History Mystery Use the clues to solve the history mystery…who am I? History Mystery: Who am I? • I was born in 1595 in what is now Virginia. • Growing up, I helped with household chores, and prepared feasts during times of celebration. • I was 12 or 13 when English colonists established Jamestown in 1607 • In 1609, I was captured by English settlers and held for ransom. • In 1614, I moved to Europe and married a man named John Rolfe. • I died at the age of 22. Historians are not sure how I died. They suspect I caught a European disease, but some say I was poisoned. Pocahontas When she was 12 or 13, Pocahontas watched English colonists settler on Powhatan land Pocahontas was kidnapped and held captive. Years later, when given the choice to return, she decided to stay with the Europeans In 1614, she moved to England and married John Rolfe Did she really save John Smith? Today’s Question: Would you survive the starving time? Activities: 1. Read Aloud 2. Notes 3. Newspaper Article--*new evidence from Jamestown* 4. Starving Time letter 5. Game: people, places, things Where is Jamestown? Chief Powhatan’s statement to Jamestown settlers: “I know the difference between peace and war better than any man in my country. Why will you take by force what you may quietly have by love. Why will you destroy us who supply you with food? What can you get by war? We are unarmed and willing to give you what you ask if you come in a friendly manner…” Jamestown On May 14, _______, English colonists arrived in Virginia, and set up the first permanent English settlement in America. The settlers were sent by the ________ Company of London. The company wanted to find riches, such as ______ and ______. The Starving Time The winter of ______-______ is known as the Starving Time. During the Starving Time, ______ of the 350 colonists died from diseases and starvation. The surviving Jamestown colonists almost _______ the settlement in June 1610 and set sail for England. On their way down the James River, they met the supply ships of Thomas West, whose timely arrival ______ the colony. Newspaper article While you read think about: 1. What have archeologists recently discovered? 2. What evidence have they found? 3. What was life like for Jamestown settlers during the starving time? Letter from the Starving Time Assignment: Imagine you are a Jamestown settler. It is the winter of 1609-1610. Food and supplies are running low. Write a letter to your family in England describing your experiences during the Starving Time. Which European explorer returned to Mexico and was pronounced a failure? How many Taino Indians lived on the island of Hispanola in 1491? What are the names of the King and Queen of Spain in 1492? What deadly disease did many sailors catch traveling across the ocean? Name one way the English interacted with the Native Americans they encountered. Name one animal European explorers brought to the Americas. What is one animal that lived with early people in America? What is the Beringia Theory? What is the main artifact of the Clovis Period? Where is Cactus Hill located? Why is Cactus Hill significant? Name one Native American tribe who lived in the southwest. Name one cultural trait of the Netsilik Eskimos. Which Native American tribe built totem poles out of the cedar trees in their environment? Which ocean? Which region is EAST of the Interior Lowlands, WEST of the Coastal Plain? Which lines run from east to west on the globe? Give ONE example how explorers used waterways. Which region is EAST of the Great Plains, WEST of the Appalachian Mountains? Which continent? What is another name for lines of longitude? Old, eroded mountain range New York Harbor Which river is known as the “Gateway to the West?” Why? Which region is EAST of the Coastal Range, WEST of the Rocky Moutains? Broad lowlands, warm sunny beaches, many harbors and bays Which river is C? Which region is EAST of the Basin and Range, WEST of the Great Plains? Which river was explored by Lewis and Clark? What is another name for lines of latitude? What line is 0 degrees latitude? Which river is B? Which region is EAST of the Rocky Mountains, WEST of the Interior Lowlands? Tall mountains along the Pacific Coast; fertile valleys Which river is E? Forms a horseshoe shape around the Hudson Bay; glaciers carved out thousands of lakes San Francisco, California Map Game!