Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks...

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15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)
Submission Title: [NIST Roles under 2007 EISA on Smart Grid Networks]
Date Submitted: 15 July, 2008
Source: [Gerald J. FitzPatrick] Organization [National Institute of Standards and Technology]
Address: [100 Bureau Drive, MS 8172, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8172] Tel [301-975-8922]
E-Mail: [[email protected]]
Re: IEEE 802 Plenary WNAN Tutorial
Abstract: To provide information on the NIST role mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and
Security Act (EISA) in coordinating the development of an interoperability framework for Smart Grids.
Purpose: To brief IEEE 802 Membership on the status of WNAN application area and related
developments, including need for standards
Notice:
This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not
binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and
content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.
Release: The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be
made publicly available by P802.15.
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
1
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST Roles Under 2007 EISA
for Smart Grid Networks
Jerry FitzPatrick
NIST Electrical & Electronics Engineering Lab
[email protected]
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
2
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
NIST – Who We Are
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
The National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) is the U.S. National
Measurement Laboratory
-- Mission: to develop and promote
measurement, standards, and technology
-- support objectives of federal
participation in the development and use of
voluntary standards.
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
3
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST Pre-EISA Smart Grid Activities
Synchrophasor Metrology
• state-of-the-art standards test facility for
phasor measurement units (PMUs)
•
•
•
Industrial Control System (ICS)
Security Project
• develop standards,guidelines and test
methods to secure critical control systems
DoE/NIST High-Megawatt Converters
800 kV DC Power
Transmission
300 MW ZeroEmission
Fuel Cell Power
Plant
• reduce cost of grid interfaces
through high voltage, high frequency
power electronic converters
http://csrc.nist.gov/sec-cert/ics
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
standard communication protocol for
sharing data and commands among
different automation and control
equipment in a facility
foundation in HVAC and Lighting
Developing communication protocols
between utilities and commercial
buildings
http://www.bacnet.org/
4
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
Smart Grid Characteristics from EISA
•Increased use of digital information and controls
technology
•Dynamic optimization of grid operations (with full
cybersecurity)
•Deployment and integration of distributed resources
and generation, including renewables
•Development of “smart” technologies including
appliances, and devices
•Development of standards for communication and
interoperability of appliances and equipment connected
to the grid
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
5
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST Roles in Smart Grid
Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007
Title XIII, Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework
NIST “… shall have primary responsibility to coordinate
development of a framework that includes protocols and
model standards for information management to achieve
interoperability of smart grid devices and systems …”
The Framework:
Protocols and standards that shall further align policy, business, & technology
solutions
• Enable connection of all electric resources, including demand-side
resources, into an efficient, reliable grid
• Seek input from:
– FERC, DoE OE & Smart Grid Task Force, Smart Grid Advisory
Committee, and other relevant Federal agencies
– GWAC, IEEE, NEMA
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
6
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST Roles in Smart Grid (cont’d)
Scope of framework:
– Flexible, uniform, technology-neutral
– Needs to accommodate traditional generation and transmission
• distributed generation, renewables, energy storage, energy efficiency
• enabling devices and systems
• flexibility to accommodate
– regional and organizational differences
– new technologies
– Should include voluntary standards for electric appliances and
equipment for homes and businesses that
• Enable emergency response or demand response for
– load reduction
– adjustment to load to provide ancillary services
– response to crisis or load shedding to preserve grid reliability
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
7
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Fuel Cell
Plant
Smart Grid
• Highly efficient
technologies
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
Net Zero Energy Building
Smart
Meter
PHEV
HTS
DG
Cable Photovoltaic
Biofuels
Plant
Photovoltaic
Farm
Solid
State
Lighting
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
8
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
Standards Committees Activities
• ANSI/NEMA Electricity Metering Committee C12
• NASPI/EIPP PMU System Testing and Calibration Guide Task Team
• IEEE Electricity Metering Subcommittee
• IEEE PES Power Systems Instrumentation and Measurement
Committee
• ASHRAE BACnet Utility Integration Working Group
• IEEE 802.21, Media Independent Handover group
• IEEE 802.15, WPAN, Task Group (TG) 6 on Body Area Networks (BANs)
• Interagency Advanced Power Group – Electrical Systems Working Group
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
9
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST work plan summary
1.
2.
3.
(June - Sept 08) Review the current state of Smart Grid related
standards and interoperability and present this in an overview
Landscape Map tied to a detailed standards knowledge base.
This will become a platform for developing consensus on
where interoperability gaps exist and priorities for addressing
those gaps.
(Sept 23-25) Present this information at GridWeek and invite
participation in a NIST Interoperability Standards Workshop at
GridInterop (Nov 11) that will be focused on evaluating a
roadmap for addressing standards gaps and path toward
interoperability.
NIST is also working to develop domain expert working groups
to help with Gridweek and the workshop as well as to guide
and sustain action on standards development and
harmonization activities.
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
10
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST EISA
Work Plan
schematic
Development of
Domain Expert
Working Groups
(DEWGs)
Work with stakeholders:
•Roadmap design
•GridWeek and workshop planning
•Landscape Map prep
DEWGs input on
SG Knowledge
draft standards
Base development
interoperability
roadmap
2008
Meetings with
NIST Stakeholders
December
2007 EISA
enactment
March
June
Website up and
work plan
available
http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
Sept 23-25, DC
GridWeek
Nov. 11 Atlanta
GridInterop NIST
SG Workshop
Present SG
Knowledge Base
and Landscape
Map at GridWeek
Roadmap
presentation and
review in domain
breakouts
11
December 08
progress report
Ongoing
Standards
coordination
December 2008 progress report will include:
•Introduction with EISA directions and scope
•Summary of completed work efforts
•Standards Landscape Map and overview of Smart Grid KB.
•Smart Grid Standards Roadmap version 1.0
•Summary of stakeholder input
•Future year plans
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
NIST EISA organization chart
DOE Smart Grid Task Force
NIST Smart Grid
Interoperability
Framework
Stakeholders Group
NIST Smart Grid
Working Group
NIST
Executive
Wider EISA interaction
GWAC, IEEE, NEMA,
FERC, EPRI
Domain Expert
Working Groups
B2G
I2G
Cross-cut
H2G
T&D
Outside contractor
support
(KB and meetings
facilitators)
Outside technical
and administrative
support
Domain Interface
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
12
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
15-July-2008
Doc.: IEEE 15-08-0456-00-0000
Summary
• 2007 EISA has mandated that NIST lead the
coordination of a interoperability framework of object
model standards and protocols
• DEWGs are being established to identify standards
needs in Smart Grid domain areas
• A one-day NIST Interoperability Standards Workshop will
be held in November co-joined with the GridInterop
conference
• A report will be published in December on the status of
interoperability standards for the Smart Groups
Submission : NIST Roles under 2007 EISA
13
Author: FitzPatrick/NIST
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