Cardiovascular Emergencies

Heart Attack
• Blood supply to part of the heart muscle is
reduced or stopped.
Heart Attack
Recognizing a heart attack
1. Chest pressure, squeezing, or pain that lasts longer than a
few minutes or goes away and comes back
2. Pain spreading to shoulders, neck, jaw, or arms
3. Dizziness, sweating, nausea
4. Shortness of breath
Care for a Heart Attack
• Call 9-1-1.
• Help victim into comfortable position.
• Assist with prescribed medications.
– Nitroglycerin
• Provide aspirin.
– Regular or chewable
• Heart muscle does not get enough blood.
• Brought on by physical activity.
Recognizing angina
Signs are similar to heart attack.
Usually does not last longer than 10
Almost always relieved by nitroglycerin.
Care for Angina
• Have the victim rest.
• If the victim has nitroglycerin, help the
victim use it.
• If pain lasts longer than 10 minutes,
suspect a heart attack and call 9-1-1.
Risk Factors of
Cardiovascular Disease
• Cannot be changed
– Heredity
– Gender
– Age
• Can be changed
– Smoking
– High blood
– High cholesterol
– Diabetes
– Obesity
– Inactivity
– Stress
Risk Factors of
Cardiovascular Disease
Stroke (Brain Attack)
(1 of 2)
• Blood flow to brain
• Blocked or ruptured
blood vessel
Stroke (Brain Attack)
(2 of 2)
• Recognizing stroke
Care for Stroke
• Seek medical care.
• If responsive, lay patient on back with
head and shoulders slightly elevated.
• If vomiting, place in recovery position.