A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. testimony significant shrink seesaw pick-up outlook miss materialize layoffs IPO K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. intervention globalization GDP franchise flagging expect deficit barriers alleviate aggressive A. Alan Greenspan, declaring anti- _____ (反全球化) protesters "wrong-headed," said Wednesday the United States must resist calls for erecting protectionism. Greenspan said countries gain from trade simply by removing restrictions and limits related to trade, whether or not other nations do so. "Protecting markets from new technologies has never succeeded. Adjustments to newer technologies have been delayed, but only at _____ (很大的) costs," he said. B. Cisco Systems Inc. plans to cut 8,500 jobs, or about 17 percent of its workforce, take charges of as much as $3.7 billion and will report third-quarter profits far below forecasts as the biggest maker of gear that helps to power the Internet grapples with slowing economies and _____ (疲弱不振的) telecoms capital spending. The 8,500 job cuts were in line with estimates made in March of up to 8,000 job cuts. This is Cisco's largest-ever earnings _____ (獲利衰減) and the first time its sales have declined on a sequential basis as a public company, so Cisco's news bodes ill not just for the networking giant, but more importantly, analysts said, for the networking and communications industries at large. The San Jose, Calif.-based computer-networking concern also said it plans to take a restructuring charge associated with the _____ (裁員) of $800 million to $1.2 billion as well as a charge for excess inventory of about $2.5 billion. The best single action that the industrial countries could actually take to _____ (減輕) the terrible problem of poverty in many developing countries, he said, would be to open, _____ly (單方面的), markets to imports from these countries. "Business demand consistently exceeded our expectations throughout most of calendar year 2000," said Larry Carter, chief financial officer. "And in an effort to meet our customer expectations we continued to increase our inventory and capacities to keep up with rising demand. This (inventory) charge reflects the recent massive and unexpected drop in customer demand." Greenspan said he regretted the fact that supporters of free trade often contend that lowering trade _____ (貿易障礙) will promote jobs. He said greater trade flows, by spurring domestic companies to become more competitive, increases productivity but not the overall level of employment. The company also said that gross margin -- or the percentage of sales remaining after subtracting product costs -- will be in the low- to mid-50 percent range. The company also said it expects its fiscal fourth-quarter _____ (營業額) will range from flat to down 10 percent sequentially. He cited as evidence that trade does not have a link to employment levels the fact that the nation's jobless rate dipped last year to the lowest point in three decades even as the trade _____ (貿易赤字) surged to a record high. The work force reduction amounts to about 8,500 people, a group that includes about 2,500 temporary and contract workers. The company said it expects the actions will cut costs by about $1 billion annually and that initial savings will _____ (具體可見) during the fiscal fourth quarter of 2001, which ends in July. In his prepared _____ (證詞), he made no mention of current economic conditions, interest rates or the big plunge in the stock market. On Wall Street, stocks _____ed (高低震盪) and stood modestly higher in late morning trading. Wall Street investors are hoping that the Fed, which has already cut rates _____ly (大量地) three times this year, will do so again in an effort to jump-start economic growth and improve the profit _____ (獲利前景) for U.S. corporations. Questions— _____1. One San Jose, Calif.-based computer-networking company has been greatly influenced by Cisco’s restructuring plan and will have take great charge in cutting jobs and doing away with excess inventory. _____2. Cisco Systems Inc. plans to cut 8,500 jobs because the other company, the biggest maker of gear, grapples with slowing economies. Questions— _____1. Greenspan believes that it is the obligation of industrial countries to solve the problem of poverty in many developing countries _____2. Greenspan thought that the protesters should trust supporters of free trade so that more job opportunities would be created. _____3. Stocks stood modestly higher in late morning trading, for Greenspan made no mention of anything related to the big plunge in the stock market. _____3. Cisco's work force reduction will certainly influence the entire networking and communications industries. _____4. Cisco will spend as much as $3.7 billion to make up its loss which will be reported in the third-quarter. _____5. The company said it expects its fiscal fourth- quarter turnover will not do well. _____4. Greenspan thought that protectionism had never succeeded even though adjustments to newer technologies had been delayed. _____6. What did Larry Carter suggest? (1) The great business demand led to the recent massive and unexpected drop in customer demand. (2) The increase in the company’s inventory exceeded their expectations. (3) The company’s inventory is overloaded because the recent massive and unexpected drop in customer demand. _____5. What may jump-start economic growth? (1) Interest rate cut (2) What Greenspan’s said in Congress (3) The evidence Greenspan cited. C. Restaurant ______ (連鎖店) operator AFC Enterprises Inc. will make its debut on the Nasdaq this week with a $150 million offer. The company list of well-known restaurants includes Popeye's Chicken & Biscuits, Church's Chicken, Cinnabon and Seattle's Best Coffee. "It's a totally different kind of deal," said Corey Ostman, co-founder of Alert!