it as a problem and are determined to make a break with our past and live by different rules. Providing more opportunities for Kenyans will help in winning the crusade. KARL MARX ODHIAMBO, governance expert. MODERN MEDICAL & LABORATORY EQUIPMENT Choosing medical and laboratory equipment that is best suited to your organizational goals and budget may be quite challenging. Affordability and quality of these equipment can also be compromised if proper sourcing is not taken into account. The Daily Nation will publish an in depth and informative feature on this topic on both print and online editions. To advertise as a Supplier of Medical and Laboratory equipment Contact Judy: [email protected] or call 0722-375484 Winnie: [email protected] or call 0713-351695 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 County | 19 COUNTY NEWS ASSEMBLY UNDER FIRE FOR CHAOS > Nyandarua County Assembly Speaker taken to task over chaos in the House. PAGE 20 For comprehensive stories, go to nation.co.ke/counties GOVERNOR EYES MORE REVENUE > Laikipia County automates revenue collection to reduce workforce and lower costs. PAGE 22 Kirinyaga > Government in pilot programme to improve production Agriculture Chief Administrative Secretary Andrew Tuimur (right) gives awards to officials of the best performing coffee co-operatives in the country during International Coffee Day celebrations at Kianyaga stadium in Kirinyaga yesterday. The government has launched a campaign to encourage farmers to go back to coffee farming in a move aimed at increasing coffee production in the country. BRIEFLY Embu> Convene meeting to halt imminent fallout, MCAs tell Wambora JOSEPH KANYI | NATION Woman awarded for top coffee yields amid free fertiliser plan Poor earnings, greedy cartels at Nairobi auction have painted venture as low earning BY GRACE GITAU @MumbiGitau [email protected] W hen Ms Florence Karambu revealed that she earned Sh1.7 million from selling coffee beans, very few people believed her. No wonder she has won Best Woman in Agriculture consistently. And as the world celebrated International Coffee Day in Kirinyaga yesterday, Ms Karambu was yesterday recognised as the Woman Producer of the year in celebrations marked at General Kassum Stadium. The theme of this year’s celebration was ‘Women in Coffee’ which is aimed at recognising women's contribution along the entire value chain. “Women put in a lot of work in ensuring that at the end of the season, the coffee bushes have produced the cherries but their effort is never recognised. We are happy that our work is being appreciated today,” she said. Farmers like her in Nyeri, Kirinyaga and Meru counties received news that they would get free fertiliser from the government under a pilot programme aimed at increasing production of the crop. Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Mwangi Kiunjuri said the pilot programme is being carried out in conjunction with the three county governments. “We are encouraging coffee farmers and we are carrying Cash crop STATISTICS Production has from the all-time high of 128,862 metric tonnes of coffee in 1988 to 38,620 metric tonnes recorded in the 2017. The size of land under coffee farming has also reduced from 160,000Ha to 114, 500Ha recorded in 2016/17 coffee year. out trials in the three counties where we want to give 100 per cent subsidised fertiliser to farmers so that we can be able to increase production,” said Mr Kiunjuri. The constant outcry by coffee farmers over poor earnings, unscrupulous middlemen and greedy cartels at the Nairobi Coffee Auction has painted coffee farming as a low return venture. Some farmers have uprooted coffee bushes and ventured in other lucrative crops. But according to Ms Karambu, farming the black gold has been rewarding and even earned her the coveted Best Woman in Agriculture award four years ago. The award gave her the rare opportunity to meet with President Kenyatta in State House earning her public admiration from her constituents and other coffee farmers countrywide. The farmer has gradually increased the number of coffee bushes from 700 to 1,000 mature trees and 500 seedlings which yield at least 25,000kg of cherries. She has also improved the production from 2kg per coffee bush to 25kg which has resulted in better pay. Murang’a> Arrest warrant against Gakuyo extended BY NDUNGU GACHANE A warrant of arrest issued against Gakuyo Real Estate Director Bishop David Ngari has been extended after he failed to appear at Kigumo law courts to take plea over charges relating to the residential houses his company has constructed at Kabati. The director is facing three counts of constructing residential houses without an approved plan from Murang’a County Government, subdividing a private land without following the requirements of the county physical development plan and developing commercial houses without applying for certiﬁcate of compliance from the director of physical planning. The case was ﬁled at Kigumo laws courts on August 13. He was summoned to appear before the court on August 27, but he did not show up, prompting the magistrate to issue a warrant of arrest. Kigumo Resident Magistrate Ogonda Agnetta yesterday extended the warrant after Mr Ngari, also known as Gakuyo, failed to show up. The resident magistrate ruled that the matter will be mentioned on November 6. The controversial bishop and televangelist-turned- politician has been on the spotlight after his outﬁt, Ekeza Sacco, was shut following members' complaints. Embu County Assembly members have demanded an urgent meeting with Governor Martin Wambora to address imminent fallout between the legislature and the executive that led them to skipping Saturday’s peace meeting. Led by Majority Leader Michael Njeru and Minority Leader Lenny Masters Mwaniki, the MCAs said there was a strained relationship that needed urgent attention. They demanded that the governor involves them in the planning of future meetings to ensure inclusivity. Some 22 out of the 33 MCAs boycotted the forum that had hoped to reconcile Mr Wambora and former Senator Lenny Kivuti, who also skipped the meeting. He has contested Mr Wambora’s win at the Supreme Court. — Charles Wanyoro Tharaka-Nithi> Two charged with impersonating Nema officials, demanding bribes Two people from Kiambu County have been charged in a Chuka court for impersonating National Environment Management Authority (Nema) officers and asking for bribes from traders found with plastic bags. The court in Tharaka-Nithi County heard that Mr Joseph Kiarie and Mr John Njenga were reported by the public on September 28 after they asked for a bribe from a business person at Kaanwa market in Chuka Sub-County. The two were also charged with forgery of Nema staff identity cards. The court was also told that the two were in the company of two others who ﬂed. The accused denied the charges and were released on a bond of Sh200,000. The case will be mentioned on October 15 and heard on November 12. — Alex Njeru Meru> Hospital CEO calls for more focus on non-communicable diseases Karen Hospital chief executive Betty Gikonyo has called for policies and action plans to ﬁght noncommunicable diseases in the country. Speaking in Meru during a heart diseases medical camp at St Theresa’s Mission Hospital-Kiirua over the weekend, Dr Gikonyo said while the diseases can be prevented, they remain one of the leading causes of death in the world. The medical camp coincided with the World Heart Day on Saturday. She praised the National Health Insurance Fund, saying it has enabled Karen Hospital to carry out more than 150 heart surgeries this year. “Statistics indicate that seven to 10 children are born with heart diseases and a majority of these die before they are ﬁve years old,” she said. — David Muchui County | 21 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 COUNTY > ROUND-UP COAST Tana River>> County to spend over Sh50m to repair roads damaged by May rains BY STEPHEN ODUOR T he county government of Tana River will spend more than Sh50 million to rehabilitate roads that were damaged by the heavy rains in May. In an interview with the Nation, county Roads executive Stephen Wachira said they were planning to repair roads in Tana Delta villages that were affected by the ﬂoods namely Gamba, Hewani, Wema, Kulesa, Sailoni, Kinyadu, Mkomani, Salama, Mnazini and Kitere. Mr Wachira said the works scheduled using the Road Maintenance Fuel Levy funds 2018/19, will be on course starting next month and the county government had already advertised for contractors. He said the roads will also serve as an alternative to the upper Kenya Rural Roads Authority (Kerra) road from Gamba to Masalani which was destroyed by ﬂoods in May. Mr Wachira added that the road will serve as the ideal detour for investment because it is far from the Tarda canals which always burst during ﬂoods. "Commuters will no longer have to worry about the long distance travel 200km Travel distance from Hola to Nairobi expected to be slashed by new road under construction. as this road is also going to serve as a short cut, and also as an ideal detour for investment," he said. Further, the executive said the county in partnership with Kenha (Kenya Na- tional Higways Authority) had started the construction of Hola main road through Wayu, Kitui, Machakos and ﬁnally Nairobi. The road is expected to cut the travel distance by 220km with the county sourcing labour from communities living along the road. He said Kenha had already done more than 300km to reach Waldena from the Kitui side, while the county had started from the Hola side to Wayu and Wayu Boro through to Wayu Duka. He said the road is gazetted as a Kerra road but the county government and Kenha had taken up its construction as this will open up the region horizontally, cross cutting through a number of villages. However, Mr Wachira said plans to finance the development will face a challenge in their budget following the 8% VAT bill that saw Treasury slice the county's equitable share. "Budgets were slashed from National Government affecting Both Government and County Roads. So the numbers we had to ﬁnance this have changed.” MOUNTAIN Nyeri> Two officials picked to oversee Good Life Sacco Embu> Mentally ill patient ‘kills self’ inside hospital The government has revoked the licence of Good Life Sacco Society Ltd. Ms Mary Mungai, the Commissioner for Co-operative Development, cancelled the registration of the sacco through a Gazette notice published Friday and appointed Mr Johnson Njoroge and Gerald Mwai to take charge of its liquation within a year. —Joseph Wangui A mentally ill patient reportedly committed suicide using a bedsheet inside Embu Level Five Hospital’s psychiatric ward. The body of Mr Martin Njeru, 24, was yesterday found dangling from the window grills by a nurse. Embu West DCIO George Etyang said the patient had been taken to the facility on Wednesday. He said crime officers visited the scene. —Charles Wanyoro Nyeri> Court services disrupted as magistrates absent Nyeri> Two traders in officer's murder case acquitted Operations at Karatina law courts have been disrupted as the two magistrates are away. Senior Principal Magistrate Florence Macharia's is said to be unwell while Principal Magistrate Elvis Michieka is on a weeklong seminar. The court’s executive officer said all cases will be referred to Mukurweini law courts, about 30 kilometres away. — Stephen The High Court in Nyeri has acquitted two chang’aa traders charged with murder of a police officer for lack of sufficient evidence. Moses Karani and Douglas Kuria were set free by Justice Teresiah Matheka after battling the charges for more than six years while in remand. " Investigations did not gather enough evidence," said the judge. — Joseph RIFT VALLEY GEORGE SAYAGIE I NATION Governor calls for peace, unity in clash zones Narok > Governor Samuel Tunai speaks at Olmekenyu area on Saturday evening, during which he expressed concern over the clashes between the Maasai and Kipsigis in Narok. Mr Tunai said the conﬂict, triggered by cattle thefts and Mau forest evictions poses a threat to peace and security in region and called for tolerance. He urged church leaders to preach peace and reconciliation in the affected areas. NYANZA Baringo> Uasin Gishu> Kisumu> Homa Bay> Kisumu>> Over 1,000 IDPs to be taken back their homes Guard burnt to death after pub catches ﬁre Youth told to stop being used to cause violence ICT centres to help youth get jobs in new Cancer awareness walk to encourage screening More than 1,000 people who had been displaced from their homes by rampant banditry attacks in the volatile Mukutani, Baringo South, last year are set to be taken back home today. This came amid calls by leaders asking government to assure them of their security intensiﬁes. The IDPs were displaced following clashes between the Ilchamus and Pokots, which led to the killing of more than 11 people, most of them children and women. Residents ﬂed the area for fear of more attacks. — Florah Koech A watchman was burnt to death in a pub ﬁre at Chembulet shopping centre on the Eldoret — Iten Road in Moiben Sub-county. The guard who was burnt beyond recognition was said to have been sleeping in one of the rooms during the midnight inferno. Neighbours said the ﬁre started after the bar was closed and attempts to save the guard failed as the door was locked. Eldoret East OCPD Richard Omanga said that the cause of ﬁre had not yet been established. — Titus Ominde Human right activists have urged youth in Kisumu to avoid being used as instruments of violence by politicians. Speaking during a peace and leadership forum at University of Nairobi's Kisumu campus, activist Boniface Mwangi said that many youth pay dearly during political unrest in the country. “We are telling the youth to stop being used by politicians for their own end. They are the ones who get killed, get shot, and go to jail whenever such violence breaks out,” said Mr Mwangi. — Elizabeth Ojina Youth in Kasipul constituency, Homa Bay County, are set to access jobs through ICT centre services. This was revealed during the launch of the constituency's 2018-2023 Strategic Plan yesterday. The plan is aimed at ensuring the implementation of development projects in all ﬁve wards in Kasipul. All wards will have an ICT centre. Speaking during the launch, Kasipul MP Ong’ondo Were said: “ICT services are the genesis of economic development for our youth.” — Nation Correspondent A month-long cancer awareness walk was launched in Kisumu yesterday, with the aim of encouraging Kenyans to go for early screening. Dubbed "Mulika Saratani National Cancer Awareness Walk," a group of about 50 men and women will criss-cross 17 counties, in a move which also aims at encouraging both the national and county governments to set aside more funds to ﬁght the killer disease. Africa Cancer Foundation MD, Ms Dorothy Nyong’o, ﬂagged off the walk. — Victor Otieno 22 | County Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION West Pokot > Laikipia> Measure one of those put in place by Governor Ndiritu since he took office Job cuts loom as county focuses on savings with digital revenue system This move would see workforce reduced from the current 1,800 to about 1,400 BY STEVE NJUGUNA [email protected] AND MWANGI NDIRANGU [email protected] L aikipia County has embarked on automation of revenue collection processes, with a view to reducing its workforce and cutting back on expenditure. The move could see the number of workers reduced from the current 1,800 to about 1,400. According to Governor Ndiritu Muriithi, the move is intended to reduce the wage bill and streamline the county’s workforce. “We are also moving a step further and from October, traders will now be able renew their business permits online through a mobile phone application. “Such a system will also be in use for the over 1,800 public servants who will now apply for leave, travel or allowances online,” he said. According to the county boss, his administration was reaping KWS taken to task over stray animals Additional info COUNTY REVENUE FIGURES Laikipia was among six counties penalised by the National Treasury for failing to meet revenue collection targets for the year 2016/2017. Its allocation for the year 2018/2019 was, consequently, reduced by Sh386 million. A similar fate befell Kirinyaga, Trans Nzoia, Narok, Tharaka Nithi and Kiambu counties. But in 2017/2018, the county has collected Sh609million compared to over Sh400 million raised the previous year. the fruits of automated revenue collection, with monthly collection in the form of taxes increasing to Sh65 million, a 32 per cent rise. But since taking over from his predecessor, Mr Joshua Irungu, a year ago, Mr Muriithi has initiated reforms in his administration targeting services to the public and streamlining revenue collection as well as tendering and procurement procedures. KWS Acting Director-General Charles Musyoki. BY OSCAR KAKAI Upon assuming office, he was confronted with pending bills totalling over Sh1 billion but maintained he would only clear them after an audit to establish genuine ones. Of the Sh1 billion claimed by various contractors, the ongoing audit has established claims worth Sh460 million as genuine and so far, a total of Sh260 million has been paid out. His latest initiative is to digitise all administrative systems, with the aim of interconnecting all departments online to reduce pa- perwork and streamline day-to-day operations. “This computer-backed system gives me updates in real time. “For instance, with a click of a button I can tell you how much has been collected in the form of cess at this particular minute and by who,” the governor said at a press conference. He said this system of cashless transactions has sealed loopholes that corrupt employees used to exploit and deny the devolved unit the much needed revenue. Laikipia Governor Ndiritu Muriithi (second right), inspects the Nanyuki Old market last week. The county is digitising its services to cut the workforce and reduce costs. JOSEPH KANYI I NATION Leaders in West Pokot County have called on the Kenya Wildlife service (KWS) to stop animals from wandering into residential areas to avert conﬂict with people. The leaders said many areas are affected by human-wildlife conﬂict and accused KWS officers of laxity, saying they hardly ever respond in time when residents are in trouble and many times fail to show up. “We want to the Kenya Wildlife Service to take action and look for the animals because residents will start killing them,” said West Pokot County Assembly Majority Leader Thomas Ng’olesya. Speaking in Sekeer ward, Mr Ng’olesya said elephants roaming in the area have killed many people, animals and destroyed crops. “There is laxity among rangers in containing the animals and the animals are endangering residents’ lives,” he said. Laikipia > Kwale > Calls to review land report Over 600 pupils brave harsh conditions to learn in dilapidated schools BY STEVE NJUGUNA Residents of Laikipia County want the government to review the Ndung’u task force report to resolve land conﬂicts in the region. They said the move will resolve major land tussles and enable residents whose parcels of land have been adversely mentioned in the report to develop them or access ﬁnancial aid. Former Nyahururu deputy mayor Fredrick Thairu faulted the government for failing to act on the report since the Ndung’u Commission completed its mandate and forwarded recommendations 15 years ago. “It is wrong for the government to form commissions and sit on the reports without acting on them for more than 10 years,” he said. Mr Thairu alleged that the report had many faults, citing Ol’arabel, Nyahururu, Marmanet and Lariak settlement schemes that were adversely mentioned. He questioned why the commission mentioned land in the schemes that neighbours Marmanet Forest instead of the ones that have encroached on forest land. The report recommended among other things to revoke illegally acquired titles, regularise land allocation and lands in question be investigated further. BY FADHILI FREDRICK XXXXX Raising cancer awareness Kisumu> From left: County CEC Health Rosemary Obara, Mulika Saratani Foundation founder Florence Kitsao and Africa Cancer Foundation MD Dorothy Nyong’o participate in the Mulika Saratani Cancer Awareness Walk from the county headquarters in Kisumu yesterday. Two public primary schools in Kinango, Kwale County, have been left with the burden of increased pupil enrolment and strained resources, which has in turn affected the quality of education. Mbandi and Mwangani Primary Schools are grappling with lack of adequate infrastructure and shortage of permanent classrooms. A recent visit to the school by the Nation revealed the schools are in pathetic condition. Some of the pupils sit on the ﬂoor and place books on their laps when they are writing because they have no desks. The situation at Mbandi Primary School is worse. With more than 400 pupils, the school has only two permanent classrooms and some mud-walled ones. The dilapidated infrastructure has made it difficult for the pupils to concentrate in class as Kwale Deputy Governor Fatuma Achani their attention is easily disrupted by the happenings outside. The head teacher Mr Kyengo Musili said his school is in dire need of infrastructure improvement to enable pupils to learn in a good environment. “Our pupils learn in mud-walled classrooms and they do not have enough desks," he said, adding that the school is congested and also needs more classrooms. Last week, Kwale Deputy Governor Fatuma Achani led the ground breaking ceremony at the school for the construction of two classrooms sponsored by Children of Africa. Mr Musili thanked well-wishers and NGOs who have partnered with the school to ensure learning conditions are improved. The state of Mwangani Primary School is also wanting. The head teacher, Mr Albert Kussa, said the school has only three permanent classrooms while the rest are mud-walled and usually suffer damage when it rains. He said although the construction of two classrooms through the CDF is ongoing, more are needed. "We have only three permanent classes since its inception in 2011," he said of the school that has a total of 239 pupils. Mr Kussa urged the government to ensure enough resources are allocated to build better DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 World News | 23 WORLD GBAGBO SEEKS FREEDOM AT ICC Former Cote d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo asks the International Criminal Court to acquit him of crimes against humanity and free him after seven years in detention. PAGE 24 Pick > Party is expected to endorse president this weekend as opposition also decides Buhari promises ‘credible polls’ as Nigeria marks independence day President says social media being misused to provoke passions BY MOHAMMED MOMOH NATION Correspondent and Agencies ABUJA, Monday P resident Muhammadu Buhari today expressed commitment to a credible General Election in Nigeria next year. Addressing the nation in a live broadcast from Abuja, to mark Nigeria's 58th independence anniversary, he said the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), would be "exactly independent" and properly staffed and resourced. “I have committed myself many times to ensure that elections are fully participatory, free and fair and that the Independent National Electoral Commission will be exactly independent and properly staffed and resourced,“ said President Buhari. He frowned at the way the social media was being misused to provoke passions, describing it as an abuse of the new technologies. “As with other countries, we learn how to manage those tendencies that, instead, look to abuse new technologies to provoke passions and stir tensions," he said. “Never before have we faced such a challenge. We must all rise to the Background OUT TO ERASE ‘LAZY’ REMARK In what could be seen as an attempt to mend fences after describing young Nigerians as “lazy” earlier this year, President Buhari said young people “play a central role” in the country from technology to the arts. More than half of Nigeria’s over 180 million people are under 24. February’s elections will be the ﬁrst involving young people who have never lived under military rule. responsibility of shutting out those disruptive and corrosive forces that hide in today’s world of social media. We need critical minds and independent thinking, to question and question until we are satisﬁed we have the facts." President Buhari also pledged that his administration would continue addressing “the challenges of our times’’, including conﬂicts, terrorism, trans-border crime and climate change. On Nigerian youths, the president noted that they had been at the vanguard of the struggle for independence, saying that they fought in the war to keep the country united. He added that the youth were the ones who kept alive the struggle for democracy and human rights at times when they were at a risk, especially following the June 12, 1993 election and the historic 2015 poll. President Buhari said Nigeria would continue to remain a responsible and respected member of the international community. He maintained that Nigeria would continue to play “active positive roles within ECOWAS, the African Union and the United Nations as well as all other regional and international organisations and institutions of which we are members’’. However, the president vowed that the perpetrators of murder and general mayhem in the name of defending or protecting herders or farmers would face the full wrath of the law. “We will sustain and continue to support the commendable efforts by all including civil society organisations, local and state governments and our traditional and religious leaders in ﬁnding durable solution to this problem. “This being a ‘transhumance’ issue, we are working with countries in our region that are also facing similar difficulties to complement our common efforts. “In this context, I must warn that the perpetrators of murder and general mayhem in the name A 48-hour curfew imposed on the English-speaking regions of Cameroon entered second day today, as separatists marked the ﬁrst anniversary of a symbolic declaration of the independence of the Republic of Ambazonia. Authorities announced a temporary curb on travel and public meetings across the Northwest on Sunday, adding to a dusk-to-dawn curfew that has been effective in the region. “Movement of people within the Northwest is hereby prohibited for a period of 48 hours from Sunday, September 30 until Monday, October 1,” Northwest governor, Adolphe Lele Lafrique said in a statement. “During this period, public gatherings and assembly of more than four persons shall be strictly forbidden … any person or persons who violate this order shall be prosecuted in conformity with the laws and regulations in force,” the governor’s statement stated. ACCRA Akufo-Addo home after near accident Ghanaian President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo returned home Sunday after a near-fatal air accident in Washington D.C., United States late Saturday, local media has reported. Minister of Information designate Kojo Oppong Nkrumah who addressed the media soon after the president's arrival, conﬁrmed that one of the engines of Ghana's presidential jet carrying the president and his entourage who had attended the UN General Assembly went off about 20 minutes after takeoff in Washington D.C., reports indicated. (Xinhua) HARARE Zimbabwe joins ﬁght against card cloning The Bankers Association of Zimbabwe (BAZ) on Monday said it has joined hands with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe to protect the banking public from rampant card-cloning. More than 150 cases of cardcloning were reported between January and June this year, with the police warning businesses and private individuals to be wary when conducting point of sale transactions. Card-cloning involves the production of counterfeit cards by criminals after fraudulently acquiring debit or credit card information contained in the magnetic strip of cards. (Xinhua) KAMPALA PHOTO/AFP A Nigerian Air Force officer is being consoled by his colleague during the burial of two colleagues killed in a ﬁghter jet crash in Abuja in a rehearsal for the nation’s independence day anniversary, marked yesterday. of defending or protecting herders or farmers will face the full wrath of the law,’’ he said. The 75-year-old former military ruler is currently the only candidate in the running to secure the presidential ticket of his ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) party. The APC national convention is expected to endorse him this weekend at the same time as the main opposition Peoples Democratic Party picks its challenger. But with candidates and parties jockeying for position at party primaries, the head of state’s message takes on added signiﬁcance. Mr Buhari came to power in 2015 on a pledge to defeat Boko Haram insurgents, take tougher action on corruption and improve the economy. Lockdown order on Cameroon’s anglophone region BY NDI EUGENE NDI NATION Correspondent YAOUNDÉ, Monday BRIEFLY Similar measures have been taken by the administration of the Southwest, the other troubled region. Not even church services were allowed on Sunday. Observers say the measures were intended to frustrate any attempts to commemorate the first anniversary of the ‘independence’ of the Republic of Ambazonia. Anglophone separatist groups declared the independence of the Republic of Ambazonia on October 1, 2017 when protesters gathered across the two English-speaking regions to mark the symbolic declaration of the self-styled state and were confronted by police ﬁring tear gas canisters and live ammunition. Formerly administered as part of Nigeria as a UN trust territory under British control, Southern Cameroon was incorporated into francophone Cameroon in 1961. At the beginning of the crisis in 2016, most English speaking activists demanded a return to the federal system of government. Museveni claims major terror cell destroyed Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni on Monday said security agencies have busted a suspected terror cell in the capital Kampala, killing one suspect. In a statement on his Twitter handle, Mr Museveni said Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence squads arrested a number of suspects on Friday night. He said one of the suspects, Kateregga Abdu, was shot and later died of his injuries in the operation. (Xinhua) KINSHASA Kabila torches ivory stockpile, frees parrots Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila on Sunday set light to an ivory stockpile to highlight the problem of poaching in the central African country. The president also released ﬁve grey parrots and set light to a stockpile of pangolin scales in a ceremony at the Nsele Nature Park on the outskirts of Kinshasa. "We wanted to discourage criminals," said Cosma Wilungula, director of the Institute for Nature. (AFP) 24 | International News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Innocent > He simply defended his country, says one Ivorian from Paris Namibia to expropriate land with payment Gbagbo demands freedom as he launches appeal at Hague court WINDHOEK, Monday Namibian President Hage Geingob today called for the expropriation of land with just compensation, admitting that the willing-buyer willing-seller concept adopted since independence in 1990 is failing to achieve the required results. "The willing buyer willing seller concept has failed to attain the required results, with those with the land inﬂating the prices, making it difficult for Government to acquire land because of exorbitant prices," Mr Geingob said. "We need to move toward an era where we acquire land with just compensation." Namibia has been following a willing-buyer willing-seller corrective model that encourages the largely white commercial farmers who hold about 70 per cent of the country's land to sell to the government for redistribution among the landless black population. "The land issue affects all of us. We are ﬁrst and foremost Namibians and this country belongs to all of us. We acknowledge the need to fast track the distribution of land to all Namibians. Mr Geingob was delivering a keynote address at the country's second land conference. The conference is attended by all stakeholders, including civil society, government, traditional leaders and lobby groups, to map a way forward toward land redistribution in the Southern African Development Community. (Xinhua) State has opposed his bid for dismissal of case ‘before the trial is completed’ THE HAGUE, Monday F ormer Cote d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo today asked the International Criminal Court to acquit him of crimes against humanity and free him after seven years in detention. On trial since 2016, Gbagbo is the ﬁrst-ever head of state to be handed over to The Haguebased ICC. He faces four counts of crimes against humanity for his role in fomenting a wave of post-electoral violence eight years ago in the west African nation. After more than two years on trial, Gbagbo's lawyers believe the prosecution failed to prove the charges and are demanding a "full dismissal, an acquittal on all charges" and Gbagbo's immediate release. "We are conﬁdent that president Laurent Gbagbo will be acquitted, released and will be able to return to his country," said Justin Koua, the youth chairman of a coalition of political parties including Gbagbo's own Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) as well as civil society groups. " M r G b a g b o i s s u f f e ring an injustice," he told AFP. Defence lawyers want the same for Gbagbo's right-hand man Charles Ble Goude, 46, leader of the "Young Patriots" group which PHOTO | AFP Laurent Gbagbo and his wife Simone are pictured after he was formally sworn-in as Ivorian president during a ceremony in Abidjan despite international rejection of his disputed re-election victory leading to clashes that killed over 3,000 people in this December 04, 2010 photo. allegedly murdered and