Munoz 1 Marlon Munoz Prof. Hugo Fernandez Art in NY-195.1386 May 8, 2007 Essay Review#3: Brooklyn Museum: The Dinner Party by Judy Chicago The name of the exhibition was The Dinner Party by Judy Chicago. It took place at the Brooklyn Museum located at 200 Eastern Parkway in the New York City borough of Brooklyn is the second largest art museum in New York City, and one of the largest in the United States. Moreover, the theme of the Dinner Party was the depiction of 39 mythical and historical famous women throughout history. The Dinner Party was designed as followed. The table is triangular and measures forty-eight feet on each side. Each place setting features a placemat / tablecloth with the woman's name and artworks relating to the woman's life, along with a napkin, utensils, glass / goblet, and a plate. The plates all feature a butterfly- or flower-like sculpture, representing the woman's vulva. "The Dinner Party elevates female achievement in Western history to a heroic scale traditionally reserved for men. The Dinner Party celebrates traditional female accomplishments such as weaving, china painting, embroidery, and sewing which have historically been framed as craft or domestic art. The white floor of triangular porcelain tiles is inscribed with the names of 999 other notable women. This is one of the major works of Judy Chicago. Judy Chicago born Judy Cohen in July 20, 1939 is a feminist artist, author and educator. Judy C. is a feminist artist who has been making work since the middle 1960s. Her earliest forays into art-making coincided with the rise of Minimalism, which she eventually abandoned in favor of art she believed to have greater content and relevancy. Therefore, at Dinner Party you might find important women such as Christine de Pisan, considered the first professional female, Sophia, a spiritual Munoz 2 representation of female wisdom and Emily Dickinson an American lyric poet. Each of these women represent three periods of history which are: prehistory to the Roman Empire, the beginnings of Christianity to the Reformation and from the American’s to the women’s revolution. First, Sophia was a central element in their cosmological understanding of the Universe. A Feminine figure, analogous to the human soul but also simultaneously one of the Feminine aspects of God and the Bride of Christ, she is considered to have fallen from grace in some way, in so doing creating or helping to create the material world. Sophia falls under the prehistory to the Roman Empire period. It plays an important role at the Dinner Party because Sophia is also a spiritual representation of female wisdom. Another important name on the table was Christine de Pisan. She was born in 1364 and died 1430. She was considered the first professional female author in France, she wrote photo-feminist works, including a book about a mythical city populated by the greatest women of history. Also, she was a writer and analyst of the medieval era who strongly challenged the clerical misogyny and stereotypes that were prevalent in the male-dominated realm of the arts. De Pisan completed forty-one pieces during her thirtyyear career. She earned her accolade as Europe’s first professional woman writer. Her success stems from a wide range of innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically challenged renowned male writers such as Jean de Meun who, to Pisan’s dismay, incorporated misogynist beliefs within their literary works. Christine de Pisan falls under the beginning of Christianity to the Reformation period and she is considered a feminist of her time. Munoz 3 Lastly, Emily Dickinson was an American poet. Though virtually unknown in her lifetime, Dickinson has come to be regarded, along with Walt Whitman, as one of the two quintessential American poets of the 19th century. Dickinson lived an introverted and hermetic life. Although she wrote, at the last count, 1,789 poems, only a handful of them were published during her lifetime. All of these were published anonymously and some may have been published without her knowledge. Even though she lived during the Victorian - era which the difficulties escalated for women because of the vision of the "ideal woman" shared by most in the society. As we can see, the names of every women engraved on the table cloth have a great meaning for the feminist movement. In addition, the message send by this exhibition is that women have persevered under rough periods in which most of the time women had been oppressed and deprived their rights.