IECEE the truly Worldwide Conformity Assessment

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INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
WORLDWIDE SYSTEM FOR CONFORMITY
TESTING AND CERIFICATION OF
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND COMPONENTS
IECEE
the truly Worldwide Conformity
Assessment System
By Pierre de Ruvo
Executive Secretary
IECEE
Copyright © IEC, Geneva, Switzerland
HISTORY
The CB Scheme, originally operated by the CEE
(International Commission for Conformity
Certification of Electrical Equipment), was integrated
into the IEC in 1985 as the CB Scheme of the IECEE.
Today this Scheme is called:
Scheme of the IECEE for Mutual Recognition
of Test Certificates for Electrotechnical
Equipment and Components (CB Scheme)
٢/106
HISTORY
In 1998, following the election and appointment of Pierre
de RUVO (myself) as Executive Secretary, the IECEE
Secretariat was moved from FIMKO HQ in Helsinki to the
IEC Central Office in Geneva.
The modern era of the IECEE started in 1999.
٣/106
ORGANIZATION: IEC Chart
COUNCIL
COUNCIL
ADVISORY
BODIES
CENTRAL
OFFICE
Geneva
Switzerland
National
National Committees
Committees
COUNCIL BOARD
Sales Policy Cmte.
Marketing Cmte.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
STANDARDIZATION
MANAGEMENT BOARD
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
BOARD
IECEE
SECTOR
BOARDS
ADVISORY
COMMITTEES
TECH. CMTES
IECQ
IECEx
٤/106
History and Mission
ƒ Founded in 1906 to promote international co-
operation in electrotechnical standardization and
related matters
ƒ Non-governmental organization with input from
industry, government and other stakeholders
through National Committees
Today: The Global One-Stop Shop for
International Standards and
Conformity Assessment
٥/106
ORGANIZATION: IEC Systems
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BOARD
IECEE
System for conformity
testing and certification
of Electrotechnical
equipment and
components
IECEx
Scheme for
explosive
environments
IECQ
Quality
assessment
system for
electronic
components
CB Scheme
Mutual recognition of test results
CB FCS (full certification, including assessing
QMS & Factory Audit/Inspection)
٦/106
Policy & Strategy Forum
The attendees to the Policy and Strategy Forum are composed
by Senior Industry and Conformity Assessment Representatives
TERMS OF REFERENCE
To identify market needs and propose IECEE market solutions to
meet those needs and to maintain high quality third party conformity
assessment principles
• To propose targets of countries where the membership of a
National Organization would facilitate trade in accepting IECEE CB
Test Certificates as proof of compliance to safety requirements
• To propose mechanisms for ensuring that the IECEE Conformity
Assessment solutions are recognized as the basis for certification
and acceptance in regulated markets world wide in a timely way.
Continue next slide……..
٧/106
Policy & Strategy Forum: Terms of
reference
• To analyse the proposal from WG 2 “Business Development” and
advise the CMC whether the criteria of acceptance by the CAB are met.
• To analyse the proposal from WG 3 “Manufacturer Testing
Laboratories Programmes” (Third Party Utilization of Customers’
Testing Facilities) and advise the CMC whether the elements of the
programmes are meeting the requirements in regulated markets.
• To develop a framework or road map for the development of
conformity assessment solutions within the IECEE scheme including
such elements as:
a) Type Test Certification
b) Access to the marks of other Certification Bodies
c) Full Certification Scheme.
d) IECEE CA solutions that facilitate market access and relevance
٨/106
Chairman’s Advisory Group
The attendees to the Chairman’s Advisory Group are
composed by Senior Industry and Conformity Assessment
Representatives.
Their role is to advise the Chairman over particular
specialized issues or topics in order to seek further
consensus.