raped hundreds of people in order to keep Gbagbo in charge. Judges joined the two men's cases before trial started and both pleaded not guilty. Prosecutors, however, argued in court that the judges should reject the attempt to throw out the case. Mr Eric MacDonald said that evidence of the crimes committed against supporters of Gbagbo's rival Alassane Ouattara were never investigated or followed up "including in very serious cases involving murder. Nobody was ever US, Japan duo win Nobel Medicine Prize STOCKHOLM, Monday Two immunologists, James Allison of the US and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, won the 2018 Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how the body's natural defences can ﬁght cancer, the jury said on today. Unlike more traditional forms of cancer treatment that directly target cancer cells — often with severe side-effects — Allison and Honjo ﬁgured out how to help the patient's own immune system tackle the cancer more quickly. The pioneering discoveries led to treatments targeting proteins made by some immune system cells that act as a "brake" on the body's natural defences killing cancer cells. The Nobel Assembly in Stockholm said the therapy "has now revolutionised cancer treatment and has fundamentally changed the way we view how cancer can be managed". In 1995, Allison was one of two scientists to identify the CTLA-4 molecule as an inhibitory receptor on T-cells, a type of white blood cell that play a central role in the body's natural immunity to disease. The 70-year-old, whose mother died of cancer when he was 10, "realised the potential of releasing the brake and thereby unleashing our immune cells to attack tumours," the Nobel jury said. Around the same time, Honjo discovered a protein on immune cells, the ligand PD-1, and eventually realised that it also worked PHOTO | AFP Dr James Allison, ﬂanked by his wife Padnamee Sharma holds a press conference in New York yesterday after winning the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine along with Kyoto University’s Tasuku Honjo. as a brake but in a different way. On the website of his University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Allison said he was "honoured and humbled to receive this prestigious recognition". "I never dreamed my research would take the direction it has," he said. "It's a great, emotional privilege to meet cancer patients who've been successfully treated with immune checkpoint blockade. They are living proof of the power of basic science, of following our urge to learn and to understand how things work." Dr Honjo, 76, meanwhile vowed to push ahead with his work. "I want to continue my research … so that this immune therapy will save more cancer patients than ever," he told reporters at the University of Kyoto where he is based. Scientists have attempted to engage the immune system in the ﬁght against cancer for more than 100 years, but until the seminal discoveries by the two laureates, progress into clinical development was modest. Antibodies against PD-1 have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration as an investigational new drug and developed for the treatment of cancer. Former US President Jimmy Carter, 94, a 2002 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, survived melanoma, a severe stage of skin cancer which spread to his brain, after undergoing a form of immunotherapy, among others. Research by Allison's team has meanwhile led to the development of a monoclonal antibody drug, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011 for the treatment of melanoma. It is known commercially as Yervoy. "I'd like to just give a shout out to all the patients out there to let them know we are making progress now," Allison told a news conference in New York. Allison and Honjo have previously shared the 2014 Tang Prize, touted as Asia's version of the Nobels, for their research. Other cancer treatments have previously been awarded Nobel Prizes, including methods for hormone treatment for prostate cancer in 1966, chemotherapy in 1988 and bone marrow transplantation for leukaemia in 1990. The Nobel Assembly said advanced cancer — the second biggest killer worldwide — remains immensely difficult to treat (AFP) punished." Around 200 supporters wearing "free Gbagbo" T-shirts, some of them waving Ivory Coast flags, rallied outside the court on Monday before the hearing "We demand that our president is freed. Mr Gbagbo simply defended his country," said Jules Okou, a 58-year-old Ivorian from Paris. On Monday, the court's proceedings were being televised on a giant screen in an Abidjan neighbourhood stronghold of Gbagbo and Ble Goude. Several opposition ﬁgures are expected to attend the event billed as the "last steps before an acquittal" for the two leaders. But the Ivorian state has blasted the move. Unrest wracked Cote d’Ivoire for five months from December 2010 until early 2011, after Gbagbo refused to accept his internationally-recognised defeat by bitter rival Alassane Ouattara. The crisis — which saw both sides level allegations of gross abuses — paralysed the world's largest cocoa producer and west African powerhouse for several months. About 3,000 people died when rival supporters clashed. (AFP) Quake-battered Indonesia can now accept foreign aid JAKARTA, Monday Indonesia's president formally invited foreign donors to contribute to rescue and recovery efforts on the quakeand-tsunami-struck island of Sulawesi Monday, but his government was at pains to stress the situation was under control. "The President has decided to accept aid from abroad," said army general-turned-minister Wiranto — who like many Indonesians goes by one name. Giving a less than fullthroated welcome to offers of help — even as the United Nations warned that 191,000 people were in urgent need — Wiranto explained president Joko Widodo's acceptance in almost apologetic terms. "There are a lot of offers from other countries to help the disaster in Palu, of course, we appreciate the requests," said Wiranto, citing the need to keep up good bilateral relations with many countries. "Another consideration is, Indonesia has also often contributed and given aid," he said. "Helping each other is an international tradition which we n e e d to a p p re c i a te. " Around 18 countries and scores of non-governmental aid groups PHOTO/AFP People queue for gasoline in Palu, Indonesia’s Central Sulawesi yesterday after an earthquake and tsunami. have offered to help in the four days since the quake and tsunami that killed hundreds, but until now have not been able to. Many in the humanitarian sector have privately expressed frustration about sitting on the sidelines as residents of Sulawesi turn to looting for water, food or petrol and many trapped in the rubble cannot be freed for lack of heavy machinery. Since the quake and tsunami on Friday the Indonesian military has taken a lead role, ﬂying in some aid. (AFP) International News | 25 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Kanye West is now ‘Ye’, but unchanged on backing Trump NEW YORK, MONDAY Kanye West has decided that he now wants to be called Ye. But on political matters, nothing has changed for the pro-Donald Trump rapper. "The being formally (sic) known as Kanye West. I am Ye," he wrote on Twitter. Ye has long been a nickname for West, along with Yeezy, and he chose "Ye" as the title of his last album. He has previously said that he found a spiritual signiﬁcance to "Ye" — the plural or formal version of the second-person pronoun in Middle English — as he so frequently read it in the Bible. West — or, rather, Ye — announced the name change shortly before he appeared on "Saturday Night Live." He performed with fellow rapper Lil Pump dressed as water bottles, drawing an overwhelmingly negative reaction on social media where a number of professed fans questioned his creative direction. West closed the show by singing a track off "Ye" while wearing one of President Donald Trump's signature red "Make America Great Again" caps. After the live show ended, West stayed on the microphone and gave an impromptu speech about politics, again voicing his support for the president. "So many times I talk to a white person about this and they say, 'How could you like Trump? He's racist,'" West said. "Well, if I was concerned about racism, I would have moved out of America a long time ago." (AFP) Attack > ‘It was probably meant to send a message to Russians living elsewhere’ UK blames Russia military over spy poison Premier says if suspects travel outside of Russia, the UK would act to have them arrested LONDON, Monday B ritish Prime Minister Theresa May has claimed that the two men suspected of carrying out the poisoning attack in Salisbury were officers of the Russian military intelligence agency GRU, citing classified intelligence. Speaking to Parliamen, Ms May reiterated her previous accusation that the Russian government was involved in the Skripal poisoning case. “We were right to say in March that the Russian state is responsible,” she said. While British police investigators said earlier they had no evidence linking the Russian government with the suspects, Ms May insisted that British intelligence services provided evidence, which identiﬁes them as officers of Russian military intelligence, the GRU. She said she would update party leaders on why her government came to that conclusion behind closed doors. Ms May said that such an operation would require authorisation, at a high level, from the Russian government. When asked what possible motive the Kremlin may have had in ordering the attack, Ms May suggested that it was probably meant to send “a message to those Russians who were living elsewhere who had been involved in matters relating to the Russian state.” She said that it was up to We were right to say in March that the Russian state is responsible’’ Ms Theresa May PHOTO/AFP Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May (right) on the second day of the Conservative Party Conference 2018 at the International Convention Centre in Birmingham, yesterday. Russia to explain itself. Ms May stated that if the two individuals ever travel outside of Russia, the UK would act to have them arrested and extradited to be tried on British soil. She reiterated that her government will continue putting pressure on Russia, exposing what she called a “pattern of malign activity”, with particular focus on the GRU. Sergei Skripal, a former double agent living in the UK after a spy exchange with Russia, and his daughter fell ill in March in Salisbury. The British government accused Moscow of carrying out the attack on them, claiming the poison used was Novichok — developed in the Soviet Union. The UK’s PM argued that only the Russian government had the means and the motive to try to kill the Skripals. Meanwhile, a Russian citizen arrested in Norway on suspicion of spying during a seminar in parliament rejects the claim and says it is a "misunderstanding", his lawyer told AFP. Norway's intelligence service PST said it had arrested a 51-yearold Russian suspected of "illegal intelligence activity". The man, who has not been named, was ordered held in custody for two weeks, the day after his arrest at Oslo airport. ‘‘He says he doesn't understand why he's being accused of this and believes it is a misunderstanding,’’ his lawyer said. (AFP, Agencies) NATIONAL GOVERNMENTCONSTITUENCIES DEVELOPMENT FUND MOSOP CONSTITUENCY P.O. BOXES 4600-30100 ELDORET. NG-CDF OFFICE NEXT TO COUNTY COMMISSIONERS OFFICE KABIYET Mobile: 0721817241, Email: [email protected] website: www.cdf.go.ke A. TENDER INVITATION NOTICE MOSOP NG- CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND STRATEGIC PLAN (2018-2022) Professional Wellness SERVICES MOSOP NG-CDF committee intends to develop a 5 year strategic plan as a framework within which integrated Constituency Development can be focused, implemented as well as monitored and evaluated to facilitate a participatory and inclusive development. Therefore the NG-CFC# [email protected]>/=-98=?6>[email protected]?+6=9<F<[email protected]/>2/</;?3=3>//B:/<>3=/>9+::[email protected]/>2/09669A381P 1. 3837?790:9=>1<+.?+>/;?+63F-+>398=38+8C90>2/09669A381F/6.=O=><+>/13-7+8+1/7/8>N#>+>3=>3-=N/-98973-=N <94/->7+8+1/7/8>N7983>9<381+8./@+6?+>3989<+8C9>2/<</6/@+8>F/6.38.3-+>/.98>2/:<9:9=+6M 2. @/<[email protected]/C/+<=c/B:/<3/8-/38</=/+<-2+8.=><+>/13-:6+88381M 3. Extensive knowledge and workings on NG-CDF operations 4. Proof of previous work experience especially on constituency strategic plans 5. High organizational and facilitation skills and ability to handle complex tasks with tight deadlines. 6. Have an excellent command of English and Kiswahili both spoken and written 7. &+63.-9:3/=90">+B-97:63+8-/+8.-/<>3F-+>/90,?=38/==</13=><+>398 8>/</=>/. [email protected]?+6 -98=?6>+8>V=WmF<7= =29?6. -966/-> >2/ >/8./< :<9:9=+6 .9-?7/8> 0<97 \ MOSOP 9I-/ ?:98 :+C381 90 non-refundable fee of ksh 1,000>9>2/9=9:#?,\-9?8>C--9?8>+8>M?66CF66/.>/-283-+6NF8+8-3+6:<9:9=+6=+8.</0/</8-/=m&= .9-?7/8>==29?6.,/./:9=3>/.38+>/8./<,9B+>9I-/989<,/09</17/10/2018 10.00am+8.9:/8/.377/.3+>/6C>2/</+L/<38 the presence of respondents or their representatives who choose to attend at N-GCDF boardroom. B. REGISTRATION OF SUPPLIERS, CONTRACTORS, SERVICE PROVIDERS AND CONSULTANT FOR FINANCIAL YEAR 2018/2019 &2019/2020 S/NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13. 14. 15. </;?+63F-+>3989M MOSOP/NG-CDF/ 01/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF /02/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/ 03/2018-2019 MOSOP/NG-CDF/ 04/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/05/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/06/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/07/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/08/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/09/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/10/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/11/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/12/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/13/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/14/2018-2019 MOSOP /NG-CDF/15/2018-2019 Description #?::6C90</F8/.0?/6+8.?,<3-+8>= #?::6C+8../[email protected]/<C901/8/<+69I-/=>+>398+<C Supply and maintenance of computers and accessories Repair and maintenance of motor vehicles Supply and delivery of furniture and Equipment Supply and delivery of Sports items Supply and delivery of newspapers and magazines provision of consultancy and training services Supply and delivery of hardware and building materials Supply and delivery of tree seedlings provision of internet services, networking and development of website Supply and delivery Gas piping , electrical installation and mechanical services Supply and installation of CCTV cameras Supply and delivery of ordinary desks, Lockers, tables and chairs for schools Provision of contraction services for buildings and related works(contractors) Eligibility Open YPWD YPWD Open Open Youth/women Open Open Open Youth/women Open Open Open Open Open 8>/</=>/.+8./6313,6/,3../<=7+C9,>+38 </;?+63F-+>398m"/13=><+>398.9-?7/8>=+>\9I-/.?<381>2/89<7+6A9<538129?<= (Monday – Friday 8.00 am to 5:00pm). The Business Daily newspaper is working on a special journal on Professional Wellness Centres, to share up-to-date information with readers who need expert wellness services. Complete documents should be submitted in a clear marked envelop to the following address or hand delivered and dropped in the tender ,9B+>\9I-/989<,/09</10.00am on 17/10/2018+8.9:/8/.377/.3+>/6C>2/</+L/<38>2/:</=/8-/=90</=:98./8>=9<>2/3< representatives who choose to attend at the NG-CDF Mosop board room. ,I\RXDUHDTXDOLÀHGSURYLGHURIZHOOQHVVVHUYLFHVUDQJLQJIURP1XWULWLRQ)LWQHVV Counselling, Health Checks and so on, this special journal provides you with a relevant platform to inform our millions of readers across the country and in the diaspora about your brand. Applicants wishing to participate must attach the following documents x 9:C90":38</13=><+>398-/<>3F-+>/M x 9:C90-/<>3F-+>/90,?=38/==</13=><+>398m38-9<:9<+>398 x 9:C90&$</13=><+>398-/<>3F-+>/ x 9:C90">+B97:63+8-//<>3F-+>/ x 9:C90 -/<>3F-+>/09<)9?>2+::63-+8>= x Copy of registration with National Construction Authority(N.C.A) for contractors x C.V detailing on past assignments and experience For more details on how to advertise, kindly contact: Salim +254 720 626 896 [email protected] The Fund Account Manager, Mosop NG—CDF P.O Box 4600-30100 Eldoret. 26 Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 27 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Business News | 28 BUSINESS INQUIRY Ex-CJ wants inquiry into Kenya’s Sh5 trillion debt PAGE 30 Toyota counts over Sh24m loss in Kampala ﬁre CHRISTINE KASEMIIRE [email protected] Toyota Uganda says an inferno that gutted its showroom in Kampala has cost the ﬁrm an equivalent of more than Sh23.7 million loss. The ﬁre, which began at about 4pm on Sunday, damaged property including a Land Cruiser Prado estimated to cost $90,000 (about Sh9 million), a Land Cruiser Double Cabin pickup $70,000 at (about Sh7 million) and a Toyota Fortuner at $65000,(about Sh6.6 million). Three motorcycles, workstations and furniture, among other items were destroyed in the blaze, whose cause is yet to be determined. “A rough estimate because we still have assessors evaluating the situation is about USh800m to UShs900m,” Toyota Uganda general manager Pieter Ovebeek said during a press brieﬁng yesterday. He said the ﬁrm would only give exact ﬁgures after a report from investigations is revealed. While police and independent investigations into the cause of the ﬁre are still ongoing, Mr Ovebeek said a quick analysis indicated that the cause of the ﬁre could have been an electrical short circuit. “The ﬁre was contained within the showroom by the gallant men and women of the ﬁre services department at about 5pm,” he said. The ﬁrm said no employees were hurt in the incident. The cars that were burnt will be scrapped after an assessment of whether or not they could cause harm to users if sold. “We shall not just sell them. We have to ﬁrst ensure they are safe. While one is burnt out and written off, the others might have minor damage and we are not sure of what has affected them,” he said. Wrangle> County claims Sh30m Sonko ends row with Kenya Power over Sh1bn bill This is the second time in less than 24 months that City Hall and ﬁrm are locked in pay dispute JOHN MUTUA JAMES NGUNJIRI State-owned pension scheme National Social Security Fund (NSSF) has been directed to reduce its expenses and increase investment return to its members. Labour and social protection cabinet secretary Ukur Yatani has said in seeking improved efficiency, NSSF must demonstrate reduced costs, increased value-for-money for members and improved quality of services especially in the settlement of claims. Speaking at the weekend during NSSF’s board of trustees and management strategy retreat in Nanyuki, Mr Yatani said he expect the fund to be creative and innovative to save costs, increase net contributions and reduce time taken to settle members’ claims. “Investments should be well diversiﬁed to ensure good returns for members. In line with recent government’s directives, you will further be required to ensure that there is complete transparency in procurement processes and in the overall utilisation of resources by the fund,” said Mr Yatani. The overall NSSF portfolio is heavily invested in government and quoted securities. SALATON NJAU | NATION [email protected] Launch of taxpayers’ month C ity Hall yesterday turned the tables on Kenya Power in the stand-off over Sh950 million unpaid electricity bills, arguing the utility owes it Sh1.26 billion in unpaid rents in a row that could plunge City Hall into darkness. The city government led by Mike Mbuvi Sonko is now claiming Sh374 million from Kenya Power after deducting an initial electricity payment of Sh30 million and asked the power ﬁrm’s acting chief executive Jared Othieno for a Thursday meeting to settle the row. The power distributor had on September 24 sent a demand letter to Nairobi for the Sh950 million bill, which raised fears the utility was preparing to disconnect City Hall. “We also want to remind you that NCCG had a claim against Kenya Power on wayleave amounting to Sh748 million and sub-station rent amounting to Sh68 million,” City Hall said in a letter to Kenya Power. Nairobi added that Kenya Power owes it a further Sh451 million for wayleaves — land hosting power lines and transformers — which is to be settled by the Treasury. This is the second time in less than 24 months that City Hall and Kenya Power are locked in a row over claims and counter claims involving millions of shillings in debt. In 2016, Kenya Power disconnected City Hall, forcing the utility to seek court protection after Nairobi County threatened to clamp and impound the electricity distributor’s vehicles over the unpaid land rates. City Hall also threatened to barricade NSSF asked to cut expenses, raise payments National Treasury Cabinet Secretary Henry Rotich (left) and Kenya Revenue Authorities (KRA) CommissionerGeneral John Njiraini during the launch of the KRA Taxpayers’ Month at Times Towers in Nairobi yesterday. Fairview targets extra income with coffee tours BY IVY NYAYIEKA NATION | DENNIS ONSONGO The Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko Mbuvi. Kenya Power premises with a truck of garbage. The latest debt row comes after Kenya Power accused City Hall of breach a June agreement in settling the Sh950 million debt, adding the bill had grown to Sh1.13 billion as at last month. Under the agreement, City Hall was to pay upfront Sh15 million, followed by an undisclosed amount in monthly instalments. Mr Othieno last week informed Energy Cabinet Secretary Charles Keter of difficulties in reaching Governor Mike Sonko over the bills row. The bills disagreement is emerging as Nairobi City County struggles to meet revenue targets under Mr Sonko whose government raised Sh8.8 billion in the 10 months to June, compared to Sh9.8 billion under his predecessor, Evans Kidero. Botswana’s Choppies snaps up Uchumi’s Rongai space DOREEN WAINAINAH [email protected] Botswana retailer Choppies is expanding to Ongata Rongai, taking over the space previously occupied by Uchumi Supermarkets Ltd. Choppies will be joining Tuskys, Tumaini, and Cleanshelf to capture the populous Rongai area as part of its Kenya expansion plan. In its second half for 2017 results, the retailer indicated that it would Sh237 million ($2.27 million) on new Kenyan stores. Uchumi Supermarket’s branch in the town was shut down following a Sh21 million default on rent. Choppies also opened a new store in South Field Mall in Embakasi, Nairobi and plans to open another in Kiambu Mall, on the outskirts of Nairobi, taking up space that was previously meant for Nakumatt. The retailer has also put up coming-soon signs in Nanyuki Town as it eyes the space that hosted Nakumatt, before the latter was evicted from Cedar Mall. Choppies’ move to replace Uchumi replicates similar actions by Naivas, Carrefour and Tuskys who have stepped in to occupy spaces from which the ﬁnancially-strapped retail chains Nakumatt and Uchumi have been kicked out. The spirited entry into Kenya by multinational chain stores is stiffening competition, pitting new players against the local family-owned retailers. The South Africa and Botswana-Choppies in March last year said it would spend $2.5 million (about Sh250 million) in refurbishing the eight branches of Ukwala Supermarkets, which it took over in December 2016. It currently has 12 stores in Kenya. One-time market leader Nakumatt, now in administration, and cashstrapped Uchumi have shut several of their branches in Nairobi. The Fairview Coffee Estate is investing in coffee tourism in order to attract individual buyers as well as potential partners through tours of its farms in Kiambu County. The company reckons the tours will diversify its sources of revenue as well as demystify the value chain for investors and potential buyers. So far, the company says it has hosted 2,000 international and domestic tourists over a period of three years with 80 per cent of the visitors being international. “Coffee tourism is a new business proposition which we released about three years ago and it is led by coffee tours specialists. This last year we had about 2,000 visitors but the intention is to grow these to over 70,000”, said Fairview Estate Ltd Executive Director Michael Warui at the launch of the Kahawa Festival yesterday. According to the Economic Survey, Kenya produced 33,700 tonnes of coffee in 2017. DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 29 30 | Business News Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Funds Move will examine how money was used, he says Ex-CJ wants inquiry into Sh5trn debts BY BRIAN NGUGI [email protected] F ormer Chief Justice Willy M u t u n ga s ays Ke nya should set up an independent public inquiry into the Sh5 trillion debt amassed since independence, sparking opposition from the Treasury. Public debt stood at Sh5.04 trillion in June this year, up from Sh1.89 trillion in June 2013. He was speaking in Nairobi yesterday, when he was unveiled as the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) ambassador. “We need a commission of public inquiry into public debt since independence,” said Dr Mutunga. The inquiry would help to examine how the debt had been utilised by the State so far, boosting transparency in the use of public resources. In a swift rejoinder, however, Treasury Cabinet Secretary Henry Rotich dismissed the need for an inquiry, saying records on Kenya’s public debt had been publicly available since independence. Mr Rotich added the government had been transparent in how it has used borrowed funds. “All the public information is Money matters BORROWING ON THE INCREASE The ex-CJ spoke when he was unveiled as the Kenya Revenue Authority ambassador in Nairobi. In a rejoinder, Treasury CS Henry Rotich dismissed the need for an inquiry, saying records on Kenya’s public debt are publicly available. President Uhuru Kenyatta is expected to accumulate nearly Sh2.13 trillion more in public debt by the time his ﬁnal ﬁve-year term ends in August. 2022 available, the government has been transparent,” he said. President Kenyatta is expected to accumulate nearly Sh2.13 trillion more in public debt by the time his second and final ﬁve-term ends in August 2022, Treasury projections signal increased pressure on taxpayers’ funds. According to the Treasury projections in the Budget Review and Outlook Paper, total debt will jump to nearly Sh7.17 trillion in the year ending June 2022. Dr Mutunga said the issue of public debt was an emotive one for the already overburdened taxpayers, adding that such an inquiry would help clear the lingering questions on the prudent use of public funds. “The questions may never go away if we don’t address this,” said Dr Mutunga. Early this year, Auditor-General Edward Ouko renewed the controversy surrounding the Sh215.5 billion that Kenya borrowed via a Eurobond, saying its receipt and spending were yet to be ascertained. The Jubilee administration has ramped up spending since 2013 to build much-needed new roads, a modern railway, bridges and electricity plants. There has been concern over the debt load, especially because its rate of increase is ahead of the revenue growth. The increased debt has seen the country commit more than half of tax revenue to repaying loans, leaving little for building roads, and affordable housing and revamping the ailing health sector in June 2013. DIANA NGILA | NATION Launch of investor week Capital Markets Authority chief executive officer Paul Muthaura with CMA chairman James Ndegwa (right) during the launch of the World Investor Week 2018 in Nairobi yesterday. Kenya meets key IMF conditions BY GEOFFREY IRUNGU [email protected] Kenya’s compliance with conditions from the International Monetary Fund has improved with the recent legal enactments, even after a fallout. The country met at least eight of the conditions speciﬁed in the March 2018 IMF staff report, but was only partially in compliance for several others, while information is lacking on the status of some such as modernisation of the monetary policy framework. The conditions that have so far been met include effecting fiscal consolidation through austerity implemented via a supplementary budget, and increase of tax revenues. This included widening the tax base by introducing new measures to remove value added tax exemptions and meeting the ﬁscal deﬁcit target for the 2017/18 ﬁscal year. Parliament passed new tax measures that are expected to reduce the deﬁcit and cut reliance on debt by raising more revenue for the Exchequer. While it cut VAT on fuel to eight per cent instead of applying the standard 16 per cent, it introduced several other measures that effectively counteracted the effect of the lower VAT on fuel. Analysts said the Treasury was in a better position to negotiate with the IMF a new precautionary facility. "We are of the view that the austerity measures will give the Treasury ammunition to renegotiate a new precautionary facility,” said Genghis Capital, an investment bank. MURANG’A COUNTY GOVERNMENT PUBLIC AUCTION REQUEST FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST: CONSULTANCY FOR THE DESIGN, PREPARATION OF TENDER DOCUMENTS AND SUPERVSION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SHIPLINC- ISCOS/CSLT/SVS/01/18-9 The Intergovernmental Standing Committee on Shipping (ISCOS) is a regional body established in 1967 by the Governments of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia to coordinate, promote and protect their Shipping, Logistics and Maritime Interests of the region. Given the international nature of Shipping, ISCOS’ activities extend throughout much of the region to include the States of Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, Malawi and Mozambique. The Organization’s main objective is to serve the region and the international community as one stop Center of Excellence for regional Maritime matters and total logistics. ISCOS Secretariat is inviting Qualified and Interested firms to express their Interest for a consultancy involving the design, preparation of tender documents and supervision of the implementation of the SHIPLINC. Detailed information and Terms of Reference can be found on our website: https://iscosafricashipping.org/index.php/opportunity2/#1531840457011-7499ca3b-38d8 OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR IFMIS TRAINING INVITATION TO SUPPLIERS The County Government of Murang’a in conjunction with the National Treasury invites all its Suppliers to a training on IFMIS e-procurement Module including registration to suppliers portal scheduled to take place on 10th October 2018 starting at 9.00 am. The training will be conducted at the conference hall at the County Headquarter building. Ag Director, Supply Chain Management For: County Secretary Duly instructed by our principals, the Chargees, we shall sell by Public Auction the properties described herein- below together with all the developments and improvements erected thereon:1. ON FRIDAY 5” OCTOBER 2018 AT 11.30 AM AT OUR OFFICES SITUATED AT NACICO PLAZA 4” FLOOR ROOM 411B ALONG LANDHIES ROAD NAIROBI. All that freehold property known as LR NO. Ruiru/Ruiru East Block 2/7371 Kiambu County measuring 0.2Ha or 0.4942 Acres approximately and registered i.n.o Empire Africa International Limited of P.O. Box 66326-00800 Nairobi. This property is situated within ?</<+</++,9?>57=9H$235+"9+.+8.8/+< Full Gospel Church — Magomano and Grace Information Centre Church. Developed thereon is an incomplete (65%) four bedroom double storey house (all ensuite) with family, study rooms, and semidetached garage. Entrance to the property is a double hinged steel plate gate, opening onto a short driveway laid in pre- cast concrete ,69-5=6/+.381>9>2/:+<5381,+CM$9>+6:638>2+</+3=+::<9B37+>/6C N=;ML+38=/6/-><3-3>C+8.:3:/.A+>/< can be easily obtained from the neighbourhood while foul drainage is to a septic tank. This is a very prime property, which is currentiy vacant and ready for occupation. 2. ON FRIDAY 12TH OCTOBER 2018, AT 1.00 P.M. AT KISUMU TOWN, CENTRAL SQUARE ALONG OGINGA ODINGA STREET. All that freehold interest parcels of land known as:(a) LR. No. East Kisumu/Dago/515 measuring approximately 0.7 Ha (1.7297 Acres) and registered in the name ofFRANCISCAN FAMILY ASSOCIATION OF KENYA of P.O. Box 2672 Kisumu. (b) LR. No. East Kisumu/Dago/516 measuring approximately 0.6 Ha (1.4826 Acres) and registered in the name of C.C.F.M.C. WOMEN’S PROJECT of P.O. Box 2672 Kisumu. $2/=/>A9:<9:/<>3/=+</=3>?+>/.9H"$<9+.+,9?>7>=M9H+5+7/1+3=?7?>+<7+-<9+.A3>238+19 area Kisumu County. Developed thereon include a Conference Hall, Hostel block, Managers residence, Power house, Ablution blocks and a Water supply unit comprising a borehole, surface and overhead water tanks. Tap water is obtained from a borehole sunk at the Valley and pumped to overhead tanks using a generator, which also provides electricity to the premises. Foul drainage is directed into septic tanks. NB: This is a very prime development designed as “Retreat Centre” situated outside Kisumu City which is ideal for an education institution or a hotel. CONDITIONS OF SALE 1. All prospective purchasers are hereby requested to view and verify for themselves all the necessary details pertaining to the above-named properties as the same is not warranted either by the Auctioneers or their principals. 2. A deposit of 25% per cent of the purchase price must be paid either by Bankers Cheque or RTGS only at the fall of the hammer and balance directly to our principals within Ninety (90) Days for property No. 1 and Sixty (60) Days for properties No. 2 a and b from the date of sale failure to which any money received including the Deposit will be forfeited absolutely. 