via email, chat rooms and message boards, IM,
SMS, weblogs, social networks, Skype, podcasting……..
– watching films on DVD, downloading music, playing games, taking, storage and retrieval of digital images.
– research, word processing, data manipulation, modelling, design, creativity, recording thoughts
– diary, appointment calendars and address books, alarm clock and personal reminders, finding the best party locations!
all at the same time!
Every Child Matters: Change for children
– Be healthy
– Enjoy and achieve
– Make a positive contribution
– Achieve economic well-being
Safeguarding Children in Education
– Sept 2004
Working Together to Safeguard Children (11.58-11.62)
• Practitioners need to know that ICT is safe if they are to take advantage of its benefits
• Schools have a duty of care - both inside and outside
• DfES – ‘
sexual, racist, violent unreliable/bigoted ie safety of children’s minds
scams, phishing and pharming, bluejacking, downloads which steal information
– children’s and parents!
via interactive technologies
– IM, chat, multiplayer games bullying, camera phones, blogging, moblogging,
‘C’ of I C T is the most dangerous ie Communication which can lead to Contact
Approx 40 - 50 cases in the last 4 -5 years compared to 500 serious road casualties per year!
The biggest Internet danger is that we concentrate on the dangers and forget the benefits!
Balance and perspective
‘..the risks do not merit a moral panic, and nor do they warrant seriously restricting children’s internet use because this would deny them the many benefits of the internet. Indeed, there are real costs to lacking internet access or sufficient skills to use it.’
‘However, the risks are nonetheless widespread, they are experienced by many children as worrying or problematic, and they do warrant serious intervention by government, educators, industry and parents.’
Schools should be raising awareness of:
• Internet safety
– keeping personal information secret across all technologies – email, chat,
– bullying across all technologies including camera phones & blogs
– people online may not be who they say they are
• Internet security
– spotting copycats websites and scams
– viruses and spam via email
– if it looks to good to be true it generally is
• Media literacy
– copyright and plagiarism
– P2P networks - allow anyone to publish videos and large files to anyone who needs them eg Napster and Gnutella, music and porn!
Who is responsible for teaching e-safety?
– In primary phase?
– In secondary phase?
– Whole school issue of child safety not ICT!
– Technological issues
What support is there in schools for teachers in the event of a
Advent of 3G and ‘mobile internet’
Protection for staff
Damage to network through downloading of files/viruses
Identifiable/contactable/pupil email addresses/images on web sites
Accessing inappropriate web content at school
External issues being brought into school
– eg cyberbullying
Policy and procedure - what help is available?
Becta’s Schools website http://www.becta.org.uk/schools/esafety
•Policy and management team
•Checklists of AUPs
•Safetynet discussion forum
Infrastructure - what help is available?
• ISP Safety site http://ispsafety.ngfl.gov.uk
• Becta Accreditation of Internet Services to Education: enables schools to purchase services from accredited suppliers that meet and maintain specific standards in content filtering and service performance.
• Delivering the National Digital Infrastructure
– Robust and reliable networks
Secure and safe
access to data and content via the National
– Best value purchasing
– Technical support and services
– Finding choosing and using resources
– Personalised learning spaces
Educational resources - what help is available?
Internet Proficiency scheme for
Smartsurfers for KS2
Signposts to Safety for KS3/4
Childnet International -
Think U Know
KnowITAll for Parents
What should schools/organisations be doing?
•Be alert to the possibilities!
P olicies and procedures
- E ducation for staff, parents, students
- S tandards and inspection
School Evaluation Framework
4b. To what extent do learners feel safe and adopt safe practices?
5c. How well are learners guided and supported?)
E-safety: the experience in English Educational Establishments
Autumn term 2005, random anonymous sample
444 schools and colleges
(303 primary, 123 secondary, Special schools, PRU’s, colleges)
In depth interviews with 61 teachers
25 Local Education Authorities
5 Regional Broadband Consortia
LEAs are often the first port of call for e-safety advice
– particularly in primary education
Having a designated e-safety co-ordinated and AUP makes a difference
Most common breech of e-safety is the viewing of unsuitable content
Teaching about e-safety makes a difference http://www.becta.org.uk/research/reports/esafetyaudit
British Educational Communications and
Technology Agency (Becta)
Millburn Hill Road
• Tel: 02476 416994
• Fax: 02476 411418 www.becta.org.uk
• From maltreatment, neglect, violence and sexual exploitation
• From accidental injury and death
• From bullying and discrimination
• From crime and anti-social behaviour in and out of school
• Have security, stability and are cared for
These aims were written with the ‘real’ world in mind, however many equally apply to the ‘virtual’ world of 21 st century
– ‘Harnessing Technology’ – the e-strategy
‘One of our key aims is to personalise learning for children and adults, and their interaction with professionals.’
• home-school links
• Anytime anywhere learning
• Learner centric
• addressing children and learning services as a whole, rather than sector-by-sector
• Safeguarding children across
services in line with
Every Child Matters agenda
Concerns are shifting from what children are ‘downloading’ in terms of content to what they are ‘uploading’ to the net.
..no-one is safe!
What help is available for the Primary phase?
Education and training
Internet Proficiency scheme for KS2 (UK)
Smart Surfers (UK)
What help is available for the Secondary phase?
Education and training
• Signposts to Safety for KS3/4
• Chalk Face resource
Know It All http://www.childnet-int.org/kia/
Cybercafe Interactive web site
Web site - standalone and a teaching resource.
•Hosted on Gridclub
Gridclub Cybercafe teachers page
Reliability and bias?
Hector floats on the screen and covers it if children see something which makes them feel uncomfortable