Unit 11: The Cold War Topic 2: 1950’s and 1960’s Cold War and Society Name: ______________________ Block ______________ Date: ________________ Commie SPIES! – The Second Red Scare Who were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg? What was “McCarthyism”? Who was Alger Hiss? Why do you think the “red scare” became such a big deal in the late 40’s and early 50’s? Why did the US allow it to happen? 1950’s America What was the focus of American culture in the 50’s? What new development did teenagers love in the 50’s? What did the USSR develop that sparked a major arms race? What was Sputnik and what impact did it have on the US? Draw a picture of Sputnik: New policy of ___________________ _________________________ to deter any nuclear strike by the Soviets. Define in our own words: Nuclear arms race leads to MAD: Mutually Assured Destruction Draw a cartoon for MAD: 1960’s Cold War How did the Cold War influence politics and the economy? Who won the election of 1960? Kennedy said the US would "pay any ______, bear any___________, meet any hardship, support any __________, oppose any _______, in order to assure the survival and success of ____________." In your own words: JFK also asked for personal sacrifice when he said, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country." In your own words: What did President Kennedy promise that America would do within a decade? Cuba In 1959, __________________ led a Communist Revolution against a corrupt dictatorship in Cuba. Many Cubans fled to the US. The CIA trained and supported a group of Cuban exiles to try to retake the island from Fidel Castro, but they failed and were captured. AWKWARD! This is called the ____________________. Meanwhile….tensions rise in Berlin, Germany…. What did the USSR do in Berlin in the summer of 1961? Draw a picture: Back in Cuba In 1962 the Soviet Union puts missiles in Cuba which starts the ___________________________. Kennedy told the Soviets to remove their missiles or the US might destroy them. It was the closest the world has ever come to ______________________, but the Soviets did remove the missiles after 13 days. The US promised not to _____________________. JFK creates two organizations: _____________________ and ______________________________. What was their purpose?