3. Prospective bidders are hereby requested to obtain a buying number prior to the date of sale by depositing with us a refundable deposit of Kshs. 500,000/= to enable them participate in the sale. Note: There will be no bidding whatsoever without a Bidding number. 4. The sale is subject to a Reserve Price and other necessary consents. M./>+36=2/</38=?-2+=/8-?7,<+8-/=N<+>/=/M>M-M-+8,/9,>+38/.0<979?<9I-/=A236/:938>3819?>-+8,/.98/ .?<38189<7+69I-/29?<=M DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Business News | 31 Deal > New agreement replaces the North America Free Trade Agreement US-Canada deal boosts global markets The two countries signed a new trade agreement on Sunday LONDON, Monday A man walks past an electronics stock indicator in Tokyo yesterday. Japanese shares powered to a new 27-year high after the US and Canada clinched a long-awaited trade deal. W orld stock markets rose yesterday on news of a historic trade deal between Canada and the United States. The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), agreed on Sunday, replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) — which American President Donald Trump had threatened to cancel. "Late last night … we reached a wonderful new trade deal with Canada, to be added into the deal already reached with Mexico," President Trump tweeted. "It is a great deal for all three countries, solves the many deﬁciencies and mistakes in Nafta, greatly opens markets to our farmers and manufacturers, reduces trade barriers to the US and will bring all three great nations closer together in competition with the rest of the world. "The USMCA is a historic transaction!" he added. Frankfurt , London and Paris stocks advanced in reaction to the announcement. The Canadian dollar leapt to a four-month pinnacle against the greenback at 1100 GMT, with the loonie at 1.2787 to one US dollar — a level last seen in May. "There's been a bright start to the week for equities," said PHOTO | AFP Late last night … we reached a wonderful new trade deal with Canada, to be added into the deal already reached with Mexico,” . Trump, US President XTB analyst David Cheetham. "The main catalyst for these gains is the agreement reached late last night. The Canadian dollar has reacted positively to the news hitting a four-month high against the buck." The news also helped send Tokyo stocks to a 27-year peak, but shares struggled elsewhere in Asian holiday trade. Tokyo's leading Nikkei index closed at 24,245.76 — the highest since November 1991 — as traders shrugged off disappointing business conﬁdence data and a weekend typhoon that hit the country. Japanese equities also won support from the weaker yen against the US dollar. Analysts warned, however, that traders could be looking to take some cash off the table following recent healthy gains. However, markets in Hong Kong and China were shut for holidays. Separately, the pound rose versus the dollar as British Prime Minister Theresa May gathered her ruling Conservative Party in the central city of Birmingham, facing an open revolt by former colleague Boris Johnson over her plans for Brexit. The British Finance minister, Mr Philip Hammond, yesterday blasted former Foreign Secretary Johnson in a fresh outbreak of inﬁghting in the ruling Conservative camp. (AFP) Struggling GE sacks boss, warns about 2018 earnings LONDON, Monday Embattled US engineering giant General Electric on yesterday removed its CEO and warned it would fall short of its 2018 earnings guidance as the conglomerate's cash ﬂow struggles continue. The ouster of Mr John Flannery, a 30-year GE veteran, comes barely a year after he took over in a bid to rescue the company, long a pillar of American industry that has seen its shares tailspin 35 per cent since the start of the year. The company was stricken from the prestigious Dow Jones Industrial Average in June. Mr H. Lawrence Culp, named to the board in April, will replace Mr Flannery immediately, the ﬁrm said in a statement, following a unanimous decision. The company said because of weaker performance in the GE Power business, the company would fall short of previous proﬁt guidance for this year. GE will also book a $23 billion noncash charge related to its power business. Executives are due to brief investors on the charge when GE reports third quarter results later this month. The once mighty conglomerate, long a standard-bearer of US industrial pre-eminence, is still working to right the ship following the global ﬁnancial crisis of a decade ago. (AFP) 32 | Stocks Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Investment Services NAIROBI SECURITIES EXCHANGE Last 12 Mths High Low Security Prices Yesterday 25.00 Previous Eaagads Ord 1.25 Kakuzi Plc Ord. 5.00 Kapchoruar Tea Kenya Plc Ord 5.00 The Limuru Tea Co. Ord 20.00 Sasini Ltd Ord 1.00 Williamson Tea Kenya 5.00 20.00 88.00 550.00 20.75 144.00 19.75 320.00 86.00 540.00 20.00 140.00 200 100 200 2,400 300 Automobiles & Accessories 29.00 16.00 UNIT TRUSTS Nairobi Securities Exchange. Ord 4.00 14.00 13.60 80.00 581.00 10.75 191.00 3.40 80.00 580.00 11.00 185.00 3.25 14.00 0.55 41.00 20,600 Manufacturing & Allied Agricultural 28.00 17.50 390.00 304.00 97.00 65.00 600.00 500.00 32.00 20.00 199.00 138.00 12.75 Shares Car & General (K) Ord 5.00 110.00 74.50 B. O. C Kenya Ord 5.00 920.00 565.00 British American Tobacco Kenya Ord 10.00 14.40 10.05 Carbacid Investments Ord 1.00 272.00 192.00 East African Breweries Ord 2.00 6.00 3.15 Flame Tree Group Holdings Ord. 0.825 97.00 14.00 Kenya Orchards Ord 5.00 1.40 0.50 Mumias Sugar Co. Ord 2.00 60.00 27.00 Unga Group Ord 5.00 18.50 0.60 37.00 100 100 5,000 1,900 1,200 143,000 1,400 Telecommunication & Technology Banking 13.50 7.80 220.00 120.00 57.00 31.00 13.40 6.05 130.00 74.50 55.00 23.00 12.25 5.00 44.50 20.50 105.00 81.00 243.00 165.00 20.00 11.30 Barclays Bank Ord 0.50 Diamond Trust Bank Ord 4.00 Equity Group Holdings Ord 0.50 HF Group Plc Ord 5.00 I & M Holdings Ltd Ord 1.00 KCB Group Ord 1.00 NBK Ord 5.00 NIC Bank Ord 5.00 Stanbic Holdings Ord. 5.00 StandardChartered Ord 5.00 The Co-op Bank of Kenya Ord 1.00 10.65 170.00 39.75 6.05 95.00 40.50 5.95 25.00 193.00 15.25 10.60 174.00 40.00 5.80 99.00 40.00 5.80 24.50 90.00 191.00 15.15 102,600 89,600 813,700 2,400 3.100 31,900 4,400 18,100 2,100 17,900 Commercial & Services 1.30 5.10 4.65 5.40 18.50 6.25 8.40 125.00 3.30 39.50 38.00 5.00 25.50 1.00 Atlas African Indistries 0. 45 Deacons (East Africa) Ord 2.50 0.90 Eveready EA Ord 1.00 2.45 Express Kenya Ord 5.00 2.10 Kenya Airways Ord 1.00 3.90 Longhorn Publishers Ord 1.00 1.35 Nairobi Business Ventures Ord 1.00 69.00 Nation Media Group Plc Ord. 2.50 2.10 Sameer Africa Ord. 5.00 17.15 Standard Group Ord 5.00 18.05 TPS Eastern Africa Ord 1.00 0.90 Uchumi Supermarket Ord 5.00 14.05 WPP ScanGroup PLC Ord. 1.00 0.45 1.10 10.70 4.95 69.50 2.25 15.70 ARM Cement Ord 1.00 BamburiCement Ord 5.00 Crown Paints Kenya Ord 5.00 E. A. Cables Ord 0.50 E.A. Portland Cement Ord 5.00 84.00 2.85 BANK RATES ABC Barclays Co-op 1.05 0.45 1.00 4.25 10.00 4.95 1.60 69.00 2.25 28.00 25.00 0.90 15.70 106,800 2,400 31,600 7,700 Equity NBK KCB 3,800 300 CBA Stanbic 200 Construction & Allied 23.50 2.40 200.00 140.00 85.00 42.00 7.20 2.85 35.00 17.50 33.50 18.70 Safaricom Ltd Ord. 0.05 24.00 24.50 2,902,300 13.00 .9.20 Stanlib Fahari I- Ord. 20 (Real Estate I. Trust) 10.25 10.20 700 1268.00 1246.00 Barclays New Gold ETF (Exchange Trd Funds) 1160i 1175.00 NSE ALL SHARE INDEX (NASI)-01st Jan 2008= 10 Dwn 0.69 to close at 148.98 NSE 20-SHARE INDEX(1966=100 Up 8.47 pts to close 2883.98 NSE 25-SHARE INDEX-01st Sep 2015=4101.67 Dwn 6.87- 3812.28 GulfAfrican FCB 5.55 150.00 84.00 3.00 19.20 3,300 1,600 Prime buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell buy sell Euro 116.97 117.41 117.79 117.23 116.86 117.10 117.80 118.30 116.75 117.21 116.90 117.30 117.05 117.35 117.36 117.61 116.74 116.98 117.00 118.00 116.95 117.20 5.20 11.55 4.60 5.00 6.00 16.00 8.50 KenGen Ord 2.50 KenolKobil Ltd Ord 0.05 KP & LC Ord 2.50 KP & LC 4% Pref. 20.00 KP & LC 7% Pref. 20.00 Total Kenya Ord 5.00 Umeme Ltd Ord 0.50 6.75 16.00 4.60 28.00 8.95 6.70 15.95 4.65 5.00 6.00 27.75 8.60 29,000 91,600 723,600 1,600 4,000 Insurance 16.00 9.05 7.10 3.10 540.00 400.00 23.50 15.20 14.50 11.85 31.00 19.80 Britam Holdings Ord 0.10 CIC Insurance Group Ord. 1.00 Jubilee Holdings Ord 5.00 Kenya Re Corporation Ord 2.50 Liberty Kenya Holdings Ord 1.00 Sanlam Kenya Plc Ord 5.00 10.60 4.20 15.30 11.90 24.00 10.80 4.20 456.00 15.35 11.90 22.00 40,300 173,000 9,700 200 600 Investment 48.25 27.50 2.75 0.60 1,500 1,500 3.85 2.10 8.90 3.20 Centum Investment Co Ord 0.50 Home Afrika Ltd Ord. 1.00 Kurwitu Ventures Ltd Ord. 100.00 Olympia Capital Holdings Ltd Ord. 5.00 Trans-Century Ltd Ord. 0.50 29.00 0.65 2.50 3.40 £ 131.43 131.90 131.23 131.63 131.31 131.58 132.40 132.85 131.18 131.69 131.73 132.13 131.60 131.95 131.91 132.17 131.35 131.45 131.50 132.50 131.80 132.05 C$ 78.52 78.67 78.40 78.67 78.49 78.87 77.21 77.55 78.41 78.73 78.65 79.05 76.30 77..05 77.44 77.59 78.41 78.57 76.00 77.00 78.60 78.80 SF 102.77 103.08 102.61 103.02 102.88 102.89 103.62 103.92 102.57 102.98 102.48 102.88 102.55 102.75 104.11 103.50 102.65 102.86 100.80 101.80 102.50 102.80 IR 1.38 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.42 1.38 1.39 1.38 1.39 1.38 1.38 1.38 1.39 1.38 1.39 1.36 1.70 1.39 1.39 JY 88.52 88.78 88.42 88.75 88.51 88.69 89.20 89.46 88.42 88.78 88.46 88.86 88.50 88.71 88.83 89.01 88.45 88.60 89.60 90.60 88.50 88.70 ZR 7.08 7.15 7.12 7.14 6.97 7.25 7.06 7.27 7.12 7.15 7.03 7.33 7.16 7.19 7.15 7.24 7.11 7.13 7.00 9.00 7.10 7.20 CBK RATES Energy & Petroleum 10.20 19.50 12.00 5.50 6.00 36.00 17.00 $ 100.90 101.10 100.80 101.00 100.80 101.00 100.90 101.15 100.70 101.10 100.85 101.05 100.85 101.05 100.85 101.05 100.70 100.90 100.40 100.70 100.85 101.10 28.50 0.65 1,500.00 2.50 3.45 9,500 82,200 1,300 18,000 1 US Dollar 1 Sterling Pound Euro 1 South African Rand Ksh/USh Ksh/TSH Ksh/Rwf Ksh/Burundi Franc 1 UAE Dirham 1 Canadian Dollar 1 Swiss Franc 100 Japanese Yen 1 Swedish Kroner 1 Norwegian Kroner 1 Danish Kroner 1 Indian Rupee 1 Hong Kong Dollar Singapore Dollar 1 Saudi Riyal 1 Chinese Yuan 1 Australian Dollar Mean 100.9028 131.3131 116.8111 7.1183 37.9079 22.6803 8.7683 17.5710 27.4734 77.8211 103.2465 88.9207 11.3296 12.3521 15.6881 1. 3916 12.8870 73.6087 26.9060 14.6899 72.7459 Buy 100.8028 131.1617 116.6772 7.1085 37.8207 22.6429 8.7349 17.5288 27.4436 77.7319 103.1336 88.8208 11.3157 12.3360 15.6713 1.3901 12.8742 73.5304 26.8786 14.6735 72.6486 Sell 101.0028 131.4644 116.9450 7.1281 37.9950 22.7176 8.8018 17.6132 27.5032 77.9102 103.3594 89.0206 11.3434 12.3681 15.7049 1.3930 12.8998 73.6870 26.9334 14.7063 72.8432 UNIT TRUSTS Money Market Funds African Alliance Kenya Shilling Fund Old Mutual Money Market Fund British-American Money Market Fund STANLIB Money Market Fund CIC Money Market Fund Zimele Money Market Fund Amana Shilling Fund Madison Asset Money Market Fund CBA Money Market Fund ICEA LION Money Market Fund Sanlam Pesa Market Fund Seriani Money Market Fund Apollo Money Market Fund Nabo Africa Money Market Fund Nabo Africa Money Market Fund Dry Associates Money Market Fund Dry Associates Money Market Fund EIB Equity Money Market Fund GenCap HeLa Imara Fund British American Bond Plus Fund Fixed Income Funds/Equity Funds/Balanced Funds African Alliance Fixed Income Fund CIC Fixed Income Fund Nabo Africa Fixed Income Fund African Alliance Kenya Equity Fund ICEA LION Equity Fund Apollo Equity Fund British-American Equity Fund CBA Equity Fund CIC Equity Fund Old Mutual Equity Fund STANLIB Equity Fund Madison Asset Equity Fund Nabo Africa Equity Fund ICEA LION Growth Fund Amana Growth Fund African Alliance Kenya Managed Fund British-American Balanced Fund CIC Balanced Fund Nabo Africa Balanced Fund Old Mutual Balanced Fund/Toboa Madison Asset Balanced Fund EIB Equity Balanced Fund Sanlam Chama Fund Amana Balanced Fund Zimele Balanced Fund STANLIB Balanced Fund Dry Associates Balanced Fund Apollo Balanced Fund STANLIB Bond Fund B1 STANLIB Bond Fund A Old Mutual East Africa Fund ICEA LION Bond Fund Old Mutual Bond Fund Sanlam Pata Fund Kenya Shilling Daily Yield Effective Annual Rate Kenya Shilling 7.50% 7.77% Kenya Shilling 5.65% 5.80% Kenya Shilling 8.84% 9.20% Kenya Shilling 7.40% 7.66% Kenya Shilling 9.84% 10.23% Kenya Shilling 9.56% 9.91% Kenya Shilling 5.86% 5.96% Kenya Shilling 9.61% 10.05% Kenya Shilling 7.87% 8.14% Kenya Shilling 8.02% 8.35% Kenya Shilling 7.43% 7.71% Kenya Shilling 11.08% 11.66% Kenya Shilling 8.40% 8.42% USD 3.26% 3.31% Kenya Shilling 10.80% 11.50% USD 2.20% 2.22% Kenya Shilling 8.83% 9.19% Kenya Shilling 4.62% 4.72% Kenya Shilling 8.40% 8.66% Kenya Shilling 6.96% 7.19% Buy Sell Kenya Shilling 11.57 11.19 Kenya Shilling 9.13 9.36 USD 105.05 102.73 Kenya Shilling 165.62 155.54 Kenya Shilling 126.55 133.21 Kenya Shilling 108.76 103.58 Kenya Shilling 162.78 168.45 Kenya Shilling 153.38 153.38 Kenya Shilling 9.13 9.56 Kenya Shilling 361.88 361.88 Kenya Shilling 149.47 149.47 Kenya Shilling 36.92 36.92 USD 102.01 99.76 Kenya Shilling 124.70 131.26 Kenya Shilling 143.61 143.61 Kenya Shilling 20.93 19.71 Kenya Shilling 178.59 184.37 Kenya Shilling 9.10 9.58 USD 104.67 102.36 Kenya Shilling 151.84 151.84 Kenya Shilling 51.22 51.22 Kenya Shilling 114.41 115.38 Kenya Shilling 13.40 13.80 Kenya Shilling 132.05 132.05 Kenya Shilling 6.90 7.10 Kenya Shilling 124.39 124.39 Kenya Shilling 1,126.42 1,126.42 Kenya Shilling 121.18 116.52 Kenya Shilling 91.73 91.73 Kenya Shilling 91.59 91.59 Kenya Shilling 147.56 147.56 Kenya Shilling 100.19 101.20 Kenya Shilling 100.00 100.00 Kenya Shilling 9.30 9.583 ARAB CURRENCY/$ Algerian Dinar Bahrain Dinar Djibouti Franc Egyptian Pound Lebanese Pound Omani Riyal Qatar Riyal Saudi Riyal Tunisian Dinar UAE Dirham Currencies are quoted against the US Dollar 108.4883 0.37708 176.21 8.1799 1504.4 0.38486 3.30486 3.7513 2.2447 3.6729 PUBLIC AUCTION Under instructions received from the chargees we shall sell the following properties. ONE ACRE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY AT RUNDA GROVE, OLD RUNDA NAIROBI COUNTY REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL (RFP) FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF HOSPITAL ENGINEERING AND FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE The Nairobi Hospital is the leading provider of healthcare services throughout East Africa, equipped with the latest technology, highly skilled specialists and modern buildings. The Hospital is seeking an experienced firm to implement a Hospital Engineering and Facility Maintenance Management Software in order to automate the current work processes to be able to meet its long term business strategy. ON 9TH OCTOBER, 2018 AT 10.30A.M AT OUR OFFICES AGIP HOUSE, 3RD FLOOR, ROOM NO. 301, HAILE SELASSIE AVENUE. All that piece or parcel of land known TITLE NO. 7785/311 (ORIGINAL NO. 7785/10/309) RUNDA GROVE, OLD RUNDA ESTATE measuring approximately 0.4364 Hectares or 1.0784 acres. The property is situated along Runda groove, approximately 400 metres due west of its junction with Runda Road and a further 1.2 Kilometres due North West of the junction of Runda Road and United Nations Avenue within Old Runda Estate and registered in the name of RUPINDER SINGH SEHMI. The Property is improved with an all ensuite 5 bedrooms townhouse with an attached 1+<+1/09<-+<=+8.+./>+-2/.=>+H;?+<>/<A381M>3=+0<//296.38>/</=>M PRIME RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN NYALI, MOMBASA COUNTY ON 18TH OCTOBER, 2018 AT 10.30AM IN THE OFFICES OF KINYUA AUCTIONEERS 1ST FLOOR SYNDICATE BUILDING MERU ROAD MOMBASA. All that piece or parcel or land known as L.R. NO. MAINLAND NORTH/1/16409 (C.R.45995) NYALI MOMBASA COUNTY measuring approximately 0.0981 Hectares. The property is within C+63=>+>/3897,+=+9?8>CM>3=#3>?+>/.+::<9B37+>/6C7/>/<=9H+8.>9>2/6/L90385= Road deviating at Nyali Health Centre and is adjacent and to the east of Jacyjoka Apartments and Restaurant and registered in the name of SAID MOHAMED ABDI. The Property is improved with a 5 bedrooms double storey residential house and a servants quarter block. CONDITIONS OF SALE. 6638>/</=>/.:?<-2+=/<=+</</;?/=>/.>[email protected]/[email protected]/<30C>2/./>+36=+=>2/F8+8-3/<=9< the Auctioneers do not warrant these. A deposit of 25% must be paid in Banker’s Cheque or RTGS during the day of the auction and the balance within 90 days. Viewing of the property can be done between 10.00 Am to 4.00 Pm and conditions of sale to be obtained from our 9I-/=M#+6/3==?,4/->>9+</=/<@/:<3-/M Interested bidders are required to obtain the bid documents from Procurement & Stores Department at the main Hospital upon payment of a non-refundable fee of Kshs. 5,000 (Five Thousand only). This Fee should be paid at the Cash point located next to the main entrance at the ADT Cashiers office. A Pre-Bid Conference shall be held at the Hospital on 10th October 2018 at 1100 Hours East African Time. Proposal documents must be submitted in hard copy and soft copy on CD-ROM and deposited in the tender box located at the Nairobi Hospital Corporate Services Centre, 2nd floor, not later than 30th October, 2018 at 1100 Hours East African time at the following address: The Procurement & Stores Manager The Nairobi Hospital P.O. Box 30026 – 00100, Telephone: 020-2845000, NAIROBI, KENYA with the envelope clearly marked “Request for Proposal - REFERENCE NO. TNH/037/18/ENG” The Hospital is not obliged to offer the tender to the lowest or any other bidder or give any reasons thereof. INVITATION TO BID NOTICE The Nairobi Hospital, a leading health care provider in Eastern Africa wishes to invite interested bidders to bid for Supply, Delivery, Installation, Training & Commissioning of Physiotherapy Equipment and Consumables, and Security Equipment in lots. Detailed specification documents can be obtained during normal working hours from our Procurement and Stores offices located at our Main Hospital, Corporate Services Centre, 2nd floor, at a non-refundable fee of Kshs. 3,000/- (Three Thousand) payable for each lot at the Main Hospital Cashier’s desk from 8.30am to 4.30pm Monday to Friday, or via Lipa na Mpesa buy goods Till No. 173821. The bid documents must be submitted on or before Thursday, 4th October, 2018 Midnight. The Nairobi Hospital reserves the right to accept or reject any bid without giving reasons for its decision NOT FOR SALE. FREE WITH YOUR DAILY NATION. May 29, 2018 October 2, 2018 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 smart smart company company the weekly business magazine FINANCE Accountants seek Treasury approval for new fee guidelines JAMES NGUNJIRI [email protected] Why allure of Nairobi bourse is on the wane PATRICK ALUSHULA [email protected] I mproved returns in developed markets and uncertainty in local regulations have taken the shine off Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), hurting the momentum that the bourse had established in the ﬁrst quarter. Despite NSE having basked in the glory of ACCOUNTANTS ARE banking on the Treasury to get approval to introduce a fee guideline for their advisory services following the amendment of the Accountants Act, in the Finance Bill 2018. The amendments have taken into consideration the work of an accountant and the professionals consider this is a big plus for them. The Institute of Certiﬁed Public Accountants of Kenya (Icpak) now says it is engaging the Treasury on the matter. “Now that it has been legislated it does not need to go to Parliament. All we need to do is to engage the CS Treasury (Henry Rotich)…… present a paper to him highlighting what we are proposing and allow him to make a decision based on that,” said Julius Mwatu, Icpak chairman, on Thursday. “The Treasury has powers to give us permission to go ahead. I don’t think we’ll have problem with that because other professionals have it and they understand the beneﬁts of having regulated pricing models as a profession,” added Mr Mwatu (below). After the rejection of the Icpak proposal to ﬁx prices by the Competition Authority of Kenya (Icpak), the institute started the push for amendment of the Accountants Act. The amendment was meant to redeﬁne who an accountant is, since the previous Act only recognised the auditor as an accountant. The new law deﬁnes an accountant as a person who does bookkeeping, forensic audit, public ﬁnance management, budgeting and planning. Mr Mwatu said accountancy has been one of the profession lagging behind in terms of being able to deﬁne how much an accountant should be paid. Now the new changes, he added will give the institute powers to guide on the remuneration for accountants. In 2015, Icpak request- Sh320 billion growth in investors’ wealth in the ﬁrst three months as banks and Safaricom led a sparkling show on the trading ﬂoor, the tide has turned. Investors have suffered unrealised losses of Sh671 billion since April, making the past ﬁve months some of the toughest for East Africa’s largest bourse. On Friday, market capitalisation stood at CONTINUED ON PAGE 34 CONTINUED ON PAGE 34 34 | Smart Company Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION TRADE >> SINCE NOVEMBER LAST YEAR, FOREIGN INVESTORS HAVE BEEN SELLING MORE THAN BUYING, CMA DATA SHOWS Investors hunt for higher returns outside Kenya CONTINUED FROM PAGE 33 Sh2.211 trillion down from early April 5’s peak of Sh2.896 trillion – translating to erosion of nearly a ﬁfth of the market value since April. The Capital Markets Authority (CMA) attributes this to investors search for higher returns in markets such as US following a hike in interest rates. Other analysts add that the proposals that were contained in the Finance Bill 2018 such as the Robin Hood tax pricked and burst the conﬁdence bubble at NSE. CMA director of policy and strategy Luke Ombara told the Smart Company that since about 70 per cent of the market turnover was being controlled by foreign investors, their selling out to buy in other markets has contributed to the decline. “When they get their capital gains especially after the announcement of dividends on blue-chip companies, they exited since returns are much higher in the US and other developed markets following interest rate hike by Federal Reserve,” said Mr Ombara. Since November last year, foreign investors have been selling more than buying, leading to accumulated sell-off of $178.07 million (Sh17.94 billion) in the seven months to July, data from CMA shows. The worst months were in February and May with a net sales of Sh5.14 billion and Sh4 billion respectively. Market brief published by AIB Capital showed that on Friday alone, 96 per cent of the activities were in the hands of foreigners. They sold Sh349.05 million shares of Safaricom and a further Sh130.99 million in Kenya Commercial Bank, making the two counters top the chart of foreign investor sales on Friday. Foreign investors are always searching for higher yields and easily fall for US market given that the bonds there are highly rated compared to Kenya’s. Commenting on the NSE performance, Aly-Khan Satchu, the chief executive of investment advisory ﬁrm, Rich Management Ltd, said that it has been a “blood bath.” He agreed with Mr Ombara’s sentiments, adding that the failed attempt by National Treasury to remove the capping of interest rates on bank loans has also contributed to the decline. “Banking stocks in particular, which had been bright-eyed and bushy-tailed ahead of the expected rate cap amendment led the down-draft,” he says in an email. He adds that in the absence of the International Monetary Fund precautionary arrangement, the Kenyan shilling has traded “like a dream” and the biggest risk to this remains the surging price of oil. “If we see a triple-digit oil print, the shilling will ﬁnd itself hard-pressed. The stock market is a leading indicator. The signal is ringing loud and clear but no one in the government is listening it seems,” he added. With rate cap staying in place and Treasury proposing introduction of Robin Hood tax but later dropping it to double excise duty on money transfer from 10 per cent to 20 per cent, another uncertainty set in. The environment created was akin to the one that prevailed at the bourse when capital gains tax and withholding tax on securities traded was introduced before being dropped in 2016.” “One of the things investors don’t like is uncertainty. I believe it had an impact as investors waited to see if the taxes would be passed,” reckons Einstein Kihanda, chief executive of the ICEA-Lion Asset Management. On Wednesday, the Central Bank of Kenya governor Patrick Njoroge said that he expects the increased excise duty to slow down money transfers. Mr Kihanda told Smart Company that Sh 2.211trn Market capitalisation of the Nairobi Securities Exchange as at last Friday, down from Sh2.896 trillion peak in April the market would have been worse off with Robin Hood tax than the doubled excise duty. But even so, while the full impact of excise duty is yet to be seen, the NSE has shown signs of catching the excise duty fever. “The tax will affect momentum of services such as M-Pesa. That is why we have probably seen a decline in the price of Safaricom last week because it will be expected that fewer transactions will translate into reduced income,” said Mr Kihanda. With the NSE having pulled a resilient performance last year despite tighter credit market, drought and lengthy electoral process, the fourth quarter that kicks in tomorrow may decide if this resilience will stay. For Mr Satchu, it’s all but a cautious approach. “Of course, there is an adage that buyers should buy when there is blood in the water because that’s when the sharks circle after all. I would be very careful on the buy side ...momentum still points lower,” says Mr Satchu. FINANCE Accountants renew push for powers to set own fees CONTINUED FROM PAGE 33 ed to be exempted from competition rules, in a move which was expected to allow the institute have powers to set minimum professional fees for accounting services. In November 2016, Icpak rejected the request stating that the beneﬁts of minimum fees were outweighed by potential harm they would cause in the marketplace. The authority had stated that introduction of fee guidelines would hamper competition, increase costs, reduce innovation and efficiencies, limit choices for customers and was likely to raise the cost of accountancy services beyond the reach of a section of consumers. Icpak planned to set minimum fees for services offered to different classes of business which included pension schemes, saccos, public beneﬁt organisations and non-assurance services companies. Presently, accountants negotiate with the clients and agree on fees without any price guide, sometimes leading to low-quality services and price undercutting. Mr Mwatu said the amendments will also enable the institute to issue multiple licences because most of the 22,000 members have different specialisations and initially they had been having challenges issuing them with permits because the Act was deﬁning the accountant as an auditor. “Now we will see more members getting speciﬁc licences to do speciﬁc specialisations like tax,” said Mr Mwatu. The changes will also allow the Kenya Accountants and Secretary National Examinations Board (Kasneb) to ﬁrst of all register with Icpak. This will enable the institute to trace its students and facilitate them obtain internship opportunities. Accountants follow proceedings during their Annual Enterprise Risk Management Conference in Mombasa. FILE | NATION Smart Company | 35 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 ECONOMY>> COUNTY PLANS TO START VALUE ADDITION ONCE FACILITY IS UP AND RUNNING Kisii farmers bank on banana factory to keep off brokers Exporters of fresh produce raise the alarm over fake agro chemicals BY MACHARIA MWANGI BY RUTH MBULA [email protected] B anana farmers in Kisii will soon bid goodbye to middlemen who have been exploiting them after the county government renewed plans to have a banana-processing factory at the Kisii Agricultural Training Centre. Farmers say the factory will offer them a ready market for their produce. Currently, they are forced to sell at throwaway prices especially when there is a high demand. Farmers get about Sh300 for a sizeable bunch of banana but when processed into different products, the value is expected to increase to over Sh1,000. Ms Mary Omwansa, a farmer at Gesonso area, said the factory brings hope of better earnings as there will be value addition of their produce. “I am excited about the factory. We have suffered for many years. This is indeed good news,” she said. The farmers will have an option of organising themselves into groups and then linking up with AGRICULTURE FILE | NATION Women vending bananas in the streets of Kisii town. the factory. Alternatively, they can sell bananas to groups that are dealing directly with the processor at predetermined prices. Already, the Kisii County Gov- ernment has received a Sh110 million grant from the European Union to strengthen the banana value chain. The project will take 19 months to complete. The total cost for the project is Sh155 million with the county government contributing Sh45 million. Governor James Ongwae says the need to create more wealth out of bananas informed the government’s decision to invest in the factory. “If (banana) fully exploited, we will no longer be talking of food insecurity and unemployment here and in other parts of the country endowed with this crop,” he said. Banana is the main food crop in Kisii County which is the leading producer of the cooking variety of the crop in Kenya. Current acreage under banana is 6,350ha with an average production of 56 tonnes per hectare annually. Apart from the cooking variety, Kisii has another type of banana used for making desert. The cooking type banana, including Ng’ombe and Nusu Ng’ombe, has a niche market due to its good taste. The region also produces ripening varieties like Apple, Cavendish, Glandwine and Williams. Banana is grown in virtually every household in Kisii. Mr Ongwae says the county’s economy is largely driven by agriculture. Exporters of fresh produce have asked the government to rein in on fake chemicals being sold in the country. Fresh Produce Exporters Association of Kenya, chief executive officer, Hosea Machuki said 18 per cent of agro chemicals being used in the country are fakes, calling on the government to address the issue of porous borders. He said the inﬂux of contraband will hurt the industry, calling for stringent measures to curb the vice. “With the increase of VAT, our fear is that we are going to have cheaper agro chemicals which might lead to the inﬂux of fakes,” said Mr Machuki. He warned that if the counterfeits chemicals found there way into the market, they might be used in growing some of the fresh produce. “The net effect of that is that we might be caught in the same scenario we were in 2013, where supplied pesticides in the country exceeded recommended maximum residue levels,” said Mr Machuki. He said some of the agro chemicals banned in various countries such as the European Union (EU), are registered for use in Kenya. “We are using them here in Kenya but they are not allowed in the countries of destination for the various crops,” he noted. Mr Machuki called on the government to harmonise the list for agro chemicals in tandem with the destination markets. He said the sector is in the process of venturing into new markets including China, known for their stringent measures. Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION 36 | Smart Company MANAGEMENT> ONCE YOU DELEGATE A TASK KEEP OFF AND GIVE TASK-DOER SPACE You are better off with instructions than orders The better the person understands what to do, the greater the chance of successful execution of the task assigned BY DAVID MUTURI G [email protected] iving and receiving instructions is a skill that is often ignored in the workplace. There are many avoidable quarrels, underperformance, confusion, wastage and other inefficiencies that could be sidestepped by ensuring that instructions are properly given and well received. Yet this skill is so ignored that everyone assumes that they give proper instructions and equally receive the same clearly. When you instruct you do well if you provide context and are speciﬁc. You do this by providing all the details with necessary background to help that person better understand the task at hand rather than just the instructions. You do very well if are as detailed as you can, especially when you have set up your mind on how the task should be handled. Instructions will be well received if you ask politely rather than issue orders, the way and the tone used can change everything. You need to speak at a reasonable tone with kind and respectful words. Negative language regardless of the urgency and pressure do not help much. It is necessary to offer the person receiving instructions the opportunity to ask questions and seek any clariﬁcations that they may have. When you leave the person receiving the instructions unsure, you have created room for confusion, wastage and other inefficiencies. It is important that you allow them time to ask questions. The better the person understands what to do, the greater the chance of successful execution of the task assigned. You must follow through the instruction but equally must resist the temptation to micromanage, if you do a good job in giving the instructions in the ﬁrst place you should not feel the need to micromanage the execution of the task. You have delegated the tasks, it helps to keep off in order to instil faith in your task-doer. By letting them do the task without you they are more likely to do it to the best of their ability without constant reference to you. This can only make them dependent on you which is not helpful to you or them. That is why you would ﬁnd yourself more useful in providing positive feedback and appropriate gratitude when the task is well done. You do well when the task is complete by positively reinforcing the person. This will make your team feel respected and trusted. To be effective the feedback must also be clear and helpful. Equally important is constructive criticism if the task was not done to your satisfaction. You must clearly state where your expectations were not met and how they should have been achieved. Equally when you are the receiver of the instruction you do well for yourself if you actively listen and not just hear. When you actively listen, you can better understand what you need to do. This is when you will ﬁnd it necessary to take notes. This will be more helpful than trying to remember everything, it is a lot easier when it is written down. There is nothing wrong with keeping notes; it shows that you are prepared, organised and want to do the job correctly. Even as you take notes seek clariﬁcation, even if you are slightly unsure of what you are being asked to do, do not hesitate to ask a question. In as much as you expect respectful language you also must respond with a good attitude. Just as the person giving directions needs to speak respectfully, it is also important to respond respectfully. Behaviour breeds behaviour if you go into the conversation with a bad attitude you are most likely to generate the same attitude and behaviour. Indeed it is likely that the attitude will stream into performing the task which will only make it much more challenging. Whenever there is a job that requires multiple steps, try organising a to-do list. This will help you check things off to make sure you do not miss anything. It will even make it easier to review your work. The effectiveness of giving and receiving instructions is often not accorded the attention it deserves in attaining the organisational objectives. It is necessary to offer the person receiving instructions the opportunity to ask questions and seek any clariﬁcations that they may have. FILE | NATION Coast plans to roll out regional fund in November BY KAZUNGU SAMUEL AND DIANA MUTHEU A fund for the development of the six coast counties is to be established in November to spearhead development, Jumuiya ya Kaunti za Pwani (JKP) chief executive Emmanuel Nzai has said. He said Jumuiya Fund will help address problems facing the region. “We are upbeat of establishing the fund. Each county will also have its own investment company. Tana River has already formed an investment company,” Mr Nzai said. Mombasa, Kiliﬁ, Kwale, Taita Taveta, Lamu and Kiliﬁ counties are to contribute money to the fund meant to spur growth with the major focus being on blue economy. He cited the problems facing the region as poverty, marginalisation, corruption and failed political leadership. “We need to change the story as we are a sea land of opportunities. We want to work together as universities, industries and county governments to steer the region to prosperity,” said Mr Nzai, who is a strategist, policy and ICT analyst. Mr Nzai was a running-mate of Third Way Alliance presidential candidate Dr Ekuru Aukot in last year’s elections. He said public universities at the coast — Pwani, Technical University of Mombasa (TUM) and Taita Taveta University — will also form Jumuiya Institute of Innovations. Despite being the ﬁrst to form an economic bloc after devolution, the region has little to show for the initiative. Mr Nzai said the coast economic bloc, which has its secretariat at TUM, was keen on achieving its Vision 2030 blue print. Recently, Kiliﬁ deputy governor Gideon Saburi also vouched for the common fund for coast counties and called for exploitation of the blue economy. “The blue economy is a project that surrounds the coastal counties, which have the longest shoreline. We want to ensure we leverage on the resource and put all things we need to share with partners and investors so that they understand what we need as JKP” Mr Saburi said. Mr Saburi said the blue economy which encompasses maritime transport, ﬁsheries and tourism will aid in creating more job opportunities and opening up the region to economic development. Taita-Taveta deputy Governor, Majala Mlaghui said the coastal counties are now putting aside their political differences and coming together for the sake of the economic development of the region. Ms Mlaghui said that JKP will focus on attracting investments to ensure all the six counties of Mombasa, Kiliﬁ, Kwale, Taita-Taveta, Lamu and Tana River develop. “We will focus on development attracting investments into the region to realise an increased and shared prosperity,” she said. Muturi is a management consultant Everything business>> Lucy Kiruthu Place excellence at the centre during Customer Service Week IT IS THAT TIME OF the year again when customer-centric organisations around the globe create awareness about the importance of customer service excellence in their organisations. Celebrated by many organisations, the Customer Service Week (CS Week) is commemorated every ﬁrst full week of October. Many organisations have held different activities to mark the CS Week since 1992. In Kenya, CS week continues to be a ﬂagship event and a number of organisations have been celebrating this special week for the last three to six years. I take this opportunity to wish all a happy Customer Service Week and reﬂect on what CS week really means. Organisations that participate in the CS Week celebrations do so for a number of reasons. Many do so to communicate the strategic role that customer service plays in their organisations. Others do so to raise awareness about the value they place on their customers, as well as the staff who serve customers. Many others use the week to renew their commitment to focus more on the customer and to communicate the efforts they are making in driving service excellence. Organisations do so by having a wide range of initiatives directed towards driving service improvement and appreciating both their staff and their customers. Most of the past initiatives have seen organisations bring to life service excellence. Have your CS Week initiatives added any value to your organisation? What value? Many Kenyans have witnessed the CS week celebrations. The Institute of Customer Experience (ICX) Kenya, a body that brings together customer experience professionals, has been driving CS Week awareness and inviting all business to participate in their own small or big way. This year, the CS week theme in Kenya is “sustaining customer service excellence”. ICX Kenya will be awarding organisations that are most innovative in executing this theme. A key question that every smart company must ask itself is “what must we do consistently to create happy and loyal customers at every point of interaction?" The answer to this question lies in our everyday attitudes and actions as we interact with one another and with our customers. Globally“Excellence Happens Here” is this year’s CS Week theme. The theme recognises the spaces where customers and service professionals come together and where excellence is expected to happen. I believe that such spaces should include boardrooms, offices, contact centres to all other points of interaction. The major question for all of us is “does excellence really happen in these places?” If it does, well done! If it does not, what positive action will you take to make it happen? Anyone who has been involved in improving customer service can conﬁrm that it is not as simple as ABC. Service improvement is a complex endeavour that involves every aspect of the organisation. At the centre of service improvement is the culture of the organisation. As organisations mark CS week, they must detest from just having activities and be intentional about creating a culture of service excellence. They can do this by focusing on their strategy, management commitment and involvement, people competences, processes and standards, performance measurements and being innovative. Let every business consider the CS week as an opportunity to rethink its customer service experience and push it to the next level. Dr. Lucy Kiruthu is a Management Consultant and Trainer. Connect via twitter @KiruthuLucy 37 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 MOTOR VEHICLES (SALVAGES) FOR SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION Duly instructed by our principals, BRITAM INSURANCE LIMITED, we shall sell by public auction the under mentioned motor vehicles on Tuesday, 9th October 2018 starting 10:30 am at Britam Assessment Centre, Road A, off Enteprise road/off Likoni Road near Alpine Coolers. NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 REG NO. KBP 630Z KCE 293G KCF 683K KMEH 765Q KBL 074M KBR 366D Y.O.M 2004 2008 2008 2017 2009 2005 MAKE SUBARU TOYOTA TOYOTA YAMAHA DAIHATSU TOYOTA 7 KCG 267T 2009 MERCEDES BENZ 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 KBU 136F KBV 702Y KCK 734X KBW 639S KAX 991R KCK 910G KBQ 030M KAY 035Z KBZ 967Y KCB 883B KBV 841V KBV 967C KCH 962T KCP 685J KBZ 695W KBX 808C KAY 802R KCE 011G KBS 780Y KCE 115A KAE 253G KBW 379B KBR 453L KBZ 474U KBU 629Y KBU 624T KBC 966G KBW 490C KBV 834C KCB 571W KCL 032S KCF 554H KCJ 132J KCC 317B KBM 209W KBJ 535S KBH 583U KBK 201M KAX 916D KCG 409B KBT 069W ZC 2323 KBK 004G KCH 673H KCL 794Y KCB 659Q KBW 887H KBK 004G KCM 396L KCD 284S KAY 320Q KCH 007Y KCD 030S KCC 002H KCH 746L KCQ 649A KBY 848F KBZ 552W KAQ 162Z KAX 544T KBN 624T KAY 252G KBC 280F KAS 169L KAW 494L KBT 768C KBY 588F KCM 500H KCQ 040D 2006 2006 2010 2006 2000 2009 2004 2000 2008 2007 2006 2006 2015 2010 2007 2006 2000 2008 1998 2015 1989 2006 2005 2007 2006 2013 2008 2007 2013 2007 2010 2008 2009 2007 2003 2003 2002 2002 1999 2008 1990 2005 2002 2009 2017 2007 2007 2002 2012 2008 2000 2010 2008 2008 2009 2012 1990 2007 2003 2000 2010 2001 2001 1998 1999 2005 2013 2016 2018 HONDA SUBARU TOYOTA NISSAN TOYOTA LANDCRUISER TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA PREMIO TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA NISSAN NISSAN SUBARU TOYOTA LANDCRUISER HONDA TOYOTA TOYOTA BMW NISSAN VOLKSWAGEN MAZDA SUBARU MITSUBISHI TOYOTA TOYOTA CORONA FAW TOYOTA NISSAN TOYOTA NISSAN NISSAN TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA TOYOTA NISSAN BHACHU TOYOTA TOYOTA HINO NISSAN TOYOTA TOYOTA HONDA TOYOTA MITSUBISHI MERCEDES BENZ TOYOTA NISSAN TOYOTA TOYOTA NISSAN NISSAN FORD RENAULT NISSAN MERC BENZ TOYOTA PEUGEOT AUDI A4 TOYOTA FORD RANGER TOYOTA TOYOTA MODEL BL5 DBA-SCP92 DBA-NZE151H YD110 TERIOS SX DBA-ZZT240 C180 SE KOMPRESSOR A DBA-GJI DBA-BP9 BODY TYPE SALOON SALOON ST. WAGON MOTORCYCLE ST. WAGON SALOON LOCATION ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE INSURED’S YARD ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE SALOON WESTKAM ST. WAGON ST. WAGON SALOON DBA-Y12 ST. WAGON PRADO ST. WAGON RUSH ST. WAGON CBE-NCP50V ST. WAGON SCP10 ST. WAGON ZRT260 ST. WAGON CBE-NCP51V ST. WAGON CBE-NCP55V ST. WAGON CBA-NCZ20 ST. WAGON HILUX PICKUP X-TRAIL ST. WAGON ABF-SK82VN VAN CBA-SG5 ST. WAGON PRADO ST. WAGON DBA-GE9 ST. WAGON AVENSIS SALOON D/CABIN PICKUP BMW SALOON BLUEBIRD SALOON GOLF ST. WAGON BKG-LHR85A P/UP TA - BP5 ST. WAGON PAJERO ST. WAGON COROLLA SALOON DBA- ZRT260 SALOON CA4161 PRIME MOVER DBAGRX120 SALOON WINGROAD ST. WAGON DBA-NZE141 SALOON DBF-VY12 ST. WAGON DBA-C25 ST. WAGON UA-NZE121 SALOON KDJ120 ST. WAGON UA-ZZT240 SALOON TA-NZE121 SALOON PREMIO SALOON CBENCP51V ST. WAGON UA-NT30 SALOON SALOON UA-ZZT241W ST. WAGON CBA-M502E ST. WAGON FNBJR1A-SG2 LORRY DBA-SC11 SALOON DBA-ZZT240 SALOON UA-ZZT241W ST. WAGON CR-V ST. WAGON DBA-NZE141G ST. WAGON H76W ST. WAGON DBA-21207C SALOON DBAGRS200 SALOON PATHFINDER SPORT ST. WAGON DBA-ZNE10G ST. WAGON TIIDA SALOON XTRAIL ST WAGON NAVARA PICK UP RANGER PICK UP VF622 PRIME MOVER NAVARA PICK UP 2540 PRIME MOVER TA-GX110 SALOON 406 SALOON SALOON NOAH ST WAGON PICK UP PICK UP LAND CRUISER ST. WAGON HILUX PICK UP ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE MOTORWAYS WALKER AUTOMECH - MERU PATHMOST - NANYUKI ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE TOPVIEW GARAGE - KERUGOYA ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE DEEM GARAGE - MERU ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE MOTORWAYS YARD AUTO EXTREME GARAGE DAC MOTORS SEAS MOTORS NAKURU ASSESSMENT CENTRE MOTORWAYS AMANI VENTURES JAFFERY MOTORS CRYSTAL MOTORS ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE AUTOFINE GARAGE GOLDEN MOTORS - NAKURU RACE AUTO AUTOSPIN WESTKAM YARD ECHO KENYA CRYSTAL MOTORS MURANGA MOTORS HARNESS AUTO - MWINGI AUTO-DEVINE - THIKA WESTKAM YARD WESTKAM YARD WESTKAM YARD NAIVABOCH MOTORWAYS YARD CONCODE MEADS GARAGE TOP QUALITY WESTKAM MASH AUTO GARAGE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE ASSESSMENT CENTRE JOGI MOTORS MALINDI JAFFERY WESTKAM CRYSTAL MOMBASA JAFFERY CRYSTAL -MSA WESTKAM WESTKAM TERYX MOTORS CRYSTAL MOTOR(MOMBASA) NDWIGA GARAGE - KITALE ASSESSMENT CENTRE WESTKAM YARD CONDITIONS OF SALE 1. Viewing will be from 02.10.2018 to 08.10.2018 during normal working hours at the respective yards/garages. 2. All interested buyers are requested to view and verify the details by themselves as the auctioneer or Britam Insurance Limited does not warrant these, as the units are being offered for sale “AS THEY ARE”. 3. All intending buyers are requested to make a refundable deposit of KShs. 50,000 to Britam Insurance Limited by way of banker’s DIFRVFTBOEUIFSFBGUFSPCUBJOBCJEEJOHCVZJOH OVNCFSQMVTBDBUBMPHVFBU,TITGSPNUIFBVDUJPOFFSTPGmDFTCFGPSFUIFEBUF of the auction. Please note that there will be no bidding whatsoever without a bidding number. Further note that no banker’s cheques or cash will be accepted at the venue of auction. 4. Please note that each Kshs. 50,000 bidding deposit will be limited to purchasing one (1) vehicle only. Any bidder intending to purchase more vehicles must pay the requisite amount of bidding deposits before the auction date. 5. Any vehicle whose bid price is KShs. 1,200,000 or above shall require an additional non-refundable deposit of KShs. 200,000. 6. Unsuccessful bidders shall be refunded their deposits immediately after the auction. 7. Successful bidders will have to pay 25% of the bidded price at the fall of the hammer which amount will include the deposit of Kshs. 50,000. The 75% balance shall be payable in the seven days following the auction but vehicles shall be released upon clearance of the cheque. Please note that failure to pay the balance will result in forfeiture of all deposits paid. 8. Britam insurance Limited shall bear storage charges up to 7 days after the date of auction. Any further accrued storage will be borne by the buyer. 9. Sale will be subject to reasonable reserve prices and the full amount for all vehicles bided shall be paid before release of any other vehicles. 10.Bidders who successfully bid for more than one vehicle will have to pay the full purchase price for all vehicles bidded for before any of them is released. 38 Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION DIRECTORATE OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS BANKING FRAUD INVESTIGATIONS UNIT WANTED PERSON Name Vivian Adhiambo Ombuta Id No. 25179995 Residence details Kisumu, Nairobi Cash Reward Ksh 100,0000 Information to be passed to Investigating officer C/O BFID Tel 0722 938 744, 0735 792 396, 020-2861948 or the nearest police station/CID office Warrant Milimani CM’s Court Miscellaneous Application no. 3372 of 2018. Duly instructed by our principals in the matter of distress for rent we shall on 9th October 2018 starting at 10.30am sell by public auction all the properties mentioned below, insitu, at the premises of Micro .PCJMF-UE*14#VJMEJOHUIáPPS PDM LTD – VS-MICRO MOBILE LTD Devan Plaza, 1st Floor, Suite No. 11. Crossway Road, Westlands Tel: 0722730030, 0720948180 | P.O. Box 38968-00100, NAIROBI. PUBLIC AUCTION Duly instructed by our Principals, the CHARGEES, we shall sell by public auction the property described herein. VACANT AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY IN NGECHA AREA, NAKURU ON 9th OCTOBER 2018 STARTING FROM 11.00 A.M. OUTSIDE NATIONAL BANK OF KENYA NAKURU All that parcel of land known as L.R.NO. Njoro/Ngata block 2/4061,Nakuru county, measuring 0.815 HA approximately (2.01 Acres) and registered in the name of Amos Mutemi Vele of P.O. Box 1851820100 Nakuru. The property is in Ngecha Area about 20 km west of Nakuru town. About1.3Km off and to the left of NakuruEldoret Road, deviating opposite A.I.P.C.A Thiririka church. Tenure is freehold. The land is suitable for subdivision for residential dwelling. No main services connected to the property. Immediate access road is earth surfaced. CONDITIONS OF SALE 1. All interested Purchasers are required to view the property and verify the details as these are not warranted by the Auctioneers or the Principals, viewing is on appointment. 2. A deposit of at least 25% must be paid in BANKERS CHEQUE at the fall of the hammer and the balance to be paid within 30 days to the Chargees. 3. Sale subject to reserve price. 4. 5IFDPOEJUJPOTPGTBMFNBZCFPCUBJOFEGSPNPVSPGàDFT Email: [email protected] PUBLIC AUCTION %VMZJOTUSVDUFECZPVSQSJODJQBMUIFàOBODJFS XFTIBMMTFMMCZQVCMJDBVDUJPOUIFVOEFS mentioned Motor Vehicles on Friday 12th October 2018 at PVS PGàDFT BMPOH Kijabe street next to universal Church starting at 10:30 a.m. No. Reg. No. Make Model Body 1. KCK 422Y TOYOTA HILUX DCAB P/UP 2013 Y.O.M. Leakey Storage Yard Lunga Lunga To be Viewed at 2. KCA 062Q ISUZU FVZ 23S H/S/D/SIDE 2014 Purple Royal Yard CONDITIONS OF SALE 1.Viewing can be done at the indicated location to verify details as these are not warranted by the auctioneers or our principals. 2.All interested bidders are required to pay a refundable deposit of Kshs. 100,000/= UPPCUBJOBCJEEJOHOVNCFSBUPVSPGàDFJOGPSNPGBBANKERS CHEQUE. 3.The declared purchaser must deposit 25% of the purchase price by close of business auction day and the balance paid within fourteen (14) days from the auction date, failure to which the money received including the deposit will be forfeited. 4.Sale is subject to reasonable reserve price. 8work stations, 4 high stools, rolling chairs 38 pieces, two executive PGàDF EFTLT GPVS SPMMJOH DIBJST CPBSE SPPN UBCMF XBUFS EJTQFOTFS GPVSUFFO UFMFQIPOF IBOETFUT DPNQVUFS NPOJUPS UXP NFUBMMJD àMJOH cabinets, small HP printer, Panasonic printer, Hp printer, two small round tables, six visitors chairs, one reception desk, microware, electric kettle, two chairs, two burner electrical cooker, switch board console. CONDITIONS OF SALE 1. Cash at the fall of the hammer 2. Viewing by appointment 3. Cash deposit of Kshs. 20,000/= to obtain a bidding number REPUBLIC OF KENYA IN THE ENVIRONMENT & LAND COURT AT NYERI ELC CASE NO. 43 OF 2016 – FAST TRACK 1. ANNAH NYAGUTHII KAMAU……………………….................…...………………1ST PLAINTIFF 2. SIMON MWANGI WERU………………………...............…………...……………..2ND PLAINTIFF 3. IDAH NYAGUTHI MUHIU ………………………………................…...…………..3RD PLAINTIFF VERSUS ZUBERA NJUGUNA ………………………...............…………………………....…...1ST DEFENDANT SHAFI GREWAL KAKA ……………………..............……...…………………...….2ND DEFENDANT SUBSTITUTED SERVICE OF HEARING NOTICE BY ADVERTISEMENT TO:1. Annah Nyaguthii Kamau 2. Simon Mwangi Weru 3. Idah Nyaguthi Muhiu P. O Box 110-10400 P.O. Box 48399-00100 P.O. Box 1216-10101 NANYUKI NAIROBI KARATINA TAKE NOTICE that the hearing of an Application by the Defendants dated 15/05/2018ŏ * ŏ ü(! ŏ %*ŏ +1.0ŏ +*ŏ 16/05/2018 in NYERI ELC CASE NO. 43 OF 2016 shall be on 24/10/2018 at 9.00 a.m. The Court has ordered that service of the Application upon you to be by means of this advertisement. A copy of the ,,(%0%+*ŏ)5ŏ!ŏ+0%*! ŏ".+)ŏ0$!ŏŏ+1.0ŏ!#%/0.5ŏ0ŏ5!.%ŏ+.ŏ0ŏ0$!ŏþ!/ŏ of the Defendants’ Advocates being Adera & Co. Advocates, Embassy House, 5th Floor, Harambee Avenue, Nairobi. FURTHER TAKE NOTE that, unless you reply to the Application and attend Court on 24/10/2018, the Application will be heard and Orders may be issued in your absence. DATED at NAIROBI this 28TH day of SEPTEMBER, 2018. ADERA & COMPANY ADVOCATES FOR THE DEFENDANTS – Tel. 0712216228, Email; [email protected] Leisure | 39 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 SIMPLE CROSSWORD ACROSS: 1.Magniﬁcence, grandeur etc. 7.To direct a weapon at a speciﬁc person or object 8.Fuss 10.A projecting part as the tine of a fork 12.Any six-line stanza 13.To hurry 14.To rent or lease 16.The woolly coat of a sheep 18.To breathe with a coarse rasping sound during sleep 20.A number 21.A charge for professional service rendered 22.A cleansing substance DOWN: 1.To cut by striking forcibly, and at random as with a knife 2.Not ﬁrmly fastened 3.The back of the neck 4.Filth 5.Ethiopian river the largest one draining into L. Turkana 6.To manipulate dishonestly as elections 9.To stoop 11.A female relation SUDOKU YESTERDAY’S SOLUTION ACROSS: 1. Viaduct 7. Rhino 8. Spinner 10. Tit 11. Self 13. Cos 14. Mesh 16. Jet 18.Torture 20. Score 21. Wedlock DOWN: 1. Vest 2. Adit 3. Urn 4. Chess 5. Tire 6. Hoof 9. Pile 12. Leer 13. Chore 14. Moss 15. Stow 16. Judo 17. Teak 19. Red 14.Forgetfulness 15.A principle held by one as true 16.Liberated 17.To look at slyly 18.Melancholy 19.Many times Sudoku with Steers Two winners win a Free Meal with Steers daily on 20567! Fill in the 3 shaded digits and send the values ABC to 20567 for your chance to win a Free Meal with Steers. Start the SMS with the word Sudoku e.g Sudoku 1,2,3 Check your Wednesday paper to see if you are a winner. Winners will be contacted directly by Steers within 2 weeks to receive their prize SMS cost: 10/= YESTERDAY’S SOLUTION CODEWORD COMPLEX CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Six-footer’s since ruined front of trousers (6) 4 Gauche Tory leader pretends to welcome the French (8) 9 Initially, person always taking regular old nook? (6) 10 Bishop accepting ﬁrst female objective becoming minister (8) 11 Clear container maintained by record temperature (8) 13 Pans left corroded on board (6) 15 Prison rebel is turning reckless … (13) 18 … adapting pine bed’s nails to make key (13) 22 Force of speech for the audience (6) 24 Sporty cyclist’s end in ethical upset (8) 26 Bond part involves hell, occasionally (8) 27 Heartless sucker embracing former wife? That’s more sensual (6) 28 Sailor’s plan to circle opening of the deep (8) 29 Breed’s ﬁrst bird dog (6) DOWN 1 This compiler’s exercise does, oddly, hinder (6) 2 Settled, one’s nourished keeping middle of insides full (9) 3 Archbishop’s cross about more ruddy … (7) 5 … bishops perhaps after a ﬁnal word (4) 6 What’s used to hold bloomers YESTERDAY’S SOLUTION ACROSS 1 Signpost 5 Topics 9 Dungarees 11 Inner 12 Create 13 Repaired 15 Reincarnation 18 Pyramid scheme 22 Moralist 23 Trance 26 Cheap 27 Soap opera 28 Setter 29 Licensee Each number in our Codeword grid represents a different letter of the alphabet. For example, today 20 represents N so ﬁll in N every time the ﬁgure 20 appears. You have two letters in the control grid to start you off. Enter them in the appropriate squares in the main grid, then use your knowledge of words to work out which letters should go in the missing squares. As you get the letters, ﬁll in other squares with the same number in the main grid and control grid. Check off the list of alphabetical letters as you identify them. DOWN up? (7) 7 Take part in eleven, team ﬁxture (5) 8 Avoid son, despite changes (8) 12 Bite, eating for instance, nut (6) 14 Fancy outﬁt revealing bodice (6) 16 ‘Living’ undergarment clothing sweetheart’s body (9) 17 Climber is wariest scrambling round island (8) 19 Hesitate then speak following good person (7) 20 Contradict victory over European judge (7) 21 It’s rare to see Conservative in panic (6) 23 Regrets holding Liberal principles (5) 25 Slumber party on boat? (4) 1 Sidecars 2 Genre 3 Plastic 4 Suet 5 Potboiler 6 Origami 7 Ignorance 8 Shreds 10 Stewards 14 Premises 16 Imperfect 17 Vegetatate 19 Relapse 20 Corrode 21 Smacks 24 Needs 25 Maxi YESTERDAY’S SOLUTION YOUR STARS AQUARIUS | JAN 21 - FEB 19 This is an important time to really listen to what other people are saying. You may be feeling out of sync as powerful forces limit your ability to take charge as you would like. Those who put their practical and hard working energy into team projects can make the best progress. PISCES | FEB 20 - MAR 20 Not everything will be as it appears. Pay attention if you are warned about, or suspicious of, someone’s motives. This is especially true if you are in a position to champion someone more vulnerable. Consult people you trust and do your best to ask the right questions. ARIES | MAR 21 - APR 20 There is an optimistic ﬂow today that will help you feel positive. It will be easier to have a “glass half full” view of events. At the same time, be cautious and realistic when it comes to making plans and setting personal goals. Luck is built on common sense. At times such as this it is difficult to tell exactly where you will end up and with whom. TAURUS | APR 21 - MAY 20 The day is off to a strong start for you when energy calls for peace and harmony. Reset the balance by taking a more diplomatic approach to stressful situations. Recycle or give away what you are not using. GEMINI | MAY 21 - JUNE 21 You aren’t going to permit anyone to take advantage of you. Any suspicions or fears you have may not be just in your mind. Your intuition is likely to be correct. Do your best to get to the truth of anything that has you feeling jealous or suspicious. CANCER | JUN 22 - JULY 22 This is likely to be a busy day. You can become over-extended without even trying. Draw clear boundaries to make time for yourself. It is important not to let unfounded fears dictate your actions. This evening events are likely to break with tradition in a big way. LEO | JULY 23 - AUG 22 Be honest about your feelings and don’t be afraid to ask other people where they stand as well. An honest ﬂow of ideas is vital to a healthy relationship. This includes drinking, bathing, swimming, and being near where it ﬂows. VIRGO | AUG 23 - SEP 23 You’ll need a sense of order to feel comfortable. Take some time to get better organized. Piles of papers, especially, need to be sorted out. Concentrate your efforts on getting as much done as you can with as little effort as possible. This includes asking others to help. A little extra conﬁdence will help but too much will land you in trouble. LIBRA | SEP 24 - OCT 23 The cosmic energy encourages a slow and careful approach with anything close to your heart. With patience and perseverance, you will get what you want. This is an important day to make needed changes in any serious relationship. Under stress, you may hide your real feelings or intentions. SCORPIO | OCT 24 - NOV 22 A scattered energy is in the air. Be patient with mechanical breakdowns and miscommunications today. There is the potential for silly arguments starting when you least expect them. Worry, criticism, or just the wrong tone of voice can escalate domestic dramas. . SAGITTARIUS | NOV 23 - DEC 21 This can be a complicated day full of opportunities and challenges. Sometimes things that appear to be roadblocks can end up bringing the best results. So it’s best to keep moving forward and not put too much emphasis on results. CAPRICORN | DEC 22 - JAN 20 Your negotiating skills are quite strong today. You will be able to move things to your strongest advantage, one small step at a time. Also can ask for what someone else might think is unreasonable, and you are likely to get it! To receive NATIONmobile horoscopes on your mobile, SMS the Star you want, eg LEO to 20667 at 5/- above normal rates. 40 | Leisure Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION CINEMA GUIDE TREAT OF THE DAY NAIROBI 5:00am Password Plus 6:00am AM Live 8:00am Living With Ess 9:00am NTV Today 11:00am NTV Sasa 1:00pm NTV at 1 1:30pm Mafundi 2:00pm On The Wings Of Love 3:00pm Wild Skin 4:00pm NTV Alasiri 4:30 pm Password 5:00pm The Heat 6:00pm If Only 7:00pm NTV Jioni 7:30pm Auntie Boss! 8:00pm The girl Named Feriha 9:00pm NTV Tonight 10:00pm Side Bar 11:00pm The Heat 12:00am CNN THE GIRL NAMED FERIHA 8:00PM Today’s highlight: This heart wrenching drama reveals the dreams and desires of a young girl stuck between two worlds. Feriha is in the middle of a world, where desires and opportunities seem endless. IF ONLY @6:00PM AUNTIE BOSS! @7:30PM NTV SASA 1:30PM Tune in for the latest news on NTV Sasa with Daniel Mule and the rest of your favourite news anchors. NTV TONIGHT 9:00PM Join us for the latest local and global news on NTV Tonight with Trevor Ombija and his colleagues. TELEVISION CITIZEN TV 4:00 Pambazuka Music 5:30 Dance With Chiky 6:00 Day Break 10:00 Sema Na Citizen 1:00 Live @ 1 2:00 Afrosinema 4:00 Citizen Briefs 4:20 Mseto East Africa 5:00 La Rosa De Guadalupe 6:00 Friends To The Rescue 7:00 Citizen Nipashe 7:35 Tahidi High 8:05 My Sweet Curse 9:00 News Night 10:00 Fall Into Temptation 11:00 Afrosinema 01:00 Citizen Late Night News 02:00 Afrosinema ANDY CAPP KTN TV 5:00 Club 700 5:30 Praise And Worship 6:00 Morning Express 7:00 Life N’ Style 8:30 The Entrepreneur Rerun 9:00 Afriscreen 11:00 Forevermore 12:00 Chini ya Mnazi 12:30 Junior 1:00 Newsdesk 1:30 Turning Point 2:00 Afriscreen 4:00 World Peacemakers 4:30 Winx Club 5:00 Baseline 6:00 The Better Half 7:00 KTN Leo 7:30 Daktari 8:00 King David 9:00 KTN Prime 10:00 I Will Never Say Goodbye 11:00 Life N’ Style 11:30 Andrew Wommack Ministries 12:00 CNN K24 TV 5.00 Switchmix 5.30 Tizi 7.00 K24 Alfajiri 9.00 Isabella 10.00 The Daily Brief 1.30 Sports Hub 2.00 Arena 254 2.30 DW Documentary 3:30 Playlist 4.00 K24 Mashinani 4.30 Juskids 5.00 Beatbox 6.00 Madhubala 6.30 K24 Mashinani 7.00 K24 Saa Moja 7.30 Sumu La Penzi 8.05 River Of Passion 9.00 K24 Evening Edition 10.00 Kenyan Movie 11.00 DW Feed KBC TV 5:00 BBC 5:30 Gear Up 6:00 Good Morning Kenya 9:00 Layd Back 10:00 Beyond the Headlines 11:00 Documentary 12:00 Worship Experience 1:00 KBC Lunchtime News 1:30 Business Deﬁned 2:00 Grapevine 2:30 Daytime Movie 5:30 Club 1 6:30 Documentary 7:00 Taarifa 7:30 Health Diaries 8:00 Elena’s Ghost 9:00 KBC News 10:00 First Lady 11:00 CGTN News 12:00 Layd Back 12:30 BBC CENTURY CINEMAX JUNCTION, NGONG ROAD SCREEN I “PEPPERMINT ”-(2D) (18) 10AM, 12PM, 2PM, 4PM, 6PM “THE NUN” (2D) (18) 10PM SCREEN II “SMALLFOOT” (3D) PG 10AM, 12PM, 4PM, 6PM, 8PM “THE PREDATOR” (3D) (18) 10PM SCREEN III “JOHNNY ENGLISH ” (TBA) 10AM, 12PM, 4PM, 6PM, 8PM, 10PM SCREEN IV “NIGHT SCHOOL” (2D) ( 16) 10AM, 12PM, 2PM, 4PM. 6PM, 8PM, 10PM PRESTIGE CINEMA, PRESTIGE PLAZA, NGONG ROAD “JOHNNY ENGLISH 3” (PG) 10AM, 7.15PM “NIGHT SCHOOL” 12.30PM, 2.50PM, 9.10PM “PEPPERMINT ”-(R18)5.20PM, 7PM “SMALLFOOT ”-(G) 11AM, 1.05PM, 3.10PM “THE NUN” 5.10PM, 9.15PM WESTGATE CINEMA, WESTGATE MALL “SMALLFOOT ”-(3D) 11AM, 2.30PM, 4.30PM, 6.40PM “NIGHT SCHOOL” 11.10AM, 2.10PM, 4.30PM, 6.50PM, 9.10PM “PEPPERMINT ”-(R18) 11AM, 2PM, 6.40PM, 9PM “NUN” (18) 2.30PM, 8.50PM “JOHNNY ENGLISH ” (TBA) 11.20AM, 4.30PM, 6.30PM, 8.40PM “CRAZY RICH ASIANS” (2D) 4.10PM “SUI DHAAGA” (PG) 11.10AM, 3.10PM, 6.10PM, 8.50PM “BATTI GUL METER CHALU” (PG) 11.20AM, 2.40PM, 5.50PM, 9PM CENTURY CINEMAX IMAX GARDEN CITY, NAIROBI “NIGHT SCHOOL” (2D) ( PG) 10.45AM, 1PM, 3.15PM, 5.30PM, 7.45PM, 10PM “HOTEL TRANSYLVANIA 3”-(2D) (PG) 10.30AM, 12.30PM, 2.30PM “SUI DHAAGA” (2D) ( PG) 4.30PM, 7PM, 9.30PM “JOHNNY ENGLISH 3” (2D) ( PG) 10AM, 12PM, 2PM, 4PM, 6PM, 8PM, “THE PREDATOR” (3D) ( 18) 10PM “SMALLFOOT ”-(3D) 10AM, 12PM, 2PM, 4PM, 6PM “PEPPERMINT ”-(2D) (18) 8PM, 10PM “THE PREDATOR” ( IMAX) (3D) (18) 10.45AM, 1PM, 3.15PM, 5.30PM, 7.45PM, “THE NUN” 10PM IMAX KENYA 20TH CENTURY PLAZA “THE NUN” 3.20PM, 7.20PM, 9.20PM “THE PREDATOR” 3D 5.20PM. ANGA DIAMOND , PARKLANDS “ALPHA” 1:30PM. “BATTI GUL METER CHALU 2D 12PM, 5.45PM, 8.45PM “MANMARZIYAAN 2D 5PM, 9:40PM “PEPPERMINT” 2D 1PM. “SMALLFOOT” 3 11.40AM “STREE” 10.30AM. THE MEG 3D 5.40PM. “NUN” 2D 3PM, 7:40PM. “THE PREDATOR” 3D 3.40PM, 8PM, 10PM. “YAMLA PAGLA DEEWANA PHIR SE “2D 3PM ANGA SKY CINEMA, PANARI HOTEL “SIMPLE FAVOR” 2D 11.20AM “BATTI GUL METER CHALU”2D 8.15PM “PEPPERMINT” 2D 1.40PM, 6PM “SMALLFOOT” 3.20PM “THE NUN “2D 4PM, 5.20PM, 9.30PM, 11.10PM “THE PREDATOR” 3D 11.20AM, 1.20PM, 7.20 PM, 11.30 PM MEGA CINEMA - KISUMU “BATTI GUL METER CHALU”2 6.40PM “MANMARZIYAAN “2 9.30PM “PEPPERMINT” 5.30PM “SMALLFOOT” 3.20PM “THE MEG” 3D 1:20 PM “THE NUN” 2.10PM, 9.20PM “THE PREDATOR” 7.30PM NYALI CINEMAX - MOMBASA “THE NUN” 10.30AM “:MANMARZIYAAN” 11.00AM “PREDATOR” 3D 12.30PM: “ALPHA” 3D 2.30PM: “BATTI GUL METER CHALU”2.45PM: “PREDATOR” 33D 4.30PM: “MILE 22” 6.45PM “A SIMPLE FAVOUR“ 6.45PM: “BATTI GUL METER CHALU” 9.00PM “CRAZY RICH ASIANS” 9.15PM Classiﬁed | 41 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 PUBLIC NOTICE CHANGE OF USER The owner of Plot No. Kisumu Municipality/ Block 6/295 located near M.M Shah Primary School, Kisumu City proposes to change the use of the land from Single dwelling Residential to Multidwelling Residential subject to approval by the City of Kisumu. Any individuals, institutions, organizations etc. with objections to the proposal are hereby requested to forward them in writing within (14) days of this notice to: The City Manager, City of Kisumu P.O. BOX 105 - 40100 Kisumu NAIROBI & UPCOUNTRY A052 Birthday Greetings PERSONAL NOTICES A109 Lost Loss of title deed A871 Miscellaneous M/CYCLES & SCOOTERS B173 Motor Cycles YAMAHA MOTORCYCLE 110CC ndeiya/makutano/322 owner John Ngugi LOSS of title LR. No. 26695/163 I.R 92624 Owner Richard Gatumu Munyi LOST title deed Gakawa/Kahurura block 1/1272 owners Susan Wathiri Kahembe and Purity Wangui Kahembe LOST title Limuru/Kamirithu/2154 of Alice Nyakio Njenga LOST Title ref: wamunyu / Kilembwa / 3 A116 Marriage AASMAN solves all problems immediately . call 0732936038 LOVE:DATING services 0722219480 PERSONAL SERVICES A167 Acupuncture PUBLIC NOTICE Physical Planning Act (Cap 286) CHANGE OF USE The registered owners of plot LR No. 209/9901, situated in Dam Estate, off Langata road, Langata Area within the jurisdiction of Nairobi City County are proposing to change use of their property from Residential to a Kindergarten subject to approval by the Nairobi City County. Any individual(s), institutions(s) and organisation(s) with objection(s) to the proposal BSF IFSFCZ OPUJàFE UP EP TP JO XSJUJOH XJUIJO fourteen (14 days) as granted by PPA to: County Secretary, Nairobi City County Government, P. O. Box 30075, 00100, NAIROBI. Now At Kes 92,500/Vat Inclusive! PUBLIC NOTICE PHYSICAL PLANNING ACT (CAP 286) CHANGE OF USE The owners of this Plot LR. No. 209/16974 (+0! ŏ %*ŏ %(!