E-safety issues for schools and local authorities Ruth Hammond


E-safety issues for schools and local authorities

Ruth Hammond

Key messages for today

• Young people and ICT

• Relevant policies and legislation

• Issues and risks

• Role of the school/organisation

• Support available

• What do you need to do?

For young people ICT is not a novelty but the way they engage with their world - 21


century culture


via email, chat rooms and message boards, IM,

SMS, weblogs, social networks, Skype, podcasting……..


– watching films on DVD, downloading music, playing games, taking, storage and retrieval of digital images.


– research, word processing, data manipulation, modelling, design, creativity, recording thoughts

Personal management

– diary, appointment calendars and address books, alarm clock and personal reminders, finding the best party locations!

For shopping


all at the same time!

Why should I be concerned about e-safety?

Every Child Matters: Change for children

– Be healthy

Stay safe

– Enjoy and achieve

– Make a positive contribution

– Achieve economic well-being

Safeguarding Children in Education

– Sept 2004

Working Together to Safeguard Children (11.58-11.62)

• Practitioners need to know that ICT is safe if they are to take advantage of its benefits

• Schools have a duty of care - both inside and outside

• DfES – ‘

Harnessing Technology

’ – the e-strategy

What are the risks?


sexual, racist, violent unreliable/bigoted ie safety of children’s minds



scams, phishing and pharming, bluejacking, downloads which steal information

– children’s and parents!




via interactive technologies

– IM, chat, multiplayer games bullying, camera phones, blogging, moblogging,

social networking



‘C’ of I C T is the most dangerous ie Communication which can lead to Contact

Approx 40 - 50 cases in the last 4 -5 years compared to 500 serious road casualties per year!

The biggest Internet danger is that we concentrate on the dangers and forget the benefits!

Balance and perspective


‘..the risks do not merit a moral panic, and nor do they warrant seriously restricting children’s internet use because this would deny them the many benefits of the internet. Indeed, there are real costs to lacking internet access or sufficient skills to use it.’

‘However, the risks are nonetheless widespread, they are experienced by many children as worrying or problematic, and they do warrant serious intervention by government, educators, industry and parents.’

Schools should be raising awareness of:

• Internet safety

– keeping personal information secret across all technologies – email, chat,

IM, mobile

– bullying across all technologies including camera phones & blogs

– people online may not be who they say they are

• Internet security

– spotting copycats websites and scams

– viruses and spam via email

– if it looks to good to be true it generally is

• Media literacy

– evaluating reliability/validity of information

– copyright and plagiarism

– P2P networks - allow anyone to publish videos and large files to anyone who needs them eg Napster and Gnutella, music and porn!

Issues for schools to consider

Who is responsible for teaching e-safety?

– In primary phase?

– In secondary phase?

– Whole school issue of child safety not ICT!

– Technological issues

At what

age should internet safety lessons start?

How can


be involved?

What support is there in schools for teachers in the event of a


Advent of 3G and ‘mobile internet’

Protection for staff


Damage to network through downloading of files/viruses

Data security

Identifiable/contactable/pupil email addresses/images on web sites

Accessing inappropriate web content at school

External issues being brought into school

– eg cyberbullying

Key measures

Policy and procedure - what help is available?

Becta’s Schools website http://www.becta.org.uk/schools/esafety

•E-safety publication:

Main recommendations:

•E-safety co-ordinator

•Policy and management team

•Checklists of AUPs

•Incident log

•Safetynet discussion forum

Infrastructure - what help is available?

• ISP Safety site http://ispsafety.ngfl.gov.uk

• Becta Accreditation of Internet Services to Education: enables schools to purchase services from accredited suppliers that meet and maintain specific standards in content filtering and service performance.

• Delivering the National Digital Infrastructure

– Robust and reliable networks

Secure and safe

access to data and content via the National

Education Network

– Best value purchasing

– Technical support and services

– Finding choosing and using resources

– Personalised learning spaces

Educational resources - what help is available?





Internet Proficiency scheme for

Smartsurfers for KS2




Signposts to Safety for KS3/4

Childnet International -

‘ Know IT All’

for KS3

Think U Know




KnowITAll for Parents

What should schools/organisations be doing?

•Be alert to the possibilities!


P olicies and procedures

I nfrastructure

- E ducation for staff, parents, students

- S tandards and inspection


School Evaluation Framework

4b. To what extent do learners feel safe and adopt safe practices?

5c. How well are learners guided and supported?)

E-safety: the experience in English Educational Establishments

Autumn term 2005, random anonymous sample

444 schools and colleges

(303 primary, 123 secondary, Special schools, PRU’s, colleges)

In depth interviews with 61 teachers

25 Local Education Authorities

5 Regional Broadband Consortia

Key findings

LEAs are often the first port of call for e-safety advice

– particularly in primary education

Having a designated e-safety co-ordinated and AUP makes a difference

Most common breech of e-safety is the viewing of unsuitable content

Teaching about e-safety makes a difference http://www.becta.org.uk/research/reports/esafetyaudit

Ruth Hammond

British Educational Communications and

Technology Agency (Becta)

Millburn Hill Road

Science Park



• Tel: 02476 416994

• Fax: 02476 411418 www.becta.org.uk

[email protected]

Stay Safe:

• From maltreatment, neglect, violence and sexual exploitation

• From accidental injury and death

• From bullying and discrimination

• From crime and anti-social behaviour in and out of school

• Have security, stability and are cared for

These aims were written with the ‘real’ world in mind, however many equally apply to the ‘virtual’ world of 21 st century


– ‘Harnessing Technology’ – the e-strategy

‘One of our key aims is to personalise learning for children and adults, and their interaction with professionals.’

• home-school links

• Anytime anywhere learning

• Authentication

• Lifelong!

• Learner centric

• addressing children and learning services as a whole, rather than sector-by-sector

• Safeguarding children across


services in line with

Every Child Matters agenda

Concerns are shifting from what children are ‘downloading’ in terms of content to what they are ‘uploading’ to the net.

..no-one is safe!

What help is available for the Primary phase?

Education and training

• The

Internet Proficiency scheme for KS2 (UK)



Faux Paw




Internet Superheroes

Smart Surfers (UK)


– Stay Safe

Hector Protector




What help is available for the Secondary phase?

Education and training

• Signposts to Safety for KS3/4

Know It All

• Chalk Face resource

Websafe Crackerz





Know It All http://www.childnet-int.org/kia/







Cybercafe Interactive web site

Web site - standalone and a teaching resource.

•Hosted on Gridclub

• http://www.gridclub.com/cybercafe/teachers

Gridclub Cybercafe teachers page

• Presentation for parents and governors


•Teacher’s pack

• http://www.gridclub.com/cybercafe/teachers

Reliability and bias?



Hector Protector


Hector floats on the screen and covers it if children see something which makes them feel uncomfortable