Cell Organelles

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Cell Organelles
Picture of organelle
Function of Organelle
Name of
Organelle
Plant
Animal
Both (P&A)
All Cells
(Prok/Euk)
Cell Wall
Outer layer of some
cells; Structural
protection and support
Holds everything
together
Cell Membrane
Controls what goes in
and out of the cell
Holds things in place
Helps to transport
Cytoplasm
(cell) (fluid) stuff throughout the
cell (Jellylike)
Control’s cell functions
Especially Protein
Nuclear pores Production
(D)
Contains:
Nuclear
Chromosomes (B) and
Membrane(C) Nucleolus (A)
Plant
All Cells
All Cells
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Organelle inside the
nucleus that makes the
ribosomes
Both
Both
Cell Organelles
Chromosome
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
(E.R.)
Endo = In
Plasma = fluid
Reticulum=
striped
Ribosome
Mitochondria
Carries the genetic
information about an
organism
Rough E.R.- has
ribosomes on it for
protein synthesis and
transport through cell
Smooth E.R. – makes
lipids and carbs and
transports through
cell; no ribosomes
Animal
Vacuole
Both
E.R. also helps to
detoxify (clean) the
cell
Makes proteins
All cells
Makes the energy for
the cell (ATP)
Both
Storage area in cell
plant
All Cells
Water – plants
Food - animals
Waste - animals
Both
Cell Organelles
Lysosome
Chloroplast
Golgi body
Or Golgi
apparatus
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Cilia
(or pili)
Flagella
Sac of digestive
enzymes that break
stuff down such as
Food, bacteria, old
organelles
Green is chlorophyll
Changes sun’s energy
into food for plants
Packages proteins to
transport out of the
cell
(looks like pancakes
stacked up)
Maintains the
structure of the cell
Larger microtubules
and smaller
microfilaments
Holds cell membrane
up like tent poles hold
up a tent.
Hollow tubes that help
maintain the shape of
the cell
Animal
Plants
Both
Both
Both
Tiny hairs covering cell Prokaryotes
(Bacteria)
for movement
Prokaryotes
Whip like tails that
are used for movement (Bacteria)
of cell
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