(!/$3ŏ .!ŏ +ûŏ !!.!ŏ Cresent, Nairobi, proposes to Change its Use from Single Dwelling Residential to Multi-Dwelling Residential (Apartments) subject to approval by the Nairobi City County. Individuals, Institutions, Organizations etc. with objections or comments to the proposal are requested to forward the same in writing within 14 days of publication of this notice to: County Secretary, Nairobi City County, P.O. Box 30075, NAIROBI Fuel Consumption upto 70km/l Free Registration! MOTOR VEHICLES PUBLIC NOTICE The Land Registration Act (No. 3 Of 2012) Issue Of A New Land Title Deed Joseph Mugo Githu ID 3677869 P.O. Box16814–20100 Nakuru, is registered as proprietor in absolute ownership interest of land in the district of Naivasha, title No. Nakuru/Miti Mingi/73 and is to be issued with a new title deed after the expiry of sixty (60) days as per Gazette Notice NO. 6704. Members of the public are hereby required to submit any objections within fourteen (14) days of this notice to: C M WACUKA Land Registrar Naivasha District NAIROBI BRANCH – 0720 792900/ 0722 536429/ 0720 459840 KISUMU BRANCH – 0722536994/ 0711 654120, B049 Car Hire MAZDA Bongo ’11 1.150m 0722316590 BETA-HIRE 2k 24hrs 0724762455 M/CANTER 2014 2.8m 0722316590 CARS Wntd 40-250pm 0724655860 MIT.FH CANTER New&Used Dep.from MOMBASA BRANCH – 0725 364941/ 07211 22845 ELDORET BRANCH- 0722 815792. LODWAR- 0702 442307 350K Repay in 48mnths 0773026735 EMAIL [email protected] ; www.toyotakenya.com CAR wanted 40k/250k 0728067027 ROYAL carhire 2k24h0798824737 MITS FH lorry KBC local asking 1,850,000/call me 0722940058 B070 Exhaust Pipes and Silencers PAINS- Neck, Shoulder, Back, Hip. 3744885, 0737-540562, 0721-170217 SILENTFLOW.ANY Vehicle + Generator+H/equip.H/Duty. 0774135011 A230 Health B077 For Sale, Dealers 0202245564 Rhino Blue power tabs TOY Hilux p/up KBQ 1.8M 0722319284 0723408602 MagnaRX size pills B085 For Sale, Private 0723408602 Savage power capsule .0726545566 We buy off carloan B212 Tractors for Sale FIAT 80-66 4WD 1.8M 0722611494 SITUATIONS VACANT B250 (FOFSBM N/XTRAIL 2004 750K 0722316590 A265 Medical PAJERO i0 KBQ 490k 0721794163 MEN’S FAILURE - and Size / Low Desire. HEAVY COMMERCIAL (7)SUPERMARKET att.0795564600 BANK clnrs cashier/messgr 0757159555 CASUAL jobs intake 0716897532 3744883, 0733-718337, 0722-242243 PROBOX KCR 2012 675K 0743790531 DATA-CLERKS A279 Notices RACTIS KCJ 550k 0703370814 PUBLIC NOTICE PHYSICAL PLANNING ACT (CAP 286) CHANGE OF USER. The owner of plot no. 742, Aimi ma Kilungu situated 8/+< 373 7+ 36?81? 9I-/= 38 ?5++ 7+<5/> -/8></N Makueni County proposes to change its use from Commercial to Residential subject to approval by County Government of Makueni. Individuals, institutions or organizations with objections or comments to the proposal are requested to forward the same in writing within 14 days of publication of this notice to: SUCCED 2013 @860k, 2011 @830 Probox KCR @ 780k, Bongo KCR man 950k dep 35% bal. 18months 0711971952 WHERE TO STAY TOYOTA LANDCRUISER SAHARA A571 Hotels jobs [email protected] apply INSTANT loan 5k-150k 0790716115 IT: Assistant restaurant requires Diploma Holder with experience in Business software installation and Hardware Troubleshooting and Maintenance apply with CV indicating present salary to [email protected] VACANCIES The County Secretary County Government of Makueni P.o Box 78- 90300 Wote-Makueni. Jordan College of Technology Thika, which is a leading Technical, Business and Hospitality training Institution has the following vacancies for Tutors: BRAND NEW 2018,DIESEL,SUNROOF, LEATHER INTERIOR. CHOICE OF(2) ALSO AVAILABLE 2016 PETROL. TRADE IN ACCEPTED Call:0720943666 Daily: Kshs 1,500 T/HILUX 2012 1.85M 0722316590 T/ Hilux Vigo p/up 5L dsl 940k, Mazda Ranger p/up petrol 860k 0721387528 FOR SALE OR WANTED TOY. Noah Townace Wish Sienta Isis Axio Ractis Demio Note New&Used Dep. 250K 4yrs 0773026735 ESCUDO BX 1.2m Vista AX 380k 0781695439 neg ISUZU DMax ’12 1.650m 0722316590 A822 Computers ISUZU FRR FSR used 3units Dep.600K TOYOTA Prado KCC,yr 08,2700cc price 2,450,000/- call 0722940058 T/PROBOX kbw 485k 0720532410 blnc financed 0773026735. ETR-APPROVED KRA, CCTV POS Systems Dejavu Technologies, Rahimtulla bld opp Bazaar/ TSC 1st floor rm 16 Moi Avenue 0711558758 1. Electrical & Electronics Engineering Minimum requirements - Diploma in Electrical & Electronics Engineering – Power Option - 2 years teaching experience in a technical institution - Diploma from KTTC an added advantage - NITA Grade I an added advantage 2. Laboratory Science [email protected] ISUZU NPR 4.3 canter local YR 2008 coverboard KBE good working condition 0722653949 T/RACTISS kcm 720k 0726914238 T/VITZ 2006 495K 0722316590 at Minimum requirements - Bachelor’s degree in Science (Laboratory Science) - 2 years teaching experience in a technical institution. NB: Registration with the TSC an added advantage for all positions. Interested candidates are invited to come for interviews on 04.10.2018 at Jodan College of Technology, ALISA PLAZA, Opposite Safaricom Customer Care, THIKA at 9.00am. 42 | Classiﬁed Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION NAIROBI Sales job 0700383928 NEWLY qualified physiotherapist needed. NGO jobs 48k p.m 0795115424 VACANCIES B457 Bar Codes PMD Group Ltd plans to open branches across East Africa. The group seeks to recruit 120 young and energetic individuals LQYDULRXV¿HOGVWRZRUNRQIXOOWLPHEDVLV The applicant • Must be unemployed • Form 4 leavers and above • Have a valid ID/Waiting card • &HUWL¿FDWHVDQGSDVVSRUWVL]HSKRWRV • Experience not needed. Competitive remuneration after orientation. Nairobi 0703 749 700 | Nyeri 0790 254 492 Nakuru 0797 652 714 QUICK loans 5k-250k 0790212271 SUPERMRKT messengers rq Loaders/cleaners 0711-717717, 2229962, 0738-717717 or www.bgs1eastafrica.com B462 Business for Sale To make necessary enquiries and take advice before sending money, incurring expenses or entering into binding commitments in relation to an advertisement. /"5*0/.&%*"(3061TIBMMOPUCFMJBCMFGPSMPTTPSEBNBHFJODVSSFEPSTVòFSFEBTBSFTVMU PG B SFBEFS BDDFQUJOH PS PòFSJOH UP BDDFQU BO JOWJUBUJPO DPOUBJOFE JO BO BEWFSUJTFNFOU published in its newspapers. rq 3.25ACRES 100metres from Mt Kenya Holiday Homes 8m 0722342848 ARE you selling your land, plot, house, A/RIVER Emba comm60x130 0722260243 ...0723408602 Instant loan on laptops ATHIRIVER Gimu 2M 0722784395 KIAMBU Road Thindigua busy salon on sale tel 0722711930 walk in walk out INVEST 50K and earn 10K monthly. BANKERS Nakuru/Nairobi 0777744622 INVEST & earn 0773083909 B498 Construction AGRICULTURE & HOME well serviced 7M Per Acre 0722342848 KRA Approved Etr machines Esd Machines Fiscal&receipt printers Tel 0728787118/ 0736579066 Upper Hill Nairobi LOAN on cars/Pslip /laptop 0722740375 ROOTSCREDIT Ltd, SME loans call B657 Farm Machinery & Implements ENGINEER (Kinangop) 15acres river frontage 1.2M/acre Tell: 0736-727838 FEDHA 1 & 2brm call 0706420523 GACHIE 1/4acre ring 0729020610 GILGIL-LANGA 0724673397 0722728722, 0721511227, 020244200 medium fast food in Nairobi send CV to [email protected] 1ac 2ac 3ac with title water&stima o721594804. NYAHURURU Town plot for sale, ready title Call: 0721878173 NYANDARUA 5 ACRES 2km from Engineer Town Call 0750636126 OLKALOU 20acres 0722808455 JOSKA - KAMULU DENIS Pritt rd 3/4acre 0790404994 ELEMENTITA 5 acres next to the Lake 0796107971 WAITRESSES /Waiters/general staff for B740 Land, Plots for Sale NYAHURURU within Thika, Juja, Ruiru, Utawala, Kenol. Call us 0720612570 0722617940/ www.bakven.com TUMAINI loans 0743907272 TURNBOYS BARCODE GSI EA Cannon Hse. Tel: B476 Business Opportunities 0796107957 RESIDENTIAL & BUSINESS PROPERTIES COMMERCIAL Distance 3km from proposed Muthwani - JOSKA tarmac Road (KENHA) Site visits: Wednesdays @ 9.30a.m & Saturday @8.00a.m PAN AFRICAN PROPERTIES Reli Co-op Hse 4th Flr. Bus station REDHILL,2KM off Limuru rd,opp muguku sch.7.5 Acre farm ksh 160M tel 0722522946 RONGAI 1/4ac, 1/2ac, 1acre 0720903187 RUIRU B257 .FO Eastern Bypass Juja 400-1M Maimahiu 250K Family Shade Africa Ltd 0720511818, 0733952817 B499 Tenders PROF Barbers wanted Msg 0708-105426 TW GI EDUCATIONAL RLS SEC E GI ONADRY RUIRU & Juja, 1 acre fronting tarmac & S CH OO L 80x40 & 1/4, 0705812813, CDCM Ltd RUIRU Murera 1/2ac 4br 0727558194 P.O. Box 90-00216, Githunguri. | Tel: 0706515199 INVITATION TO TENDER RUIRU Plot with Hse 8.2M 0722319284 Tenders are invited for supply and delivery of goods and services for the year 2019. B403 Colleges TENDER NO GGS/1/2019 GGS/2/2019 GGS/3/2019 GGS/4/2019 GGS/5/2019 GGS/6/2019 GGS/7/2019 GGS/8/2019 GGS/9/2019 GGS/10/2019 GGS/11/2019 GGS/12/2019 GGS/13/2019 GGS/14/2019 GGS/15/2019 B445 Technical GGS/16/2019 GGS/17/2019 GGS/18/2019 GGS/19/2019 GGS/20/2019 GGS/21/2019 GGS/22/2019 GGS/23/2019 GGS/24/2019 GGS/25/2019 GGS/26/2019 GGS/27/2019 GGS/28/2019 GGS/29/2019 GGS/30/2019 GGS/31/2019 GGS/32/2019 GGS/33/2019 GGS/34/2019 B525 Financial DESCRIPTION Dry maize and beans. 3JDFNBJ[FáPVSBOE wimbi Fresh Meat Fresh bread Fresh fruits Fresh kales/cabbages/ onions/potatoes Shop goods i.e. sugar, cooking fat etc. Eggs Firewood (mature blue gum) Detergent and disinfectant Cleaning materials Sanitary Services Exercise books with school logo (FOFSBMPGàDF Stationery Computers accessories printer tonners. Hardware materials Sand, ballast and building stones Plumbing materials Electrical materials Laboratory chemicals and equipment Medical drugs Students and nonteaching staff uniform Sports uniform and equipment Servicing of generator, borehole and water pumps 4FSWJDJOHPGPGàDF machines Vehicles fuel Repair & supply of kitchen equipment Servicing of school vehicles Electrical maintenance services Provision of Plumbing labor Provision of Fumigation services Insurance services for vehicles & Assets Computers & CCTV Servicing Security services GGS/35/2019 General maintenance and small contracts GGS/36/2019 Maintenance of àSFàHIUJOHFRVJQNFOU STATUS RUMURUTI 50acre @100K 0726341993 Open Open SYOKIMAU 1/4a prime6.8m 0722260243 Reserved Reserved Reserved Open TASSIA II plot 33 x 66 0729475785 Open Reserved Open Open Open Reserved Open Open Reserved Open Open Open Open Open Open Open Open Thika Kisii 40x80 250K-2M 0723929964 ITHANGA 8acs water front 0723402830 JOSKA 10acres 1.5m p.a 0725423682 JOSKA 50x100 200,000/= 375,000/=, 300,000/=, 250,000/= Kantafu 700,000/=, Malaa 900,000/= Viewing Wed 9.30 am & Sat. (9.30am) Truelands, Reli Co-op Hse, Rm 404, Mfangano St. 0720738141, 0710343334 KAHAWA Wendani plot 75x100 bordering Githurai side 4 rows from Thika Super Hghway. Access opp. GSU. Asking 20M 0736-570327 KAJIADO land for sale 20acres along KjdNamanga rd @900k p/acre 20m off tarmac contact owner 0704372441 KAMULU 5acre near reflector best for farming, residential houses, subdivision 3.5m p.a. Call 0721455478, 0722491170 Open KAMULU 5Acres 32m 0738137908 Reserved Open Open Reserved KAREN 2.6acres prime loc 0722526408 KASARANI 30X90FT 0742233113 KERARAPON 1/4ac 0712600893 Open Open Open Reserved Reserved Open Open KIAMBU County 50x100 plots in Ruiru East 350K call 0728253283 KISERIAN 1/8ac 1.7M 0720449699 KISERIAN Pipeline rd 2 & 8 acre for sale call 0711997099 LIMURU bibirioni 1/8,1/4,3/4,11/2,3,4,5 acres plots 0722725196 Reserved LIMURU: (Tiekunu) 2acres 2nd row t/deed v/ideal 20M T. 0722889102 MUSHROOM 0.5 acre 0777526794 @ Jijenge Credit Ltd L/book Loans in 1hr Tender documents giving more details are available BUBDDPVOUTPGàDFVQPOQBZNFOUPGOPOSFGVOEBCMF fee of Ksh.1000 per set on week days. Completed forms in plain sealed envelopes should be addressed to the secretary BOM Gitwe Girls Secondary School. P. O. Box 90 – 00216 Githunguri and deposited in the tender box in the school before 24/10/2018 at 9:00am. Opening will be done immediately thereafter. Avail yourself for witnessing. All applicants TIPVMEBUUBDIUBYDPNQMJBODFDFSUJàDBUF .0710746831 adv/ buy/sale ur car/ title,lpt NB ITEMS MARKED RESERVED ARE FOR YOUTH, WOMEN AND PEOPLE WITH DISABILITY. NGONG Matasia 1/8 & 1/4 plots for sale. The school reserves the right to accept or reject any tender either in whole or in part and is not bound to give reasons for its decision. NGONG Rd 5br+Conference Hall with ..0202245564 Instant cash on laptops .0700070261 Loan Buy off on car 0700282727, 0717282727, 0711282727 ..0722694340 Processing Car/Logbook Loans in Less than 30 Minutes LONGONOT 1/8 tarmac 1m 0726341993 NAIVASHA Land for sale 5acres within Greenpark complex @26m for whole block contact owner on 0704372441 call 0711997099 compund. V/spacious 0722809362 THIKA- maguguni 0736727838 1acre 5M tel THIKA Ngoingwa area 3 br hse 7.5 m, 50X100 plots from 2.9M-7.5M near main road.call 0720612570 THIKA Weteithie plot 0729475785 Classiﬁed/Transition | 43 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 A Life well Lived It’s with God’s acceptance that we announce the death of Paul Kiptoo Chemjor (Kipsaman) on 26th September 2018 of Kimwogo village, Tambul Sublocation, Elgeyo Marakwet County. KAJIADO @ IBISSIL Mombasa Rd @ EMALI -LOITOKTOK HIGHWAY KITENGELA @ KCA PAN AFRICAN PROPERTIES Reli Co-op Hse 4th Flr. Bus station RONGAI 3br Bungalow 1/4ac Control Gated Community 7M 0722-342848 WESTLANDS 1 acre with 3br Bungalow 700 Million Neg. 0722342848 SOUTH C corner plot 0733183372 UMO2 3-units 1br 5.5m 0722260243 LANGATA rd yard to let 0722526408 B789 Properties to Let NEW Godowns Msa Rd, Juja, Industrial 1BR, 2br Westland 15k-28k 0722342848 Area etc 4,000sqft-10,000sqft @ Kshs 20 per sqft 0720903187 WESTLANDS office 3br 0720903187 B782 Properties for Sale The body will be removed at MTRH, Eldoret on 5th October 2018 for home and followed by the funeral on 6th October 2018 at Kimwogo Village, Tambul Sub-location, Elgeyo Marakwet County. SHOP @Mlolongo 3.5M 0722754043 B768 3UHPLVHV2I¿FHVWR/HW plot 6.9M 0731713538 AKILA 4br with DSQ 0722719560 PRIME PLOTS FOR SALE • Old Muthaiga – 1.7Ac with 2 houses Ksh. 420m • Redhill – Limuru – 1/4 Ac plot @ Ksh. 9m per plot • Kilimani – Near Yaya – 1/2 Ac plot @ Ksh. 250m • Mombasa Rd – Behind Airtel 1Ac Ksh. 135m • Carnivore – 3Ac @ Ksh. 200m per Ac • Donholm – 22Ac @ Ksh. 60m per Ac • Kitengela – at Kenchic ĆĀĀ)!0.!/ŏ +ûŏ 0.)ŏ Ksh. 2.75m per plot 0722 837 457 I/CORE flats inc 200k 0722260243 It is with deep sorrow that we announce the death of Margaret Adhiambo OdhiamboOduor. ADAMS 1br 7k owner 0723119452 AT South B 1br & bedsitter Studios, water 24/7 & parking 0712007616, 0714538594 extended sitting rm/brm 0722644620 BURU 5sq one br 0722629197 EMBA telaviv to let 1br, 8,600/- s/room 3k,4k 0710230683/ 0786874453 owner IMARA daima 2br bungalow vacant 25k 0739264263 no agents Funeral service will be held at the ACK Lundha St. Luke’s and burial will be on 3rd October 2018 at their home in Gem Lundha. Margaret Adhiambo Odhiambo - Oduor Fare Thee Well Nyar Masumbi. Call: 0701414082 N/WEST, 1&2br 24&36k p/m 0721739611 TIGONI 4br Hse 60k 0733297773 WAGA Karen- Hardy 5br+2br Guest Wing hse 0.5ac @250k 2213022 WAGA Kileleshwa-Mandera rd 2br apt @70k lift, pool 2213022 WAGA Parklands 1st ave 3br (2 ensuite) Mansionette @80k 0701340967 WAGA Westlands near School Lane 1br WAGA Westlands - Westlands 4bedrms [email protected] 2213022 B810 Wanted to Buy only Tel: 0722740364 BANK Requires Hses 0722297773 KIBRA 4br Hse 5.3M 0733297773 HARAMBEE Sacco Plots 0712422955 LANGATA 4br maisonette 0733297773 Wife of Mika O. Odido of Gem Lundha. Daughter of the late Reuben Odhiambo and Mama Jenipher Odhiambo of Alego, Masumbi. Doting mother of Beryl Odido, Jael Odido and Graciella Awuor Odido. Sister of the late Christopher, the late Zipporah, Roselinda, Lilian, the late Raphael, Pamela and Isaac. Aunty of many nieces and nephews. KAHAWA Sukari 2br 20k Baringo Rd. furnished [email protected] 2213022 KAYOLE Plot for sale 5M Serious Buyers (1923 - 26/09/2018) Death and Funeral Announcement KANGEMI hse 1/4 plt 0722297773 KAYOLE 4storey house 0729475785 Paul Kiptoo Chemjor Death and Funeral Announcement AVENUE Park 3br + 2sqs masionette 3BEDROOMS house Ngoingwa 50x100 The third son of the late Torot Arap Chekurui and the late Teriki Torot of Kapsegut Village. Husband of Teriki Kiptoo and the late Targok Kiptoo. Father of Musa, Salinah, Mary, Samuel, Margaret, Jane, Michael, Sheilla, Mercy, Kandie, Lilian and Caren. Father-inlaw of late Mary, Elizabeth and Winnie. Uncle of Sarah,Fred (ExKcb), Mary (TSC), the late Cheruiyot (Nyaru), among others. Nephew of Orguts of Musgut. Grandfather of Jelagat, Martin (NIC), Jepchirchir, Faith, Kipkorir, Kiprop, Jepchumba, Jebet, among many. Great Grandfather of 18. rd Death and Funeral Announcement It is with deep sorrow and humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the passing on of our beloved mother Miriam Wangechi Kanyiri which occurred at Karira Hospital-Mwea on 26th September 2018 (and body transferred the same day to Outspan Hospital Mortuary). Daughter of the Late Kiragu Kanyora and late Nduta. Wife of the late Paul Kanyiri Ndegwa. Sister of the late King’ori, late Ndiritu, late Wachera, Wagaki, Waruguru and Mathenge. Mother of Beatrice Wanjiru, Margaret Wambui, Joseph Ndung’u, Elijah Maina (kiragu), David Kabuga of Embu Commercial Garage, John Nderitu of Ministry of Education Mathira, Mary Nyambura, Peter Kiragu (Juma) of Embu. Grandmother and Great grandmother of many. We regret to announce the promotion to glory of Mrs. Rose Akinyi Nyakangi, which occurred on the 26th of September 2018 after some illness and subsequent hospitalization at Nairobi west hospital. %BVHIUFS PG UIF MBUF -VDBT 0LVXBø BOEø the late Magret Ondu of Sigomre, Siaya County. Beloved wife of James Nyakangi Nyabwari (OP Sameta). Mother of Godfrey (BOI), Joan, Felix (KENAFF), Winnie (BHL), Thomas (Pwani University), Jackline (JKUAT) and Mirium. Mother-in-law of John (PSC) and Tom. Grandmother of Victor, Mirium, Joseph and Tyrah. Daughter-in-law of the late Nyabwari and the late Teresia, Omwange, Omoori and Mong’eri. Sister PG4FMMBUIFMBUF5PN0OEVUIFMBUF0KVLBø and others. Step -sister of Maurice, Jenipher, Ayiecha, Omare, Hellen and others. SisterJOMBXPGUIFMBUF0CBSB+PBC+PIOø0OHFTB.JOJTUSZPG4QPSUT "MJDF+PHJOEB+FOJQIFS Cyrus, Jane Ondu and others.Cousin of Tom, Bonface Angolo, the late Anastacia, David, Roseline and others. Rose Akinyi Nyakangi Family and friends are meeting daily at Drips Grill, Dagoretti and Garden Square from 5.00pm for prayers and preparations of the funeral which will take place on 12th of October 2018 at her home in Kenyoro village, Nyamarambe Sub-county, Kisii County. The cortege leaves Umash funeral home on the 10th October. Mum, your life was a blessing, your memory a treasure; you are loved CFZPOEXPSETBOENJTTFECFZPOENFBTVSF(PPECZFTIVSUNPTUXIFOø UIFTUPSZXBTOPUàOJTIFE Apostolic Faith Church Bahati, Nairobi Death and Funeral Announcement Miriam Wangechi Kanyiri Friends and family are meeting daily at 6.30pm for prayers and funeral arrangements at Kabuga’s HomeEmbu (Airstrip), Sunrise Comfort Hotel-Embu and at her home in Gaturuturu Village at 3.00pm. Cortege will leave Outspan Hospital Mortuary-Nyeri for prayers at AIPC church Gaturuturu Branch on Friday 5th October,2018 at 8.00AM and for burial same day at her home in Kihuri farm, Gaturuturu Village-Othaya. “Mother we dearly loved you, but God loved you more, Rest in peace” B817 Wanted to Rent LAVINGTON- Lux. Exq. Ap’ts. for Sale: 2,3 & 4 bdrms, all ensuite + DSQs: 922M, Gd pay plan: 0723240160 EMBASSY Require apts 0733297773 MLOLONGO flats inc. 150k 0722260243 Mrs. Margaret Waithera Mburu AIMING TO RECRUIT THE BEST? Advertise in the paper read by people from all spheres of life and cuts across diverse demographic groups It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the promotion to glory of Mrs. Margaret Waithera Mburu a church elder with Apostolic Faith Church, Bahati, Nairobi, which occurred on 30th September 2018. Daughter of the late Wilson Mwangi and the late Milkah Wairimu Mwangi. Daughter-in-law of the late Thomas Kahari and late Rebecca Njeri. Wife of Mr. Simon Mburu Kahari (PC) of Kerarapon, Ngong, mother of Mercy Njagi, Millicent Wairimu, Florence Wambui, Catherine Wambui and Anthony Kahari. Grandmother of many. Mother-in-law of Rev. John Njagi (Rwanda), Robert Musomba and Naomi. Sister of Wilson, Njoroge, Irene and Alice. Burial meetings going on at their home (Kerarapon, Ngong) and Cardinal Otunga Hall (Nairobi) every evening from 5.00pm. A special meeting (prayers & Contributions) to be held on 3rd October 2018 at Apostolic Faith Church, Bahati, Nairobi. The cortege leaves, Montezuma Funeral Home for burial at Kerarapon (Ngong) on Friday 5th October 2018. i*IBWFGPVHIUBHPPEàHIU*IBWFàOJTIFENZDPVSTF*IBWF kept the faith.” (2 Timothy 4:7) 44 | Transition Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Death and Funeral Announcement It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the death of Gideon Wambugu Mwangi, which occurred on 28th September, 2018 after battling with Leukemia. He was working with the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries – State Department of Livestock stationed at AHITI Ndomba. Beloved husband of Agnes Wangui Wambugu. Loving father of Jacqueline Wangeci, Linda Njeri and Joan Wanjiru. Son of the late Danson Mwangi and Ann Njeri and son-in-law of the late Mr. Hezron Kirara, the late Tabitha Wangeci and Peninah Wangari. Brother of Wanjiru; Ndirangu & Wairimu; Wangari & Mwalugho; Ndiritu & Nancy and Wanjiku. Brother-inlaw of late Jane Wairimu, the late Counselor Karina, Kamotho, Mbaru, late James Karina, Wacuka, Beatrice, late Margaret, among others. Cousin and uncle of many. Celebration of Life Daughter of the late Joseck and Miriam Chemao. Dotting Mother of Isaac, Donna, Christine and Robert. Grandmother of Miriam, Steve, Lloyd, Yvonne, Keegan, Leon and Brandon. Motherin-law of Mark, John and Eunice. Sister of Joel, Dorcas, Andrew, Beldin, James, the late Robert, Judith and Josephine and many others. Sisterin-law of Rtd. Archbishop ELiud Wabukala, Evans,Thaddeus, John, Isabella, Daneah, Metrine and many others. Cousin of the Wandabwa’s, Okwara’s, Kasuti’s, Wanjekhele’s, Kundu’s and many others. Gideon Wambugu Mwangi Family and Friends are meeting daily from 5pm at his home PIAI, Embu. The cortege leaves Gakwegori Funeral Home Thursday 4th October, 2018 at 8:00am for a church service at PCEA Gateway Church near PIAI at 10:30am. The burial will be at his home at PIAI. Jesus said to her “I am the resurrection and the life those who believe in me will live even though they die” John 11:25 Death and Funeral Announcement It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the tragic death of Dickson Jared Jayalo Samba, of Club Signature. The Lord gives and the Lord takes , we bless the name of the Lord who gave and has taken Eugeneah Nasimiyu Masambu wife of Hudson Masambu. 4PO PG #FOTPO 4BNCB /HPO BOE ø #FBUSJDF Olumasai Samba, Kabondo Kasewe, Homabay County. The 2nd among the 4 boys but the 7th child in the family of 13 children. Brothers of Flo, Judy, Jane, Jacob, Grace, Dorine, Violet, Hanny, Denis and the late Rozina. Nephew of Rollins, Moses, Washingtone, Asher, Amos, Adongo and Peter. Eugeneah Nasimiyu Masambu Family and friends will gather for a fund raising on Tuesday 2/10/2018 at PCEA St. Andrews church at 5:00pm. The cortege leaves Chiromo Morgue at 1:30pm on UI 0DUPCFS ø GPS NFNPSJBM TFSWJDF BU 0VUSFBDI Church Mathare near Moi Base that from 2:30pm. He will be laid to rest, on Saturday 6th, at Kabondo Kasewe Location, Ogenga School. “Nind gi kwe Jawaya.” Dickson Jared Jayalo Samba 1987 - 2018 There will be a requim mass on Wednesday 3/10/2018 at St. Marks Westlands. Thereafter the family shall proceed to Bungoma where she will be laid to rest at her home in Namwesi on 6/10/2018. Let us celebrate her life together. Promotion to Glory It is with deep sorrow we announce the death of Mzee Richard Njagi Kamau formerly of the Kenya Police (PCIO) Eastern Region and CEO ‘RIGI’ Services Nairobi; of Gikuuri Village which occurred on 13/09/2018. Son of the late Julius Kamau Kamunyori and the late Susan Mukami Kamau. Husband of Millicent Marigu Njagi. Father of Dr. Humphrey Ndwiga (African Development Bank), Teacher Lucy Richard (Nduuri Primary), the late Julius, the late Leadys, Dr. O. Njagi (Director of Veterinary Services), Teacher Violet of Kitengela, Ezekiel K. Njagi (Kenya Police – Port Victoria) and the late Cornelius Mwangi. Father-in-law of Lawrence – Tharaka Nithi, the late Susan, Teacher Phoebe – Mwea, the late Lucy Nyaga, Christine (Embu County Government) and Lucy (DASCO – Runyenjes). Brother of Obadiah (Kimuri), the late Peninah, Hannah, the late Mary, John Kamunyori (Kamunyori Advocates), Ernest and Naomi. Brother-in-law of the late Alice (Kimuri), the late Gachanja, Mwaniki Kabesa, Josphine, Joy and Ephantus. Grandfather of Dennis, Richard Munene. the late Rita Susan, Mary Jullie, Gladwell, Bonnie, Richard, Nancy, Kennedy, Richie, Debbie, Milly Kentis, Ian Rodney, Cecilia and Victoria.Great grandfather of Sadra, Joshua, Baby Jeremy and Baby Gabbie. Mzee Richard Njagi Kamau Sunrise: 17/7/1936 Sunset: 13/9/2018 Prayers and funeral arrangements are going on at his residence, Gikuuri – Kirigi village. The cortage leaves Gakwegori funeral home of Friday 5th October 2018 at 9.00am and thereafter burial ceremony at his home Gikuuri-Kirigi in Runyenjes Sub- County . Contributions can be sent to Lucy Richard – 0723 165 583. “Romans 14:8 says for whether we live, we live unto the Lord, and whether we die, we die unto the Lord; whether we live therefore or die, we are the Lord”. Death and Funeral Announcement It is with deep sorrow and humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the passing on of Charles Macharia Kiguta, who until his demise on 26th September 2018, was an employee of New KCC based at Kiganjo Factory. Son of the late Nahashon Kiguta and the late Phylis Wanjiru of Naromoru. Beloved husband to Ann Wambui Macharia and Loving father to Phylis Wanjiru Mwangi (Naivas- Eldoret), Winfred Njeri Mija (Nairobi), Emmanuel Kiguta Macharia (Kiburu Boys) and Shadrack Nderitu (Emmanuel Academy). Brother to Joseph Mwangi, the late Simon Kamau, the late Agnes Wanjiru and the late Mary Gathoni. Son in- law to Loise Nderitu of Kahiga village and Brother in- law to Pastor Peter Maina (Nakuru), Lilian Thuku (Othaya), Gerald Mwangi (Nairobi), and William Theuri (Samburu) among others. The cortege leaves Mathari Mission Hospital on Wednesday, 3rd October 2018 at 8.30 am. Funeral service and burial will follow thereafter starting 11.00 am at his home in Kabati village, Murichu sub-location, Kiamathaga Location, Kieni East, Nyeri County. Charles Macharia Kiguta ‘And the peace of God which is deeper than all knowledge will keep your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.’ Philipians 4:7 Death and Funeral Announcement Promotion to Glory 1st Anniversary Esther Mukiri Kairanya John Javeti Kasema Maithya 6th June 1956 - 28th September 2018 Leonard Philip Ochieng Nyambuya It is with humble acceptance of Gods will to announce the passing of John Javeti Kasema Maithya on 28th September 2018 after a long illness. It’s been exactly one year since you got your wings. Our mind still talks to you, our heart still looks for you and our soul knows you are at peace. We thank God for the gift of your life.You physically departed from this world but your spirit lives on and continues to be increasingly cherished always in our hearts. Those we love don’t go away, they walk besides us every day, unseen, unheard but always near. You are fondly loved, remembered and missed by your loving wife, your mum, your children, grandchildren, family relatives and friends. Son of the late Joseph Mulala Maithya and the late Teresia Nduku Maithya. Loving husband of Rose Mumbua Kasema. Father of the late Nicholas Musia Kasema, Justine Nduku Kasema, Theresa Ngethe Kasema, Katherine Kamanthe Kasema, Francisca Kavuli Kasema and Francis Muuo Kasema. Grandfather of John Mikael and Chelsea Njoki. Brother of the late Patrick Kikubi Maithya, the late Salome Muasya, Jane Ndeleve, the late Elizabeth .VUFTJBOE-BXSFODF.VUIJBOJ.BJUIZBBOEVODMFPGNBOZø “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live” John 11:25 It is well. Family and friends will be meeting from Tuesday 2nd October 2018 to 4th October 2018 at the All Saints Cathedral Church along Valley Road from QNBOEBMTPBUUIFJSGBNJMZIPNFJO0OHBUB3POHBJø It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the death of our adored mother, Mrs Esther Mukiri Kairanya that occurred on Saturday 29th September 2018. Beloved wife of the late Lawrence Kairanya. Daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs Mukindia M’Rimbere. Daughter in-law of the late Mr.and Mrs M’Mukindia. Mother of Rose Kaburu, Catherine Mbaya, John Kirimi, Jeremiah Kamathi, Mwenda Kairanya, Susan Murithi, Late Luka Mwiti, Martin Muriki, Jane Gitonga and Ezra Muguna.Mother in law of Late Jacob Kaburu, Washington Mbaya Muthamia, Mary kirimi, Lilian Kamathi, Martha Mwenda, Murithi Gituma and Dennis Gitonga. Sister of M’Anampiu, Kamunde, Rosaria, Joyce, Julia and Mburugu. Sister in law of the Late Duncan Kibwa, Late Kariuntu, Mrs Kamunde, Mrs Rael M’Anampiu, Late Mutungi, Late M’Marete and Mrs Mburugu. Grandmother of Murithi Kaburu, Susan Mbaya,Tony Mbaya, Mike Mbaya,Toshi Mbaya, Betty Nkirote Kirimi, Maureen Mwendwa Kirimi, Brenda Rose Kendi Kirimi, Linda Kanyiri Kirimi, Eric Gitonga Kamathi, Evans Munene Kamathi, Joy Gatwiri Kamathi, Janet Kathure Kamathi, Jacqualine Kagwiria Murithi, Teddy Chris Munene Murithi, Caroline Makandi Luka, Collins Munene Gitonga and Ian Kimathi Gitonga. Great grandmother of Kenzo Mutethia, Zoey Kanana, Ethan Mutuma, Zamael Joel Mutethia and Alex Bright Mwenda. Aunt of many. The funeral and Requiem Holy Mass will be held on Saturday 6th October 2018 at their home in Ongata Rongai starting at 11.00 a.m. The cortege will MFBWF6NBTI'VOFSBM)PNFBUBNPOUIFTBNFEBZGPSCVSJBMø The cortege leaves Kiirua Hospital Mortuary on Friday 5th September 2018 at 10.am for the funeral Service at St John Catholic Church Kithoka and thereafter burial will take place at her home in Kithoka Farm North Imenti District in Meru County. Family and friends are meeting daily at Paramount Hotel in Meru Town from 5.00pmand at her Kithoka home for prayers and funeral arrangements. John, loving husband and dear father, may God grant your soul eternal rest and peace. In God’s hands you rest in our hearts you live forever. Rest in peace Mum. Transition | 45 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Celebration of Life It is with deep sorrow that we announce the death of Tabitha Gathigia Gichuki. She hailed from Gitunduti sub location Magutu location Mathira in Nyeri County. Wife of the late Gerald Gichuki Gachara and co-wife of the late Charity Wangui Gichuki. Daughter of the late Kabiru Kario and late Wanjugu Kabiru. Sister of the late Solomon Muraguri, the late Joseph Gitemi and late Esther Gathoni Kariamatu. Dear mum of Mrs Veronica Ngibuini, late Scolastica Wanjugu, Lawrence Gachara, Christine Wairimu Matu, Judy Wamuyu Gaiku, Purity Njoki Munyiri, Godfrey Kibiru, Antony Mwangi, Lucy Wamaitha Gatu, Benson Kabugi, Rose Nyawira Wachira and Watson Muraguri. Mother-in-law of the late Ngibuini Gichuhi, Anastasia Wanja and Regina Gachara, Major Matu, Kimani Gaiku, late Munyiri Kimiti, Tom Wachira and Sally Wanjiru. Grandmother of Gichuki Murithi, Maranga, matu, Tom Munyiri, Getrude Gathigia, late Muthoni Mutindi, Sheila Gaiko, Purity Wakiuru among others. Great grandmother of around forty and several great grandchildren. Tabitha Gathigia Gichuki Family and Friends are meeting at her home in Gitunduti village and at Holy Family Basilica Cardinal Otunga Hall for funeral arrangements. Cortege leaves Karatina Jamii Hospital mortuary at 8.00am Saturday 6th October for funeral service at her home Gitunduti Village starting 10am. Death and Funeral Announcement It is with deep sorrow that we announce the death of Esther Gathoni Kariamatu on 28th September 2018. Daughter of the late Kibiru Kario and Wanjugu. Sister of the late Solomon Muraguri, the late Tabitha Gathigia and late Joseph Gitemi. Wife of the late Clement Kariamatu. Mother of Margaret Wanjugu, Charity Nyokabi (NSSF), the late Duncan Muriuki, late Winnie Mweru, Elizabeth Gathigia (Mt. Kenya), Charles Kibiru, Caroline Wanjiru, Alex Muraguri and Martin Munuhe. Auntie of Lawrence Gichuki, Ian Gitemi, Michael Miano, Watson Murigu among others. Grandmother of Purity, Mundia, Eva, Dan, Joyce, Angela, Edwin, Kelvin, Gathoni, Jenine, Jensen, Jojo, Clinton, Celine and Gathoni among others. Maito of Joe, Nyagu , Cugu, Shiru, Jasmine and Janice among others. Family and friends are meeting daily for prayers and burial arrangements at Holy Family Basilica Cardinal Otunga Hall from 5.00pm. The cortege leaves Karatina Jamii Morgue on Friday 5th October 2018 at 8:00am for a funeral mass service at her farm in Kihuri Village, Gitunduti Sub-location, Magutu Location in Nyeri County from 11.00am. Celebration of a Joyful Life It is with profound sadness that we announce the sudden death of Goretti Mbula Muema, following a cardiac arrest. Daughter of the late Munguti Mulinge and late Katoko Munguti. Loving wife of Francis Muema Kamau. Loving mother of Marion Mwende, Lawrence Muia and Emmaculate Ndanu. Mother-in-law of Paul Nderitu. Sister of Mutindi Maithya, Mbete Kanziku, Rose Musau, Elizabeth Kimatu and David Munguti. Step-sister of John Kimono Munguti and late King’oo Munguti. Daughter-in-law of the late Paul Kamau and Elizabeth Nduku Kamau. Sisterin-law of Eunice Kasele Kithome, Joseph Mutua Kamau, Stephen Mwanzia Kamau, Nzomo Kamau, Kambua Mutua and Beatrice Mwanzia. She is loved by many of her Nieces, Nephews and Cousins. Meetings for her funeral arrangements are being held at Tents-Sahara City (behind total petrol station) and at her Athi River home. The cortege leaves Montezuma Monalisa Funeral home on Saturday 6th October, 2018 at 7:00am. Mass and burial will be at Kanyangi, Kitui rural. Esther Gathoni Kariamatu (PEDPNFTUPIJTHBSEFOBOEQMVDLT)JTGSVJUTBU)JTXJMM)JTOBNFCFHMPSJàFEBOE may her soul rest in eternal peace. Amen! Celebration