Solutions- Day 1 Parts of Solution • A solution is a homogeneous mixture • A solute is dissolved in a solvent. – solute is the substance being dissolved – solvent is the liquid in which the solute is dissolved – an aqueous solution has water as solvent Observations from Sugar Dissolving Race Factors Affecting Solubility • • • • Polarity Amount Size of particle Energy added Like Dissolves Like • Polar dissolves polar • Non polar dissolves non polar Dissolution of Solid Solute (Solvation) What are the driving forces which cause solutes to dissolve to form solutions? 1. Ionic solutes dissolve by dissociation into their ions. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBfGcTAJF4o 2. Covalent solutes dissolve by H-bonding to water or by Van der Waals (dispersion forces) What has to happen for dissolving to take place The net amount of heat energy absorbed or released when a specific amount of solute dissolves in a solvent is the heat of solution.