٩/106
IECEE Working Groups
A substantial number of Working Groups and Task Forces are established by the IECEE
Management Committee to undertake particular assignments and task in the various
fields of activities
WG 2 BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
WG 3 MANUFACTURER’S TESTING LABORATORIES
WG 4 ACCEPTANCE OF COMPONENTS
WG 5 COMPONENT STRATEGIC
WG 9 TEST REPORT FORMS
WG 10 MAINTENANCE OF THE RULES AND OPERATIONAL DOCUMENTS
WG 12 ADHERENCE TO IEC STANDARDS
WG 13 CB-FULL CERTIFICATION SCHEME
WG 14 PUBLIC INFORMATION
WG 15 DATA BASE
WG 16 SATELLITE TESTING LABORATORIES
WG 18 FINANCE
WG 20 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
WG 21 CBTC RECOGNITION PROCESS
WG 22 VALIDITY OF CB TEST CERTIFICATE
TASK FORCE MEDICAL – RISK MANAGEMENT
TASK FORCE – SOFTWARE EVALUATION
١٠/106
CTL – Expert Task Forces
CTL-ETF 1
CTL-ETF 10
HOUS-TOOL
EMC
CTL-ETF 8
CTL-ETF 2
PLASTICS
OFF-TRON
CTL-ETF 7
POW-PROT
CTL-ETF 11
LASERS
CTL
MED-MEAS
CTL-ETF 4
CABL
CONT-INST
LITE-SAFE
PHOTOVOLTAICS
CTL-ETF 3
CTL-ETF 6
CTL-ETF 5
CTL-ETF 9
CAP
CTL-ETF 12
Hazardous
Substances
١١/106
IECEE OPERATORS
Year
Countries
NCBs
CBTLs
2001
41
53
129
2002
42
56
141
2003
43
58
150
2004
43
58
170
2005
44
58
195
2006
46
59
216
2007
50
62
234
2008
51
66
268
2009
52
66
273
١٢/106
GLOBAL TRADE
& CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
ƒ
ƒ
Local – Regional – Global
ƒ
Conformity assessment models were
developed in isolation
ƒ
Due to increased global trade,
manufacturers identified the need to find
improvements in efficiency and
profitability
Conformity assessment, perceived slow,
steady, bureaucratic
١٣/106
THE IECEE SCHEMES ARE…
ƒ
ƒ
Product-based, not system-based
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Membership based
Users of IEC standards but structured to
accommodate national differences, special
national conditions and regulatory requirements.
Governed by members
Self financing
Daily operation by IEC staff
Overseen by CAB
١٤/106
STANDARDS IN THE IECEE CB SCHEME
ƒ
ƒ
The scheme is based on use of IEC Standards
ƒ
A country that has not implemented the IEC
Standard and/or accept IECEE CB Test Reports
based on IEC Standards can not participate in the
Scheme for that standard/category
Member Bodies and/or NCBs must declare
national differences and special national
conditions if National Standards are not fully
harmonized with the IEC Standard. Regulatory
requirements shall also be declared when the
latter are necessary to market the product in the
country.
١٥/106
AIM OF THE IECEE
The aim of the CB Scheme is to provide
Manufacturers seeking worldwide market
access through third party certification
Marks, the most economic and cost effective
procedures within the best certification time
frames.
١٦/106
OBJECTIVES OF THE IECEE CB SCHEME
ƒ
ƒ
A global solution for a global market
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Use of IEC standards to facilitate international trade
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Reduced time to market
Provision of a framework for global conformity
assessment
Elimination of multiple testing
Elimination of multiple quality audits
Increased access to market by covering national
differences
Increased confidence among acceptance interests
Reduced costs – increased trade
١٧/106
IECEE THE REALITY…
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
One test
One or more Certification marks as needed
Worldwide acceptance of the product
…can only materialize through
internationally harmonized standards (IEC)
and a worldwide mutual recognition
system of Test Reports and
Certificates…the IECEE
١٨/106
GLOBAL TRADE &
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT OUTLOOK
ƒ
Industry and consumers in developing
countries have experienced difficulty in
obtaining the newest technology.