of a Life Well Lived Death Announcement We celebrate a long and well lived life of our mother. Wife of the late Stanley Kabia Ngambi. Kenya Forestry Research Institute Death and Funeral Announcement It is with great sadness that the KEFRI Management announces the sudden Demise of Dismas Omwega Orwaru of KEFRI Headquarters which occurred on 23rd September 2018 at PCEA Hospital Kikuyu. The late Dismas hails from Nyamira County. Son of the late Orwaru Omwega, Mosomi and Milka Nyangweso. Husband of Victoria Boyani, Father of Lilian Nyaboke,Lydiah Kemunto, the late (Okemwa), Philip Omwega and Ruth Nyabinge, Brother of, Norah Kerubo, Rose Kwamboka, Mboya, Elijah, Nyangara, Nyangau Mercy and Omari. Step-brother of the late (John Luka and Okiabera), Barongo and Ochengo, Alex and Nyakundi. Son-inlaw of Nyangau and Orobi, Uncles include the late (Onchieku, Okemwa, Kaumba, Omwenga Nyatuga) Guku and Nyangau. Grandfather of Erick, Stecy, Chepkoech, Sheila, Venesa and Emmanuel, Cousin of the late (Momanyi) and Jerusa. Son-in-law of the late Onduko and Mama Nyaboke. Daughter of the late Johnstone Munene Rwara and Raheli Muthoni, Jerioth Wambui na Phyllis Mugure. Sister of the late William Nderitu, Douglas Muthui, Charles Kimotho, Agnes Wangechi Douglas, the late Joseph Kiboi, Miriam Wangari Wathuta, Esther Njeri Maina, Penninah Muthoni Ngigi, Grace Wangari Ngugi, Francis Rwara, Wilson Wahome, Rose Wanjiru Kimani, Christopher Nderitu, Florence Njeri, Eunice Wangechi, Jane Wangari, Charity Wanjiku, Joseph Ndumia, Catherine Wacheke, George Kimotho, Catherine Wanjiru and David Mwangi. Co-wife of the late Susan Wanjiru Kabia, Mother of Richard Munene, Rachel Kabia, Timothy Ngambi, Esther Mwiyeria Kariuki, Shiphrah Wairimu, Charles Mbau and Agnes Wangechi. Step-mother of James Ngambi, the late Simon Wambugu and Grace Wairimu Ndegwa. Loving mother-in-law of Jane Murago Munene, Robert Kariuki Munyi, Rose Wanjiku Ngambi and the late Virginia Wahiga Mbau. Grandmother 24/03/1934 - 26/09/2018 of Charity Njeri Mugo, Elizabeth Mwiyeria, Rebecca Wairimu, Nadia Wangari, Tshaka Kabia, Wanjiku Kariuki, Njeri Kariuki, Wangui Kariuki, Munyi Kariuki, Stanley Gachimbi, Denis Kabia, John Ndegwa, Edwin Munene, Jaqueline Njeri Mbau, Lena Muthoni Mbau, Shenan Wangari and Stanley Kabia (Kanyu). Great grandmother of Jermaine Munene, Sharom Wahito, Muthoni Mugo, Kariuki Gathogo, Kota Watiri Kabia, Lisa Muthoni, Jasmine Nemo Kabia, Noni Gathoni Gathogo, Curtis Liko Agufana, Nyakweya Agufana, Jeremy Kamiru, Olive Wangechi, Daphine Wangeci Kabia, Mahira Agufana and Sikhaye Agufana. Tabitha Njeri Kabia Dismas Omwega Orwaru Family members, relatives and friends are meeting daily at his KEFRI residential House Nguriunditu at 5.00pm for funeral and burial arrangements. Main Harambee will be at his residence and those in town at Professional Centre on Tuesday 2nd October 2018 at 5.00pm The cortege leaves the PCEA Hospital Kikuyu on 4thSeptember 2018, for a stopover at his residence Nguriunditu, and thereafter the body will be transported to Nyamira for Burial on 5th September, 2018 at his home Nyagenge Village, Enjoro Sub-location, Bosamaro Masaba Location of Nyamira County. May the Lord rest His Soul in Eternal Peace. Death and Funeral Announcement Solomon Mburu Githinji It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the passing on of Solomon Mburu Githinji of Karen, Nairobi, which occurred on 26th September 2018. Beloved husband of Alice Wambui Mburu. Son of the late Solomon and Tabitha Githinji of Kahuho, Kiambu. Father of Robert Kangethe, Leonard Kamunyu (Aus), Patrick Ngugi (Aus), Dorcas Wanjiru (Eth), Joan Wairimu, Arch. Edward Githinji and Joe Mwangi (KNEB). Father-in-law of the late Wairimu Kangethe, Teresiah Kamunyu (Aus), Margaret Ngugi (Aus), and Wamachi Githinji (Nokia). Grandfather and Great Grandfather of many. Brother of DS Njoroge, Joseph Githenji, Ms. Gladys Mungai and Ms. Leah Muthemba, the late Timothy Ngugi, the late Jane Wanjiku, the late Mbote Githinji, the late Beth Waithera Munjua. Family and friends are meeting at his home in Hardy, Karen at 5:30pm daily. A memorial service will be held on Wednesday, 3rd October 2018, at CITAM Karen from 12:00pm to 2:00pm. Goretti Mbula Muema People are meeting for prayers and funeral arrangements at her home in Kangaru - Mbauland Tetu starting at 4.30 pm daily. The cortege leaves Outspan Hospital Funeral Home Nyeri - at 9.00am. on 3rd October 2018. Prayers and funeral service will take place at her home in Kangaru. It is with humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the sudden death of Spencer Jayden Obiero Obiero (Spendy), a 1st year student of Computer Science at Strathmore University. Spencer died unexpectedly, at the tender age of 18 in a tragic car accident in the wee hours of Sunday 30th September, 2018. Spencer is survived by his loving parents Michael Joseph Achola Obiero and Scholastica Khamete Bukhala; his siblings Actarus Caeron Magawa Obiero and Lindsay Akinyi Obiero; sister-in-law Sylvia Naliaka Wamalwa; grandparents Maria Bukhala and Joyce Otika; Uncles – Carilus Okidi, Remjus Obiero, Eugene Obiero, Francis Oyoo Obiero, Josphat Bukhala, Silver Bukhala, Dismas Bukhala, Ronnie Bukhala, Yufnalis Okubo; Aunt’s Abigael Obiero, Resi Obiero, Jane Obiero, Mary Bukhala, Susan Bukhala, Mary Bukhala, Lily Bukhala, Agripina Bukhala, Rostella Okubo; Cousins, Joseph, Omondi, Leah, John, George, Ezra, Alice, Alex, Lucky, Ruth, Lucy, Phenny, Francis, Emma,Teddy, Brenda, Ferdinand,Valary,Vandross, Gerald,Tamara, Abigael, Elvira, Mark, Zaratun, Beheram, Zarina, Lisa, Sylvanos, Ian, Cedric, Malcolm. Spencer Jayden Obiero Obiero (Spendy) The family and friends are meeting at The Nairobi Club on Tuesday & Wednesday in preparation for the funeral and burial arrangements with Wednesday’s meeting culminating with a fundraising towards the funeral & burial arrangements. A funeral service is scheduled for 10.30 am on Thursday October 4, 2018 at the Holy Trinity Kileleshwa Church. Death And Funeral Announcement Salome Kemunto Mosata It is with profound sadness and humble acceptance of God’s will that we announce the sudden demise of Mama Salome Kemunto Mosata (the queen) which occurred on 27th September 2018 in Nairobi at M.P Shah Hospital after a short illness. Beloved daughter to the late Mark Getonto and late Sabina Moraa. Beloved mother to Mr Philip Nyachoti Advocate (Nyachoti & Co. Advocates), Ms. Jackline Kemunto (Business-lady, Kitengela) and Ms. Judith Nyaboke and late Jared Ongeri. Mother in law to Carolyne Odongo Nyachoti. Grandmother to Ian Phillips Nyachoti, Spencer Phillips Nyachoti, Leone Phillips Nyachoti, Keziah Phillips Nyachoti, Mitchelle Moraa and Carl Leshan. Sister to Mary, Elizabeth, Brigitta, late Joseph, John, Franciscah, Florence and late Bundi. Sister in law to Mary, Gesare, Martin, Thomas, Osano, Philip and Jacob. Aunt to Vincent Makori (VOA Washington DC), Eric (EABL), Philemon, Florence, Lenox, Sabina, Tabby, Mark among others. There will be a fundraising harambee on 3rd October 2018 at Nairobi Club from 5.00pm. Contributions can be made to Mpesa numbers 0717-555 780, 0714-379 191, 0725-937 077. The cortege shall leave PCEA Kikuyu Mission Hospital Mortuary on Friday 5th October 2018 at 9.00am and there after Service and Burial shall take place at 10:00am same day, at Kahuho Village, in the Solomon Githinji Farm next to PCEA Gatuanabu Church. The Cortege leaves Lee Funeral Home on 4th October 2018 for Kitale. Burial will be held at Kibomet, Naisambu in Kitale on 5th October 2018 starting from 10.00a.m. In God’s hands you rest, in our hearts you live forever. In God’s Hands you Rest in our Hearts You Remain Forever. 46 | Sports Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION SPORT Volleyball> Kenyans fall to Puerto Rico BY DAVID KWALIMWA Kenya yesterday collapsed under strong serves from Stephanie Enright to eventually lose 3-0 sets (20-25, 22-25,15-25) to Puerto Rico in the team’s third match of the FIVB Women's World Championship in Japan. In other results, Cameroon - Africa's only other representatives at this 24-nation tournament - were also gunned down 3-0 (16-25,24-26,18-25) by an impressive Netherlands side in Yokohama. Yesterday’s loss to Puerto Rico in Hamamatsu was Kenya's second in the competition. Coach Japheth Munala's charges have also lost to Serbia in straight sets, but the team beat Kazakhstan in a similar fashion. Two assignments - against Brazil and the Dominican Republic - remain for the Kenyan team which is also referred to as Malkia Strikers. "Our aim today was to qualify for the second round (with a win) but Puerto Rico have stopped us. We still have two games left. We will try to grow in the coming matches. We led 19-15 in the second set but did not receive well after that. We must get ready for Brazil next. We will go all out against them," said Munala after the match. Overall it would have been a different ball game had Enright not been in the picture. In the second set, Lugulu Girls alumnus Edith Mukuvilani's good blocking saw Kenya assume a 19-15 advantage but Enright, a right attacker, responded in style, winning ﬁve consecutive points directly from her serves for a 25-22 victory. Football> Eighth Brigade hit Laikipia in tourney BY NICHOLAS KOMU [email protected] Kenyan Premier League team Ulinzi Stars can look forward to a steady supply of players if the talent on display at the ongoing Chief of Defence Forces football tournament is anything to go by. Yesterday, Eighth Brigade started their campaign in the tournament with a 4-1 thrashing of hosts Laikipia Airbase. David Ouma was on target twice, guiding his team to the convincing win over last year’s ﬁnalists Laikipia Airbase. Shadrack Munene scored Eighth Brigade’s ﬁest goal after ﬁring home from close range early in the ﬁrst half, and Ouma grabbed the second goal less than ﬁve minutes later to put the visitors two goals up before half time. Ouma completed his double in the opening minutes of the second half, and Samuel Barasa made it four goals for Eighth Brigade, putting the game beyond the reach of Laikipia Airbase. James Amuko scored the hosts’ consolation in the 71st minute, but it was too little too late. In the women's category, visitors Kenya Navy proved no match for the home team Kenya Airforce who won 2-1. The tournament, which will run for 12 days, offers Ulinzi Stars head coach Dunstan Nyaudo to scout for fresh talent. Nyaudo watched the match from the sidelines. Secretary General of Defense Forces Football Association Major Edwin Muta told Nation Sport that the games offer a perfect ground for talent development for Ulinzi. “There are player here who have never been scouted by Ulinzi before and this is a chance for them to shine. Hopefully the scouts will identify some talented players at the end to join Ulinzi Stars,” Major Muta. FOOTBALL > Man United host Valencia tonight, Juventus welcome Ajax as champs Madrid visit CSKA Moscow in Uefa Cmpions League group stage matches. PAGES 50,51 RUGBY Ryder Cup>Europe seals resounding win The 2020 European club rugby ﬁnals will be played at the Velodrome in Marseille on May 22 and 23, the competition organisers announced yesterday. The European Professional Club Rugby (EPCR), which runs the European Champions Cup and Challenge Cup, did not name any other bidders. British media had reported that English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur, who are putting the ﬁnishing touches to a 62,000 stadium in North London, were interested. Italy lauds 'Mr Ryder' Molinari after Cup exploits FOOTBALL China’s veteran Italian head coach Marcello Lippi has conﬁrmed that he will more than likely retire when his contract with the Asian side expires early next year. The 70-year-old former Italy and Juventus coach expects to leave management after the Asian Cup in January. “I want to go home,” he told Radio Anch’io Sport. “I have a contract that expires on January 31, at the end of the Asian Cup. We’ll see after that, but I think it’ll be my last experience. Am I likely to leave China in February? Yes.” Italian hailed at home for aweinspiring performance that helped deliver title MILAN F rancesco Molinari was hailed in his native Italy yesterday for his "out of this world" performance that helped seal a resounding victory for Europe over the United States in the Ryder Cup. The British Open champion became the first European player to win all five of his matches at a Ryder Cup as he eased to a 4 and 2 win over Phil Mickelson to secure the hosts the trophy by 17.5 to 10.5 at Le Golf National outside Paris on Sunday. "There's just one Tiger and he's called Chicco," headlined Corriere Dello Sport , BOXING Britain’s Tyson Fury (below) denied he was the “challenger” to heavyweight world champion Deontay Wilder as he tried to rile the American by promising to make “lemonade out of a lemon” yesterday. The two unbeaten boxers will meet for Wilder’s World Boxing Council version of the title in Los Angeles on December 1. PHOTO | AFP Europe’s Spanish golfer Sergio Garcia raises the trophy to celebrate winning the 42nd Ryder Cup at Le Golf National Course at Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines in Paris on Sunday. using 35-year-old Molinari's nickname. " M o l i n a r i i n o u te r s p a ce i n the Ryder Cup: decisive point and record wins," it said. Gazzetta Dello Sport wrote: "Mr Ryder is an Italian. Molinari goes beyond the limits of expectations." Molinari's performance capped a remarkable season that began with his maiden major title at Carnoustie in July. He is the ﬁrst player from either side to claim ﬁve points at a Ryder Cup since the USA's Larry Nelson in 1979. The Turin native's heroics were seen as a boost for golf in Italy with the 2022 Ryder Cup to be hosted at the Marco Simone Golf and Country club outside Rome "The hope is that the great performances of Francesco were only a warm-up for the Ryder Cup in Rome," said Franco Chimenti, president of the Italian Golf Federation. " I n f o u r ye a rs we ' l l h ave an even more beautiful Ryd e r C u p t h a n k s to h i m . " Chimenti added: "A player who wins everything in the Ryder Cup for three consecutive days must be considered among the most important athletes not only in Italian but world sport. "He has all the qualities to be the number one in the world." Ryder Cup 2022 Project Director Gian Paolo Montali said he hoped the Francesco effect would rub off on the popularity of golf beyond the Rome Ryder Cup. "The eyes of the whole world will be on us," said Montali. "The goal is to get from 90,000 to 118,000 registered golf players by 2027, but I hope we can do that much sooner." (AFP) PHOTO | AFP Europe’s English golfer Tommy Fleetwood (right) and Italian golfer Francesco Molinari hold the trophy as they celebrate winning the 42nd Ryder Cup on Sunday. Sports | 47 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Golf>Ladies amateur champion Wafula cards seven over par 80 gross to win Nakuru tourney Limuru’s Karichu puts daylight between himself and opponents on Vet Lab course Golfer wins Kabete Open by whopping eight points from nearest rival BY LARRY NGALA 36 and winning the nines were Joel Kaindi and Stanley Nganga on 21 points each. At Royal Nairobi, Rowny Ngetich ﬁred 44 points to claim the overall title among the club members in the Sunset golf Society Day tournament where Salim Bwika on 42 points emerged the men’s winner, beating Anthony Muiruri by two points. Shaukat Gulamhussein posted 39 points to ﬁnish with Ramesh Sachdeva emerging the senior winner on 38 points. Robert Nyanchoga took gross title on 76 gross, and Irene Kinyanjui claimed the ladies ﬁrst prize with an impressive 42, followed in second place by Evelyn Noah on 38. In the Sunset members category, Nyanza Golf Club’s Charles Odawo carded 41 points to win ahead of Lucas Oluoch on 37 after beating Shadrack Ogindo and John Odhiambo on countback. Wycliffe Onyango was best senior on 36 and Njeri Onyango ﬁred 42 points to claim the ladies prize ahead of Pat Odima (30). The sponsors were led by Joe Muganda with 27 points, with Muthaiga’s Olive Njagi leading the guests with a ﬁne score of 40 points, winning well ahead of Patrick Kariuki on 33 points. L imuru Country Club’s John Karichu completed a 54-hole total of three under par 213 gross, to win the 2018 Kabete Open golf tournament by a big margin of eight shots from the Great Rift Valley Resort’s Simon Njogu, at the par 72 Vet Lab Sports Club course on Sunday. The handicap plus one Karichu carded rounds of 70, 72, and 71 to clinch the title just a week after ﬁnishing second in Uganda Open at Entebbe Golf Club. Njogu carded 73, 76, and 73 for the second place, just two shots better than home player Mike Kisia on 223. In the nett section, Isaac Makokha won the overall title on 217 points, one shot better than Ebill Omollo while David Ongeri was third on 219 nett. Taking the three rounds gross were George Felix (73), Robinson Owiti (71) and Edwin Mudanyi on 71 gross. The nett rounds winners were Leo Zurovac on 70 nett, Raphael Lemengai on 71 and Peter Ekai who carded 71 nett. Winning the stableford subsidiary was Emmanuel Owiti on 39, one better than club captain Mark Karobia while Onesmus Kibuna on 36 was third after a ciountback with Sudhir Modak. At Nakuru Golf Club, Kenya ladies amateur champion Naomi Wafula carded seven over par 80 gross to win the Nakuru Ladies Open title. She won by a shot from Royal Nairobi’s Serah Khanyereri while in third place on 85 was Ashley Awuor of Golf Park. The nett title remained at home with Eleanor Wambui on 74, with Loise Akinyi on 75 ﬁnishing second. Esther Chumo posted nett 76 to take the third prize. In the Bronze section, Catherine Oosterwijk posted 96 to beat R. Mathenge and R. Angote by a shot. Winning the nett was Jennifer Mugweru on 69, winning ahead of Lydia Mokaya who posted 75 while Martha Munene was third on 77 nett. At Kenya Railway Golf Club in Nairobi, Machakos Golf Club chairman Swarn Singh carded 40 points made up of 20 in each nine to win the Kenya Wines Agency-sponsored Njuri Ncheke golf tournament. Taking the men’s ﬁrst prize was D.G. Muchungu who posted 38 points, one better than J.W. Kariuki while in third place was George Wakaba with 35 points. Taking the gross title with 32 points was John Lejirmah while also on 32 points for the ladies prize was Wanjiru Karume. Leading the sponsors was Joseph Murungi who carded 36 points to win by two points from Edwin Murungi. In the guest category, Robert Kibet posted 38 points to win ahead of Fred Nyenjeri on WEEKEND ROUND-UP Muthaiga: Sedgwick Insurance Brokers Golf Day in Memory of the Late Abdallah Bekah; Winner; Juser Lamuwalla 40 points, Njuguna Ndungu, 39 cb Yogesh Nandha. Lady winner; Florence Marangu 35, Dianne O’Connor 33, staff winner Nderitu Wachira 33, Guest Euince Kinungi 32 points. Thika: Tourism Fund Golf Day; Overall winner: Judy Waihenya 42pts, Men winner: Benard Musau 40pts, Hon A.G Monyo 39pts. Lady winner: Agnes Kuria 39pts cb Diana Kaburu 39pts Guest winner: Paul Kyengo 40. Nines; David Njehia 23, Chris Karanja 20pts. Ruiru: Fresha Golf Day; Overall winner William Ndonga hcp 48pts, Men winner Ken Waruingi 41, Josphat Mbugua 40, Lady winner Margaret Kamau 40, Wambui Rugu 38,Winnie Kamau 37. Nines; Ciira Kiiyukia 21, Jessy Ndegwa 22pts Guest winner John Nduati 41pts. Karen: Karen Day Trophy; Gross winner- Anthony Mogere 76 gross, Sam Muraya 78, Owino Ayodo 80. Nett winners- Alex Mwai 70 cb Stephen Wang’ombe 70, Patrick Kagiri 71. Best Lady- Louisa Gitau 80. Best net- Carol Kiengo 62 nett. Kiambu: Monthly Mug; Division “A” Winner David Ndirangu 68 nett, “B” Samuel Macharia 71, “C” Godfrey Wambaa 72. Lady Winner Lucy Karau 78 cb Catherine Nines; Joel Wanyoike 33.5. Michael Kamau 33.5 nett. KANYIRI WAHITO | NATION Limuru Country Club golfer John Karichu won 2018 Kabete Open golf tournament at Vet Lab Sports Club on Sunday. Njoro: Ladies Invitation; Overall winner; Njguna Njoka 39 pts, Men Winner; J. Chege 39m Charles Angwenyi 37, Lady- L. Mokaya 38, M. Muthoni 35. Gross – Luther Kamau 32, Nines; W. Muthoki 21, S. Mwangi 20. Vettel refuses to give up Formula One title hopes Sochi, Russia Russia’s President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with winner Mercedes’ British driver Lewis Hamilton after Sunday’s Formula One Russian Grand Prix at the Sochi Autodrom Circuit, Sochi Sebastian Vettel yesterday made clear he still believes he can win a ﬁfth world title this year despite sliding 50 points behind Lewis Hamilton after the Russian Grand Prix. Hamilton's victory, after Valtteri Bottas followed Mercedes team orders to let him take the lead, lifted the Briton further clear of Vettel with ﬁve races remaining this season. But the Ferrari driver insisted he has not given up hope despite seeing his in-form rival reel off a ﬁfth win in six races to maintain his momentum as Ferrari struggled to keep pace. "I go race by race," said Vettel. "Obviously, it's not getting easier if we lose points. "But I still believe in our chances. Yes, it's not getting bigger, as I said, if you ﬁnish behind, but who knows? Things changed "It takes one DNF (Did Not Finish) - ideally two! - and then all of a sudden things look different. "I'm not wishing that on Lewis, but you never know what happens, so we need to stay on top of our game which maybe we haven't been completely this weekend. "We must make sure that from where we are now we focus on winning the last races." Hamilton's 50-point advantage is the equivalent of two race victories worth 25 points, a lead he could relinquish only if he fails to ﬁnish, or score points, and Vettel wins. Vettel was unexpectedly encouraged by Ferrari's performance on Sunday when he followed Hamilton and Bottas. "It's not entirely in our hands," he added. "We need a little bit of something to happen, but we need to make sure that we are always there. "If it's a third we can get, or a win, you need to get those places to make sure that we do everything. "The rest, unfortunately, is not anymore entirely in our hands, but I still think that if we win the next few races we can put a lot of pressure on them and make something to happen. (AFP) 48 | Sports Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Hockey>Victorious Telkom surge in race for women’s title Police narrow gap on Butali in men’s league Football> Mathare make champs Gor ﬁght every inch BY SAMUEL GACHARIRA [email protected] SportPesa Premier League (SPL) champions Gor Mahia were handed a record 17th title in a colourful ceremony at Moi Stadium in Kisumu on Sunday. K’Ogalo were however made to sweat for a point by a deﬁant Mathare United side who rallied from two goals down to hold the champions 2-2. The ‘Slum Boys,’ clad their traditional yellow with new sponsors Odibets on the front, mounted a guard of honour in respect of the champions just before kick –off and eight minutes into the game, Jacques Tuysienge showed why Gor had won the league with six matches to spare. Tuyisenge scored KANYIRI WAHITO | NATION Amos Barkibir of Kenya Police shields the ball from Bonface Ndombi of Parklands during their Kenya Hockey Union men’s Premier League match at Parklands Hockey Stadium on August 12, 2018. Victory over Greensharks puts the law enforcers on 39 points, two adrift of the leaders BY AYUMBA AYODI [email protected] K enya Police and Telkom both took a step closer to retaining their titles with wins against Greensharks and Sliders respectively in their Kenya Hockey Union (KHU) league matches played at the weekend. Amos Barkibir riﬂed in a double as Police claimed a swift revenge, beating Greensharks 3-2 on Sunday at City Park. Police, coached by Fredrick Masibo, had suffered a painful 4-3 defeat to Greensharks in the ﬁrst leg. Barkibir scored in the 10th and 31st minutes with Samuel Wokila’s smashing strike in the 58th giving them the victory. David Kiberenge and Victor Osiche scored in the 27th and 59th minutes, but that failed to rescue Greensharks. The victory saw Police consolidate their second place, taking their tally to 39 points from 13 wins and one loss. Police now only have one game in hand against Strathmore University as they continue playing catch up to leaders Butali Sugar who have 42 points from 14 We were cautious in our approach so as to avoid cards, having suffered three green cards and two yellow cards in the ﬁrst leg defeat” Fredrick Masibo, Kenya Police coach wins and one loss. Greensharks remain fourth with 24 points. “We were cautious in our approach so as to avoid cards, having suffered three green cards and two yellow cards in the ﬁrst leg defeat,” said Masibo. “We were laid back in the ﬁrst quarter but gradually opened up. That was our plan,” revealed the experienced coach. Greensharks deputy coach Thomas Mucheni conceded defeat admitting that they were second best. “Police wanted the ball more than us,” he said. In the women’s league, Audrey Omaido netted a hat-trick to spur champions Telkom to a sublime 7-0 victory against sloppy Sliders and solidify their chase for their 19th consecutive league victory on Sunday. Earlier on, Omaido struck for Telkom in ninth, 13th and 47th minutes to move the champions’ points to 30 points from a clean run in 10 matches. Others scorers were Lilian Aura (11th), Jackline Mwangi (22nd), Caroline Guchu (23rd) and Maureen Okumu (38th). Telkom are unbeaten in 10 matches while Sliders, who have seven points, slumped to their ﬁfth defeat this season. Elsewhere, relegation-threatened Western Jaguars and Nakuru rediscovered their ‘A Game’ with stunning victories. Jaguars edged out Wazalendo 2-1 at Eregi Teachers Training College (ETTC) ground, Kakamega while Nakuru shocked visiting Kenya College of Accountancy University 3-2 at the Greensteads grounds, Nakuru on Saturday. The win, their second this season, saw Jaguars take their tally to 11 points though they are still in the relegation zone in the 12-team league. The Rwandese forward opened the scoring with a brilliant solo effort in the eighth minute, rounding Job Ochieng’ before calmly slotting into an empty net. Humphrey Mieno doubled the hosts’ advantage shortly after the restart and at that point the champions looked to have snapped their four match losing streak. However Klinsman Omulanga came off the bench to inspire Francis Kimanzi’s charges to a remarkable comeback. He halved the deﬁcit with an easy tap-in on 67 minutes after some good work from Daniel Mwaura on the right. He then won a penalty that was successfully converted by Cliff Nyakeya with only ten minutes left. Mwaura almost won Mathare the game at the death but his curler from the edge of the box was brilliantly kept out by a fullstretch Peter Odhiambo. Gor coach Dylan Kerr was irked by his boys for giving away a healthy lead and not crowning their big day with a win. “We should be here celebrating, giving the fans something to celebrate but we didn’t do that today. We played well, we should have scored three goals today but we didn’t,” began Kerr. “We were not professional. That’s the word! Professional people shut the shop, two nil and go home champions. With two goals we should have sealed the game. “They had two shots and scored two goals. It’s good that we got a point (didn’t lose) but it’s also bad that we got a point (drew) because we should have got three points. Fair play to Mathare they kept going,” griped Kerr who later did a lap of honour around the stadium on top of the team bus carrying the glittering trophy. His opposite number Kimanzi spoke glowingly of his second half inclusions, Omulanga and Mwaura, who turned the game on its head. Sports | 49 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 BUSINESS OF SPORT > Kenyan marketers should support our stars ELIAS MAKORI O ver the last few years, Global Sports Communication (GSC), a Netherlands-based athlete and sports management concern, has raised the bar in marketing. From its Nijmegen base close to the German border, GSC has spent unlimited time and resources embracing innovation in sport, distance running in particular, while pushing their athletes to vantage positions in product endorsement. Led by 1975 Dutch sportsman of the year and 10,000 metres national champion Jos Hermens, GSC boasts of having nurtured the careers of the world’s ﬁnest athletes. Through guidance from some of the world’s best coaches, including Kenya’s Patrick Sang and Ethiopian-born Dutchman Getaneh Tessema, the GSC stable has groomed the likes of Ethiopia’s superstar trio of Haile Gebrselassie, Kenenisa Bekele and Almaz Ayana, along with Kenya’s marathon superman Eliud Kipchoge. GSC’s Kenyan camp in Kaptagat also boasts of multiple world half marathon and cross country champion Geoffrey Kamworor, who is also the defending New York Marathon champion, and middle distance star Augustine Choge, who will graduate to the full marathon in Chicago this Sunday. Choge will be in good company at “Windy City” on Sunday as his GSC team-mates Abel Kirui, a twotime world marathon champion, and Geoffrey Kirui, the reigning world champion and 2017 Boston Marathon winner, are also in the mix. Diamond League double champion in the jumps, Caterine Ibuargen of Colombia, is also among GSC’s elite squad in ﬁeld events with Kenya’s Olympic 1,500 metres champion Faith Chepng’etich topping the middle-distance roster and Florence Kiplagat, a former world half marathon record holder who will also line up in Chicago as a late entry this weekend, among the stellar road running cast. Botswana sprinter Isaac Makwala is also managed from GSC’s Nijmegen headquarters. That Hermens and GSC have been able to create a niche for each of their star athletes could make for a perfect manual in athlete management. About two years ago, GSC, keen on raising its proﬁle and competi- tiveness on the road racing circuit, started the NN Running Club from where the company’s distance runners launch their assault on numerous global road races and marathons. The NN Running Team is an outﬁt that draws together about 60 athletes from 15 countries running under sponsorship from Nationale Nederlanden, a Dutch ﬁrm that specializes in retirement services, insurance, investment and banking. Through the global successes of the NN Running Team, Nationale Nederlanden continues to enjoy prominence and increased brand loyalty that comes with such association. The executives at Nationale Nederlanden, led by chairman and CEO Lard Friese, have no regrets. It was, therefore, good to see Isuzu East Africa also come on board and sign up Kipchoge as their brand ambassador, eventually rewarding him with an Isuzu D-Max double cab they had promised if he broke the world marathon record, which he did in convincing fashion at the Berlin Marathon on September 16. Sadly, not many Kenyan corporates have embraced our athletes to push their brands, these stars’ global triumphs notwithstanding. Other than Betin (Mcdonald Mariga), Kiwi (David Rudisha), Orange (Julius Yego), SportPesa (Fatuma Zarika), Bank of Africa (Edna Kiplagat) and, to some extent Milo (Ezekiel Kemboi), little comes to mind in terms of sustained, local marketing and brand promotion through Kenya’s sporting icons. Just like Nationale Nederlanden, Isuzu East Africa, along with US sports apparel manufacturer Nike, will not regret their association with Kipchoge. After falling 25 seconds short of breaking the two-hour marathon barrier on the Monza Formula One race-track last year, Kipchoge triggered mass demand of the Nike Zoom Vaporﬂy Elite running shoe which he wore in the brave attempt, with the limited stocks zooming off the shelves. Equally, managing director Rita Kaveshe and her Isuzu East Africa team on Mombasa road are rubbing their hands with glee as they will most certainly note a difference in sales ﬁgures of the D-Max through their association with Kipchoge, with the superstar’s admirers, especially in the North Rift, seeking to jump onto the brand and bandwagon. This is a route we hope to see other corporates take. Sadly, our streets are inundated with billboards of nondescripts models wearing broad smiles after pocketing a pittance from blinkered marketing executives who, apparently, have scant regard for our world-beating stars. Yet abroad, our athletes are celebrated JARED NYATAYA | NATION World marathon record holder Eliud Kipchoge ﬂanked by his coaches Richard Metto (left) and Patrick Sang, receives a new Isuzu D-Max car he was gifted by Isuzu East Africa at Eldoret Sports Club in Uasin Gishu County on September 27. with television commercials and endless marketing tours ﬁttingly appreciating their world-beating performances. It would be encouraging to see local concerns backing not just our elite stars, but also the amateur running clubs that have mushroomed across the country, especially in Nairobi, as a way of promoting healthy living. It’s interesting to note that over 20 amateur Kenyan runners will travel to Chicago this week to run in the Chicago Marathon, with another group destined for the New York Marathon on November 4. Running clubs such as Urban Swaras, Kitengela Mbuni Runners, Hash Harriers, etc, could do with local corporate sponsorship as they juggle ﬁtness and professional engagements. Besides running to keep ﬁt and challenge the global circuit, these “fun” runners also provide welcome moral support to the elite athletes, as will be the case this weekend in Chicago and next month on the streets of New York. [email protected] 50 | Sports Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION Uefa Champions League>Coach Lopetegui looks to groom new stars Madrid head to Moscow Modric returns to Luzhniki Stadium, scene of his World Cup ﬁnal heartache, this time as star of Real in Group G battle against CSKA petegui, is strengthening its search for young players that will become the next great players of the sport," president Florentino Perez said in July. Alvaro Odriozola, the 22-year-old right back, could make his Champions League debut tonight in the absence of Marcelo and Sergio Ramos. He was signed from Real Sociedad for 35 million euros in the summer. Dani Ceballos, bought as a 20-year-old for 17 million euros from Real Betis, came on for Bale against