The Skeletal System The skeleton has five major functions: • Shape and support • Movement • Protection of internal organs • Production of blood cells • Storage of vitamins and The backbone or vertebral column is the center of the skeleton. The backbone is made up of 26 small bones called vertebrae. Parts of the Bone • Compact Bone • Spongy Bone • Bone Marrow • Outer Membrane (Periosteum) The spaces in bone contain a soft connective tissue called marrow. The job of the bone marrow is to make blood cells. Cartilage is a connective tissue that is more flexible than bone. A joint is a place in the body where two bones come together. Immovable joints connect bones in a way that allow little or no movement. Moveable joints allow the body to make a wide range of movement. There are 4 types of moveable joints: Ball-and-socket Hinge Gliding Pivot The bones in movable joints are held together by a strong connective tissue called ligaments. 31. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the body’s bones become weak and break easily.