Sex for Sale Obscenity vs Pornography • Supreme Court criteria for obscenity 1.Work as a whole must appear to prurient interest 2.Offensive to contemporary community standards 3.Without serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value • Problem - highly subjective Conflicting studies on the effects of pornography • 1970 Commission • 1998 Commission • Other studies 1970 Commission on Obscenity and Pornography • No significant, long-lasting changes in behavior • Recommended repeal of all adult pornography laws 1998 Meese Commission • Violent porn Causes sexual aggression Increases acceptance of rape • Nonviolent erotica Considered destructive of social mores • Recommended Vigorous law enforcement and prosecution of obscenity Child pornography • Internet sting operations are used to locate and arrest child pornographers • Computer generated images of children and adults looking like children are both legal. 2002 Supreme Court ruling Results of other studies • When repeatedly exposed to pornography, both sexes became less satisfied with the physical appeal and sexual performance of their partners. • Pornography produces unrealistic expectations Men are always ready for sex Women are highly responsive to any stimulation by men • Where pornography Is easily accessible, sexual crimes tend to be lower Prostitution History of prostitution • Greece (Hetairas) valued for intellectual companionship • Prostitution occurred in religious temples Kama temples of India Temple of Aphrodite • Considered scandalous but necessary in the Victorian era. Prostitution • Backgrounds of prostitutes Extremely varied backgrounds and all walks of life 95% of teenage prostitutes have been victims of sexual abuse. 35% of New York streetwalkers have HIV • Customers are Middle-aged, middle-class, married men Brothel prostitution • House where a group of prostitutes work • Common in early history of this country Seattle seamstress Creek street in Alaska • Owners typically collect about 1/2 of the prostitute’s fee • Legal in some counties of Nevada • Legal in Amsterdam Decriminalizing prostitution • Criminal penalties removes • Women could do what they want with their bodies • Association with organized crime might be weakened COYOTE • Come Off Your Old Tired Ethics • Prostitutes union • Goal = political change Prevention of prostitution • United Nations Commission study of prostitution To prevent prostitution, create other economic opportunities for women.