Atletico Madrid last weekend. And Marco Asensio, perhaps the policy's poster boy, was brought in for a just under f o u r mil- Madrid L uka Modric returns to the Luzhniki Stadium tonight, the scene of Croatia's World Cup ﬁnal defeat to France, not only as FIFA's best men's player but the star of Real Madrid too. For the ﬁrst time in his six seasons at Madrid, Modric will line up for a Champions League tie without Cristiano Ronaldo, who was sold, or Gareth Bale, who is injured. There will be no Kaka, Angel di Maria or James Rodriguez either, all of whom Modric has rubbed shoulders with. At 33, he has outlasted them all. Together, that quintet cost Madrid almost 400 million euros ($464 million), and each considerably more than Modric, whose fee of around 30 million pounds in 2012 would not even have got Richarlison out of Watford last summer. But in this current squad, Modric stands out. In part, because of his brilliance, which has never been in doubt, but also because of Real Madrid too. The Galacticos are, just about, all gone. Bale is the last, and he would have been playing against CSKA Moscow, had it not been for a thigh injury picked up on Saturday. After him, Madrid's most expensive starters are likely to be Karim Benzema and Toni Kroos -- both, like Modric, signed for around 30 million euros. Meanwhile, elsewhere in Europe, Barcelona will be ﬁelding Philippe Coutinho and Ousmane Dembele against Tottenham. Manchester United will have Paul Pogba, and Paris Saint-Germain Neymar and Kylian Mbappe. All of them surpassed the 100-million euro mark. Since being wooed by James' sumptuous volley at the Maracana in the 2014 World Cup, Madrid have changed their approach. As the remnants of the old mode depart -- Ronaldo is gone, James unlikely to return -- the new, younger and cheaper, batch have risen to the surface. "Madrid, coached by Julen Lo- 10pm Kick-off of tonight’s Uefa Champions League Group F match between Real Madrid and CSKA Moscow at Luzhniki Stadium PHOTO | AFP Croatian midﬁelder Luka Modric leads Real Madrid against CSKA Moscow tonight in Group G match of the 2018/2019 Uefa Champions League. lion euros as an 1 8 -ye a r- o l d f ro m Real Mallorca. All three of them Spanish, not signed for the present , but the future. The list of those nurtured in the Real Madrid youth teams is longer. On the plane to Moscow on Sunday was Dani Carvajal, Nacho, Lucas Vazquez, Mariano Diaz, Marcos Llorente, Kiko Casilla and Sergio Reguilon, all academy graduates. World Cup winner Raphael Varane came from Lens for 10 million euros as a teenager and it is believed Vinicius, signed for 40 million euros from Flamengo in July, can be the next big talent from Brazil. There is a temptation to recall the days of Zinedine Zidane, Figo, David Beckham, Brazil's Ronaldo and Kaka, and feel underwhelmed. M a d r i d h ave b e co m e sy n o nymous with superstar names and this was a World Cup year too. But the shift has been deliberate. The swelling market has played a part, with the club no longer the dominant power-player among Europe's elite, as have plans to upgrade the Santiago Bernabeu, for which a loan of 575 million euros will be taken out. "The only way to remain independent is to be ﬁnancially healthy," Perez said at the club's annual general meeting earlier this month. "That is the base of our sporting success." Zidane was an advocate too. His method centred on improving those players he had by blocking out the noise from outside. That translated into faith in humility and hard work, not more big-money signings. "There is often talk of transfers, but I am not that type of coach," he said in January. Modric, Ramos, Benzema and Bale -- all approaching or past 30 -- will soon need replacing and few would bet against Perez joining the chase when Mbappe, Neymar or Pogba become available. But for now, this is a different Real Madrid. Modric can enjoy the limelight. (AFP) Sports | 51 DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Group matches> Man United entertain Valencia, Man City on parade tonight, Bayern host Ajax Weak defence, blunt striking force haunt German giants ahead of date with invading Dutch side Muniuch B ayern Munich host Ajax in the Champions League tonight from 10pm (Kenyan time) with Niko Kovac needing to ﬁx a leaking defence and lack of ﬁnishing after yielding top spot in the Bundesliga. The clash at Munich’s Allianz Arena could well decide Group E after Bayern claimed a 2-0 win at Benﬁca in the opening round a fortnight ago while Ajax won 3-0 at Greek side AEK. Dauntingly for Ajax, Bayern have won the last 12 matches at home in the Champions League’s group stages. However, the five-time European champions ﬁnished the weekend second in the German league after crashing to a shock 2-0 defeat at Hertha Berlin on Friday after being outplayed in the capital. “It is an important game against Ajax. A win would make things easier for us going into our next four games,” said Bayern head coach Kovac. Lost league match “Many people said we wouldn’t lose a game in the (Bundesliga) this season, but now it has happened in no time at all,” he added. Uncharacteristically for Bayern, they leaked a late equaliser in a 1-1 league draw with Augsburg last Tuesday, which was followed by the defeat in Berlin, but Kovac remains unfazed. “You have to differentiate, one is not directly linked to the other,” he insisted. “You could also say we won seven out of nine games.” However, the Bayern boss will be troubled by the ease with which Pal Dardai’s Hertha unpicked the lock of the Bayern defence. He will seek a tighter performance against Ajax, who are second in the Dutch league after a 2-0 win at Fortuna Sittard on Saturday. Ajax coach Erik ten Hag will have taken note of how Bayern’s defence was shaken in the ﬁrst half by Berlin. Jerome Boateng needlessly gave away penalty by fouling Salomon Kalou which Vedad Ibisevic converted for the opening goal. Niklas Suele, Bayern’s other centre-back, was out of position when Hertha’s Ondrej Duda, the league’s current top-scorer with ﬁve goals in six games, smashed home a close-range cross. Bayern’s star-studded attack also has a point to prove against Ajax after just having just one Arjen Robben goal, in the draw with Augsburg, to show for 40 shots on goal in their last two games. Even the likes of James Rodriguez, Franck Ribery, Robben and Robert Lewandowski could not breach Berlin’s defence despite 25 shots. Kovac is concerned by a lack of precision after his team “were not clinical” and more mistakes in defence “will be punished” against the Dutch. Nevertheless, a win over Ajax would boost conﬁdence before Saturday’s home league match against Borussia Moenchengladbach when they can aim to make up the one-point gap behind new Bundesliga leaders Borussia Dortmund. (AFP) October 2, 2018 UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE Champions Real Madrid travel to Moscow tonight for Group H match against CSKA, United host Valencia as Man City travel to Hoffenheim PAGES 51, 52 Scan this QR code with your smart phone for pictures, videos and more stories. Fraud > Police say foreigners have been in the country for over 10 years and have been defrauding Kenyans Suspects arrested over fake Sh1 billion notes A Malian, his son and their Kenyan driver said to be part of a fraud scheme BY NYABOGA KIAGE [email protected] T wo foreigners and a Kenyan were yesterday arrested after they were allegedly found with fake currency in Westlands, Nairobi. Detectives said the suspects, Mr Abdulah Tamba and his son Abdoulaye Tamba, who hail from Mali, and the Kenyan, Mr Anthony Mwangangi — their driver — were arrested with more than Sh1 billion in foreign currency. One of the suspects managed to go into hiding, but the police gave an assurance that they will arrest him. Mr Musa Yego, the Flying Squad boss in Nairobi, said the foreigners have also been deceiving Kenyans that they would help them get rich but end up stealing from them. “The foreigners have been in the country for over 10 years and we want the owner of the apartment to explain what he knows about them,” said Mr Yego. He said the suspects have been living in a three-bedroom apartment located on Brookside Lane in Westlands. Mr Tamba was also found with a machine, which detectives suspect was being used to make the fake currency. Detectives from the Directorate of Criminal Investigations said they have been trailing the suspect for weeks and were tipped off on his whereabouts by those he had conned. “We also ask anyone with information about the three 2015 Year when police say suspects and three others were deported in another case on counterfeit notes to report so that we can have enough evidence to arraign the suspects in court,” said Mr Yego. The driver, in his defence, told the detectives that he has never been allowed to step into the house and he was equally shocked that the two have been processing fake currency. In October 2015, the suspects together with Mr Suleiman Musa, Mr Mahmat Tamba and Mr Yahya Kangweri were arrested allegedly with $1.5 million (Sh153 million) in counterfeit notes. According to police records, the suspects said they were nationals of Central African Republic, which contradicts the current information that they were from Mali. Police said they were deported and they will have to explain how they returned. The suspects were arrested after a complaint by Mr Abdullah Hassan who told the police that they owed him $4 million and that they had refused to pay the sum. EVANS HABIL | NATION Mr Abdulah Tamba, a Malian, who was arrested together with two others over fake currency in Westlands, Nairobi, yesterday. Above: Other items police recovered from his house. Fake foreign currency notes amounting to Sh1 billion that were recovered at the apartment in Nairobi. EVANS HABIL | NATION COMMENTARY MEDICAL CLINIC Accord people the dignity due to them even in death P. 3 Doctor, will I have to take anti-depressants for life? P. 7 at the heart of the story NOT FOR SALE. FREE WITH YOUR DAILY NATION. No. 092 Tuesday, October 2, 2018 A G R I C U LT U R E Cancer in a packet? CONTENTIOUS HERBICIDE LINKED TO C A N C E R S T I L L O N K E N YA N S H E LV E S P.4&5 views 2 | Healthy Nation Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION All it would take to have a faster, safer, simpler cure for TB is for governments to care enough to make it a political priority. World leaders must show some spine and take collective responsibility to ﬁght this global health emergency, so we don't keep losing a person to TB every 18 seconds. Sharonann Lynch, HIV & TB Advisor, Medicines Sans Frontieres Access Campaign BRIEFLY funding CALL FOR INNOVATIONS TO IMPROVE ACCESS TO WATER AND SANITATION KENYAN INNOVATORS with technologies that can improve access to water and sanitation in urban areas will receive up to Sh10.1 million in the fourth round of the global funding competition Grand Challenges Africa. The African Academy of Sciences, the administrator of the funds, invites technologies that will improve access to clean drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in homes, and address urban pollution. The call which closes on November 24, is seeking cost-effective technologies that will encourage hygiene and sanitation in public places such as schools and markets. According to the Kenya Demographic Health Survey of 2014, 67 per cent of Kenyans do not have access to clean drinking water, exposing them to waterborne diseases such as cholera. Dr John Kiiru, an expert in waterborne diseases at the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), welcomed the call, saying that technology can stop the infection cycle of the waterborne diseases that afflict many urban areas. He urged a focus on schools and markets, where there are gaps in sanitation. "People boil water to drink, but they cannot afford to boil water for washing dishes or for washing the fruits they are eating," he said, "Alternative methods that can meet that gap would reduce infections." The competition funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Unicef, ARM Technology, and Swedish International Development Agency, asks for innovations that can use data to monitor environmental contamination – at what point the disease-causing germs contaminate the water and the use of data in mapping areas that are most affected by lack of water in Kenya. – Verah Okeyo nutrition SKIPPING MEALS CAUSES DEPRESSED MOOD www.nation.co.ke/ healthynation @DNHealthyNation @DailyNation 84,905 Meru A look at the health of Kenyans aged over 60 years Counties with lowest elderly population Marsabit Kenyans are aged 60 years and above 9,944 7,586 Samburu life expectancy of a Kenyan 10,206 77,383 934,142 Kiambu Machakos 73,294 23% always add salt before or when eating ALCOHOL 24% drink 2 TOBACCO USE 22% use tobacco 44% have tried to stop smoking in the last 12 months 23% are exposed to secondhand smoke minutes of moderate intensity ĂĐƟǀŝƚǇ 32% 5,431 cuts Lamu Kitui SALT 3 DIET 91% take less than 5 servings of fruit and/ or vegetables per day as recommended 4 CHOLESTEROL 95% have never had their cholesterol levels measured 47% of those with elevated cholesterol are taking medication 5 6 WEIGHT 21% overweight 11% obese 20% underweight EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Tom Mshindi EXECUTIVE EDITOR, PRINT: Mutuma Mathiu HEAD OF PRODUCTION: Kariuki Waihenya HEALTH & SCIENCE EDITOR: Felista Wangari PHOTO EDITOR: Joan Pereruan CHIEF GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Andrew Anini DEPUTY CHIEF GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Michael Mosota REPORTERS: Elizabeth Merab, Verah Okeyo, Eunice Omollo, Adrams Mulama, Aggrey Omboki, Angela Oketch COVER DESIGN: Freepik 65% feel they consume just the right amount of salt 71% know that too much salt can cause health problems In partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 7 SelfŵĞĚŝĐĂƟŽŶ 2 days 150 falls 75,649 8% Physical activity recommendations per week 47% 97,389 Lifestyle habits that affect health (60 to 69 years) 29% Tana River Murang’a number of elderly Kenyans registered for Inua Jamii cash transfer programme plus NHIF beneﬁts Dispensary/ health centre Sub-county hospitals Common unintentional injuries 72 years target life expectancy by 2030 62% Counties with the largest elderly populations Isiolo 60 years Primary source of healthcare for the elderly Key 17,278 1.9 million 1 THE SUDDEN DROP in glucose people experience when they are hungry can have a lasting impact on their mood, new research has found. Researchers examined the impact of a sudden glucose drop on emotional behaviour by injecting rats with a glucose metabolism blocker to induce hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose). The rodents were then placed in a speciﬁc chamber. On another occasion, the rats were injected with water and placed in a different chamber. When given a choice, the rats actively avoided the chamber where they had experienced hypoglycaemia, indicating that they were avoiding it because they had experienced a stressful experience there. The rats also had more corticosterone levels in their blood, an indicator of physiological stress, and appeared more sluggish when given the glucose metabolism blocker. “You might argue that this is because they need glucose to make their muscles work,” said researcher Prof Francesco Leri. “But when we gave them a common antidepressant, the sluggish behaviour was not observed. The animals moved around normally. Their muscles still weren’t getting the glucose, yet their behaviour changed.” “The factors that lead someone to develop depression and anxiety can be different from one person to the next. Knowing that nutrition is a factor, we can include eating habits into possible treatment,” said lead author Thomas Horman. These ﬁndings provide insight into the connection between depression and diseases such as obesity, diabetes, bulimia and anorexia. The researchers added that habitually skipping meals can be problematic. “It can become a vicious cycle. If a person isn’t eating properly, they can experience a drop in mood, and this drop in mood can make them not want to eat. If someone is constantly experiencing this stressor, the response could affect their emotional state on a more constant level.” The study was published in the journal Psychopharmacology. Hotels next to the hospital are expensive, so most patients who come for treatment sessions, spending at least a week in Nairobi, end up putting up on the corridors. The hostel will offer them a digniﬁed place to stay while they seek treatment. Kenyatta National Referral Hospital Acting CEO Thomas Mutie There is a serious problem of cash ﬂow in these institutions including Pumwani. Nairobi has allocated 20 per cent of its total budget to health, but the hospitals need more money than they are getting. Nairobi City County, Acting Executive for Health Charles Kerich Elderly health BRIEFLY SUGAR 27% always add sugar to beverages 58% say they consume just the right amount of sugar 77% know that too much sugar can cause health problems 61% are minimising the amount of sugar they add to beverages 1 out of 10 use natural and unreﬁned alternatives to sugar 2–3 days of balance and fall ƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŽŶ ĂĐƟǀŝƟĞƐ RAISED BLOOD SUGAR 8 9 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 52% do not engage in vigorous physical activity 74% have never been screened for raised blood sugar 32% of those diagnosed with diabetes mellitus are taking medication for it 24% of those diagnosed with diabetes are taking insulin of muscle strengthening ĂĐƟǀŝƟĞƐ Compiled by: Felista Wangari Sources: World Health Organisation, National Council for Population Development, National Policy on Older Persons, Kenya Stepwise Survey for NCD Risk Factors Graphic by: Michael Mosota magazine is published weekly by Nation Media Group Limited and distributed free with the Daily Nation. Unsolicited manuscripts, artwork, transparencies are submitted at sender’s risk. While every care is taken on receipt of such material, NMG Ltd cannot accept responsibility for accidental loss or damage. ©Nation Media Group Limited, 2016. All rights reserved. views DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 Healthy Nation | 3 SOCIAL ISOLATION Kericho youth ﬁght loneliness among the elderly BY ANITA CHEPKOECH [email protected] LONELINESS and social isolation are two of the most serious problems that confront the elderly. Loneliness increases an older person's chances of premature death, and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Feeling isolated can disrupt sleep, raise blood pressure, increase levels of the stress hormone cortisol, interfere with immunity, increase depression and anxiety and lower feelings of wellbeing and quality of life. It is not the solitude or physical isolation itself, but rather the sense of isolation that is problematic. People may live alone but not feel lonely, or live with others and feel lonely. Living alone does not necessarily mean loneliness if one remains socially engaged and enjoys the company of people around him or her. However, some aspects of ageing such as blindness and loss of hearing place the elderly at a special risk for becoming isolated and lonely. Loneliness is caused by low level of social fulﬁlment (not enough activity to keep one busy, and not feeling needed), poor health, changed marital status, reduced income, anxiety and infrequent contact with others. To measure loneliness, answers to these two questions can help: Do you have someone to talk to when you need it? Do you feel alone when you want to be with someone? Joshat Koech did not know all this when he started Friends of the Elderly (FOTE), a 200-member group of youth in Kericho County. He was prompted to action when he saw and empathised with the state of Mzee Kimalel, an elderly man in Kipsolu, Belgut Sub-county. He was moved by the thought of how difficult it must be for senior citizens with little strength to fend for themselves. So he organised a visit to Mzee Kimalel’s homestead with a friend. They carried a blanket and a bag of groceries. "Our number grew from two to more than 50 in a few weeks and we registered as a community based organisation," said Mr Koskei. The group visits elderly members of society in villages across 30 wards every Sunday afternoon. Their aim is to ensure that the elderly feel appreciated, happier and consequently healthier. Since inception in January 2016, the group has visited 2,000 senior citizens. Healthy Nation accompanied them to visit the 1,184th senior citizen, an ailing retired teacher in Kelunet, Belgut Subcounty. Nearly 20 members turned up for the visit, with blankets for the seven elders they were seeing that day. They cut cake and staged a ceremonial handing over of blankets to the elders. FOTE members sang vernacular ceremonial songs as they wrapped a blanket around the shoulders of each elder in turns. They got to learn about their ancient culture and practices, and the health habits of their people and more. This ﬁts in well with recommendations from researchers on combatting loneliness, which is becoming a major public health threat. Researchers recommend staying in touch and sharing good times, including family traditions, with people who care. "Doctors should be encouraged to include social connectedness in medical screening and people should prepare for retirement, not just ﬁnancially, but also socially, as many social ties related to the workplace are cut off," said researcher Julianne Holt-Lunstad in a study published in July last year, at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. She also recommended resources to protect individuals and the society from the the public health threat of loneliness. Friends of the Elderly members wrap a blanket around an old man at Kibugat, Belgut Subcounty. ANITA CHEPKOECH | NATION GUEST COMMENTARY Accord all patients dignity after death BY DR NELLY BOSIRE T LACK OF DIGNITY IN DEATH IS NOT UNIQUE TO PUMWANI; IT HAPPENS ACROSS THE COUNTRY, BUT WE MUST CHANGE THIS NARRATIVE GOING FORWARD. [email protected] he public exposure of the bodies of the tiny little babies at the Pumwani Maternity Hospital in Nairobi, during the governor’s visit to the hospital, left a bitter taste in our mouths. As if dealing with the loss of life at such a tender age wasn’t bad enough, the real devastation was in coming to terms with how these little ones were handled after death. Putting them in cartons and disposal bags is certainly no way to see them off! As we ponder the inefficiencies of a health system that has left us feeling very vulnerable, the reality is that we shall exit this world. Death takes away everything from a person with such ﬁnality. We immediately stop being referred to as person X and become a ‘body’. We cease to occupy a space in the midst of others and immediately become past tense. Our outrage at the situation in Pumwani is driven by the innate need to maintain some level of dignity even in death. Death strips us of everything; the only thing we want to exit with is dignity. It is on this premise that the very important process of care given to a body after death, otherwise known as the “last offices”, is based on. According to Dougherty and Lister (2004), the process is performed with the aim of demonstrating respect for the deceased and focuses on respecting their religious and cultural beliefs, as well as health and safety and legal requirements. It is carried out by the nurse before the deceased is released to the mortuary. Once a patient dies, the ﬁrst step is to preserve privacy by drawing the curtains around the bed. Thereafter, the doctor conﬁrms death by checking for the presence of a heartbeat, breathing movements and state of the pupils (they get really wide and do not react to light after death). These are documented in the patient’s ﬁle, along with the cause of death. The time of veriﬁed death is documented against the signature and name of the ascertaining doctor. Once death has been ascertained, the patient’s next of kin are informed. If they are in hospital, they are informed immediately, and if they are away, they are summoned to the hospital and informed upon arrival. This is one of the most challenging duties: To be able to pass on the difficult news with empathy irrespective of one’s own feelings. Many times, the nurse is deeply heartbroken to lose a life so young, or a doctor so distraught to lose the head of a home to a tragic accident. Yet, as care providers, it is not our place to out-mourn the family. After breaking the news, the body should be identiﬁed correctly with bands that are properly labelled. Thereafter, the body is aligned by straightening the limbs and keeping the head to face straight ahead. The Death takes away everything from a person; the least we can do is maintain some level of dignity even in death. eyes and mouth are closed and the bladder is emptied. Open wounds that are oozing are dressed to prevent soaking the whole body and all medical intervention accessories are removed. The mouth, nose and anus are sealed with cotton to absorb secretions, then the body is dressed. These procedures make the patient look presentable to ease the family’s discomfort and pain. It helps them remember the departed in a digniﬁed manner and brings some peace of mind. If a post-mortem is required, there is minimal intervention. Medical intervention accessories are left in place for further evaluation by the pathologist. They should never be tampered with. After the family has viewed the body, it is wrapped in a bed sheet or hospital linen ready for transportation to the mortuary. If the patient is suspected to have died from a contagious disease, the body is put in a body bag. The doctor ﬁlls the notiﬁcation of death form, stating the identity of the patient, the immediate cause of death and all factors that may have contributed to death. The notiﬁcation slip is given to the family, and a copy accompanies the body to the mortuary. In all these steps, there is need for compassion and capacity to accom- modate everyone. The mother who lost her baby in labour should be accorded a secluded area to hold her baby and bid him farewell. Muslim and Jewish families should be allowed to perform religious cleansing rights on the body in preparation for immediate burial within 24 hours. Resource-starved public and private health facilities lack the means to accord the departed the dignity they deserve. It is not unique to Pumwani; it happens across the country, but we must change this narrative going forward. We cannot drop the ball on dignity immediately after death only to pick it up after the departed is in a coffin. cover story 4 | Healthy Nation Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION RISKY» NEARLY 825,804 TONNES OF GLYPHOSATE PRODUCTS WERE USED WORLDWIDE IN 2014. IN KENYA, WHERE ABOUT 30 GLYPHOSA For Kenyan fa comes in pac In August, a US jury found that a herbicide that is popular among farmers in the world and in Kenya might have caused the cancer of a groundskeeper. He was awarded millions of dollars in damages. Many countries around the world are implementing restrictions, but the Pest Control Products Board remains mum, offering no caution or guidance, and leaving local farmers possibly exposed to health risks BY HEALTHY NATION TEAM A [email protected] t an agrovet shop in downtown Nairobi, James Mutegi, an agronomist, pulls out 26 glyphosphate-based herbicide brands from the shelves – Kausha, Glyphogan, Panga, Roundup, Glycel, Clampdown, Touchdown, Woundout, Zoomer Combi, Clear Up, Clinic, Kick Out, Dkphosate, Eraser Max, Dasate, Fagilia, Fire All, Glyfos, Gugusate, Herbistop, Klinswip, Mamba, Kwik, Rondo, Ridweed and Rophosate. Farmers use them as post-emergence systemic herbicides to control weeds in coffee and tea plantations and sugarcane farms as well as in pasture and tillage reduction. A litre of the most popular brand goes for Sh1,200 in Nairobi and Sh800 in most stores in the Rift Valley region. Other glyphosate products cost between Sh650 and 1,100. Many farmers have no idea, that this is not just the cost of procuring a weed killer, it could also be the cost of exposing themselves to health risks. Many farmers we talked to were not aware that a glyphosate user in the US had been awarded millions of dollars in damages, after the weed killer allegedly predisposed him to cancer. We found them using the herbicide without protective gear, oblivious of the dangers they were exposing themselves to. Samuel Sigei, a farmer at Kapkormom in Kericho County, has been using the glysophate-based herbicide for nearly 20 years, and prides himself as someone who is fairly knowledgeable on current affairs. He was shocked when Healthy Nation informed him about the US ruling on his dependable solution against weeds. "I handle this chemical every year. It causes dizziness and nausea, which is pronounced if you use it in sunny weather, but I have never thought much of it," he exclaimed, adding that farmers have learnt to use it at dawn, just as the sun rises, to ﬁght these effects. Like many of his peers, Mr Sigei handles the herbicide without proper protective clothing. He only wears a heavy trench coat, which is not waterproof as required, and doesn't cover his mouth and nostrils. "It has a strong smell, so I gulp a glass of milk after coming from the ﬁelds and I will be okay," he adds. The chemical comes into contact with his skin, and sometimes leaks from the pump, spilling on his back, but he has never seen any skin irritation or effect that would cause him to worry. The popular chemical clears bushes and grass from his four-acre farm before ploughing is convenient. He has trusted and depended on its effectiveness for years. He ponders turning to four other brands, but questions their safety too. "They are all the same, aren't they? The contents are the same, the difference is that some brands are more concentrated than others," he says creasing his face in concern. "I will stop using these chemicals im- mediately!" he declares after brief contemplation, "Anything to do with cancer is a death sentence. No one wants to go that route." The use of glyphosate-based weed-killers as a perennial weed control measure, is widespread, because it entails little or no ﬁeld preparation, hence minimal farm machinery use and expense. The herbicides enable farmers kill weeds without killing their crops. An increasing number of crops have been genetically engineered to be tolerant of glyphosate allowing farmers to use glyphosate as a post-emergence herbicide against weeds. In 2014, nearly 825,804 tonnes of glyphosate products were used worldwide according to Statista a consumer survey and industry studies, global statistics company in the US. Mutegi, the agronomist, told Healthy Nation that the herbicide is preferred by farmers for its distinct capacity to completely impair weeds from the roots in one or two weeks. "Farmers love it because it works in hours. The weeds wilt and start to yellow within six hours of application," he said. "A small quantity is enough to wipe out weeds, making it more cost-effective than other agrochemicals," said James Too, a farmer from Chepkumia, Nandi County. He uses glysophate to kill weeds in his tea and maize plantation, applying the herbicide once a month. "I have no idea that it is hazardous to human health. Maybe it is only harmful if inhaled frequently … Maybe if we exercise precautionary measures we will DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 cover story Healthy Nation | 5 ATE PRODUCTS ARE ON SALE, FARMERS USE THEM WITHOUT PROTECTION, OBLIVIOUS OF THE HARM THEY MIGHT BE SUBJECTED TO armers, cancer cket of herbicide be protected from harm," he mused. His sentiments are shared by George Otieno, an agronomist at Agri-Tech, who argues that the herbicide has no effect on health as long as one follows the speciﬁed instructions. "It has been in the market for decades, and I have never heard anyone who developed health problems from using it," said Mr Otieno. However, he added that some livestock have died after feeding on silage or grass that had been sprayed with glysophate. "This is a result of negligence. Farmers need to protect livestock from areas sprayed with the chemical," he explained. A survey of agrovets around the country indicated that most dealers had glysophate in stock. "We have not received orders from any relevant authority suspending the sale of the chemical. In any case most farmers prefer it to other herbicides," said David Koskei, an agrovet dealer in Eldoret Town. Agronomists interviewed for this story urged farmers to wear protective gear and stick to instructions on the label when using glysophate. "We are aware that most farmers ignore the instructions on the label. They don't even read them," said Mutegi, the agronomist from Nairobi. One of the farmers who tries to use it as recommended is Sabina Muriira, a farmer from Imenti Central Sub-county, who has been using glysophate since 1985 and not seen anyone suffer harmful effects. She said that following warnings by agricultural extension officers, she and other farmers started using protective garments when using the herbicide. Effective herbicide "It is the only effective herbicide against stubborn weeds. There are new ones in the market but they cannot match this," she said, adding that farmers were unlikely to stop using it since it is "the best" in the market. For Moses Muriuki, a farmer from South Imenti Sub-county who uses glysophate at least once a year to kill invasive weeds, the discovery that the pesticide kills moles offered him a way to get rid of the rodents too. "It was a coincidental discovery, but now when we want to eradicate moles we use glysophate, because after spraying, within a month or so the moles are all dead." "As for whether it causes cancer, we would have to check the scientiﬁc basis," said Prof Paul Kimurto, from the Crop Science Department at Egerton University. He noted that use in huge quantities for a long time is a cause for worry. "What we do know is that it