Imperialism and World War I Test Review

Imperialism and World War I
Test Review
Test Review
• Circa 1870 to 1917
• Period where the U.S. moved from
isolationism to expansionism by
acquiring outside territories
• Inspired by the close of the western
frontier and competition for world
trade and empires
• Led to the rise of the Great White
Fleet, Spanish-American War and
Panama Canal
World War I
• 1914-1918—U.S. joined in 1917
• Worldwide conflict starting in Europe due
to extreme nationalism and imperialistic
• Other causes include rise of military
might, military alliances, and the sudden
assassination of the heir to the Hapsburg
• U.S. issued a Proclamation of Neutrality
but after the attack of ships in the North
Atlantic and the Zimmermann Note, we
declared war on Germany
U.S. declared war because…(ships and notes)
Against Spain in 1898
Against Germany in 1917
• The sinking of the ship, Maine in
• The sinking of several ships,
especially the British liner,
Lusitania in the North Atlantic
• The DeLome Letter insulting
President McKinley
• The Zimmermann Note
encouraging Mexico to invade
the U.S.
Imperialism Terms
• Yellow journalism
• Yellow fever
• Imperialism and expansionism
• Dollar diplomacy
• Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine (Big Stick Policy)
• Panama Canal
• Open Door Policy
• Boxer Rebellion
• Teller Amendment—Cuban independence
• Platt Amendment—American interests in Cuba
Imperialism Places
• Pacific: Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines
• Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
• Latin America: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Colombia, Panama,
Dominican Republic
• Asia: Japan, Philippines, China
Imperialism People
• Sanford Dole—Hawaii
• President McKinley—Spanish-American War
• Hearst and Pulitzer—yellow journalism and Spanish-American War
• Theodore Roosevelt—rough riders, Great White Fleet, Panama,
Dominican Republic
• President Taft—dollar diplomacy
General John Jay Pershing
World War I
• Sent by President Wilson to
Mexico to capture Pancho
Villa—did not succeed
• Went to France to lead the
inexperienced American
doughboys in the American
Expeditionary Force—succeeded
by victories including The
Argonne Forest which stopped
German advancement in France
World War I Terms
Proclamation of Neutrality
Unrestricted submarine warfare
Zimmermann Note (or Telegram)
The Lusitania
Propaganda (Committee on Public Information)
Espionage Act (suspended freedom of speech— “Loose lips sink ships”
Battle of Meuse-Argonne (also known as Argonne Forest)
WWI People
• President Wilson
• General John Jay Pershing
• Czar Nicholas, Kaisar Wilhelm, Archduke Franz Ferdinand
• Sergeant Alvin York (most decorated)
• Glenn Curtiss (aviation)
• Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (against Treaty of Versailles and League of
WWI Home Front
• Propaganda (Committee on Public Information)
• Victory Gardens
• Great Migration
• War Industries Board
• Selective Service Act
• Espionage Act (against spies!)
• Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
WWI Peace
• Wilson’s Fourteen Points (his plan for “peace without victory”)
• League of Nations (Wilson’s peace-keeping organization)
• Treaty of Versailles (written by the Big Four—rejecting many of the
Fourteen Points)
• U.S. response—we did not sign the treaty; we did not join the League
of Nations; we returned to a period of isolationism in the 1920s
• Senator Lodge vs. Wilson—Lodge and the Republicans rejected
Wilson’s treaty
• The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany, re-drew the map of
Europe and the Middle East, and ultimately led to World War II