End of the War Agenda • • • • • • • Bell Ringer: How did America mobilize for war? (5) Lecture: End of World War II (20) Group Article activity: Japanese Holdouts (10) Group Article Activity: The man that survived… twice. (10) Was the atomic bomb the best solution: Discussion (15) Aftereffects of the War activity (10) Quick Review (5) • HW: Quick quiz next class on the age of World Wars. • Objective: Students will analyze the reasons for the end of World War II, and discuss whether the atomic bomb was the correct choice. The end of Italy, and Mussolini • After Africa is taken by the Allies, they attack Sicily and end Mussolini’s reign. • He was found attempting to flee Italy as a German soldier. • Resistance fighting would continue until 1945. • Mussolini executed and hanged in public square. D-Day • May, 1944. 3.5 million troops mobilized to strike on the coast of Normandy. June, 6th is the attack date. • Germans knew an attack was coming, but thought it was on Calais beach, farther East. • Still a formidable German presence on the beach, with machine guns and concertina wire. • Over 3,000 Americans died on Omaha beach that day, but by August France was back in the hands of the Allied forces. Battle of the Bulge • Last major German offensive of the war. An attempt to divide British and American forces. December, 1944 • It ultimately failed. • Now Hitler faced a war on two fronts rapidly approaching Germany. • He ends up killing himself in his bunker in April, when Soviet forces are invading Berlin. • Germany would surrender in May, 1945. End of War in the Pacific • Iwo Jima would be the last major battle in the Pacific, with nearly 110,000 Japanese troops killed in one month. • Now it was on to Japan… The use of the Atomic Bomb • Instead of facing large troop losses, Truman decided to use the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, then in Nagasaki. • Over 110,000 civilians killed in the two cities. • Surrender would occur on September 2nd. Before the Bombing After the Bombing After the War • London, many cities in Germany, and parts of the Soviet Union lay in ruins. • Conferences were held in Yalta and Potsdam to discuss how countries would recover after the war, and the division of lands held by Germany. • United Nations was formed, with permanent members controlling a peacekeeping force. Nuremberg and Occupation • Germans were held liable for the atrocities of the Holocaust. • 22 leaders charged with crimes against humanity. • Hermann Goring kills himself after being sentenced to execution, along with 11 others. • Similar trials occur in Japan as MacArthur restructures the government into Democracy. Questions 1. Should Yamaguchi have had kids given his health issues following World War II? 1. Should the Japanese troop be held responsible for his crimes after the war?