affects biodiversity and kills the micro-organisms in the soil that it comes into contact with. It kills beneﬁcial insects, including nitrogen-ﬁxing bacteria, and other beneﬁcial ﬂora and fauna," he added. He warned that all agrochemicals will have negative effects on people, animals and other living organisms and the environment if precautionary measures from the manufacturer are not followed. "They are toxic. That's why they kill their LANDMARK RULING ON WEED KILLER AND CANCER FILE | NATION Farmers should wear recommended protective gear when using herbicides, but many don’t. targets, but unfortunately, they can harm more than just the targeted nuisances," he added. He also suggested that prolonged exposure to such chemicals can cause a number of health effects in workers exposed to glyphosate formulations. "They are associated with dizziness, pneumonia, scorching of skin and respiratory problems," he said, adding that there is need to train farm labourers on the safe handling of chemicals. He also raised concern that residues remain in the environment for a long time after application, especially because of overuse. "There is a danger that they may be consumed in food by casual labourers in the ﬁelds, who eat on site where the chemicals are applied, with residues hanging in the air. Moreover, if applied to food crops just before harvest, people may ingest them. They should be applied at least a month or three weeks before harvest. There is also the critical issue of herbicide drift, with the wind carrying the chemical to non-target crops. Take a case where a neighbour sprays their crops with herbicide. Residues drift in the air and fall on your garden of ripe tomatoes or sukumawiki that is ready for harvest. If you unknowingly consume your produce before three weeks have elapsed, you unwittingly consume the chemicals. Consumer safety and environmental advocacy groups around the world are raising concerns over the possible presence of herbicide residues in certain foods, especially grains. Grain products in Canada were found to exceed the maximum (glyphosate) residue limit (MRL) about four per cent of the time, a report by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency showed. Overall, glyphosate was detected 29.7 per cent of the time in 3,188 food samples. However, only 1.3 per cent of samples were above the maximum limit. In the US there were reports of relatively high concentrations of glyphosate in Original Cheerios due to its main ingredient, whole grain oats. Some countries have imposed restrictions on the chemical. Germany is working on a draft regulation to end use of glyphosate in household gardens, parks and sports facilities, and to set "massive" limits for its use in agriculture. Following a re-evaluation of the potential carcinogenic risk to humans of several pesticides, including glyphosate in 2015, the World Health Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) concluded that glyphosate is 'probably carcinogenic'. The announcement has been highly criticised for not showing evidence that glyphosate causes cancer. The WHO's cancer research agency is widely considered to be the gold standard for research on cancer, but was accused of editing out portions of the documents they used to review glyphosate to make the chemical look far more harmful than its own research had concluded. Nvertheless, as a result of the re-classiﬁcation, a number of governments are considering establishing restrictions on the use of glyphosate in agriculture. Sri Lanka banned the use of glyphosate in 2017, after it was linked to an increase in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease. Argentina and the Netherlands have also banned its use for similar reasons. Last year, the European Parliament voted in support of phasing out glyphosate over the next four years and immediately banning its use in households. In Kenya, there is still no official direction. Efforts to reach the government pesticide and pesticide products regulatory agency, the Pest Control Products Board have been futile, with questions the writers sent to the agency in August remaining unanswered. The Board regulates the importation, export, manufacture, distribution and use of products that control pests. "The news is out," screamed a US lawyer's blog following the ruling in which a California jury awarded $289 million in damages to a school groundskeeper who claimed to have gotten terminal cancer from chronic use of the herbicide Roundup. The jury at San Francisco's Superior Court of California concluded that the manufacturer of Roundup had failed to warn DeWayne "Lee" Johnson and other consumers of the cancer risks posed by the weed killer, the most popular around the world. The event has culminated in a horde of other cancer patients including farmers, landscapers, agriculture workers, professional gardeners, groundskeepers, and pesticide and herbicide applicators, coming out of the woodwork to pursue cases against Roundup's manufacturer, which faces more than 5,000 similar lawsuits across the United States, Reuters has reported. Several studies have linked glyphosate, the chemical used in the popular weed killer to cancer. The chemical is associated with other maladies like kidney diseases, spontaneous abortions, birth defects, skin diseases, respiratory illness, and neurological disease. However, the most thoroughly researched link is the one between glyphosate and non-Hodgkin lymphoma – a blood cancer that affects the lymph nodes and tissues, and sometimes even bone marrow. Johnson who suffers from non-Hodgkin lymphoma, says he used Roundup up to 30 times a year. This was the ﬁrst case against the manufacturer to go to trial. But Mr Johnson's lawyers said they were swamped with calls as thousands more people sought to ﬁle more suits against the agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation. Johnson's case, ﬁled in 2016, was fasttracked for trial due to the severity of his non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, he alleges was caused by Roundup and Ranger Pro, another glyphosate herbicide. His doctors say he is unlikely to live past 2020, added the Reuters' account. While glyphosate and formulations have been approved by regulatory bodies worldwide, concerns about their effects on humans and the environment persist. But glyphosate's sweeping implications on users have been the subject of wide-ranging debate for some time now. It is a contentious subject, and scientists, industry, activists and government remain divided on whether the chemical has any direct link to the array of health concerns. Report by Pauline Kairu, Barnabas Bii, Anita Chepkoech and Gitonga Marete FILE | NATION A farmer uprooting invasive weeds from his farm. health 6 | Healthy Nation Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION FAMILY PLANNING Birth control: The different methods and how they work CONTRACEPTIVES can be classiﬁed under two categories; nonhormonal and hormonal. Non-hormonal contraceptives include male and female condoms, cervical cap or diaphragm, copper intrauterine device (IUD) commonly called the coil, natural birth control and sterilisation (tubal ligation in women or vasectomy in men). Hormonal birth control consists of pills, injections, contraceptive patches, implants and the hormonal IUD (coil). Condoms: the male condom is widely available and prevents both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. However, if not used correctly or consistently, condoms can fail a ﬁfth of the time. Emergency contraceptive pills are among the most misunderstood BRIEFS weight HEALTHY WEIGHT GOOD FOR MENTAL WELLBEING Does poorer physical health cause lower mental wellbeing or are individuals with lower mental wellbeing more likely to have problems with their physical health? Researchers sought to ﬁnd out by testing 11 measures of physical health including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cholesterol, blood pressure, body fat and body mass index. They analysed records of 300,000 people aged 40 to 70 years and found that people with a high body mass index had lower levels of mental wellbeing and lower satisfaction with health. "The next question is why we found this link. We are keen to explore the role of body satisfaction and self-esteem, which could help practitioners know how best to support individuals to remain physically and mentally healthy," said lead author Dr Robyn Wootton. The researchers added that becoming happier and more satisﬁed with their lives might be the extra motivation people need to maintain a healthy weight, beyond the usual encouragement to do it for physical health. The ﬁndings were published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). brain BRAIN WAVES POINT TO CHILD AGRESSION When children are presented with an ambiguous social cue, they can either interpret it as neutral, playful or hostile. If they interpret it as hostile, they are more likely to act aggressively. To establish why this is the case, researchers measured the activity of the P3 brain wave in 153 toddlers. The P3 wave is generated when an individual evaluates and responds to a change in the environment, such as changed cues in a social interaction. People with shorter P3 wave peaks are more aggressive when confronted with a change in the environment. For instance, a child with shorter P3 wave peaks is more likely to interpret an ambiguous social cue from another child as hostile, rather than playful. P3 is also associated with depression and schizophrenia. Researchers found that toddlers with smaller spikes in the P3 brain wave were more aggressive than toddlers with larger P3 brain-wave peaks, when confronted with a situational change. and abused contraceptives. The most commonly used e-pill contains the hormone levonorgestrel. It is 98 per cent effective in preventing pregnancy if taken at the earliest after unprotected sex, but within 72 hours of sexual activity. It is more likely to fail if taken after 72 hours of sex, in obese women or if taken repeatedly over short durations. Unknown to many, the copper coil is an alternative emergency contraceptive that is more than 99 per cent effective and works if ﬁtted up to ﬁve days after unprotected intercourse. Moreover, it continues to offer long-term reversible contraception after insertion. Contraceptive pills require consistent daily intake. If you can’t sustain the daily demand to pop a pill, a contraceptive patch is a good alternative. Stick the small adhesive patch on your skin and change it every seven days. If ﬁxed on dry skin, it will withstand taking a bath and even swimming. Implants are small ﬂexible plastic rods about the size of a matchstick embedded with hormones and implanted under the arm skin. An implant can last three or ﬁve years. An implant prevents pregnancy more than 99.9 per cent of the time. The most popular contraceptive is the three-month ‘Depo’ injection. It has hormone content like the implant, but is slightly less effective. Natural birth control methods work by understanding the female reproductive cycle and fertile window. They are used by couples who are either not willing or able to use other contraceptive options. Natural methods require a very predictable, regular cycle, partner cooperation and consistency, so their typical failure rate can ﬂuctuate from one couple to the next and can be quite high. Male and female sterilisation are permanent birth control options for couples who do not wish to have more children. They entail a small cut to block the fallopian tubes in women or semen passages in men. Both can be performed at an outpatient clinic. Sterilisation is fraught with many misconceptions. The commonest are that tubal ligation diminishes a woman’s libido, causes excessive lubrication during sex or causes menopause. For vasectomy, men express fear that it will diminish their masculinity and libido. None of these is true. - Dr Mukaindo Mwaniki BARRIERS » ADOLESCENT GIRLS ARE THE MOST AFFECTED BY UNMET NEED FOR BIRTH CONTROL What they told you about contraceptives was wrong The fact that a friend or relative used a certain birth control method and it worked (or didn’t work) for her doesn’t mean you’ll have the same experience BY DR MUKAINDO MWANIKI W hen it comes to contraceptives many girls and women of reproductive age seek information from their social circles ﬁrst, and the internet, before consulting a health worker. As a result, they may pick up myths and misconceptions that can inﬂuence the uptake of contraceptives. When women get their contraceptive information from specialists, they are more likely to continue with the chosen method for longer and be comfortable with it. Before settling on a contraceptive, there are factors such as effectiveness, health, age, side effects, cost and lifestyle to look at. The fact that a friend or relative used a certain contraceptive and it worked (or didn't work) for her, doesn't mean you will have the same experience. As the theme for this year's World Contraceptive Day goes "It's your life; it's your responsibility". Therefore, you cannot leave it to someone else to make this decision for you. Birth control is a personal affair and having the facts at hand will help you make the ﬁtting choice. Many women are concerned about weight gain, when considering hormonal birth control, and anecdotes from friends may act as a deterrent. It is not a given that you will pile on the kilogrammes if you use a hormonal method. Other factors such as your genes, physical activity or inactivity, diet or change in metabolism, are more likely to inﬂuence your weight. Another concern is whether birth control methods affect sex drive. Many women on hormonal contraceptives report no change in libido; only a small fraction report a reduction. Again, other factors such as dissatisfaction with the relationship, stress and hormonal ﬂuctuations, may be at play. Do coils (intrauterine devices) make women more prone to pelvic infections? Research shows that they don't. However, if a coil is inserted into a womb with an ongoing, but symptomless infection, the infection will ﬂare up, leading to the mistaken assumption that the coil caused the infection. Some women fear that contraceptives will make them infertile or that it won't be easy to get pregnant once they stop using the contraceptive. Truth is: No contraceptive, other than sterilisation, causes infertility. Ovulation and fertility resume soon after one stops using a contraceptive. Moreover, even without prior contraceptive use, a healthy couple may take up to a year to conceive. Therefore, couples are advised to be patient and manage their expectations. However, whether a couple has a history of using birth control or not, if they have not conceived after a year of regular unprotected intercourse, they should get a medical check-up to establish if all is well. The last common concern is that the contraceptive might fail. Contraceptives are safe and provide good protection against pregnancy, but nothing is perfect. Failure rates are very low and depend on the method used. For example, instances of women conceiving while on the coil are very rare, but when they happen, they receive the most coverage. The reason for conceiving on the coil could be a downward placement or expulsion of the coil due to contractions of the uterus during menstruation. As a preventive measure, women usually receive instruction on how to check for the position of the coil. If there is any doubt about the position of the coil in the womb, a visit to the clinician is required. Myths and misconceptions aside, many couples wish to delay pregnancy, but are having sex, without the protection of a contraceptive. This high unmet need for family planning is due to many factors such as lack of knowledge, fear of side effects or even opposition from the sex partner or religious beliefs. These barriers affect adolescent girls more than any other age group. Moreover, frequent stockouts of some or all methods and the cost of some methods such as hormonal coils reduces alternatives especially for couples in low-income brackets. These gaps need to be addressed by policy and implementation of policy to ensure that couples who need to prevent pregnancy get the contraceptives they need. Dr Mwaniki is a consultant obstetrician/gynaecologist at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi Female reproductive system and the intrauterine device (IUD) or coil contraceptive method medical clinic DAILY NATION | Tuesday, October 2, 2018 BRIEFLY Q&A » DR FLO Doctor, will I have to take anti-depressants for life? Dr Flo, what causes depression? If you start taking anti-depressants, will you be dependent on them for life? How can one overcome the feeling of drowsiness from taking anti-depressants? Ali Dear Ali, Major depressive disorder is a serious mood disorder that affects how you feel, think and act. It is quite common, and affects one in six people at one point in their life. The symptoms include: Feeling sad, crying a lot, feeling hopeless or having low mood Anger, irritability or frustration over small things Loss of interest or pleasure in things you previously enjoyed Loss of appetite or eating too much Lack of sleep or sleeping too much Loss of energy or feeling tired Anxiety, agitation or restlessness Slow movements, thinking and speech Feeling worthless or guilty Difficulty thinking, concentrating, remembering or making decisions Thoughts of death or suicide Unexplained physical problems The symptoms persist for more than two weeks and cause problems in day to day life at home, work, school or in social interaction. The risk factors for developing depression include having an imbalance in some of the chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain; having a close relative who has depression and other mental illnesses; having a pessimistic personality with low self-esteem and low stress tolerance; having a history of another mental illness; traumatic or stressful life events; having a serious or chronic illness; and continuous exposure to a difficult environment e.g. abuse, neglect and violence. Substance abuse (alcohol and other drugs) may also induce a mood Healthy Nation | 7 miscarriage STUDY ON MISCARRIAGE RATES IN SIAYA A STUDY DONE in Siaya County by the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has shown the extent of miscarriages in rural communities. Researchers studied more than 5,000 women of childbearing age between 2011 and 2013. Of those, 1,453 women got pregnant and 1,134 of those pregnancies were analysed. Eight per cent of the pregnancies ended with miscarriage at a median gestational age of 13 weeks. Most of the miscarriages (75 per cent) occurred by 18 weeks. Known risk factors for miscarriage such as maternal age, occupation, household wealth and HIV infection were conﬁrmed. The cohort study was carried out in 33 adjacent villages under the Health and Demographic Surveillance System. "Miscarriage is a challenging endpoint to ascertain and there is scarce information on its rate in low-income countries. Most occur without any contact with the formal healthcare system and are not registered," noted the study. This is the ﬁrst report of weekly miscarriage rates in a rural African setting in the context of high HIV and malaria prevalence. - Angela Oketch If medication is prescribed, psychiatrists recommend taking it for at least six months after symptoms improve. disorder or can point to a mood disorder. Some medical conditions can also have depression as a symptom. Hormonal changes in pregnancy, after delivery and at menopause can also trigger depression. Depression can be treated. After a thorough evaluation, and ruling out other physical illnesses, treatment can begin. Medication is given by the psychiatrist, when necessary, to balance brain chemicals. The effects may take some time to be felt, and if the medicine does not work, or you cannot tolerate the side effects, the medicine can be changed until you ﬁnd one that works for you. Psychiatrists recommend taking medication for at least six months after symptoms have improved. You may be put on longterm treatment to prevent future episodes if you are at higher risk. Discuss the duration of treatment with your psychiatrist. Psychotherapy or talk therapy may be used alone in mild depression, or with medication in moderate to severe depression. This focuses on changing the pattern of thinking, behaviour change and acquiring coping skills. It may involve individual, family and group therapy. Dr Flo, I have three questions: How do I remove pimples from my face? How do I make my teeth white and how do I make sure I don't become dysfunctional? Sylus Dear Sylus, Pimples are small swellings on the skin caused by blockage of skin pores by excess oil (sebum), dead skin cells and bacteria. Further irritation and/or infection can make the situation worse, causing bigger swellings, some of which are painful, and cause scars. To manage the pimples, clean your face with warm water and a mild cleanser in the morning and before going to bed. Avoid scrubbing your face, eat a lot of vegetables, take a lot of water, and avoid picking or squeezing the pimples. Avoid touching your face and use sunscreen. See a skin specialist to HEALTH BRIEF get treatment, and be patient because clearing pimples takes time. Teeth whitening is done by the dentist. Some drinks like tea, coffee, red wine and blackcurrant can stain your teeth. Smoking also stains teeth. Tartar can also stain teeth (hard deposits that form between the tooth and the gum) and can be removed by the dentist. Regular dental hygiene includes brushing your teeth last thing at night and at least one other time during the day using a ﬂuoride toothpaste, reducing sugary drinks and foods and visiting the dentist at least twice a year. To avoid being dysfunctional you need to leave a balanced life, with physical, mental, social and economic good health. Have regular well balanced meals, take adequate water, avoid smoking and other drugs, avoid over-indulging with alcohol, maintain a healthy social circle, work hard but take time out to rest, spend less than you earn, manage stress, exercise, pray, and seek help when you need it. Changes are a constant in life, so ﬁnd ways to adapt. Pregnant woman at 40 weeks. In Siaya, most miscarriages occur at 18 weeks of gestation. FILE | NATION cancer NEW DRUG STOPS PANCREATIC CANCER SCIENTISTS have developed a drug that can prevent the most common type of pancreatic cancer from growing and spreading. Tested in mice, the drug, known as Metavert, may prevent patients from developing resistance to currently used pancreatic cancer chemotherapies. It may also improve patient survival rates. “If the results are conﬁrmed in humans, we could have a drug with the potential to signiﬁcantly extend the lives of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, which is very difficult to treat,” said lead author and assistant professor of medicine and biomedical sciences Dr Mouad Edderkaoui. The ﬁve-year survival rate for patients with this cancer, which develops from cells lining small tubes in the pancreas, is seven per cent. It is difficult to treat because the cancer cells prompt normal cells in the pancreas to produce scar tissue, which makes it difficult for chemotherapy agents and blood to enter the pancreas. Moreover, certain enzymes build up, fuelling resistance to cancer treatments. Offer of digniﬁed stay for cancer patients BY ANGELA OKETCH [email protected] PHOTO | NATION The Kenyatta National Referral Hospital is setting up a hostel for cancer patients. Cancer patients at the Kenyatta National Referral Hospital will not have to lie on the corridors as they wait for tests, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, once the construction of a three-storey hostel is completed. The 80-bed hostel will have a place for the patients to rest as well as a cancer information centre. The national referral hospital starts 3,000 new patients on treatment each year. Given that it is an outpatient service, patients referred from other counties such as Kisumu, Mombasa, Nakuru, Malindi or Machakos have no option but to sleep in the corridors, so that they can make it to the treatment queue early enough, because treatment is offered on a ﬁrst-come-ﬁrst-served basis. Some have to make do with no accommodation for weeks or even months. The Sh200 million hostel built with support from the American Cancer Society, will offer a place for these patients to lay their heads as they wait for treatment. It will offer accommodation to more than 200 patients at a cost of Sh500 a night. "Hotels next to the hospital are expensive, so most patients who come for treatment sessions, spending at least a week in Nairobi, end up putting up on the corridors. The high number of patients and the congested corridors informed the idea for the project," said KNH acting Chief Executive Thomas Mutie. He added that the money charged would be for the maintenance of the hostel. "Cancer patients require six cycles of treatment which can be completed in 10 days. The hostel will offer them a digniﬁed place to stay while they seek treatment," said Dr Mutie. Apart from accommodation, patients, many of whom seek treatment at the public hospital because the cost is subsidised, also face challenges with transport costs. research 8 | Healthy Nation Tuesday, October 2, 2018 | DAILY NATION SCIENCE BRIEFS NEW CURE» MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT TB SUFFERERS TO HAVE ACCESS TO NEW MEDICINES bees Kenya to put 650 TB patients on new drugs Treatment with new TB regimens approved in 2013 incur high costs of up to Sh450,00 per course, but the government is negotiating to access them at lower cost SUNFLOWER POLLEN BOOSTS COLONY HEALTH BUMBLE BEES on a sunﬂower diet have better colony health than bees fed on other ﬂower pollens. According to a study published in Scientiﬁc Reports, sunﬂower pollen reduced infection by the Crithidia bombi and the Nosema ceranae pathogens, which have been implicated in slowing bee colony growth rates and increasing bee death, in bumble bees and honey bees respectively. “Sunﬂower could be a good addition to a diverse wildﬂower population for bees,” said co-senior author Rebecca Irwin. Further research will establish if sunﬂower pollen is beneﬁcial to other bee species and explain if sunﬂower pollen helps host bees ﬁght off pathogens or if it does something to the pathogens themselves. BY ANGELA OKETCH N @angieoketch [email protected] early ﬁve years after the approval of new tuberculosis drugs, fewer than 25 patients in the country are on them. Bedaquiline and delamanid were approved in the US in 2013 to treat patients with extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends adding either of them to the MDR-TB regimen. By 2015 only 5,700 patients in the world were on the drug. In 2017, two-thirds of patients on bedaquiline were in South Africa, where of the approximately 11,000 patients being treated for drug-resistant TB, 7,000 are on the drug, giving them higher chances of survival. In Kenya, Head of the Division of Leprosy, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Maureen Kamene, says that only patients with XDR-TB were chosen for the drug pilot. However, there are plans to expand prescription to patients with MDR-TB, with 300 to 500 patients expected to be put on the drugs every year. Data from the National Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Lung Disease Programme shows that Kenya recorded 3,000 cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis. “A dose of both bedaquiline and delamanid costs Sh50,000 but we are negotiating to purchase it at Sh40,000,” said Dr Kamene, adding that they anticipate to have 650 patients on the drugs by the end of the year. Last month, Kenya’s TB programme reduced by half the time call for action Last week, world leaders held the ﬁrst high-level meeting on tuberculosis, to accelerate efforts to reach all affected people with prevention and care, and end TB by 2030. TB is the world’s deadliest infectious disease, with 10 million new infections, and 1,6 million deaths in 2017. Under-diagnosis and under-reporting remain major challenges, with more than a third of infected people going diagnosed. Nevertheless, chronic underfunding of research and development for TB treatment has gone on for decades. Tools available to treat TB have not changed much since the 1940s, and only two new TB drugs have been developed in the last 50 years. Moreover, uptake of newer drugs remains low, with the medicines remaining inaccessible to 90 per cent of patients who could have beneﬁtted from them in 2017. Dr Gabriella Ferlazzo, the TB/ HIV advisor at MSF’s Southern Africa Medical Unit said that improved treatments, fast and simple diagnostic tests and effective vaccines need to be urgently developed. patients with drug-resistant TB need to take their drugs after research showed that the drugs can achieve the same cure rate whether taken for two years or nine months. MDR-TB regimens last 18 to 20 months and are designed to include at least ﬁve medicines. The idea is to increasingly replace injectable drugs which are considered painful and more toxic with oral medicines. In Kenya, the government caters for tests and drugs. A six-month treatment regimen for drug-resistant TB costs about Sh1.5 million. Kenya has been receiving drugs FILE | NATION A patient looking at her chest x-ray. quality for patients with XDR-TB for compassionate use for free from USAID. TB regimens with delamanid cost between Sh100,000 and Sh450,000 per treatment course at the lowest prices available to developing countries, which is considered unaffordable for governments. To help with widespread scale-up of drug resistant TB treatment, MSF (Doctors without Borders) is advocating a target price of Sh50,000 per treatment course to make it sustainable without having to rely on donors like the Global Fund or PEPFARr. The recommended dose for bedaquiline is 400 mg a day for two weeks, followed by 200 mg three times a week for 22 weeks. The WHO ﬁrst recommended the use of bedaquiline for treatment of drug-resistant TB in 2013, but uptake remains low, with the medicines remaining inaccessible to almost 90 per cent of people who could have beneﬁtted from them in 2017. “We have seen too many senseless and painful deaths because people are still not getting access to today’s best-available TB tests and treatments that are more effective and cause fewer severe side effects,” said Dr Gabriella Ferlazzo, TB/HIV advisor with MSF’s Southern Africa Medical Unit. “Today, only 25 per cent of people with multi-drug-resistant TB are properly diagnosed and treated. People ‘lucky’ enough to start the treatment have to go through a two-year-long painful process, involving nearly 170 injections and more than 12,000 pills, with harsh side effects including deafness, psychosis and even suicide,” he added. SMARTPHONE CAN DETECT LEAD IN WATER RESEARCHERS have created an inexpensive system using a smartphone that can detect lead in tap water at levels commonly accepted as dangerous. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems, with young children especially vulnerable to neurological damage. Lead levels in drinking water should be below 15 parts per billion. Researchers spiked tap water with varying amounts of lead, ranging from 1.37 parts per billion to 175 parts per billion. By using an inexpensive smartphone with an eight-megapixel camera, an inkjet-printed lens and the dark-ﬁeld imaging mode, researchers produced a portable and easy-to-operate system that detects lead concentrations at ﬁve parts per billion in tap water. The sensitivity reached 1.37 parts per billion in deionised water. The ﬁndings were published in the journal Analytical Chemistry. AID Large organisations lose out as HIV funding shifts to grassroots BY AGGREY OMBOKI [email protected] The United States has announced a shift in donor funds for ﬁghting HIV/Aids from large organisations to community-based organisations by 2020. According to the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Country Director Dr Tamu Daniels, the organisation will shift up to 70 per cent of funding given to countries to grassroot organisations. The policy shift is meant to ensure that funds meant for assisting communities to ﬁght the HIV pandemic are used in the areas where they would make the most signiﬁcant impact. "We are responding to ideas by communitybased organisations on how to improve the economic conditions of people infected or affected by HIV. We will give resources directly to organisations that are local and homegrown and have answers to the epidemic from their perspective for their communities," said Dr Daniels. "We believe there a lot of people with the capacity to use the funds to do what is required for Kenyans in regards to an effective response to the HIV pandemic," she added. Among the programmes that Pepfar runs in Kenya is the PEPFAR Community Grants Program, which focuses on assisting communities with projects that promote prevention, care and support for those infected or affected by HIV. "The programme provides one-time funding to expand, extend or improve existing community-based healthcare and programmes for orphans and vulnerable children for a year," said Dr Daniels, noting that the fund has distributed Sh116 million to 123 groups. She was speaking during a meeting between the agency and the First Ladies' Association hosted by Makueni County's Nazi Kivutha. Among the issues discussed was the incorporation of the governors' spouses in the ﬁght against HIV/Aids, to support and inﬂuence the delivery of HIV control programmes in the devolved units. The governors’ wives do not receive any funding, and have to identify sources of funds for their pet projects. Mrs Kivutha said that they would lobby county governments to include the activities of local groups ﬁghting HIV in county budgets to support their efforts. Priscilla Oparanya of Kakamega County added that the groups should engage in income-generating activities like agribusiness to improve their economic status.