I. The Third Reich Collapses

I. The Third Reich Collapses
After suffering many casualties in the Battle of the
Bulge, the Germans had little left to prevent the
Allies from entering Germany
While American and British forces fought to
liberate France, the Soviet Union began an attack
on German troops in Russia.
By the first week of March 1945, American troops
had fought their way to the Rhine River,
Germany’s last major line of defense in the west.
On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered
unconditionally, and the next day was proclaimed
VE Day for Victory in Europe.
VE- Day!
II. Japan is Defeated
A. So that the B-29 Superfortress bombers
would have enough fuel for bombing
Japan, the starting point for the bombers
needed to be the island of Iwo Jima.
B. In the battle to take this island, more than
6,800 marines were killed.
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima
Video Clip
• Newsreel of Battle at Iwo Jima
• Produced as a way to inform Americans
about the battle after it was over. (very
II. Japan is Defeated
C. The Tokyo Firebombing killed over
80,000 people and destroyed more that
250,000 buildings.
D. To be able to invade Japan, America
needed the island of Okinawa.
Video Clip: Dropping the Atomic
Bomb on Japan
II. Japan is Defeated
E. The American program to build the atomic bomb
was code-named the Manhattan Project.
F. When the Japanese did not reply to the Allies’ threat
of “prompt and utter destruction,” the United States
dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
G. Faced with massive destruction and the shock of the
Soviets joining the war, the Japanese emperor
ordered his government to surrender in August 15,
1945 (V-J Day).
V-J Day!!!
III. Building a New World
A. President Roosevelt believed that a new
international political organization could prevent
another world war, and he was instrumental in
the creation of the United Nations.
B. At the Nuremburg Trials in Germany, the
International Military Tribunal (IMT) tried
German leaders suspected of committing war
C. The Allies did not indict the Japanese emperor
because they were afraid it would lead to an
uprising by the Japanese people.