-IPO.com. "It's not a high-tech company and that's kind of a good thing." According to analysts the ______ (新上市股票) market is very dependent on the performance of the Nasdaq, which is suffering along with a spate of tech company warnings. AFC has in 1999 revenue of nearly $700 million, but it lost more than $12 million in that year, and analysts are _____ing (預期) a large first-day pop for the stock. Questions— _____1. AFC is a well-known restaurant in the market that will offer $150 million to its customers for its first appearance. _____2. needs. A fast food deal could be just what the market _____3. Analysts are hoping that AFC’s stock price would have a great gain. D. OECD slashed its global growth target to 1 percent next year, compared with an earlier forecast of 2.8 percent. U.S. growth is projected to be 1.1percent this year, with growth of 1.2 percent in the first half offset by a 0.6 percent contraction in the second half. The U.S. Federal Reserve's 10 interest rate cuts to 2 percent, their lowest level since the early 1960s, should be enough to turnaround the troubled U.S. economy, the OECD said. U.S growth will ______ (萎縮) by 0.1 percent in the first half of next year followed by a solid ______ (上揚) of 3.8 percent second-half growth, to give 0.7 percent growth for 2002 as a whole. The OECD said it assumed the European Central Bank would cut interest rates by another 50 basis points as inflation eased back below two percent in the currency zone in 2002 -- and that it might need to cut more aggressively if things deteriorated. As for Japan, the economy was to weaken by 0.7 percent this year and by 1.0 percent in 2002, with a return to growth in 2003 with a modest 0.8 percent expansion. The Bank of Japan, with key rates barely above zero, had very little room to help activity by lowering credit costs and should focus on driving the yen lower through foreign exchange market ______ (介入市場) to fend off deflationary pressures, it said. The prospect of ever more forceful action by Japanese authorities to weaken the yen may be good news for Japan's economy but, analysts say, other countries in the region are worried they may suffer as a result. Question— _____1. When the yen weakens, other countries in the region will have to worry that Japan’s exports would hurt their economies. _____3. To hold up the stability of the continent’s economy, ECB would cut interest rates more aggressively even if its inflation rate goes down next year. _____3. Which is right? (1) OECD expected its global growth target to have an extra 1 percent gain. (2) Fed’s interest rate cuts have turn around the U.S. economy and brought a lot trouble. (3) The contraction in the second half of this year undercut U.S. growth in the first half. _____4. Why can the Bank of Japan hardly help its economic activity? (1) to lower credit costs (2) to drive the yen lower (3) to defend against deflationary pressures. Mutual Fund investing may bot be perfect for investors (1) who have little time to research individual companies. (2) who would like to make a profit in short period of time. (3) who don’t have the desire to research individual companies (4) who doesn’t have a lot of money. A fund manager (1) selects a number of different securities for the fund. (2) pools money from investment companies and put it in the market. (3) make mutual funds available through brokerage houses. Which is not among the main advantages to mutual funds? (1) Diversification (2) insurance (3)professional management. It is hoped that the mutual fund you buy has more ups. The return on your investment may not be as high as the return on the stock market. Mutual funds may allow you to invest with smaller amounts of money than would be required by stock investing. The investor do not have to pay the management fees when he buys a no-load fund. Which is not right? A prospectus (1) is a document of the fund’s objectives. (2) tells you what the fund’s performance would be. (3) details the fees you have to pay. (4) discloses the level of risk. Which is not right? (1) NAV is the total value of the fund. (2) NAV is the net asset value (3) NAV is the price you would get when you sell the share back to the company. By going public, a company decides to sell shares in its business. After going public, the people in charge of the business have to report to the shareholders.