Ancient China Agenda Bell Ringer: Describe the concept of a Civilization. Why do certain people emerge as leaders? How are the Kleptocrats described? 1. Finish Discussion on the Caste System. 2. Brief Lecture: Ancient China 3. Primary Documents and POV: A Comparison of Confucianism and Daoism 4. Legalism and the Qin Dynasty Discussion 5. HW: Jared Diamond question next class. Shang Dynasty 2000 BCE Used Oracle Bones to communicate with Gods. King was an intermediary between humans and god. Veneration of Ancestors Burning replicas of objects to accompany departed. Human Sacrifice used to give servants to a higher official after death. Shang Known for their mastery of using Bronze. Shang Theory Old theory stated that civilization started at Yellow River and radiated outward. Now historians believe that Civilization in China rose in several places, and all had similar technology. Zhou Dynasty Longest Dynasty in China, beginning in 1100 BCE Overthrew the Shang, spread the message of the Mandate of Heaven. The gods place a new person in power when the old king is corrupt. Political system similar to Shang, with a centralized authority and provinces. Zhou Emergence of religious philosophy. Confucianism Behave according to Dao Political and Ethical Duty- sacrifice for the needs of the family and community. Humanity- Do not do unto others which should not be done unto you. Daoism The philosophy of inaction. Let nature take its course. Laozi, did he exist? It was an escape to political leaders. Qin Dynasty Qin Shi Huangdi Centralized ruler Mobilized peasants to manual labor Forced to work on his tomb OR Great Wall. Followed a Legalist Philosophy. Humans were naturally evil, and would only follow the correct path if led by harsh laws and punishments. Action by the State would bring order.