Cardiovascular Emergencies Heart Attack • Blood supply to part of the heart muscle is reduced or stopped. Heart Attack Recognizing a heart attack 1. Chest pressure, squeezing, or pain that lasts longer than a few minutes or goes away and comes back 2. Pain spreading to shoulders, neck, jaw, or arms 3. Dizziness, sweating, nausea 4. Shortness of breath Care for a Heart Attack • Call 9-1-1. • Help victim into comfortable position. • Assist with prescribed medications. – Nitroglycerin • Provide aspirin. – Regular or chewable Angina • Heart muscle does not get enough blood. • Brought on by physical activity. Angina Recognizing angina Signs are similar to heart attack. Usually does not last longer than 10 minutes. Almost always relieved by nitroglycerin. Care for Angina • Have the victim rest. • If the victim has nitroglycerin, help the victim use it. • If pain lasts longer than 10 minutes, suspect a heart attack and call 9-1-1. Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease • Cannot be changed – Heredity – Gender – Age • Can be changed – Smoking – High blood pressure – High cholesterol – Diabetes – Obesity – Inactivity – Stress Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease Stroke (Brain Attack) (1 of 2) • Blood flow to brain disrupted • Blocked or ruptured blood vessel Stroke (Brain Attack) (2 of 2) • Recognizing stroke Care for Stroke • Seek medical care. • If responsive, lay patient on back with head and shoulders slightly elevated. • If vomiting, place in recovery position.