nosotros commands

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“Let’s”
(a nosotros command)
There are two ways to suggest
that others do some activity with
you…
[email protected]
1) You can use the future construction
from Spanish 1: Vamos + a + infinitive
• Vamos a
reconciliarnos.
• Vamos a apoyarnos.
• Vamos a resolver
nuestros problemas.
• Vamos a darle una
explicación.
• Let’s become friends
again.
• Let’s support (each
other).
• Let’s resolve our
problems.
• Let’s give him an
explanation.
Pause for practice
Actividad I
Actividad I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Let’s go shopping.
Let’s see a movie.
Let’s make a cake.
Let’s show them the photos.
Let’s eliminate unhealthy food.
Actividad I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Vamos a ir de compras.
Vamos a ver una película.
Vamos a hacer un pastel.
Vamos a mostrarles las fotos.
Vamos a eliminar comida
basura.
2) Use a “nosotros” command. The nosotros
command is the same as the present subjunctive.
• Vamos a
reconciliarnos.
• Vamos a
apoyarnos.
• Vamos a resolver
nuestros
problemas.
• Vamos a darle una
explicación.
• Reconcillémonos.
ww
• Apoyémonos.
• Resolvamos
nuestros
problemas.
• Démosle una
explicación.
To form nosotros
commands,
1) conjugate your verb in the
present tense “yo” form,
2) drop the “O” and
3) add “EMOS” (–AR verbs)
and “AMOS” (–ER /–IR verbs)
Pause for practice
Actividad II
Actividad II
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Asistir (Let’s attend)
Flexionar (Let’s stretch)
Evitar (Let’s avoid)
Comprender (Let’s understand)
Hablar (Let’s talk)
Actividad II
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Asistamos
Flexionemos
Evitemos
Comprendamos
Hablemos
Don’t forget about the –CARs, -GARs and
–ZARs.
The spelling change takes place in the
nosotros command.
Pause for practice
Actividad III
Actividad III
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Empezar (Let’s begin)
Entregar (Let’s turn in)
Navegar (Let’s navegate)
Calificar (Let’s check)
Practicar (Let’s practice)
Actividad III
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Empecemos
Entreguemos
Naveguemos
Califiquemos
Practiquemos
And there
are irregulars
(remember
D-I-S-H-E-S)
And there are irregulars
(remember D-I-S-H-E-S)
And, of course, the
stem-changers.
Stem-changing verbs ending in
–AR and –ER have
the same stem changes in the
subjunctive as in the indicative.
This means that the nosotros
command WILL NOT STEMCHANGE.
RECORDAR (O>UE)
Recordemos
Notice how the nosotros form does not stem-change.
ENTENDER (E>IE)
Entendamos
Notice how the nosotros form does not stem-change.
PODER
Podamos
PENSAR
Pensemos
SENTAR
Sentemos
VOLVER
Volvamos
For verbs that change E>I, the
verbs stem-change in all forms.
This means that the nosotros
command stem-changes
E>I as well.
PEDIR (E > I)
Pidamos
VESTIR (E > I)
Vistamos
REPETIR
Repitamos
SERVIR
Sirvamos
COMPETIR Compitamos DESPEDIR Despidamos
For verbs that change E>IE, the
verbs stem-change in all forms,
but the type depends on the
form of the verb.
The nosotros command
stem-changes E>I.
DIVERTIR (E>IE, E>I)
Divirtamos
(Other conjugations are E>IE)
SENTIR (E>IE, E>I)
Sintamos
(Other conjugations are E>IE)
PREFERIR
Prefiramos
SUGERIR
Sugiramos
MENTIR
Mintamos
CONVERTIR
Convirtamos
For verbs that change O>UE, the
verbs stem-change in all forms,
but the type depends on the
form of the verb.
The nosotros command
stem-changes O>U.
DORMIR (O>UE, O>U)
Durmamos
(Other conjugations are O>UE)
MORIR (O>UE, O>U)
Muramos
(Other conjugations are O>UE)
Direct and indirect objects are
attached to the end of affirmative
nosotros commands, but precede
the negative nosotros command.
• Perdonémosla.
• Guardémoslo.
• No la perdonemos.
• No lo guardemos.
Pause for practice
Actividad IV
Actividad IV
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Let’s not tell him the truth.
Let’s do it later.
Let’s prepare the dinner for him.
Let’s show them the photos.
Let’s not call her.
Actividad IV
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
No le digamos la verdad.
accent!
Hagámoslo luego.
accent!
Preparémosle la cena.
Mostrémosles las fotos.
accent!
No la llamemos.
When attaching reflexive or reciprocal
pronouns to the end of an affirmative
nosotros command, drop the final “S” of
the command before adding the
pronoun.
• Pongámonos
de acuerdo.
• Atrevámonos a
darles nuestras
opiones.
Pause for practice
Actividad V
Actividad V
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Let’s visit each other. (Visitarse)
Let’s say goodbye to each other. (Despedirse)
Let’s kiss each other. (Besarse)
Let’s stay here. (Quedarse)
Let’s get to know each other again.
(Reconocerse)
Actividad V
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Vistámonos.
Despidámonos.
Besémonos.
Quedémonos.
Reconozcámonos.
accents all around
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