ƒ
Concern by regulators that old technology,
counterfeit products and unsafe products are
dumped in developing countries
ƒ
Conformity assessment programs are being
developed to protect local interest
١٩/106
GLOBAL CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
THROUGH THE CB SCHEME
ƒ
CB Test Certificates and associated Test Reports issued by
NCB in one country accepted by NCBs in other member
countries for purposes of national certification
ƒ
CB Test Certificates and associated Test Reports accepted
by several Regulatory Authorities
ƒ
CB Test Certificates and associated Test Reports directly
accepted by Retailers, Buyers, Vendors worldwide
ƒ
ƒ
Reduced testing and certification costs
ƒ
Portable conformity assessment
Capacity to eliminate multiple unnecessary national
certifications
٢٠/106
The Need for Global Conformity
Assessment
ƒ One test, one certification, one mark
ƒ Remove delays and costs of multiple
testing and approval:
ƒ Products get to market more quickly and
expense reduced
ƒ Trade barriers caused by different certification
criteria in various countries reduced
ƒ New markets opened up
ƒ Help to ensure a fair global trading system
in accordance with WTO
٢١/106
What’s the Pay Off for Industry?
ƒ Influence the developments and content of
IEC Standards
ƒ Early warning of developing markets,
establish customer contacts
ƒ Improve product safety and quality
ƒ Rationalization and cost reduction in
design and manufacturing
٢٢/106
What’s the Pay Off for Government?
ƒ International Standards are best source for
governments for
ƒ Legislation/regulation
ƒ Issuing tenders
ƒ Recognized source for WTO compliance
ƒ Contributes to fulfilling World Trade
Organization’s Agreement on Technical Barriers
to Trades
ƒ Standards provide detailed technical
interpretation of the law
٢٣/106
Why are IEC Standards relevant?
ƒ
Putting our products into context: “Recognizing the
important contribution that international standards and
conformity assessment systems can make in this regard by
improving efficiency of production and facilitating the
conduct of international trade. . .”
ƒ
“Members shall use [international standards] as a basis for
their technical regulations....”
ƒ
“Members shall play a full part...in the preparation...of
international standards....”
WTO TBT Agreement
٢٤/106
The World of Standards
International:
IEC, ISO, ITU, OIML
Regional:
Africa (e.g. AFSEC, SADC)
Americas (e.g. COPANT, MERCOSUR),
Asia-Pacific (e.g. ASEAN, PASC),
Europe (e.g. CENELEC, ETSI)
National bodies/committees
(Argentina, China, Egypt, Macedonia, India, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine,
Viet Nam)
٢٥/106
What is the Global Outlook?
ƒ
What are the business environments now
and what will they be in the future?
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Markets becoming global
ƒ
ƒ
New and merging technologies
Enterprises becoming global
Limited life cycles for markets and
technologies
Users and markets require multiple
suppliers.
٢٦/106
Global Outlook: Industry
ƒ
What are the needs of Industry?
ƒ
Get new products to market in the
fastest time to ensure maximum
penetration of global markets
ƒ
Establish a solid framework and
foundation for the market acceptance
of new technology products.
٢٧/106
GLOBAL TRADE & CONFORMITY
ASSESSMENT
ƒ
ƒ
Local – Regional – Global
ƒ
Conformity assessment models were
developed in isolation
ƒ
Due to increased global trade,
manufacturers identified the need to find
improvements in efficiency and
profitability
Conformity assessment, perceived slow,
steady, bureaucratic
٢٨/106
THE RIGHT PASSPORT TO ACCESS
WORLDWIDE MARKET
The CB Scheme offers de facto
the true “passport” to market
electrical goods worldwide
٢٩/106
NATIONAL CERTIFICATION BODIES
Americas
Europe
CSA
ITSC
ULC
QPS
UL Inc.
MET
ITS, N.A.
OVE
CEBEC
Electrosuisse
EZU
VDE
TUV Rh DE
TUV SUD PS
SLG
LGA
ETS
TUV NORD
DEMKO
FIMKO
TUV Rheinland, NA.
