KEY Note Taking Guide Topic # 3021 Animal Anatomy/Physiology Lori Chamberlain I. How is animal anatomy and physiology useful? A. Helpful for those raising and or showing animals of any kind Examples: care and feeding – terminology, knowing the parts for showmanship B. Helpful in preparing for various skills contests Examples: livestock judging, meats contest C. Current or future jobs Examples: helpful terminology when caring for animals D. Future high school and college courses Examples: biology, physiology general sciences II. Definitions A. Anatomy – structural makeup especially of an organism or any of its parts B. Physiology – the study or body organ function individually or in conjunction with other organs III. Anatomy terms A. 3 terms meaning towards the animal’s head 1. Cranial 2. anterior 3. superior B. 2 terms meaning towards the animal’s tail 1. caudal 2. posterior C. Dorsal means toward or beyond the backbone. D. Vertical or inferior refers to the front or lower part of animal. IV. Bonus Anatomy Terms A. Distal means far from the body part in question. B. Proximal means close to the specific area of the body. C. Superficial is close to the skin or body surface. V. Final Notes A. Farm animals are classified as vertebrates. Traditional farm animals are bilateral symmetry ( right and left sides are nearly identical).