Dr. Philip Barnes, King’s College, London) II.a Human Rights, Religious Education and the Challenge of Diversity: A British perspective The central aim of this paper is to analyse and illuminate the role of human rights in religious education and to consider the relevance of human rights to education in liberal democratic societies that are characterised by diversity, particularly ethnic, moral and religious diversity. Attention is given both to the immediate political and social context within which human rights have come to prominence in British education and to the wider philosophical context of political liberalism. It is argued that current pre-occupations with citizenship and human rights reveal the extent to which our contemporary moral situation, political practice and education system illustrate and express ongoing tensions within political liberalism. Despite this, a case will be made for the importance and relevance of human rights to religious education. It is argued that religious convictions, or more particularly Christian convictions, provide a justification for human rights and that a consideration of human rights can make a valuable contribution to a more extensive programme of moral, social and religious education.