Name ___________________________________________ Date _______________________ Block _____ 1920s Test Study Guide USII.6a-d What resulted from the improved transportation brought about by affordable automobiles? 1) 2) 3) 4) Greater __mobility_______________ Creation of ______new jobs_____________ Movement to ____suburbs____________________ Growth of ___transportation__-related industries What were some communication changes during the early 20th century? 1) Increased availability of ___telephones______ 2) Development of ___radio____ and broadcast industry 3) Development of __movies__ How did electrification change American life? 1) 2) 3) 4) _labor__-saving products _electric__ lighting Entertainment (i.e. – radio) Improved communications Which amendment started Prohibition? 18th What was Prohibition? The period of time from 1920 to 1933 when alcohol was OUTLAWED (BANNED BY LAW) by the 18 th Amendment What were the illegal saloons called during Prohibition? speakeasies What were the results of Prohibition? 1) Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink 2) ____bootleggers smuggled illegal alcohol and led to a rise in _organized crime__ 3) Repealed by __21st Amendment__________ Name a famous criminal who made millions bootlegging alcohol in the 1920s. Al Capone What was the Great Migration? The mass movement of African Americans from rural areas in the South to industrial centers in the North What caused the Great Migration? (list examples) 1) Push factors from the South: discrimination, Jim Crow Laws, lack of opportunities and jobs 2) Pull factors from the North: better wages, less discrimination, opportunities (voting, education) What is a flapper? A young woman who rebelled against the way society thought she should behave and dress in the 1920s Who was an artist who was known for urban scenes and, later, paintings of the Southwest? Georgia O’Keeffe Who was a novelist who wrote about the Jazz Age of the 1920s? F Scott Fitzgerald Who was a novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930s? John Steinbeck Who were the two composers who wrote uniquely American music? Aaron Copland and George Gershwin What was the Harlem Renaissance? A flowering of African American art, literature, and music during the 1920’s centered in the New York City neighborhood known as Harlem. How did the Harlem Renaissance affect African Americans? It paved the way for the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s Who was a painter who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration through art? Jacob Lawrence Who was a poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots? Langston Hughes Who were two jazz musicians during the Harlem Renaissance? Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong Who was a blues singer during the Harlem Renaissance? Bessie Smith What was the Scopes Trial? A trial in the 1920’s that reflected conflict between religion and science During the Red Scare, many Americans feared that _communists___ would take over the government. What group that increased in size in the 1920s openly opposed Blacks, immigrants, Jews, and Catholics? Ku Klux Klan ___Nativism___ is the belief that native-born Americans are superior to foreigners. The execution of ___Sacco___ and ___Vanzetti_ showed the growth of anti-foreign feelings in America.