Name: _______________________ Thinking and Language

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Name: _______________________
Thinking and Language
Please discuss what each of the following obstacles to problem solving is (in your own
words, not simply copying from the text). Next, give your own example of each one, not
a previously used example.
Confirmation bias
Fixation
Mental set
Functional fixedness
Framing
Hindsight bias
Illusory correlation
Memory construction
Overconfidence
Self-serving bias
Fundamental attribution error
Representativeness
Availability of memories
Overconfidence
Belief perseverance
Please discuss the four factors which influence what we fear, and may produce inaccurate
levels of fear. Give your own example of each, not one previously used.
Discuss how you could use the concept that visualizing and thinking about an activity
stimulates the same brain centers as actually performing the activity.
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