STRUCTURED OBSERVATION Presenters: MA0C0101 魏以成 MA0C0104 林郁瑩

Presenters: MA0C0101 魏以成 MA0C0104 林郁瑩
Structured observation
The hidden dangers of closed observation
1. Perspective 2. Design 3. Procedure 4. Interpretation
Standard observation schedules
Flanders Interaction Analysis Categories (FIAC)
Deciding whether to use structured observation
Working up a schedule
Observation schedule
Main research question
Subsidiary questions
Specific data needed
Coding scheme+ schedule
Descriptive system V.S. Category system
Rating scale
High-inference categories V.S.
Low-inference categories
Event sampling V.S. Interval sampling
Within category
Make sure the category is as clear as
 Check that the category is related to
observation terms.
 Be as precise as possible.
 Consider the range of each category.
Among categories
Ensure that all definitions are clear
and exclusive.
 Check that there are no gaps in the
coverage of chosen behaviors.
 The schedule must be practicable.
Some practical problems
Observer effect
Expectancy effect
Observer drift
Central tendency
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