IRAM
TUV RH BRAZIL
NCC
ANCE
Asia/Africa/Far
East/Oceania
LCIE
LNE
Intertek
T&C
BSI
ELOT
SII
KEMA
AENOR
NEMKO
SEMKO
SIQ
TRL
Compliance
IMQ
PCBC
GOST Re
EVPU
UkrTEST
MEEI
BBJ-SEP
PREDOM
CERTIF
TSE
VINCA
KVALITET
SAI Global
CQC
STQC
JET
JQA
TUV Rheinland, JP
UL APEX
KTL
KETI
KERI
ERI
SABS
TUV SUD PSB
SIRIM
TISI
ITS Singapore
٣٠/106
THE CB SCHEME
The CB Scheme is the only Global recognized
scheme for the safety of electrical equipment and
components used in homes, offices, buildings,
administrations, hospitals, academia……. anywhere
٣١/106
THE CB SCHEME
In recognition of the need to facilitate international trade
in electrotechnical equipment, and components for
benefit of consumers, industries, authorities etc, and to
provide convenience for manufacturers and other users
of the services provided by various National Certification
Bodies (NCBs), an international Scheme is operated by
the IECEE (IEC System for Conformity Testing and
Certification of Electrotechnical Equipment and
Components), known as the CB Scheme
٣٢/106
THE CB SCHEME
The CB Scheme is based on the principle of a mutual
recognition (reciprocal acceptance) by its members of
test results for obtaining certification or approval at
national level.
The CB Scheme in the last decade has naturally evolved
into a system that is « de facto » accepted by numerous
Countries’ Authorities as the passport to entry the
various market places
٣٣/106
THE CB SCHEME
Where national standards are not yet completely based
on IEC standards, declared national differences will be
taken into account; however, successful operation of the
Scheme presupposes that national standards are
reasonably harmonized with the corresponding IEC
standards.
٣٤/106
THE CB SCHEME
Use of the Scheme to its fullest extent will
promote the exchange of information necessary
in assisting manufacturers around the world to
obtain certification or direct acceptance in the
global markets
٣٥/106
THE IDEAL TARGET
One test
One certification
One mark
٣٦/106
TODAY’S REALITY is…
One test
One international certificate
One or more marks as needed
٣٧/106
TODAY’S REALITY IS ALSO…
One test
One international certificate
Direct acceptance by the market place
e.g. Regulators, Retailers, Buyers, Vendors
٣٨/106
THE CB FCS SCHEME
The CB FCS Scheme is an alternative to the CB
Scheme and is based on the ISO/IEC System 5
Conformity Assessment. Compared to the CB
Scheme (System 1b) it implies, in addition, the
Initial Factory Inspection, Factory surveillance
inspection, re-testing, market control, etc..
٣٩/106
ADVANTAGES OF THE CB SCHEME
ƒ
Meets the needs of manufacturers seeking world wide
certification with the most effective and economic
procedures within the best certification time frames
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
More rapid testing and certification
More universal product recognition
Acceleration of product acceptance
Direct acceptance by the authorities in many countries
Direct acceptance by the retailers and buyers
Expanded markets
Faster product movement from plants to markets
٤٠/106
CB SCHEME BENEFITS FOR
COUNTRIES
Protecting the Domestic Market from nonconforming products by importing safe
electrical products, equipment and components
Leads to safer products on domestic market and
will make the world’s products available to your
domestic professional buyer and consumer
Building the structure to set a national level
reputable and recognized Certification Bodies and
Testing Laboratories fulfilling the highest standards
worldwide such as ISO/IEC Guide 65, ISO/IEC 17025
and IECEE Rules
٤١/106
IECEE BENEFITS FOR INDUSTRY
Opening up the worldwide Global Market
Optimization of certification costs
Expanded development of technologies within the
Country
٤٢/106
THE RIGHT PASSPORT
TO ACCESS WORLDWIDE MARKETS
Because Globalization and competition are
leading to rapid changes, technical barriers
to trade remain a serious problem and the
industry is anxious about time to market,
the shortening life cycle of products and the
need to reduce costs…
The CB Scheme offers de facto the true
“passport” to market electrical goods
worldwide through the use of...1 stop testing.
٤٣/106
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
THANK YOU
By Pierre de Ruvo
Executive Secretary
IECEE
Copyright © IEC, Geneva, Switzerland
WORLDWIDE SYSTEM FOR CONFORMITY
TESTING AND CERIFICATION OF
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND COMPONENTS
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