Flagella STRUCTURE – Whip-like extension attached to the cell FUNCTION – Allows cell to move Cilia STRUCTURE – Small and thin hair-like structures surrounding the cell FUNCTION – Helps the cell to move Red Blood Cell STRUCTURE – Small, donut shaped circles FUNCTION – Carries oxygen throughout the body Nerve Cell STRUCTURE – Cell body with a tail and finger-like extensions that branch off from it FUNCTION – Carries messages throughout the body Voluntary Muscle Cell STRUCTURE – Long, ribbon-like – Striped Function – Shorten and pull to allow movement The inside of the Cell Organelle – the organs of a cell Place a P next to the organelle that only exists in a Plant Cell Place an B next to the organelle that is found in a plant and animal cell Nucleus (B) STRUCTURE – Large organelle located in the center of the cell FUNCTION – Controls the cell’s activities, holds genetic material (DNA) Cell Membrane (B) STRUCTURE – Semi permeable, flexible layer surrounding the cell FUNCTION – Allows materials to pass in and out of the cell Cytoplasm (B) STRUCTURE – Gel like substance inside the cell FUNCTION – Holds organelles in place. Mitochondria (B) STRUCTURE – Bean like structure with inner and outer membrane Mitochondria FUNCTION – Power house of the cell – makes ATP from sugar chemically. Ribosomes (B) STRUCTURE – Dots found in the cytoplasm and on the Endoplasmic Reticulum FUNCTION – Makes proteins from Amino Acids. Vacuole (B) – Bubbles of liquid found in the cytoplasm. – Large in plants – Small in animals Plant Vacuole Animal Vacuole STRUCTURE FUNCTION – Liquid storage with some enzymes Endoplasmic Reticulum (B) STRUCTURE – Network of tubules FUNCTION – Transports the proteins made in the ribosomes to where they are needed (packaged in the Golgi apparatus) Chloroplasts (P) STRUCTURE – Oval shaped organelle containing chlorophyll FUNCTION – Makes food for the plant cell through photosynthesis by capturing sunlight Chlorplasts are the green structures above Cell Wall (P) STRUCTURE – Rigid layer of cellulose outside cell membrane FUNCTION – Supports, protects and shapes the plant cell. Cell Wall Recap Eukaryotic – with a nucleus Prokaryotic – without a nucleus Chromosomes Carries genetic information in the nucleus that gets past on to the next generation.